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France:Distribution of Responsibilities

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Overview France

Contents

France:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

France:Historical Development

France:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

France:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

France:Political and Economic Situation

France:Organisation and Governance

France:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

France:Lifelong Learning Strategy

France:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

France:Organisation of Private Education

France:National Qualifications Framework

France:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

France:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

France:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

France:Funding in Education

France:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

France:Higher Education Funding

France:Adult Education and Training Funding

France:Early Childhood Education and Care

France:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

France:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

France:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

France:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

France:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

France:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

France:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

France:Primary Education

France:Organisation of Primary Education

France:Teaching and Learning in Primary Education

France:Assessment in Primary Education

France:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Primary Education

France:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

France:Organisation of General Lower Secondary Education

France:Teaching and Learning in General Lower Secondary Education

France:Assessment in General Lower Secondary Education

France:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

France:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

France:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

France:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

France:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

France:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

France:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

France:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

France:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

France:Higher Education

France:Types of Higher Education Institutions

France:First Cycle Programmes

France:Bachelor

France:Short-Cycle Higher Education

France:Second Cycle Programmes

France:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

France:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

France:Adult Education and Training

France:Distribution of Responsibilities

France:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

France:Main Providers

France:Main Types of Provision

France:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

France:Teachers and Education Staff

France:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

France:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

France:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

France:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

France:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

France:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

France:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

France:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

France:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

France:Management and Other Education Staff

France:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

France:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

France:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

France:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

France:Management Staff for Higher Education

France:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

France:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

France:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

France:Quality Assurance

France:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

France:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

France:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

France:Educational Support and Guidance

France:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

France:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

France:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

France:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

France:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

France:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

France:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

France:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

France:Mobility and Internationalisation

France:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

France:Mobility in Higher Education

France:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

France:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

France:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

France:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

France:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

France:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

France:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

France:National Reforms in School Education

France:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

France:National Reforms in Higher Education

France:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

France:European Perspective

France:Legislation

France:Glossary


In France, the main stakeholders in the case of Adult Education and Training are the State, Régions and social partners (representatives of employees and employers unions).

Organisation and funding

Continuing Vocational Training (CVT) is clearly distinct from initial training in the way that it is organised. In the terms of Law no.71-575 of July 16th 1971, it constitutes a "national obligation", in the achievement of which all economic and social stakeholders are involved – with each one capable of acting independently. In this respect, the State does not have the same pre-eminent role as it has in terms of initial training, which is a "public service".

This is why CVT is the direct and complementary responsibility of several stakeholders, especially:

  • the State, Régions and social partners, as regards defining the normative framework and the range of CVT training programmes: the standards and schemes giving access to CVT are usually based on the confirmation by the public authorities of interprofessional agreements signed between the social partners of the different professional sectors. This close connection between social bargaining and the law is one of the specific features of the French continuing training system;
  • the State, Régions, social partners (via the Organismes Paritaires Collecteurs Agréés  - OPCA, Accredited fund-Collecting Joint Body - organisations tasked with collecting CVT funding and financing employees' training) and companies with regard to CVT funding (read more in section 3.3);
  • the State, Régions, companies and public, broader public and private training organisations with regard to implementing CVT.

Stakeholders involved in developing the range of adult training programmes

Within the continuing vocational training system, the State's remit is rigidly defined by law. It is involved at three levels:

  • overseeing the system (steering the training policy; defining the institutional framework in which the other stakeholders intervene; recommends legislative changes; and promotes dialogue between social partners);
  • funding the system (read more in section 3.3);
  • implementing continuing training via the French Department for National Education’s management of the GRETA network.

The régions have a general remit in terms of continuing vocational training. It is Regional Councils responsibility to define and implement a vocational training policy based on local economic and social priorities. According to Law no.2009-1437 of 24 November 2009, régions must set up a Regional Plan Contract for the Development of Vocational Training (CPRDF) based on the work of a collective that brings together regional authorities, the State representative at local level, the local education authority (académies) and employers' and employees' organisations. The regions also help to fund CVT along with the State and companies (read more in section 3.3).

Social partners help the legislator to draw up continuous vocational training laws, through National Inter-professional Agreements collective bargaining, since standards and schemes giving access to CVT are usually based on the confirmation by the public authorities of interprofessional agreements signed between the social partners of the different professional sectors. Such partners also help to fund and implement the CVT policy by managing OPCAs set up following their initiative. OPCAs collect the compulsory contributions paid by companies towards employees' vocational training (read more in section 3.3).

Involved departments in lifelong learning

In France, most of the adult training is managed by two Departments: the French Department for National Education, Higher Education and Research and the French Department for Work, Employment, Vocational training and the Social dialogue. Other Departments may be involved on a smaller scale because of training-providing institutions they have the supervision of (Department for Defence, Department for Agriculture, Agri-Food and Forestry).

The Department for Work, Employment, Vocational training and the Social dialogue sets the continuing vocational training policy, aiming to secure career paths and employment access, proposes legal evolutions, fosters dialogue between social partners and finances marginally some training-providing institutions as well the training of specific publics (migrants, disabled, incarcerated, etc.). This Department is also responsible for the Association Nationale pour la Formation Professionnelle des Adultes (AFPA – National Association for Adults Vocational Training).

The Department for National Education, Higher Education and Research has an operational objective of adults’ continuing vocational training. This public service mission is led by the GRETA network. On an institutional level, the Department also contributes to the interdepartmental strategic reflection on the evolution of lifelong learning.