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France:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

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Overview France

Contents

France:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

France:Historical Development

France:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

France:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

France:Political and Economic Situation

France:Organisation and Governance

France:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

France:Lifelong Learning Strategy

France:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

France:Organisation of Private Education

France:National Qualifications Framework

France:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

France:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

France:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

France:Funding in Education

France:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

France:Higher Education Funding

France:Adult Education and Training Funding

France:Early Childhood Education and Care

France:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

France:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

France:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

France:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

France:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

France:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

France:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

France:Primary Education

France:Organisation of Primary Education

France:Teaching and Learning in Primary Education

France:Assessment in Primary Education

France:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Primary Education

France:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

France:Organisation of General Lower Secondary Education

France:Teaching and Learning in General Lower Secondary Education

France:Assessment in General Lower Secondary Education

France:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

France:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

France:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

France:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

France:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

France:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

France:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

France:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

France:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

France:Higher Education

France:Types of Higher Education Institutions

France:First Cycle Programmes

France:Bachelor

France:Short-Cycle Higher Education

France:Second Cycle Programmes

France:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

France:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

France:Adult Education and Training

France:Distribution of Responsibilities

France:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

France:Main Providers

France:Main Types of Provision

France:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

France:Teachers and Education Staff

France:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

France:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

France:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

France:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

France:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

France:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

France:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

France:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

France:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

France:Management and Other Education Staff

France:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

France:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

France:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

France:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

France:Management Staff for Higher Education

France:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

France:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

France:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

France:Quality Assurance

France:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

France:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

France:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

France:Educational Support and Guidance

France:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

France:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

France:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

France:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

France:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

France:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

France:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

France:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

France:Mobility and Internationalisation

France:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

France:Mobility in Higher Education

France:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

France:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

France:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

France:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

France:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

France:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

France:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

France:National Reforms in School Education

France:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

France:National Reforms in Higher Education

France:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

France:European Perspective

France:Legislation

France:Glossary

Academic Guidance

Law no. 2007-1199 of 10 August 2007 relating to the freedoms and responsibilities of universities gives higher learning institutions a mission of guidance and occupational integration so that they supervise their students until they join the job market. Thus each university implements its own guidance processes.

However, law No. 2013-660 of 22 July 2013 reaffirms the importance of certain services within higher education institutions which promote the employability of students (see below "career guidance"). It also emphasizes the improvement of guidance system from secondary education and higher education (see section 14.3).

Besides, guidance schemes are rolled-out by the Ministry of Higher Learning and Research so that young people may acquire a guidance culture and succeed in their study career, then their occupational integration.


The "Admission Post-Bac" portal (Post-baccalauréat Admission”)

A website listing all higher education courses is available to future students. It is an integral part of the actions implemented for active orientation, enabling future students to pre-enrol and benefit from guidance on the courses proposed by higher education institutions. It features more than 9,000 courses (Licences, STS, IUT, CPGE, schools etc.).
The future student who pre-registers in higher learning through the Admission Post Bac website has the right to guidance counselling by the university of their choice. The university examines their case and, depending on their project, their pathway and the track requested, it gives its opinion to the student. It may do one of the following:

  • Confirm them in their choice
  • Advise them to choose a better adapted track
  • Propose an interview for personalised advice or collective information organised by the university (encounters between lycéens, students and teachers)

The opinion given by the university is purely advisory, and the student is free to make his or her final choice. The issue is to establish an exchange between the university and the student so that the latter may choose their training in full, informed knowledge.



Le Service commun universitaire d'information et d'orientation et d'insertion professionnelle (SCUIOIP–The common university service for information, guidance and occupational integration)

The purpose for SCUIOIP is to organise the reception of and information and guidance for students when they enter university and while they pursue their university curriculum. It then, with the professors, ensures follow-up into occupational integration.

The SCUIOIP's activities in terms of guidance are the following:

  • individual advice
  • optional or compulsory modules on the personal and occupational guidance project
  • open-door days
  • fairs and forums on the training offers
  • professional fairs and forums
  • presentations in lycées
  • on-line information
  • educational documents


Psychological Counselling

The common university information and guidance and occupational insertion service (SCUIOIP), present in every university, offers an "individual counselling" service to students in difficulty. The Ministry of Higher Education and Research urges universities to implement support and guidance measures for licence students as part of the "Multi-year plan for success at the licence".


Career Guidance

Law no. 2007-1199 of 10 August 2007 relative to the freedom and responsibilities of universities entrusts higher education institutions with a vocational guidance and integration mission so that they can support students up until they join the labour market.

However, Law no. 2013-660 of 22 July 2013 reaffirms the importance of certain arrangements of which the promotion in higher-education establishments encourages students’ entry into the world of work:

  • Developing experience in professional environments (sandwich courses, placements, etc.) as part of the training offer, and making that experience a requirement for Master’s degrees and vocational Bachelor’s degrees
  • An awareness of entrepreneurship is introduced in all student courses
  • Sandwich courses are henceforth recognised as a major part of a degree course. They form a priority, with the objective of doubling the number of students following sandwich courses in higher education (122,000 in 2013) by 2020. That arrangement enables students to attend a reception structure in the socio-economic world and a higher-education establishment, and it encourages the democratisation of higher education.


Moreover, legislators wished for the entry of physicians into the world of work in the private sector to be facilitated by their qualifications being recognised in collective-bargaining agreements.

Guidance schemes are, moreover, rolled out by the Minister of Higher Learning and Research so that young people may acquire a guidance culture and succeed in their study careers, then their integration into professional life.


SCUIOIP–The common university service for information, guidance and occupational integration (Service commun universitaire d'information et d'orientation et d'insertion professionnelle)

SCUIOIP's activities concerning occupational integration are the following:

  • seminars on professional projects, understanding the professions, searching for internships or employment
  • seminars on tools for seeking internships and employment: CVs, letters, job interviews
  • compulsory or optional modules on internship or employment searching
  • individual advice
  • fairs and forums on employment and jobs
  • internship/employment services (offers search, making contact, managing internship agreements)
  • statistical observatories of student occupational integration



Offices for aid for occupational integration  (BAIP)

There are more and more universities implementing a BAIP. It is an office for disseminating internship and various employment offers to students, linked to the training it offers and to help them in their search for internships and a first job.
With titles that still vary (e.g. guidance and occupational integration platform, joint company relations service, access to employment platform, etc.), the BAIP offers the following:

  • workshops for job seeking (CVs, motivational letters, interview prepping, etc.)
  • developing partnerships and meetings with companies
  • participating in developing training through apprenticeships


The European network of resources for guidance and mobility: Euroguidance

In 32 European countries professionals of guidance in the Euroguidance centres are in charge of informing about the educational systems and the training systems in Europe and to encourage the mobility of young people and adults. Their priority is to address professional go-betweens but also the general public.
In France the network is made up of four centres that are Centres d'Information et d'Orientation in Lille, Marseilles, Strasbourg and the Centre d'Information International in Lyons.
Lycéens, students, salaried employees, job seekers, young people in training looking for information about internships in Europe, studies or language course can contact the councillors at Euroguidance to get help in their endeavours or to refine their project.