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Estonia:Distribution of Responsibilities

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Overview Estonia

Contents

Estonia:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Estonia:Historical Development

Estonia:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Estonia:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Estonia:Political and Economic Situation

Estonia:Organisation and Governance

Estonia:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Estonia:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Estonia:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Estonia:Organisation of Private Education

Estonia:National Qualifications Framework

Estonia:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Estonia:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Estonia:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Estonia:Funding in Education

Estonia:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Estonia:Higher Education Funding

Estonia:Adult Education and Training Funding

Estonia:Early Childhood Education and Care

Estonia:Organisation

Estonia:Teaching and Learning

Estonia:Assessment

Estonia:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Estonia:Single Structure Education (Integrated Primary and Lower Secondary Education)

Estonia:Organisation of Single Structure Education

Estonia:Teaching and Learning in Single Structure Education

Estonia:Assessment in Single Structure Education

Estonia:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Single Structure Education

Estonia:Upper Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Estonia:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Estonia:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Estonia:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Estonia:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Estonia:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Estonia:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Estonia:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Estonia:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Estonia:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Estonia:Higher Education

Estonia:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Estonia:First Cycle Programmes

Estonia:Bachelor

Estonia:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Estonia:Second Cycle Programmes

Estonia:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Estonia:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Estonia:Adult Education and Training

Estonia:Distribution of Responsibilities

Estonia:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Estonia:Main Providers

Estonia:Main Types of Provision

Estonia:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Estonia:Teachers and Education Staff

Estonia:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Estonia:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Estonia:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Estonia:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Estonia:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Estonia:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Estonia:Management and Other Education Staff

Estonia:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Estonia:Management Staff for Higher Education

Estonia:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Estonia:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Estonia:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Estonia:Quality Assurance

Estonia:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Estonia:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Estonia:Educational Support and Guidance

Estonia:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Estonia:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Estonia:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Estonia:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Estonia:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Estonia:Mobility and Internationalisation

Estonia:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Mobility in Higher Education

Estonia:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Estonia:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Estonia:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Estonia:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Estonia:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Estonia:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Estonia:National Reforms in School Education

Estonia:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Estonia:National Reforms in Higher Education

Estonia:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Estonia:European Perspective

Estonia:Legislation

Estonia:Glossary

The Ministry of Education and Research has a leading role in adult education policy making. Pursuant to the Adult Education Act adopted by the Riigikogu 18 February 2015 (hereinafter referred to as the AEA, soon to be published in English), the task of the Ministry of Education and Research is planning and application of the principles and objectives of the state education policy in the area of adult education, development of the judicial area necessary for exercising education policy and ensuring its purposefulness and sustainability. In addition, the Ministry of Education and Research ensures analysis and assessment of training needs for an efficient implementation of education policy.  

Many other ministries are also involved in different areas of adult education:

  1. The Ministry of Social Affairs creates a legal framework for providing necessary training and counselling services to the unemployed and the labour market risk groups, implemented by Eesti Töötukassa (Estonian Unemployment Insurance Fund);
  2. The Ministry of Economic Affairs and Communications creates conditions for regular provision of education and training to employees and compliance of the knowledge and skills of employees with the needs of the companies;
  3. The Ministry of Agriculture is a very important funder and a contracting authority for education and training in the area of agriculture.

Adult Education Council has an important responsibility in adult education policy making. According to § 2 of the AEA, the Adult Education Council is an advisory body, the main task of which is advising the Ministry of Education and Research and other parties in matters relating to planning, financing and organising of adult education, by representing the positions of the organisations in the council and providing expert analyses. The Adult Education Council comprises the representatives of the following organisations: Estonian Trade Union Confederation, Estonian Chamber of Commerce and Industry, Estonian Association for Advancement of Vocational Education, Association of Estonian Adult Educators Andras, Estonian Employers’ Confederation, Estonian Non-formal Adult Education Association, the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Communications, the Ministry of Education and Research, the Ministry of Finance, Universities Estonia, Republic of Estonia Government Office, the Foundation Estonian Qualifications Authority, the Ministry of Social Affairs, Tallinn Upper Secondary School for AdultsProfessional Qualifications Committee for Adult Educators, Estonian Employees’ Unions’ Confederation TALO, Forum for Adult Learners, Eesti Töötukassa (Estonian Unemployment Insurance Fund), Association of Estonian Training Companies.

Local governments do not have significant tasks in organising adult education. Pursuant to §22 of the Basic Schools and Upper Secondary Schools Act, local governments can organise both stationary and non-stationary studies in the general education schools operating within their jurisdiction. Non-stationary studies are studies aimed at adult learners, whereby independent learning has a larger share besides lessons in comparison with stationary studies.   

Legislative References

Adult Education Act

Labour Market Services and Benefits Act

Basic Schools and Upper Secondary Schools Act