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Estonia:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

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Overview Estonia

Contents

Estonia:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Estonia:Historical Development

Estonia:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Estonia:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Estonia:Political and Economic Situation

Estonia:Organisation and Governance

Estonia:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Estonia:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Estonia:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Estonia:Organisation of Private Education

Estonia:National Qualifications Framework

Estonia:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Estonia:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Estonia:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Estonia:Funding in Education

Estonia:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Estonia:Higher Education Funding

Estonia:Adult Education and Training Funding

Estonia:Early Childhood Education and Care

Estonia:Organisation

Estonia:Teaching and Learning

Estonia:Assessment

Estonia:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Estonia:Single Structure Education (Integrated Primary and Lower Secondary Education)

Estonia:Organisation of Single Structure Education

Estonia:Teaching and Learning in Single Structure Education

Estonia:Assessment in Single Structure Education

Estonia:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Single Structure Education

Estonia:Upper Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Estonia:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Estonia:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Estonia:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Estonia:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Estonia:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Estonia:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Estonia:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Estonia:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Estonia:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Estonia:Higher Education

Estonia:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Estonia:First Cycle Programmes

Estonia:Bachelor

Estonia:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Estonia:Second Cycle Programmes

Estonia:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Estonia:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Estonia:Adult Education and Training

Estonia:Distribution of Responsibilities

Estonia:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Estonia:Main Providers

Estonia:Main Types of Provision

Estonia:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Estonia:Teachers and Education Staff

Estonia:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Estonia:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Estonia:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Estonia:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Estonia:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Estonia:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Estonia:Management and Other Education Staff

Estonia:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Estonia:Management Staff for Higher Education

Estonia:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Estonia:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Estonia:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Estonia:Quality Assurance

Estonia:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Estonia:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Estonia:Educational Support and Guidance

Estonia:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Estonia:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Estonia:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Estonia:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Estonia:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Estonia:Mobility and Internationalisation

Estonia:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Mobility in Higher Education

Estonia:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Estonia:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Estonia:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Estonia:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Estonia:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Estonia:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Estonia:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Estonia:National Reforms in School Education

Estonia:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Estonia:National Reforms in Higher Education

Estonia:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Estonia:European Perspective

Estonia:Legislation

Estonia:Glossary

 


Student Assessment

Vocational training studies are deemed to be completed after the achievement of the learning outcomes corresponding to the qualification or partial profession described in the curriculum and issue of a leaving certificate to the graduate. A student is considered a graduate from a vocational school if he or she has covered the full curriculum, meaning that he or she has acquired all the material foreseen in the curriculum, has taken all necessary tests and passed all required assessments, practical training and the final examination. The final examination may be replaced by professional qualification examination (in this case, the examination is not carried out by the school but by the vocational examination commission formed by the organisation awarding the profession). As of 1 September 2017, students who commence their vocational studies according to the curricula that are based on professional standards are required to pass a professional qualification examination. As an exception, students with special needs are allowed to graduate from their studies by passing a professional final examination. A student studying according to the curriculum of vocational secondary education has the right to graduate by taking a professional final examination also in case he or she fails in passing the professional qualification examination.   

Students graduating from schools or study groups after acquiring vocational secondary education in a language other than Estonian must pass a national examination in Estonian as a second language or, alternatively, a professional examination or a final examination in Estonian. 

In vocational training, the number and fields of the required examinations are established in the school curriculum. The examinations can be oral, written, practical or a combination of these, depending on the profession, vocation and occupation. At the point of graduation from vocational secondary education, passing national general education examinations is voluntary and they are held according to the same principles as those used for students graduating from upper secondary schools. Passing these examinations may become necessary if a student wishes to continue his or her studies in a university or a professional higher education institution where holding a state examination certificate is generally a precondition for entry. Every year, there are more curricula in higher education institutions that do not require state examinations for admittance.

Progression of Students

Students have the right to continue studies commenced at one school at another school on the basis of the same vocational or professional curriculum in case vacant places exist.

Students who have interrupted their vocational upper secondary education studies or vocational training on the basis of basic education in a vocational school have the right, provided that vacancies exist, to continue their studies in a general upper secondary school for acquiring general upper secondary education. If the student wishes to go to an upper secondary school grade 11 or 12 and to transfer the results of completed subjects, he or she has to present the school a report to prove the results and volumes of completed subjects. The decision on admitting the student to a study year is made by the teachers' council on the basis of the presented documents.

A student, who is not able to pass general education subjects in a vocational education curriculum, but who has passed profession or vocation related modules of the curriculum, has the right to apply for a transfer to a level 4 initial training curriculum  from the teachers’ council. Such curricula allow one to finish school without passing general education subjects. In such a case the student does not acquire secondary education and his or her level of education will be basic education.

Students of vocational educational institutions have the right to receive academic leave related to health problems, raising a child or compulsory military service. In case of academic leave, the study period is prolonged. By agreement with the school, a student has an opportunity to complete a curriculum within a period longer than the standard period of study.  

Certification

A vocational educational institution marks the school leaving certificate issued with the type of vocational training passed and the details of the curriculum. A distinction is made between school leaving certificates certifying the acquisition of vocational secondary education, certificates of vocational training (Estonian Qualifications Framework levels 2, 3 and 4) and certificates of specialised vocational training (EQF level 5). Leaving certificates are issued on forms of different colours and marked with a serial identification specific to the relevant type of training. 

Certificate of vocational secondary education certifies that a person has completed the curriculum of vocational secondary education to the full and achieved the learning outcomes prescribed in the curriculum and his or her level of education is secondary education (educational qualification corresponds to that of secondary education level). A person who has acquired vocational secondary education has the right to continue his or her studies on the first level of higher education. Since 1 September 2013, certificates of vocational secondary education with honours have been issued to students whose average weighted mark is 4.6 or higher on a five-point scale and who have scored highest, i.e. “5” on a five-point scale, in professional final examination or who have passed a vocational examination.

Certificate of vocational training and certificate of vocational specialised training certify the achievement of the learning outcomes corresponding to the qualification or partial profession described in the curriculum.  

The school report is an annex to the certificate. As a document certifying acquisition of vocational secondary education or undergoing vocational training, the certificate is also valid without the school report. However, the school report is not valid without a certificate.

When graduating from a vocational educational institution, people who so wish have the right to take a professional qualification examination, instead of a respective graduation examination, and be awarded a vocational certificate regarding holding of a professional qualification. As of 1 September 2017, all students (except for persons with special needs) commencing their studies according to curricula based on professional standards are required to take a vocational examination.   A holder of a professional qualification certificate has the right to use the name of the profession or the respective abbreviations. The professional qualification certificates are registered by the issuing organisation and will be entered in the professional register according to the rules set out in the statute of the professional register. Vocational educational institutions can also apply for the right to award professional qualification certificates. 

Taking a professional examination is payable. When graduating from a vocational educational institution, the expense of professional examination taken instead of vocational final examination is covered from state resources.


Legislative References

Professions Act

Procedure for the organisation of an open competition to select the institution awarding qualifications, and the list of documents certifying compliance with the conditions for participation in the competition

Statute and format of professional certificates

Uniform marking system for vocational schools

Format, statute and procedure for issue of a vocational school graduation certificate