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Czech-Republic:Teachers and Education Staff

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Overview Czech Republic

Contents

Czech-Republic:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Czech-Republic:Historical Development

Czech-Republic:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Czech-Republic:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Czech-Republic:Political and Economic Situation

Czech-Republic:Organisation and Governance

Czech-Republic:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Czech-Republic:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Czech-Republic:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Private Education

Czech-Republic:National Qualifications Framework

Czech-Republic:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Czech-Republic:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Czech-Republic:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Czech-Republic:Funding in Education

Czech-Republic:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Czech-Republic:Higher Education Funding

Czech-Republic:Adult Education and Training Funding

Czech-Republic:Early Childhood Education and Care

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Czech-Republic:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Czech-Republic:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Czech-Republic:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Czech-Republic:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Czech-Republic:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Czech-Republic:Single Structure Education (Integrated Primary and Lower Secondary Education)

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Single Structure Education

Czech-Republic:Teaching and Learning in Single Structure Education

Czech-Republic:Assessment in Single Structure Education

Czech-Republic:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Single Structure Education

Czech-Republic:Upper Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Upper Secondary Education

Czech-Republic:Teaching and Learning in Upper Secondary Education

Czech-Republic:Assessment in Upper Secondary Education

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Conservatoires (Arts Education)

Czech-Republic:Teaching and Learning in Conservatoires (Arts Education)

Czech-Republic:Assessment in Conservatoires (Arts Education)

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Follow-up and Shortened Study

Czech-Republic:Teaching and Learning in Follow-up and Shortened Study

Czech-Republic:Assessment in Follow-up and Shortened Study

Czech-Republic:Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Czech-Republic:First Cycle Programmes

Czech-Republic:Bachelor

Czech-Republic:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Second Cycle Programmes

Czech-Republic:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Czech-Republic:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Czech-Republic:Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Distribution of Responsibilities

Czech-Republic:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Czech-Republic:Main Providers

Czech-Republic:Main Types of Provision

Czech-Republic:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Czech-Republic:Teachers and Education Staff

Czech-Republic:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Management and Other Education Staff

Czech-Republic:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Czech-Republic:Management Staff for Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Quality Assurance

Czech-Republic:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Educational Support and Guidance

Czech-Republic:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Czech-Republic:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Czech-Republic:Mobility and Internationalisation

Czech-Republic:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Mobility in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Czech-Republic:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Czech-Republic:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Czech-Republic:National Reforms in School Education

Czech-Republic:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Czech-Republic:National Reforms in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Czech-Republic:European Perspective

Czech-Republic:Legislation

Czech-Republic:Institutions

Czech-Republic:Bibliography

Czech-Republic:Glossary

Overview – Teachers and Other Education Staff

Setting for Children under 3 Years of Age and Child Groups

Employees who are allowed to work at setting for children under 3 years of age (zařízení péče o děti do 3 let) according to the Trade Licensing Act and in child groups (dětská skupina; for children from 1 to 6/7 years of age) are:

  • a pre-primary teacher (učitel mateřské školy), in a child group also a primary teacher (učitel 1. stupně základní školy) and educational childcare staff (vychovatel)
  • a practice nurse (všeobecná sestra), a midwife (porodní asistentka), an emergency care professional (záchranář), a healthcare professional (zdravotnický asistent), a healthcare assistant (ošetřovatel), in facilities for children under 3 years of age also a hospital assistant (sanitář), in a child group also a health-social worker (zdravotně-sociální pracovník), a health services psychologist (psycholog ve zdravotnictví), a clinical psychologist (klinický psycholog) and a physician (lékař)
  • a social worker (sociální pracovník), a social services assistant (pracovník v sociálních službách)
  • a nanny for children under school age (chůva pro děti do zahájení povinné školní docházky)

The different levels of qualification are required for individual professional positions. Nonetheless, the minimum gained qualification is upper secondary education (ISCED 344 or 354 or 353).


Schools

Staff in schools (with the exception of higher education institutions) consists of education staff and education support staff. A member of education staff is a person who carries out direct educational and training activities or special educational or educational-psychological activities (in summary educational activity) and provides education and training on the basis of the Education Act. He/she is an employee of a legal entity which carries out activities of a school or school-facility, or is a state (government) employee or the school head (the last one mentioned does not have to be a school staff member in the case of private schools, where a school head can be named by the authorised representative of a given legal entity). Direct educational activities are carried out by:

  • a teacher
  • a teacher in CPD programmes for education staff (pedagog v zařízení pro další vzdělávání pedagogických pracovníků)
  • educational childcare staff (vychovatel)
  • a SEN specialist (speciální pedagog)
  • a psychologist (psycholog)
  • a teacher responsible for leisure activities (pedagog volného času)
  • a teacher’s assistant (asistent pedagog)
  • a coach (trenér)
  • a prevention specialist in a pedagogical-psychological counselling centre (metodik prevence v pedagogicko-psychologické poradně)
  • management education staff (vedoucí pedagogický pracovník)

Pre-primary teachers at nursery schools (mateřské školy) most often obtain their qualification in four-year secondary school programmes completed with the school leaving examination (ISCED 344 or 354) or in shortened study programmes completed with the school-leaving examination (ISCED 354) and at tertiary level (ISCED 6 or 7). Primary teachers (the first stage of basic schools – základní školy) and teachers of general and theoretical technical subjects at upper levels are required to have a Master’s degree (ISCED 746 or 747). The teachers of the general subjects more often obtain the teaching qualification in the concurrent study; the teachers of the technical and vocational subjects in the consequent study. For teachers of practical education and practical training professional education at a lower level is sufficient. Teachers in tertiary professional schools (vyšší odborné školy) are not required to have a teaching qualification.

