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Czech-Republic:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

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Overview Czech Republic

Contents

Czech-Republic:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Czech-Republic:Historical Development

Czech-Republic:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Czech-Republic:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Czech-Republic:Political and Economic Situation

Czech-Republic:Organisation and Governance

Czech-Republic:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Czech-Republic:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Czech-Republic:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Private Education

Czech-Republic:National Qualifications Framework

Czech-Republic:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Czech-Republic:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Czech-Republic:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Czech-Republic:Funding in Education

Czech-Republic:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Czech-Republic:Higher Education Funding

Czech-Republic:Adult Education and Training Funding

Czech-Republic:Early Childhood Education and Care

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Czech-Republic:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Czech-Republic:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Czech-Republic:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Czech-Republic:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Czech-Republic:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Czech-Republic:Single Structure Education (Integrated Primary and Lower Secondary Education)

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Single Structure Education

Czech-Republic:Teaching and Learning in Single Structure Education

Czech-Republic:Assessment in Single Structure Education

Czech-Republic:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Single Structure Education

Czech-Republic:Upper Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Upper Secondary Education

Czech-Republic:Teaching and Learning in Upper Secondary Education

Czech-Republic:Assessment in Upper Secondary Education

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Conservatoires (Arts Education)

Czech-Republic:Teaching and Learning in Conservatoires (Arts Education)

Czech-Republic:Assessment in Conservatoires (Arts Education)

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Follow-up and Shortened Study

Czech-Republic:Teaching and Learning in Follow-up and Shortened Study

Czech-Republic:Assessment in Follow-up and Shortened Study

Czech-Republic:Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Czech-Republic:First Cycle Programmes

Czech-Republic:Bachelor

Czech-Republic:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Second Cycle Programmes

Czech-Republic:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Czech-Republic:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Czech-Republic:Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Distribution of Responsibilities

Czech-Republic:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Czech-Republic:Main Providers

Czech-Republic:Main Types of Provision

Czech-Republic:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Czech-Republic:Teachers and Education Staff

Czech-Republic:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Management and Other Education Staff

Czech-Republic:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Czech-Republic:Management Staff for Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Quality Assurance

Czech-Republic:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Educational Support and Guidance

Czech-Republic:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Czech-Republic:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Czech-Republic:Mobility and Internationalisation

Czech-Republic:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Mobility in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Czech-Republic:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Czech-Republic:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Czech-Republic:National Reforms in School Education

Czech-Republic:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Czech-Republic:National Reforms in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Czech-Republic:European Perspective

Czech-Republic:Legislation

Czech-Republic:Institutions

Czech-Republic:Bibliography

Czech-Republic:Glossary


European, Global and Intercultural Dimension in Curriculum Development

One of the priorities of The Strategic Plan for the Scholarly, Scientific, Research, Development, Innovation, Artistic and Other Creative Activities of Higher Education Institutions for 2011-2015 is Openness including also Internacionalisation in Education (for more on this priority see Mobility in Higher Education).

The content of study programmes and curriculum development are matters of academic freedom and as such fall within the remit of higher education institutions (vysoké školy) and their faculties (see chapter Higher Education).

In European studies there are two models in use: special subjects on European topics are taught within the framework of individual study programmes (e.g. the study field of the two-year follow-up Master's study European agrarian diplomacy at the Faculty of Economics and Management of the Czech University of Agriculture in Prague), or alternatively European topics run through standard study fields in such a way that the graduate has an overall view of European aspects of their specialisation (the function of co-ordinators fulfil mainly the Centre of European Studies).


Partnerships and Networks

Since 1997 Czech higher education institutions have continued their participation in the Jean Monnet Programme which has been included since 2007 in the Lifelong Learning Programme. Within its framework, departments and permanent courses have been established at higher education institutions focusing on teaching about European integration issues, or short-term study programmes, so-called European modules, intended for students from other fields of study. Within the project, doctoral grants are allocated to support research into issues of European integration and other grants for teaching materials. The Faculty of Social Sciences at Charles University has established a centre that was in 1999 awarded the title of a Jean Monnet European Centre of Excellence, the first one in Central Europe, which it retained in 2006. More information about the Jean Monnet programme can be found on the National Agency for European Educational Programmes website.

