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Estonia:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

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Overview Estonia

Contents

Estonia:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Estonia:Historical Development

Estonia:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Estonia:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Estonia:Political and Economic Situation

Estonia:Organisation and Governance

Estonia:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Estonia:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Estonia:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Estonia:Organisation of Private Education

Estonia:National Qualifications Framework

Estonia:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Estonia:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Estonia:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Estonia:Funding in Education

Estonia:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Estonia:Higher Education Funding

Estonia:Adult Education and Training Funding

Estonia:Early Childhood Education and Care

Estonia:Organisation

Estonia:Teaching and Learning

Estonia:Assessment

Estonia:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Estonia:Single Structure Education (Integrated Primary and Lower Secondary Education)

Estonia:Organisation of Single Structure Education

Estonia:Teaching and Learning in Single Structure Education

Estonia:Assessment in Single Structure Education

Estonia:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Single Structure Education

Estonia:Upper Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Estonia:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Estonia:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Estonia:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Estonia:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Estonia:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Estonia:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Estonia:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Estonia:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Estonia:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Estonia:Higher Education

Estonia:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Estonia:First Cycle Programmes

Estonia:Bachelor

Estonia:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Estonia:Second Cycle Programmes

Estonia:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Estonia:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Estonia:Adult Education and Training

Estonia:Distribution of Responsibilities

Estonia:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Estonia:Main Providers

Estonia:Main Types of Provision

Estonia:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Estonia:Teachers and Education Staff

Estonia:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Estonia:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Estonia:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Estonia:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Estonia:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Estonia:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Estonia:Management and Other Education Staff

Estonia:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Estonia:Management Staff for Higher Education

Estonia:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Estonia:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Estonia:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Estonia:Quality Assurance

Estonia:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Estonia:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Estonia:Educational Support and Guidance

Estonia:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Estonia:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Estonia:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Estonia:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Estonia:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Estonia:Mobility and Internationalisation

Estonia:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Mobility in Higher Education

Estonia:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Estonia:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Estonia:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Estonia:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Estonia:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Estonia:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Estonia:National Reforms in School Education

Estonia:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Estonia:National Reforms in Higher Education

Estonia:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Estonia:European Perspective

Estonia:Legislation

Estonia:Glossary

 

Preschool child care institutions, basic schools, upper secondary schools and vocational schools are managed by a director or a head.

The task of a director or a head is to guarantee the efficient work of the institution and to manage the institution’s activities. The head is responsible, within the limits of his or her competence, for the teaching and education and other activities carried out in the school, for the general condition and development of the institution and for the lawful and efficient use of financial resources.

In larger schools and preschool child care institutions a head teacher or a leading employee of teaching and education is also employed as the head of studies.

Requirements for Appointment 

The qualification requirements for directors of preschool child care institutions are higher education and teaching and management skills.

The qualification requirements for a head teacher in a child care institution include higher education and teaching and management skills.

The qualification requirements for heads of basic schools and upper secondary schools include Master’s degree or a qualification equal thereto and management skills.

The qualification requirements for head teachers of basic schools and upper secondary schools include Master’s degree or qualification equal thereto, completed teacher training and management skills.

An employer, mainly a local authority, shall assess compliance with the qualification requirements, the required competencies and the readiness of an employee to work in the respective position. In case of heads of schools, also management skills are evaluated at least in the following areas: organisation development management, teaching environment creation, human resources management, resource management and self-management.

Teacher’s profession is acquired in a university after completing teacher training curriculum or from an authority granting the profession after certifying the competencies required for working as a teacher. Competencies of teachers are specified in the professional standards for teachers (professional level 7).

The qualification requirements for heads of vocational educational institutions include Master’s degree or qualification equal thereto, management skills and experience, and teaching skills.

The qualification requirements for leading employees of teaching and education of vocational educational institutions include Master’s degree or qualification equal thereto and at least three years of teaching experience and teaching and management skills.

State-owned educational institutions are employed by the Ministry of Education and Research. Most of the vocational schools and an increasing number of state upper secondary schools are owned by the state. 

Conditions of Service

The heads of municipal general education and vocational schools are hired by local governments on the basis of public competitions. In case of state-owned general education schools, the same process is carried out by the Ministry of Education and Research.

The procedure, pursuant to which a public competition for filling the position of the head of a state general education school or a vocational educational institution is conducted, is established by the regulations of the Minister of Education and Research.

Employment contracts with heads of  municipal schools or directors of preschool child care institutions shall be concluded by the rural municipality or city mayor or an official authorised by him or her; in case of state educational institutions, by the Minister of Education and Research.

Employment contracts with directors of preschool child care institutions and heads of schools have no fixed end-date.
The duration of annual holidays of directors of preschool child care institutions is 42 calendar days, and that of heads of general education schools and vocational educational institutions – 56 days.


Legislative References

Procedure for organising competition for filling a vacant position of the head of state vocational school

Qualification requirements for heads, head teachers and support specialists. 

Procedure for organising competition for filling a vacant position of the head of state vocational school or state general education school.