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Estonia:Organisation of Private Education

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Overview Estonia

Contents

Estonia:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Estonia:Historical Development

Estonia:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Estonia:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Estonia:Political and Economic Situation

Estonia:Organisation and Governance

Estonia:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Estonia:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Estonia:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Estonia:Organisation of Private Education

Estonia:National Qualifications Framework

Estonia:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Estonia:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Estonia:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Estonia:Funding in Education

Estonia:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Estonia:Higher Education Funding

Estonia:Adult Education and Training Funding

Estonia:Early Childhood Education and Care

Estonia:Organisation

Estonia:Teaching and Learning

Estonia:Assessment

Estonia:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Estonia:Single Structure Education (Integrated Primary and Lower Secondary Education)

Estonia:Organisation of Single Structure Education

Estonia:Teaching and Learning in Single Structure Education

Estonia:Assessment in Single Structure Education

Estonia:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Single Structure Education

Estonia:Upper Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Estonia:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Estonia:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Estonia:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Estonia:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Estonia:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Estonia:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Estonia:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Estonia:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Estonia:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Estonia:Higher Education

Estonia:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Estonia:First Cycle Programmes

Estonia:Bachelor

Estonia:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Estonia:Second Cycle Programmes

Estonia:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Estonia:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Estonia:Adult Education and Training

Estonia:Distribution of Responsibilities

Estonia:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Estonia:Main Providers

Estonia:Main Types of Provision

Estonia:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Estonia:Teachers and Education Staff

Estonia:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Estonia:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Estonia:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Estonia:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Estonia:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Estonia:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Estonia:Management and Other Education Staff

Estonia:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Estonia:Management Staff for Higher Education

Estonia:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Estonia:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Estonia:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Estonia:Quality Assurance

Estonia:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Estonia:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Estonia:Educational Support and Guidance

Estonia:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Estonia:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Estonia:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Estonia:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Estonia:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Estonia:Mobility and Internationalisation

Estonia:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Mobility in Higher Education

Estonia:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Estonia:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Estonia:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Estonia:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Estonia:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Estonia:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Estonia:National Reforms in School Education

Estonia:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Estonia:National Reforms in Higher Education

Estonia:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Estonia:European Perspective

Estonia:Legislation

Estonia:Glossary

 

The ratio of private education differs according to educational levels. In 2015/2016 academic year, out of 634 preschool child care institutions 57, out of 534 general education schools 50, out of 42 vocational schools 5 and out of 24 higher education institutions 8 are in private ownership. These percentages have remained rather stable in recent years, apart from private universities, the number of which has decreased from ten in 2001 to the current one. 

A private school acts as an agency of self-employed entrepreneurs and legal persons in private law and is governed by the Private Schools Act. Private schools must have an education licence if they are engaged in study activities for more than 120 academic hours. The licence is issued and cancelled by the Ministry of Education and Research. An education licence shall have a specified term of not less than one academic year.

Private schools have a board as a collegial decision-making body. The board shall comprise the head of the school, representatives of the teaching staff and representatives of the manager of the private educational institution. Also parents, students and other people referred to in the statute of the private educational institution may be members of the board. To include parents is obligatory for a board of preschool child care institutions and schools where parents have to form one fifth of the composition of the board. A board of upper secondary schools and vocational schools shall obligatorily include students. Students also have to form one fifth of the composition of the board.

The management bodies of a private school are the school board and the head of the school. The head shall adhere to the lawful orders of the manager of a private school and the board of the private school. The head of the school is responsible for the general state and development of the private school and for the efficient and practical use of financial resources.

Curricula of private preschool child care institutions, basic schools, upper secondary schools  and vocational schools must comply with the corresponding national curriculum: the national curriculum for preschool child care institutions, the national curriculum for basic schools and upper secondary schools or the national curriculum for vocations and professions. Curricula of private universities and private institutions of professional higher education shall comply with the Higher Education Standard.

Private educational institutions are financed by their owner.

The expenses of a private school shall be covered by the private school and, in certain cases, support is allocated from the local government or state budget. Support from the state budget is allocated to private preschool child care institutions to cover the in-service expenses of teachers and to private general education institutions to cover labour expenses and in-service expenses of teachers and heads, and expenses of teaching and learning materials and school lunch of students. Until 2015, investments were also funded. The study costs of private vocational educational institutions and private higher education institutions shall be financed from the state budget within the limits of student places created on the basis of state-commissioned education.  

Payment for the studies conducted in a private school is performed according to the procedures and on the grounds established by the private school. The size of tuition fees is determined by the owner of the private school and it is not changed during an academic year. Tuition fees can be raised by up to 10% between academic years if the contract between a student and the private school does not establish otherwise.

State supervision over the teaching and education of a private school is conducted according to the same principles that apply to municipal educational institutions and public universities. If the headmaster or owner of a private school does not agree with the precepts made by the state supervision institution, he or she has the right to dispute the precepts in the Ministry of Education and Research within one month.


Legislative References

Private Schools Act