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Czech-Republic:Overview

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Overview Czech Republic

Contents

Czech-Republic:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Czech-Republic:Historical Development

Czech-Republic:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Czech-Republic:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Czech-Republic:Political and Economic Situation

Czech-Republic:Organisation and Governance

Czech-Republic:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Czech-Republic:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Czech-Republic:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Private Education

Czech-Republic:National Qualifications Framework

Czech-Republic:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Czech-Republic:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Czech-Republic:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Czech-Republic:Funding in Education

Czech-Republic:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Czech-Republic:Higher Education Funding

Czech-Republic:Adult Education and Training Funding

Czech-Republic:Early Childhood Education and Care

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Czech-Republic:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Czech-Republic:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Czech-Republic:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Czech-Republic:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Czech-Republic:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Czech-Republic:Single Structure Education (Integrated Primary and Lower Secondary Education)

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Single Structure Education

Czech-Republic:Teaching and Learning in Single Structure Education

Czech-Republic:Assessment in Single Structure Education

Czech-Republic:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Single Structure Education

Czech-Republic:Upper Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Upper Secondary Education

Czech-Republic:Teaching and Learning in Upper Secondary Education

Czech-Republic:Assessment in Upper Secondary Education

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Conservatoires (Arts Education)

Czech-Republic:Teaching and Learning in Conservatoires (Arts Education)

Czech-Republic:Assessment in Conservatoires (Arts Education)

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Follow-up and Shortened Study

Czech-Republic:Teaching and Learning in Follow-up and Shortened Study

Czech-Republic:Assessment in Follow-up and Shortened Study

Czech-Republic:Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Czech-Republic:First Cycle Programmes

Czech-Republic:Bachelor

Czech-Republic:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Second Cycle Programmes

Czech-Republic:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Czech-Republic:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Czech-Republic:Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Distribution of Responsibilities

Czech-Republic:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Czech-Republic:Main Providers

Czech-Republic:Main Types of Provision

Czech-Republic:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Czech-Republic:Teachers and Education Staff

Czech-Republic:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Management and Other Education Staff

Czech-Republic:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Czech-Republic:Management Staff for Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Quality Assurance

Czech-Republic:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Educational Support and Guidance

Czech-Republic:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Czech-Republic:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Czech-Republic:Mobility and Internationalisation

Czech-Republic:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Mobility in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Czech-Republic:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Czech-Republic:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Czech-Republic:National Reforms in School Education

Czech-Republic:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Czech-Republic:National Reforms in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Czech-Republic:European Perspective

Czech-Republic:Legislation

Czech-Republic:Institutions

Czech-Republic:Bibliography

Czech-Republic:Glossary

 

News Feed Czech Republic

Key Features of the Education System

In the Czech Republic, schools are administered within the general administration. The responsibilities are distributed among the central government, regions and communities. The Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports is responsible for the state administration in education and for the state, conception and development of the education system. The Ministry allocates financial resources from the state budget, sets out the qualification requirements and working conditions of teachers, determines the general content of pre-primary to secondary education and approves educational/study programmes of schools at the tertiary level.

Regions are responsible for education on their territory (from pre-primary to tertiary professional level) and for the allocation of financial resources to schools. Regions are organising bodies of upper secondary schools (střední školy), conservatoires (konzervatoře) and tertiary professional schools (vyšší odborné školy) (ISCED 3–6). The communities establish nursery schools (mateřské školy) and basic schools (základní školy) (ISCED 0–2) and ensure the compulsory schooling. The schools usually have a legal personality (subjectivity), they are employers of teachers and are responsible for their own management. The schools teach according to the school educational programmes prepared on the basis of the central framework educational programmes. In the case of tertiary professional schools (vyšší odborné školy) they teach according to their educational programmes accredited by the Ministry. In addition to public schools established by regions and communities, there are also state schools (specific types, e.g. schools for children with health disabilities; police or military schools, etc.), and private and church schools. 

Higher education institutions (vysoké školy) (ISCED 6–8) are usually independent legal entities with a high degree of autonomy. Their self-government responsibility includes among others labour relations (including the amount of wages), management and preparation and realization of study programmes based on accreditation. Public and state (police and military) higher education institutions are established by law, private higher education institutions have to obtain a state approval for their existence.