European Documentation Centres have been established at several higher education institutions. Their main role is to promote research, teaching and studies of the issues on European integration by providing access to European documents.

Research focused on the European dimension also takes place in higher education institutions. Examples of such research are: “Current issues of pedagogy and subject didactics in the period of the Czech Republic's joining the European Union” (Palacký University in Olomouc, 2003-2006), “Comparative analysis of trends and development possibilities of continuing adult education in context of the European integration”  (Faculty of Arts, Charles University in Prague, 2008 – 2010). For more details see web pages of individual Faculties / Universities.

Central European programmes

CEEPUS
The Central European Exchange Programme for University Studies (CEEPUS) is an initiative to support for regional co-operation in higher education. The Programme is intended for students who have completed at least two terms of the undergraduate study, post-graduate students and higher education teachers. The agreement on the CEEPUS I programme was signed in 1993, the programme was launched on 1st January 1995 and finished on 31st December 2004. The new agreement on the CEEPUS II programme was signed on 9th March 2003 with effect from 1st January 2005 until the end of 2009, after the external evaluation the program was extended to 31st July 2011. Another extension was made by the agreement CEEPUS III which came into force on 1st May 2011. The members of the network are Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Croatia, Hungary, Poland, Austria, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Serbia, Montenegro and Macedonia, Pristina-Kosovo also cooperates.

The main objective of the programme is the promotion of student and staff exchanges by establishing a university network composed of individual partial networks. A network is formed of at least three higher education institutions, at least two of which have to be from various contracting countries. The first phase of the programme was focused almost solely on exchanges of students or academic staff and joint projects were rather pilot actions, whereas the second phase of the programme puts a greater emphasis on the utilisation of the European Credit Transfer System (ECTS) for mutual recognition of parts of study and qualifications, on joint study programmes leading to obtaining double or joint diplomas and degrees, and on professional language courses.

The central office of the programme is located in Vienna and there is a national office in every participating country. In the Czech Republic the programme is run by the national office of CEEPUS programme, which forms part of the Centre for International Services of the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports. For details on the functioning of the programme in the Czech Republic, see the websites of the Centre for International Services and CEEPUS.

A higher education institution wishing to join the CEEPUS programme network has to guarantee full recognition of parts of study of all participating institutions within a network and must not collect any fees for study within the network.

Scholarships for students and teachers in the CEEPUS network are intended for:

  • students of bachelor's, master's (after the 2nd term of full-time study) and doctoral degree programmes;
  • university teachers.

To be eligible for a scholarship the time abroad must be at least 3 months for students of Bachelor's and Master's study programmes (the maximum time abroad is 10 months), 21 days for PhD students and 6 teaching lessons during 5 working days of the stay for teachers.

Other possible activities are summer schools, language courses, and trips.

A CEEPUS scholarship is a comprehensive grant, which covers the costs of staying at a host higher education institution (i.e. accommodation, subsistence, health insurance). The amount is set and paid by the host country. The sending country reimburses the travel expenses of a scholarship holder. CEEPUS scholarships are awarded in scholarship months, which ensures the comparability of grants in a region.

Within the Visegrad group, the International Visegrad Fund was established on 9th June 2000. The purpose of the Fund is to contribute to the development of closer co-operation among signatory countries (the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Slovakia), to strengthen and develop existing structures among these countries by supporting joint cultural, scientific and educational projects, youth mobility, and by supporting cross-border co-operation and tourism. In October 2002, the ministers of foreign affairs of the member countries agreed to establish the Visegrad Scholarship Programme.

The Visegrad Scholarship Programme was first launched in the 2003/04 academic year. These scholarships are intended for studies in Master's study programmes and for postgraduate studies research of Czech, Hungarian, Polish and Slovak students (V4 students), or students of other countries (see below). V4 Students can study / make research in Visegrad group countries (Intra-Visegrad Scholarships), or in another country which is not member of the V4, but which is one of the neighbouring countries: Albany, Armenia, Azerbaidzhan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Georgia, FYROM, Moldova, Montenegro, Serbia and Ukraine; the same rules apply to universities in Kosovo (Out-going Scholarships).