In-service training of education staff includes study programmes for unqualified teachers leading to formal teacher qualification, programmes leading to other qualifications (such as school advisor – výchovný poradce qualification) or professional development courses (continuous education). It is delivered within the lifelong learning system at higher education institutions, in establishments for in-service training of education staff or other institutions accredited by the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports, or this type of education can be gained through self-study.

Education staff in public schools are employed on a full-time basis. They are recruited by the school head on the basis of an open recruitment structure. Their statutory salaries are calculated on the basis of salary scales and additional allowances. The work week is 40 hours long, part of which is constituted by direct educational activities depending on the type of school and the level of education. All education staff professionals are entitled to eight weeks annual leave.


Higher Education Institutions

At higher education institutions teachers have academic ranks (academic staff):

  • a professor (profesor)
  • an associate professor (docent)
  • a senior assistant (odborný asistent)
  • an assistant (asistent)
  • a lecturer (lektor)
  • academics involved in science, research and development who also perform teaching activities (vědecký pracovník, výzkumný pracovník and vývojový pracovník)

Qualification requirements for each position are set by each higher education institution (vysoká škola) and recorded in their internal regulations. The titles docent and profesor are granted based on the relevant provision of the Higher Education Act. Academic staff are obliged to engage in professional development according to their work description (see below); this duty can be explicitly set out in codes of ethics which were adopted by a number of higher education institutions.

Academics in public schools are employed on a regular basis. They are recruited on the basis of public advertisement via a competitive examination. The criteria for organisation of a competitive examination are the responsibility of the institution. The salary of academic staff is determined in the institution's internal salary regulation. The work week is 40 hours long. In addition to educational activities, an academic also carries out scholarly, research and development activities or other creative activities. The scope of educational activities is not regulated by applicable legislation. Paid annual leave is 8 weeks.



Legislative Framework

Setting for Children under 3 Years of Age and Child Groups

Qualification requirements for professionals working at setting for children under 3 years of age (zařízení péče o děti do 3 let) are set by the Trade Licensing Act. The process of gaining a qualification is set by the regulations on the specific professions. Qualification requirements for professionals working in child groups (dětské skupiny) are stipulated by law on care services in a child group, the concrete way how to acquire the qualification is included in the regulations on the specific profession:

See the qualification requirements for pre-primary teachers, for primary teachers and educational childcare staff (vychovatel) below.

The qualification requirements for healthcare professionals are set by the Act on Non-medical Healthcare Professions, the Decree on the Study Programmes Requirement for Non-medical Healthcare Professions and the Decree on Healthcare Professionals' Activities, and the Act on Conditions for Acquiring and Recognition of Professional Qualification and Specific Qualification for Performance of Healthcare Profession of Physician, Dentist and Pharmacist.

The Act on Social Services and the implementation regulation stipulates the qualification requirements for social workers and social services professionals. Generally, employment of the staff is covered by the Labour Code. No special conditions valid for these types of employments apply as they do not provide education, health care or social services under the relevant law.


Schools

Qualification and continuing education of teachers of all educational levels (apart from higher education) follow the Act on Education Staff.

The basic legislative framework for the training of teachers and other education staff is the Higher Education Act from 1998. Based on that act, the responsibility to define content and organisation of teacher training programmes was handed over to each relevant higher education institution. Internal regulations of individual teachers' training colleges thus set out the curriculum content and its organisation. However, each study programme must be accredited by the Ministry of Education on the basis of a recommendation of the Accreditation Commission (see Quality Assurance in Higher Education).

Teacher training which is not provided in higher education institutions but at lower levels of the education system is regulated by the Education Act and related decrees (see also the section Legislative framework in the chapter Upper Secondary and Post-secondary Non-tertiary Education).

Further education through which teachers acquire the status of qualified teacher, qualified special educational needs teacher or other necessary qualifications is covered by the Decree on In-service Training of Education Staff.

Basic terms and conditions for employment including working hours and pay are set out in the Labour Code, which contains provisions on public sector employee salaries. Other provisions relate to wages in general and apply also to the remuneration of teachers in private and denominational schools and of academic staff. The minimum salary rate is set out by a related government regulation.

Education staff at schools and school establishments founded by the Ministry of Education, regions, municipalities or voluntary associations of municipalities
are invariably regulated by the list of professions (katalog práce) for the employees in public services and administration, by the government regulation on salaries of employees in public service and administration and by a government regulation that determines the scope of direct teaching, educational, special needs education and educational-psychological activities. Work rules for employees of the above mentioned schools and school facilities, issued as a decree, specify duties of both employees and employers related to employment, workload, vacation and study leave and supervisory duties.


Higher Education Institutions

Qualification requirements for academic staff are governed by internal regulations of individual higher education institutions (vysoké školy). The minimum academic admission requirements is a Master's degree. Conditions for appointing professors (profesor) and associate professors (docent) are regulated by the Higher Education Act. Generally, employment of academic staff is covered by the Labour Code, some conditions of employment are stipulated by the Higher Education Act, details are regulated by internal regulations of the higher education institutions registered by the Ministry of Education.


Legislation and Bibliography:

Act on Child Group

Act on Education Staff

Act on Social Services

Decree on In-service Training of Education Staff

Decree which settles Work Rules for the Staff of Schools

Education Act

Government Regulation Defining on Work Catalogue of Employees in Public Service and Administration

Government Regulation on Determination of Direct Educational, Special Needs, and Educational and Psychological Activities of Pedagogical Staff

Government Regulation on the Minimum Wage

Government Regulation on Pay Terms of Employees in Public Services and Administration

Higher Education Act

Labour Code

Trade Licensing Act