Care for children under 3 years of age is provided outside the education system, mainly by private entities.

According to the Education Act, there is a legal entitlement to pre-primary education for children in the last year before the commencement of compulsory schooling (from 5 years of age). From September 2017, the education for 5-year old children will be compulsory and there will be preferential admission to education within the catchment area of the nursery school for children from 4 years of age.

Most of the population follows the compulsory schooling together at nine-year basic schools (základní školy). A small number of pupils is leaving for the multi-year general secondary schools (víceletá gymnázia), in case they pass the unified entrance examination after the fifth or seventh year. The national testing at this level of education has only the form of sample surveys.

Pupils usually transfer to upper secondary schools after the ninth year. They can choose from many general and vocational fields of different levels. The pupils are admitted to the fields  completed with a school-leaving examination (maturitní zkouška) on the basis of a unified entrance examination. The school-leaving examination (maturitní zkouška) is composed of a common (state) part and a profile (school) part. The final examination (závěrečná zkouška) in the fields with the apprenticeship certificate is organised by schools according to the central unified assignments.

Apart from standard educational pathways, secondary schools offer the possibility to obtain a qualification in other than the day form of education or the opportunity to extend qualification in the shortened study (zkrácené studium) or the follow-up study (nástavbové studium).  Transfer between different fields is possible. The Czech Republic is characterised by a low level of early school leaving (6.2% in 2015).

The tertiary level of education offers a wide range of academically or professionally oriented studies mainly at higher education institutions (vysoké školy) but also at tertiary professional schools (vyšší odborné školy). Nearly one third of population of 30–34 years of age achieved tertiary education (30.1% in 2015).

Stages of the Education System

The youngest children can attend facilities for children under 3 years of age or a child group (dětská skupina) for children from 1 year to 6/7 years of age.

Pre-primary education (předškolní vzdělávání) is provided for children aged 3 to 6 in nursery schools (mateřské školy). Children in the last year have a legal entitlement to education. The attendance has not been compulsory until now, nevertheless, it is very high. From 2017, the last year of pre-primary education will be compulsory and children from 4 years of age within the catchment area of the nursery school will have the right to be admitted preferentially.

Compulsory schooling starts at 6 years of age and lasts 9 years.

Primary and lower secondary education (basic education) is organised mostly within a single-structure system in nine-year basic schools (základní školy), which are divided into the first and second stage. The age of pupils is usually 6 to 15 years. Lower secondary education can be provided also by multi-year general secondary schools (víceletá gymnázia) and eight-year conservatoires (osmileté konzervatoře).

Upper secondary education (secondary education) is provided by upper secondary schools (střední školy) in general and vocational fields. The age of pupils is usually 15 to 18/19 years. School leavers acquire one of the three levels of education: a) secondary education with a school-leaving examination (střední vzdělání s maturitní zkouškou), b) secondary education with an apprenticeship certificate (střední vzdělání s výučním listem), c) secondary education (střední vzdělání). The secondary education with a school-leaving examination can be attained in general (gymnázium andlyceum) as well as vocational fields and it is a prerequisite for entering tertiary education. Upper secondary schools provide also a follow-up study (nástavbové studium) enabling holders of the apprenticeship certificate to acquire secondary education with a school-leaving examination, and a shortened study (zkrácené studium) in which the school leavers  with school-leaving examination or apprenticeship certificate gain qualification in a different field. 

A specific type of school is the conservatoire (konzervatoř) which provides lower and upper secondary as well as tertiary professional education with emphasis on art. 

Tertiary education is carried out by tertiary professional schools (vyšší odborné školy) and higher education institutions (vysoké školy). Tertiary professional education is usually attained in three-year programmes. Higher education is provided in the first, second and third cycle programmes (Bachelor’s, Master’s and Doctoral degree programmes), or possibly in non-structured long Master’s degree programmes. 

Adult education includes general education, vocational education, special interest education and other education. 
2016 diagram CZ.pngsource: Eurydice 2016

Useful references

Comprehensive and structured information on school organisation, educational levels and selected aspects of education are available in individual chapters of this database. Further information on the Czech education system may also be found e.g. on the websites of the Ministry Education, Youth and Sports  or the National Institute for Education