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Estonia:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Single Structure Education

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Overview Estonia

Contents

Estonia:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Estonia:Historical Development

Estonia:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Estonia:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Estonia:Political and Economic Situation

Estonia:Organisation and Governance

Estonia:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Estonia:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Estonia:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Estonia:Organisation of Private Education

Estonia:National Qualifications Framework

Estonia:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Estonia:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Estonia:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Estonia:Funding in Education

Estonia:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Estonia:Higher Education Funding

Estonia:Adult Education and Training Funding

Estonia:Early Childhood Education and Care

Estonia:Organisation

Estonia:Teaching and Learning

Estonia:Assessment

Estonia:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Estonia:Single Structure Education (Integrated Primary and Lower Secondary Education)

Estonia:Organisation of Single Structure Education

Estonia:Teaching and Learning in Single Structure Education

Estonia:Assessment in Single Structure Education

Estonia:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Single Structure Education

Estonia:Upper Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Estonia:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Estonia:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Estonia:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Estonia:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Estonia:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Estonia:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Estonia:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Estonia:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Estonia:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Estonia:Higher Education

Estonia:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Estonia:First Cycle Programmes

Estonia:Bachelor

Estonia:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Estonia:Second Cycle Programmes

Estonia:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Estonia:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Estonia:Adult Education and Training

Estonia:Distribution of Responsibilities

Estonia:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Estonia:Main Providers

Estonia:Main Types of Provision

Estonia:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Estonia:Teachers and Education Staff

Estonia:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Estonia:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Estonia:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Estonia:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Estonia:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Estonia:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Estonia:Management and Other Education Staff

Estonia:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Estonia:Management Staff for Higher Education

Estonia:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Estonia:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Estonia:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Estonia:Quality Assurance

Estonia:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Estonia:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Estonia:Educational Support and Guidance

Estonia:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Estonia:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Estonia:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Estonia:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Estonia:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Estonia:Mobility and Internationalisation

Estonia:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Mobility in Higher Education

Estonia:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Estonia:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Estonia:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Estonia:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Estonia:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Estonia:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Estonia:National Reforms in School Education

Estonia:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Estonia:National Reforms in Higher Education

Estonia:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Estonia:European Perspective

Estonia:Legislation

Estonia:Glossary

 

Compulsory school attendance may also be fulfilled by studying at home. Studying at home may be conducted on the wish of parents or for health reasons. The school together with the person carrying out instruction prepare an individual curriculum for the student on the basis of school curriculum. The school assesses subject-related knowledge and skills and their correspondence to the objectives determined by the curriculum at least twice a year.

Study carried out outside school at the request of a parent is organised and financed by the parent. For a child accompanying a public servant who is on a mission in a representation of Estonia or on a long-term assignment abroad and temporarily pursuing his or her education in a foreign educational institution, studying at home is advisable only for subjects and topics that are not included in the curriculum of the foreign educational institution.

Studying at home for health reasons is carried out by the school where the student is enrolled. The student will be given consultation for at least 8 hours a week.

Vocational schools may offer vocational training in basic schools within the framework of the elective subjects prescribed by the national curriculum for basic schools. A student who has completed the vocational training has acquired the preliminary professional or vocational knowledge and skills and may continue his or her studies in a vocational school, and when continuing studies, the knowledge and skills acquired will be taken into account.

By an agreement between a student or a parent and a school, the school may take account of the student’s extracurricular studies or activities (incl. studies in a hobby school or other general education school, participation in trainings, etc.) as a part of the studies of the school if it allows the student to achieve the study results determined by the school’s or his or her own individual curriculum.

Teaching and learning in a school may also be carried out according to the curriculum of the International Baccalaureate Organisation or a curriculum developed according to the Convention defining the Statute of the European Schools.

A school that has been accredited by the International Baccalaureate Organisation may teach on the basis of the curriculum of the International Baccalaureate Organisation.

Foundation of foreign educational institutions and their branches in the Republic of Estonia is permitted on the basis of corresponding agreements between countries. 

Basic education may also be acquired in the non-stationary form of study that is intended mainly for persons who are 17 years old or older. Non-stationary studies follow the basic school national curriculum but physical education,  craft, home economics, and technology studies are not included among compulsory subjects. Further, upon a student’s request, he or she may also abandon the study of foreign language B. The school guarantees the student at least 24 lessons of guided study per week.

In non-stationary studies, a student can also study individual subjects.

Graduating from a basic school as an external student is also possible.

For better arrangement of study of students with special educational needs, special schools may be founded and operated. The state guarantees the foundation and management of schools for students with visual and hearing impairments, for students with movement disabilities who also have an additional special educational need, for students with emotional or behavioural disorders and students in a class for students with moderate or severe and profound learning difficulties acquiring basic education.