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Czech-Republic:Organisation of Private Education

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Overview Czech Republic

Contents

Czech-Republic:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Czech-Republic:Historical Development

Czech-Republic:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Czech-Republic:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Czech-Republic:Political and Economic Situation

Czech-Republic:Organisation and Governance

Czech-Republic:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Czech-Republic:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Czech-Republic:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Private Education

Czech-Republic:National Qualifications Framework

Czech-Republic:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Czech-Republic:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Czech-Republic:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Czech-Republic:Funding in Education

Czech-Republic:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Czech-Republic:Higher Education Funding

Czech-Republic:Adult Education and Training Funding

Czech-Republic:Early Childhood Education and Care

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Czech-Republic:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Czech-Republic:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Czech-Republic:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Czech-Republic:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Czech-Republic:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Czech-Republic:Single Structure Education (Integrated Primary and Lower Secondary Education)

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Single Structure Education

Czech-Republic:Teaching and Learning in Single Structure Education

Czech-Republic:Assessment in Single Structure Education

Czech-Republic:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Single Structure Education

Czech-Republic:Upper Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Upper Secondary Education

Czech-Republic:Teaching and Learning in Upper Secondary Education

Czech-Republic:Assessment in Upper Secondary Education

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Conservatoires (Arts Education)

Czech-Republic:Teaching and Learning in Conservatoires (Arts Education)

Czech-Republic:Assessment in Conservatoires (Arts Education)

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Follow-up and Shortened Study

Czech-Republic:Teaching and Learning in Follow-up and Shortened Study

Czech-Republic:Assessment in Follow-up and Shortened Study

Czech-Republic:Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Czech-Republic:First Cycle Programmes

Czech-Republic:Bachelor

Czech-Republic:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Second Cycle Programmes

Czech-Republic:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Czech-Republic:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Czech-Republic:Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Distribution of Responsibilities

Czech-Republic:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Czech-Republic:Main Providers

Czech-Republic:Main Types of Provision

Czech-Republic:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Czech-Republic:Teachers and Education Staff

Czech-Republic:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Management and Other Education Staff

Czech-Republic:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Czech-Republic:Management Staff for Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Quality Assurance

Czech-Republic:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Educational Support and Guidance

Czech-Republic:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Czech-Republic:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Czech-Republic:Mobility and Internationalisation

Czech-Republic:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Mobility in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Czech-Republic:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Czech-Republic:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Czech-Republic:National Reforms in School Education

Czech-Republic:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Czech-Republic:National Reforms in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Czech-Republic:European Perspective

Czech-Republic:Legislation

Czech-Republic:Institutions

Czech-Republic:Bibliography

Czech-Republic:Glossary

Pre-primary, Primary and Secondary Education

The 2004 Education Act does not contain the term private school, but mentions individual school founders:

  • the schools which are usually called private are those established by any legal person other than the state, region, municipality and registered church or a religious association;
  • denominational schools are those established by a registered church or denominational association which were authorised to establish schools.


The Education Act sets rules for the registration in/ deletion from the Register of Schools and School Facilities of private and denominational schools. At the time of their establishment, private schools choose one of the legal forms offered by the Act on Commercial Corporations. Since 1995 they can also have the form of a public benefit corporation (obecně prospěšná společnost). In 2014, the new Civil Code introduced a new legal form - the institute; existing public benefit corporations can operate henceforward; however new corporations cannot be established any more. The 2004 Education Act introduced a new legal status of school legal entity (školská právnická osoba); state, public and private schools and school facilities can have this status. Nowadays this possibility is mainly used by churches, and most denominational schools have this legal status. In these cases the Education Act sets also rules for establishing and closing down the school legal entities and describes their bodies, management, funds etc.


Education in private and denominational schools that are on the Register of Schools and School Facilities is equal to the education received in the corresponding public schools. The education is subject to evaluation by the Czech School Inspectorate. Placement of the institution on the Register of Schools and School Facilities is the condition for any application for state funding.

The funding procedure for denominational schools is set down in the Education Act. According to this law, denominational schools and school facilities are funded on an equal basis with schools established by the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports with the exception of expenditure on the acquisition or improvement of long-lasting assets that are not teaching aids.

