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Czech-Republic:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

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Overview Czech Republic

Contents

Czech-Republic:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Czech-Republic:Historical Development

Czech-Republic:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Czech-Republic:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Czech-Republic:Political and Economic Situation

Czech-Republic:Organisation and Governance

Czech-Republic:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Czech-Republic:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Czech-Republic:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Private Education

Czech-Republic:National Qualifications Framework

Czech-Republic:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Czech-Republic:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Czech-Republic:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Czech-Republic:Funding in Education

Czech-Republic:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Czech-Republic:Higher Education Funding

Czech-Republic:Adult Education and Training Funding

Czech-Republic:Early Childhood Education and Care

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Czech-Republic:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Czech-Republic:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Czech-Republic:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Czech-Republic:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Czech-Republic:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Czech-Republic:Single Structure Education (Integrated Primary and Lower Secondary Education)

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Single Structure Education

Czech-Republic:Teaching and Learning in Single Structure Education

Czech-Republic:Assessment in Single Structure Education

Czech-Republic:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Single Structure Education

Czech-Republic:Upper Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Upper Secondary Education

Czech-Republic:Teaching and Learning in Upper Secondary Education

Czech-Republic:Assessment in Upper Secondary Education

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Conservatoires (Arts Education)

Czech-Republic:Teaching and Learning in Conservatoires (Arts Education)

Czech-Republic:Assessment in Conservatoires (Arts Education)

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Follow-up and Shortened Study

Czech-Republic:Teaching and Learning in Follow-up and Shortened Study

Czech-Republic:Assessment in Follow-up and Shortened Study

Czech-Republic:Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Czech-Republic:First Cycle Programmes

Czech-Republic:Bachelor

Czech-Republic:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Second Cycle Programmes

Czech-Republic:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Czech-Republic:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Czech-Republic:Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Distribution of Responsibilities

Czech-Republic:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Czech-Republic:Main Providers

Czech-Republic:Main Types of Provision

Czech-Republic:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Czech-Republic:Teachers and Education Staff

Czech-Republic:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Management and Other Education Staff

Czech-Republic:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Czech-Republic:Management Staff for Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Quality Assurance

Czech-Republic:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Educational Support and Guidance

Czech-Republic:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Czech-Republic:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Czech-Republic:Mobility and Internationalisation

Czech-Republic:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Mobility in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Czech-Republic:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Czech-Republic:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Czech-Republic:National Reforms in School Education

Czech-Republic:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Czech-Republic:National Reforms in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Czech-Republic:European Perspective

Czech-Republic:Legislation

Czech-Republic:Institutions

Czech-Republic:Bibliography

Czech-Republic:Glossary

Nursery schools (mateřské školy) enjoy a high degree of flexibility in organisational matters. The existing alternative structures comprise of several Waldorf, Montessori and Christian nursery schools.

The Czech version of the international programme Step by Step (Začít spolu - Start Together), implemented and monitored by the company Step by Step ČR, o.p.s., has been in use since 1994. An inclusive approach to ethnic minorities and children from disadvantaged environments is its main feature. Approximately 150 nursery schools and basic school (základní školy) work on the basis of this programme (2015).

In relation to the international programme Health Promoting Schools, the Healthy Nursery School Programme (Zdravá mateřská škola) was designed in 1996. It has been implemented not only in nursery schools but also in basic schools, under the supervision of its authors, and is available to other schools as well. About 300 schools are members of the programme (2015). The project is guaranteed by the National Institute of Public Health.

A focus on cross-country education in ecology is a new trend. We are talking either about eco nursery schools (ekoškolky) that put greater emphasis, in contrast to regular nursery schools, on ecology education, or forest nursery schools (lesní školky) in which upbringing and education is realised entirely outdoors, with minimum facilities. In an experimental survey, it was found that forest nursery schools can meet all requirements of the Framework Education Programme for Pre-primary Education in terms of upbringing and education (including readiness for primary education), safety and children's health. However, they cannot fulfil the hygienic demands set for nursery schools in all aspects (a play room, a number of toilets etc.). That is why they can operate only as a forest class of a regular nursery school listed on the school registry (a regular nursery school has indispensable facilities) or separately, as another form of a pre-school facility (see below). Forest nursery schools of all types and some eco nursery schools are united under the Association of Forest Nursery Schools (Asociace lesních MŠ).

Apart from the nursery schools listed on the school registry, facilities for children under 3 years of age according to the Business Trade Act and child groups, other types of pre-school facilities for children over 3 years of age in the Czech Republic exist:

  • Facilities for children over 3 years of age may operate on the basis of the unqualified trade Extracurricular education (Mimoškolní výchova a vzdělávání), the organisation of courses, training, including lecturing activities. "Education of children over 3 years of age in pre-school facilities, unless these facilities are listed on the registry of schools and school facilities“ is part of the trade; thus, such facilities do not provide education. They follow the same hygienic regulation as regular nursery schools; however, in other aspects (educational documents, qualification of pedagogues, number of children per group etc.), no rules apply to them. Such facilities are subject to the inspection of the Trade Licence Office.
  • Non-profit organisations (unincorporated associations - spolky - or benevolent corporations - obecně prospěšné společnosti) can run similar facilities only on the basis of general legal regulations (e.g.various pre-school clubs). Organisations can apply for grants from programmes of the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports or financial support for ESF projects

In reaction to insufficient working positions in nursery schools, the project Centres for Pre-school Children arose in Prague (Centra pro předškolní děti). They operate under the framework of leisure centres for children and youth (leisure-time facilities listed on the registry of schools and school facilities) in the mornings in the form of all-week programmes as education satisfying personal interests of pre-school age children both for occasional and for regular visitors. They are focused on the development of movement, music, art and game activities and personal and social development. The project is inspired by the Framework Education Programme for Pre-primary Education. The maximum number of children, mostly between 3 and 6 years, in one group is 15. Children are always supervised by experienced and qualified teachers.


Legislation and Bibliography:

Education Act

Trade Licence Act