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Denmark:Upper Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

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Overview Denmark

Contents

Denmark:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Denmark:Historical Development

Denmark:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Denmark:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Denmark:Political and Economic Situation

Denmark:Organisation and Governance

Denmark:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Denmark:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Denmark:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Denmark:Organisation of Private Education

Denmark:National Qualifications Framework

Denmark:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Denmark:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Denmark:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Denmark:Funding in Education

Denmark:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Denmark:Higher Education Funding

Denmark:Adult Education and Training Funding

Denmark:Early Childhood Education and Care

Denmark:Organisation of Early Childhood Education and Care

Denmark:Teaching and Learning in Early Childhood Education and Care

Denmark:Assessment in Early Childhood Education and Care

Denmark:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Denmark:Single Structure Education (Integrated Primary and Lower Secondary Education)

Denmark:Organisation of Single Structure Education

Denmark:Teaching and Learning in Single Structure Education

Denmark:Assessment in Single Structure Education

Denmark:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Single Structure Education

Denmark:Upper Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Denmark:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Denmark:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Denmark:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Denmark:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Denmark:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Denmark:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Denmark:Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Denmark:Higher Education

Denmark:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Denmark:First Cycle Programmes

Denmark:Bachelor

Denmark:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Denmark:Second Cycle Programmes

Denmark:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Denmark:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Denmark:Adult Education and Training

Denmark:Distribution of Responsibilities

Denmark:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Denmark:Main Providers

Denmark:Main Types of Provision

Denmark:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Denmark:Teachers and Education Staff

Denmark:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Denmark:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Denmark:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Denmark:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Denmark:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Denmark:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Denmark:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Denmark:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Denmark:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Denmark:Management and Other Education Staff

Denmark:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Denmark:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Denmark:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Denmark:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Denmark:Management Staff for Higher Education

Denmark:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Denmark:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Denmark:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Denmark:Quality Assurance

Denmark:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Denmark:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Denmark:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Denmark:Educational Support and Guidance

Denmark:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Denmark:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Denmark:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Denmark:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Denmark:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Denmark:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Denmark:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Denmark:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Denmark:Mobility and Internationalisation

Denmark:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Denmark:Mobility in Higher Education

Denmark:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Denmark:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Denmark:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Denmark:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Denmark:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Denmark:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Denmark:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Denmark:National Reforms in School Education

Denmark:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Denmark:National Reforms in Higher Education

Denmark:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Denmark:European Perspective

Denmark:Legislation

Denmark:Glossary

In Denmark, upper secondary education programmes, also referred to as youth education programmes, can be divided into:

  • General upper secondary education programmes, which prepare pupils for higher education
  • Vocational upper secondary education and training programmes, which primarily prepare trainees for a career in a specific trade or industry

In 2008, 241,000 pupils were enrolled in upper secondary education programmes. Approximately 49 per cent was enrolled in a general programme at 149 institutions, while 51 per cent was enrolled in a vocational programme at 109 institutions.

General Upper Secondary Programmes

There are four academically oriented general upper secondary programmes:

  • The 3-year Upper Secondary School Leaving Examination (STX)
  • The 3-year Higher Commercial Examination (HHX)
  • The 3-year Higher Technical Examination (HTX)
  • The 2-year Higher Preparatory Examination (HF)

All four programmes prepare pupils for further studies, and develop their personal and general competences. The programmes aim at enhancing the pupil's independent and analytical skills as well as preparing them to become democratic and socially conscious citizens with a global outlook. Each of the education programmes has its specific range of shared compulsory subjects for all pupils. With regards to the STX, HHX and HTX programmes, each school also offers a number of different specialised study programmes and elective subjects for pupils to choose between. The specialised study programme is of a longer duration than the basic programme.

With regards to the HF programme, pupils make their choices from among the electives offered by the school. The curriculum and examinations must follow national standards and are subject to external evaluation. The curricula of the HHX and HTX differ from those of STX and the HF in the sense that the HHX besides some general upper secondary subjects include financial and business subjects, and the HTX technical subjects.

The STX and HF programmes consist of a broad range of subjects in the fields of humanities, natural science and social science. The HHX programme focuses on business and socio-economic disciplines in combination with foreign languages and other general subejcts. The HTX programme has its focus on technological and scientific subejcts in combination with general subjects.

The STX and HF programmes are offered by general upper secondary schools. This sort of school is called a Gymnasium. Business and technical colleges offer the HHX and HTX programmes, respectively. Some schools are mixed schools and offer various types of programmes.The main provisions of relevant upper secondary education laws can be found here.

Vocational Education

Vocational education and training in Denmark (VET) includes a vast range of programmes. The duration varies from 1 ½ to 5 ½ years, the most typical being 3 ½ to 4 years. VET programmes are sandwich type programmes in which theoretical and practical education at a vocational college alternates with practical training in an approved company or organisation.

In August 2015, a comprehensive reform of vocational education and training came into force with the aim of ensuring high quality vocational education and training as well as good opportunities for further education.

The VET programmes are divided into three tracks: one for young people (EUD), one for adults (EUV) and one consisting of a vocational education combined with general upper secondary courses (EUX). 

Besides these three tracks, other forms of vocational education and training include basic educational and vocational training (EGU), production schools, combined post-compulsory education and STU, which is a youth education programme for young people with special needs.

The provision governing vocational education is the Consolidation Act on Vocational Education