The principles of funding private schools are set, in addition to the Education Act, by the Act on Subsidies for Private Schools and Pre-school and School Facilities.

Funding of private and denominational schools is described in the section Early childhood and school education funding.


Legislation and Bibliography:

Education Act

Tertiary Education

As higher education and education at tertiary professional schools (vyšší odborné školy) are regulated by different Acts and regulations, they are described separately in sub-sections.


Tertiary Professional Education

Private tertiary professional schools follow the rules set for private education up to the upper secondary level (see above). For financing private and denominational tertiary professional schools' funding, see the section higher education funding.

Individuals, joint stock companies, limited companies, unincorporated associations, foundations and the like, may establish tertiary professional schools.


Higher Education

The Higher Education Act of 1998 enabled the establishment of private higher education institutions (vysoké školy) and there has been a rapid growth in these since 1999. Usually, their founders have already had some experience with operating private upper secondary schools (střední školy), tertiary professional schools or industrial institutes.

All except three private higher education institutions are non-university institutions and they at present outnumber the public institutions. In 2014 there were 43 institutions that had been granted state approval to act as higher education institutions in the Czech Republic.

The private companies usually have the status of a joint stock company, a limited company or a beneficiary corporation.


Under the Higher Education Act, only a legal entity with (a) a registered office, or with the main seat of their entrepreneurial activity in the territory of one of the EU states, or (b) a legal entity which was established in accordance with the legislation of any EU member state which has been granted state approval by the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports on the recommendation of the Accreditation Commission, may operate as a private higher education institution. Apart from the usual formalities, an application for state approval must include the following:

  • a long-term plan for educational and scientific, research, developmental, innovation, artistic or other creative activities of the private institution;
  • information on how its operations will be provided for in terms of finance, material, personnel and information;
  • proposals for study programmes;
  • proposals for study regulations governing the institution's operations and the status of the members of the academic community.

If a private higher education institution violates its legal obligations, if it has no accredited study programme or it has had the accreditation of more than two study programmes withdrawn, its state permit can be withdrawn. State approval has so far been withdrawn from only one of them, and one has ceased to exist because it merged with a public higher education institutions.


A private higher education institution is obliged to:

  • submit an annual report on its activities to the Ministry of Education;
  • submit an annual report on the management of these funds if it has received a state subsidy;
  • publish its long-term plan for educational and creative activities and to update this annually;
  • publish a list of accredited study programmes and list of fields of study in which it is authorised to perform the habilitation qualification procedures for appointment of the associate professor (docent) and for appointment to a professorship.


The majority of private higher education institutions are non-university type institutions with accreditation mainly for Bachelor's programmes.

The most common branches of study at private higher education institutions are economics, banking and business (more than one quarter of all students), while other frequent areas include technical fields, hotel and tourism studies, law, administration and art (all around 10%).

Funding of private higher education is described in the section higher education funding.


Legislation and Bibliography:

Education Act

Higher Education Act



Private Education – Statistics

Proportion of private and denominational schools and number of their pupils by level of education (in %)

Schools
2010/11
2015/16
Schools 
Pupils
Schools 
Pupils 
Private
Denom.
Private
Denom.
Private
Denom.
Private
Denom.
Nursery schools (mateřské školy) – ISCED 0
2.6
0.3
1.5
0.3
6.4
0.9
3
0.5
Basic schools (základní školy) – ISCED 1+2
1.9
1.0
0.8
0.7
3.5
1.0
1.1
0.7
Upper secondary schools (střední školy) – ISCED 3
22.8
2.5
13.6
1.7
22.5
3.0
12.9
2.3
Conservatoires (konzervatoře) – ISCED 2+3+5
16.7
11.1
11.3
5.3
16.7
11.1
13.5
6.2
Tertiary professional schools (vyšší odborné školy) – ISCED 655
27.5
6.6
25.0
5.6
25,7
7.0
20.9
6.2
Higher education institution (vysoké školy) – ISCED 6-8
62.9
0.0
14.5
0.0
61,2
0.0
10.6
0.0

Source: Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports (MEYS)



Legislation and Bibliography:

Statistical Yearbook - Education 2015/16