This page was last modified on 7 January 2016, at 10:56.

Estonia:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

From Eurydice

Jump to: navigation, search

Overview Estonia

Contents

Estonia:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Estonia:Historical Development

Estonia:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Estonia:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Estonia:Political and Economic Situation

Estonia:Organisation and Governance

Estonia:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Estonia:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Estonia:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Estonia:Organisation of Private Education

Estonia:National Qualifications Framework

Estonia:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Estonia:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Estonia:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Estonia:Funding in Education

Estonia:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Estonia:Higher Education Funding

Estonia:Adult Education and Training Funding

Estonia:Early Childhood Education and Care

Estonia:Organisation

Estonia:Teaching and Learning

Estonia:Assessment

Estonia:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Estonia:Single Structure Education (Integrated Primary and Lower Secondary Education)

Estonia:Organisation of Single Structure Education

Estonia:Teaching and Learning in Single Structure Education

Estonia:Assessment in Single Structure Education

Estonia:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Single Structure Education

Estonia:Upper Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Estonia:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Estonia:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Estonia:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Estonia:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Estonia:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Estonia:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Estonia:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Estonia:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Estonia:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Estonia:Higher Education

Estonia:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Estonia:First Cycle Programmes

Estonia:Bachelor

Estonia:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Estonia:Second Cycle Programmes

Estonia:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Estonia:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Estonia:Adult Education and Training

Estonia:Distribution of Responsibilities

Estonia:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Estonia:Main Providers

Estonia:Main Types of Provision

Estonia:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Estonia:Teachers and Education Staff

Estonia:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Estonia:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Estonia:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Estonia:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Estonia:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Estonia:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Estonia:Management and Other Education Staff

Estonia:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Estonia:Management Staff for Higher Education

Estonia:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Estonia:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Estonia:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Estonia:Quality Assurance

Estonia:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Estonia:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Estonia:Educational Support and Guidance

Estonia:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Estonia:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Estonia:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Estonia:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Estonia:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Estonia:Mobility and Internationalisation

Estonia:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Mobility in Higher Education

Estonia:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Estonia:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Estonia:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Estonia:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Estonia:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Estonia:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Estonia:National Reforms in School Education

Estonia:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Estonia:National Reforms in Higher Education

Estonia:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Estonia:European Perspective

Estonia:Legislation

Estonia:Glossary

 

Universities’ teaching staff includes professors, docents, lecturers, assistants and teachers.

The higher education standard establishes uniform requirements for their academic degree, educational qualification, research and development activity, student supervision, pedagogical skills and professional experiences.

When establishing minimum requirements for teaching staff, an educational institution follows the requirements set by the Standard of Higher Education but may also establish higher requirements if it is necessary for the achievement of the objectives and learning outcomes of a curriculum.

Teaching staff is divided into ordinary and visiting teaching staff.

The organisation of work and salary and other work-related conditions is established by the higher education institution’s own regulations, taking general legislation as basis.


Planning Policy

In Estonia, there is no national planning policy for academic staff working in higher education.


Entry to the Profession

The employment contracts of ordinary teaching staff and researchers are filled through an open competition with equal conditions for all candidates. The Rector enters into contracts of employment with the persons who win a competition. Entry into a contract of employment may be refused if the conditions of the competition or the competition procedure have been violated.

A position of teaching staff member or researcher may be filled for a fixed term without organising a competition with a person who corresponds to the respective qualification requirements under the following conditions:

  • a competition for choosing a teaching staff member or researcher has failed;
  • the work performed in the office is of temporary fixed-term nature.

A Rector may, on conditions established by the council of the higher education institution, invite scientists or distinguished creative staff or practitioners to carry out teaching for up to five years without launching a competition.

An institution of higher education evaluates the members of the ordinary teaching staff and research staff at least once in every five years of employment. If a member of the ordinary teaching staff or research does not pass the evaluation, the employment contract entered into with him/her may be cancelled extraordinarily on the conditions and pursuant to the procedure provided for in the Employment Contracts Act.  

Professional Status

All academic staff members in universities and professional higher education institutions are employed on the basis of employment contracts.

Salaries

The salaries of higher education teaching staff differ according to position, work load, number of years worked and qualification. Actual income is also dependent upon participation in various research and development related projects.

Working Time and Holidays

According to the Employment Contract Act, the general working time of higher education institutions’ teaching staff is 40 hours per week. More detailed conditions are established in the relevant regulations, collective agreements and employment contracts institution signed with its personnel.

The managers, teaching staff and researchers of universities and professional higher education institutions receive the following number of days as annual leave: Rector, Vice Rector – 56 calendar days; ordinary teaching staff member (professor, docent, assistant, lecturer, teacher) – 56 calendar days; researcher (researcher-professor, leading research fellow, senior research fellow, research fellow) – 42 calendar days.

The ordinary teaching staff members of universities have the right for one semester free of work tasks once in five years for improvement of one’s professional skills or other creative activities together with preservation of salary.

Promotion, Advancement

No nation-wide regulations exist; higher education institutions have developed their own rules for acknowledgement and promotion of their staff.

Retirement and Pensions

The retirement of universities’ teaching staff is carried out according to general procedures.

Laws establish the status of professor emeritus and docent emeritus in a university and of professor emeritus in a professional higher education institution.

The council may give the title of professor emeritus to a person who has worked in the university as a professor for at least ten years or has been chosen as an ordinary professor at least twice and has reached the age for retirement pension.

The university council may give the title of docent emeritus to a teaching staff member who has worked in the university as a docent for at least 15 years and has reached the age for retirement pension.

The professional higher education institution council may give the title of professor emeritus to a teaching staff member who has worked in the professional higher education institution as a professor for at least ten years and has reached the age for retirement pension.

A professor or docent emeritus has the right to participate in the activities of the higher education institution and receive an emeritus salary according to the procedures established by the council. The emeritus salaries are paid from the state budget.

Legislative References

Employment Contracts Act