This page was last modified on 14 December 2015, at 10:06.

Estonia:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

From Eurydice

Jump to: navigation, search

Overview Estonia

Contents

Estonia:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Estonia:Historical Development

Estonia:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Estonia:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Estonia:Political and Economic Situation

Estonia:Organisation and Governance

Estonia:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Estonia:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Estonia:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Estonia:Organisation of Private Education

Estonia:National Qualifications Framework

Estonia:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Estonia:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Estonia:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Estonia:Funding in Education

Estonia:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Estonia:Higher Education Funding

Estonia:Adult Education and Training Funding

Estonia:Early Childhood Education and Care

Estonia:Organisation

Estonia:Teaching and Learning

Estonia:Assessment

Estonia:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Estonia:Single Structure Education (Integrated Primary and Lower Secondary Education)

Estonia:Organisation of Single Structure Education

Estonia:Teaching and Learning in Single Structure Education

Estonia:Assessment in Single Structure Education

Estonia:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Single Structure Education

Estonia:Upper Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Estonia:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Estonia:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Estonia:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Estonia:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Estonia:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Estonia:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Estonia:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Estonia:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Estonia:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Estonia:Higher Education

Estonia:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Estonia:First Cycle Programmes

Estonia:Bachelor

Estonia:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Estonia:Second Cycle Programmes

Estonia:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Estonia:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Estonia:Adult Education and Training

Estonia:Distribution of Responsibilities

Estonia:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Estonia:Main Providers

Estonia:Main Types of Provision

Estonia:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Estonia:Teachers and Education Staff

Estonia:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Estonia:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Estonia:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Estonia:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Estonia:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Estonia:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Estonia:Management and Other Education Staff

Estonia:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Estonia:Management Staff for Higher Education

Estonia:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Estonia:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Estonia:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Estonia:Quality Assurance

Estonia:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Estonia:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Estonia:Educational Support and Guidance

Estonia:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Estonia:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Estonia:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Estonia:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Estonia:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Estonia:Mobility and Internationalisation

Estonia:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Mobility in Higher Education

Estonia:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Estonia:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Estonia:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Estonia:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Estonia:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Estonia:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Estonia:National Reforms in School Education

Estonia:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Estonia:National Reforms in Higher Education

Estonia:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Estonia:European Perspective

Estonia:Legislation

Estonia:Glossary

 

Definition of the Target Groups

Students in threat of being excluded from education include students with:

  • socio-economic difficulties,
  • behavioural disorders and problems,
  • students whose mother language is other than the language of instruction,
  • new immigrants,
  • health-related problems.

Specific Support Measures

The following support measures are implemented in preschool child care institutions:

  • individual development plan;
  • speech therapeutic and special educational support;
  • social pedagogical counselling;
  • occupational therapy;
  • remedial teaching of Estonian as a second language.

The following possibilities for support measures are implemented at schools:

  • individual curriculum;
  • study aid for offering special educational or speech therapeutic aid;
  • studying in long-day groups;
  • home schooling for health reasons;
  • boarding school facilities for students with social problems;
  • help from a special education teacher;
  • help from a psychologist.

The National Curriculum for Basic Schools establishes the exceptions that may be applied to students with special educational needs.

In the case of a class for students with behavioural difficulties, an academic work load lighter than the one set forth in the national curriculum for basic schools may be specified in the school curriculum, but not less than 20 academic hours per academic week. In addition, for a class for students with behavioural difficulties, vocational preliminary training or vocational study in basic schools shall be carried out, in cooperation with a vocational school. Foreign language B, manual training, handicraft and home economics or technology studies need not be taught in a class for students with behavioural difficulties of this is foreseen in the school curriculum or individual curriculum.

The following possibilities exist as additional possibilities and measures for the organisation of education of children whose mother tongue is other than Estonian:

  • possibility to acquire basic education in the English language in two schools and in the Finnish language also in two schools;
  • possibility to study mother tongue two hours per week if the mother tongue (home language) of a student is different than the language of instruction of the school and if there are more than 10 students wishing to study the language;
  • possibility to study mother tongue as foreign language;
  • implementation of individual curriculum (incl. teaching of Estonian individually or in a small group);
  • teaching of Estonian (the official language), incl. in case the student studies at a school with Estonian as the language of instruction;
  • studying Estonian free of charge for asylum seekers and refugees;
  • a student whose mother tongue is other than Estonian or a student who has arrived from a foreign country and whose experience of learning in Estonian in basic schools is less than six academic years, may study Estonian as second language;
  • a student who has lived in Estonia for less than three years has the right to give up studies of foreign language B;
  • a student who has lived in Estonia up to three years and who is studying at an Estonian school in a class with Estonian as language of instruction or in a language immersion class, has the right for four additional Estonian language lessons per week;
  • vocational educational institutions provide, if required, additional Estonian language training to the students whose mother tongue is other than Estonian.

Legislative References

National curriculum for pre-school child care institutions

National curriculum for basic schools