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France:Adult Education and Training Funding

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Overview France

Contents

France:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

France:Historical Development

France:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

France:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

France:Political and Economic Situation

France:Organisation and Governance

France:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

France:Lifelong Learning Strategy

France:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

France:Organisation of Private Education

France:National Qualifications Framework

France:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

France:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

France:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

France:Funding in Education

France:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

France:Higher Education Funding

France:Adult Education and Training Funding

France:Early Childhood Education and Care

France:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

France:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

France:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

France:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

France:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

France:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

France:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

France:Primary Education

France:Organisation of Primary Education

France:Teaching and Learning in Primary Education

France:Assessment in Primary Education

France:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Primary Education

France:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

France:Organisation of General Lower Secondary Education

France:Teaching and Learning in General Lower Secondary Education

France:Assessment in General Lower Secondary Education

France:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

France:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

France:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

France:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

France:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

France:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

France:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

France:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

France:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

France:Higher Education

France:Types of Higher Education Institutions

France:First Cycle Programmes

France:Bachelor

France:Short-Cycle Higher Education

France:Second Cycle Programmes

France:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

France:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

France:Adult Education and Training

France:Distribution of Responsibilities

France:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

France:Main Providers

France:Main Types of Provision

France:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

France:Teachers and Education Staff

France:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

France:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

France:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

France:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

France:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

France:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

France:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

France:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

France:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

France:Management and Other Education Staff

France:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

France:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

France:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

France:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

France:Management Staff for Higher Education

France:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

France:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

France:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

France:Quality Assurance

France:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

France:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

France:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

France:Educational Support and Guidance

France:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

France:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

France:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

France:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

France:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

France:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

France:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

France:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

France:Mobility and Internationalisation

France:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

France:Mobility in Higher Education

France:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

France:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

France:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

France:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

France:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

France:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

France:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

France:National Reforms in School Education

France:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

France:National Reforms in Higher Education

France:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

France:European Perspective

France:Legislation

France:Glossary

Funding

Adult education and training is financed by the State, the regions and companies. In particular, the State finances training of those most in difficulty (the disabled, prisoners, foreigners and the illiterates); the régions are mainly responsible for financing the training of the unemployed, and companies fund the training of their employees. They are legally bound to fund ongoing training. In practice, though, division of AET financing does not strictly match up with the categories of people concerned. The same scheme may involve several financers.

In 2014, Adult education and continuous training represented 11.6% of the Dépense Intérieure d’Éducation (DIE – domestic expense on education), for 14.6 billion euros. The State and households’ participation in this expense amounted to 11.7%, local authorities’ participation amounted to 21.2% and finally companies’ participation’ reached 51%.


Fees Paid by Learners – Financial Support for Adult Learners

There is a wealth of funding for ongoing training; they depend on the candidate's situation (salaried employee, job seeker, etc.) Candidates can be guided in their search by university ongoing training services.

For salaried employees

Different systems can be activated by employers or employees.

Systems activated by employees:

  • The Compte Personnel de Formation (Personal training account) : an account that « hosts » training hours the employee acquired all is professional life as well as the training programmes the employee may apply to. The account is automatically credited at the end of each civil year, proportionally to the working time accomplished (maximum 24 hours per year and in a ceiling of 150 hours in total). As of the January 1, 2017, the CPF will be included in the Personal Activity Account;
  • The congé individuel de formation (CIF, individual work-leave for training) makes it possible to take a leave of absence for a year-long, full-time training programme (or 2 years at part time within a limit of 1,200 hours). A certain threshold of remuneration is maintained during the training period. This threshold depends on the previous remuneration of the employee as well as the duration of the training;
  • Funding from a Conseil Régional (region council): in some regions salaried employees can receive financial aid to take university training courses outside of their working time (e.g. the DAEU, a diploma for access to university studies or distance education). 

Systems activated on the employer's initiative:

  • The plan de formation (training plan). Public and private bodies may fund training activities as part of a training plan, the contents of which is left up to their initiative. The training plan makes it possible to pay the employee's full salary and to fund training-related expenses (training costs, travel and housing).

For job seekers

  • Funding the training concerns job seekers receiving unemployment compensation and whose training project, intended to favour a return to employment, is validated by thePôle Emploi (State employment agency);
  • Funding training by the regional council. Aid provisions may vary from one region to the next with each region defining its policies for funding training;
  • Many types of job contracts that have transition on the job market as a primary objective may be financed through grants (see 8.4). 

Other funding methods

For people that aren't under employee status (the professions, farmers, craftsmen, shop-keeprs, independent workers, etc.) the conditions for accessing ongoing professional training are defined by specific rules. In the general system they rely on the following three training insurance funds:

  • Fonds interprofessionnel de formation des professions libérales (FIP-PL, interprofessional training funds for liberal professions);
  • Association de gestion du financement de la formation des chefs d'entreprise (AGEFICE, a management agency for funding the training of business owners);
  • Fonds d'assurance formation des professions médicales libérales (FAP-PL, insurance fund for training the liberal medical professions). 

Disabled persons may address the Fonds pour l'insertion professionnelle des personnes handicapées (AGEFIPH, fund for integrating disabled persons into the job market). 

Some pension funds may sometimes pay a part of the training costs according to their own criteria.



Private Education

Ongoing training in the private sector is managed by companies and unions. Companies fund training for the working population. They have a legal obligation to fund ongoing training. This legal obligation comes to 1.6% of the wage bill, but many companies see ongoing training as an investment and pay a much larger share.

Private-sector employees can access ongoing training through the provisions described in the previous sections (CPF, CIF, training plan, etc.) according to the specific financial conditions defined by each system.