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Estonia:Management Staff for Higher Education

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Overview Estonia

Contents

Estonia:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Estonia:Historical Development

Estonia:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Estonia:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Estonia:Political and Economic Situation

Estonia:Organisation and Governance

Estonia:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Estonia:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Estonia:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Estonia:Organisation of Private Education

Estonia:National Qualifications Framework

Estonia:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Estonia:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Estonia:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Estonia:Funding in Education

Estonia:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Estonia:Higher Education Funding

Estonia:Adult Education and Training Funding

Estonia:Early Childhood Education and Care

Estonia:Organisation

Estonia:Teaching and Learning

Estonia:Assessment

Estonia:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Estonia:Single Structure Education (Integrated Primary and Lower Secondary Education)

Estonia:Organisation of Single Structure Education

Estonia:Teaching and Learning in Single Structure Education

Estonia:Assessment in Single Structure Education

Estonia:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Single Structure Education

Estonia:Upper Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Estonia:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Estonia:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Estonia:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Estonia:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Estonia:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Estonia:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Estonia:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Estonia:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Estonia:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Estonia:Higher Education

Estonia:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Estonia:First Cycle Programmes

Estonia:Bachelor

Estonia:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Estonia:Second Cycle Programmes

Estonia:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Estonia:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Estonia:Adult Education and Training

Estonia:Distribution of Responsibilities

Estonia:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Estonia:Main Providers

Estonia:Main Types of Provision

Estonia:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Estonia:Teachers and Education Staff

Estonia:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Estonia:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Estonia:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Estonia:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Estonia:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Estonia:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Estonia:Management and Other Education Staff

Estonia:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Estonia:Management Staff for Higher Education

Estonia:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Estonia:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Estonia:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Estonia:Quality Assurance

Estonia:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Estonia:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Estonia:Educational Support and Guidance

Estonia:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Estonia:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Estonia:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Estonia:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Estonia:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Estonia:Mobility and Internationalisation

Estonia:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Mobility in Higher Education

Estonia:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Estonia:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Estonia:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Estonia:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Estonia:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Estonia:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Estonia:National Reforms in School Education

Estonia:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Estonia:National Reforms in Higher Education

Estonia:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Estonia:European Perspective

Estonia:Legislation

Estonia:Glossary

 

A university as well as an institution of professional higher education shall be directed by a Rector. The Rector is responsible for the general state and development of the institution and for the lawful and expedient use of financial resources. 

Requirements for Appointment

Any person who is or has been elected to the position of a professor may be a candidate for the position of Rector of a university.

Any person who is or has been elected to the position of a professor or has been awarded at least a Master's level degree or a qualification equal thereto may be a candidate for the position of Rector of an institution of professional higher education. If Master’s study is conducted at an institution of professional higher education, any person who has been awarded a Doctoral level degree or a qualification equal thereto may be a candidate for the position of Rector of the institution of professional higher education.

Any person who, in addition to the requirements specified above, has work experience as a public servant may be a candidate for the position of Rector of an institution of professional higher education for public defence.

An active serviceman with at least the rank of a senior officer who has been awarded a Master’s degree or a qualification equal thereto may be appointed to the position of the commander of an institution of professional higher education for national defence. 

If Master's study is conducted at the institution of professional higher education for public defence or national defence and its Rector / Commander has not been awarded a Doctoral level degree, he or she is required to have a respectively longer work experience as a public servant or a higher military rank. 


Conditions of service

A Rector of a university shall be elected for up to five years pursuant to the procedure prescribed by the statutes of the university. The Rector shall assume office by taking an oath of office before the council of the university. The eldest member of the council of the university shall enter into a contract of employment with the Rector on behalf of the university, setting out the rights and obligations of the Rector, the remuneration payable to the Rector and other conditions necessary for the activity. The provisions of the Law of Obligations Act concerning the authorisation agreement shall be applied to the contract.

The Rector shall be released from office prior to the expiry of the term of contract by the council of the university if the council of the university has expressed no confidence in the Rector by a two-thirds majority of its membership.  

A Rector of an institution of professional higher education shall be elected by way of a public competition for up to five years pursuant to the procedure established by a regulation of the minister who directs the ministry under whose area of government the institution of professional higher education belongs. The minister who directs the ministry under whose area of government the institution of professional higher education belongs shall approve the election results and shall enter into, amend and terminate the employment contract with the Rector.

The authority of a Rector terminates on the date of expiry of the term of his or her contract, on the date of resignation from office on his or her own request, or on the date of his or her release from office prior to expiry of the term of the contract.  Upon the termination of his or her authority or employment contract, the Rector has the right to return to the position he or she occupied in the university or institution of professional higher education prior to his or her election as Rector. 

Legislative References

Employment Contracts Act

Universities Act

Procedure for electing a Rector of an institution of professional higher education

The Procedure for electing a Rector of an institution of professional higher education for public defence 

Public Service Act