Since 2004/05 the scholarships enabling study in some of the V4 countries are offered to applicants from Albany, Armenia, Azerbaidzhan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Georgia, Macedonia/FYROM, Moldova, Montenegro, Serbia and Ukraine (In-coming Scholarships). The same rules are applicable to Kosovar scholars.

Apart from a scholarship, a legal or private entity with permanent residence in one of the V4 member states can always apply for support from the fund for a concrete project. The financial contribution of the fund must not exceed 70% of the total costs of a project realisation. For detailed information see the website of the Visegrad Fund.

Cooperation between upper secondary schools and tertiary education institutions and their teachers, including short-term and medium-term study stays and visits, has been developed within the framework of cross border co-operation. It is aimed not only at language learning but also at removing prejudices and building confidence through the development of mutual knowledge and understanding. Examples of one type of cross border co-operation include the Nisa University, which is the result of co-operation of higher education institutions from the towns of Liberec (the Czech Republic), Wrocław (Poland) and Zittau (Germany), the two-nation bilingual educational cycle at the Friedrich Schiller upper secondary school in Pirna (Germany), and the multilingual European Middle School in Vienna intended for pupils from Austria, the Czech Republic, Slovakia and Hungary.

The choice and implementation of activities depends on the regions, which provide information on them on their websites, at various meetings or in the press.

Foreign Development Assistance Programme

The Government of the Czech Republic offers a number of scholarships within the framework of its Foreign Development Assistance Programme to support the studies of foreign nationals from developing and other in-need countries at public higher education institutions (vysoké školy) in CR. In 2004 the transformation of the Czech system of foreign development assistance started – the government chose 8 priority countries (Angola, Zambia, Yemen, Vietnam, Mongolia, Moldova, Serbia (and Montenegro) and Bosnia and Herzegovina) and development assistance programmes were approved for the 2006-2010. At the same time, preparation of a new law started with the aim of making the system - until now very decentralised - more efficient and centralised.

By 2008 the government scholarships were offered for degree programmes at public higher education institutions which were taught in the Czech language. In an attempt to make the providing of government scholarships more efficient, mainly with respect to the successful completion of studies and entrance into the labour market in the country of origin, the government approved a new system of providing government scholarships for 2008-2012 with its resolution No. 712 of 27 June 2007. A general reduction of study places was approved and scholarship places for studies in follow-up Master's and Doctoral degree programmes in English were established. Every year 130 scholarships are offered, 70 for studies in Bachelor's and Master's degree programmes taught in Czech and 60 for studies in two-year follow-up Master's and Doctoral degree programmes taught in English.

These Scholarships are designed to cover the standard length of study on Bachelor’s/Master’s degree courses plus a one-year preparatory course of the Czech language (which is combined with other field-specific training). Initially, the scholarship is awarded for a period of one year during which foreign students primarily attend a course of Czech for foreigners. Depending on the subject area they have chosen, they subsequently take entrance examinations at the respective higher education institution. If they pass it and the institution concerned confirms their admission, the period of the scholarship is extended.

The Scholarships for follow-up Master's degree programmes or Doctoral degree programmes are awarded to graduates from Bachelor's or Master's degree programmes respectively who enrol on study programmes taught in the English language. These are oriented mainly towards economy and business, ICT, civic engineering and agriculture.

Scholarships are awarded on competition only to applicants nominated by the competent authorities (usually ministries of education/foreign affairs) of the eligible countries, which submit their nominations and application dossiers to the appropriate Czech Embassies.

Nominations have to be submitted before the deadline set by the respective Czech Embassies. Further information can be provided by the respective authorities (ministries of education/foreign affairs) in their countries or also the respective Czech Embassies.

A limited number of scholarships are also available to students from developing countries who file their applications with the respective National UNESCO Commissions or the respective African Union Office. For contact information on individual local offices see the web pages of the UNESCO or the African Union.