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Czech-Republic:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

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Overview Czech Republic

Contents

Czech-Republic:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Czech-Republic:Historical Development

Czech-Republic:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Czech-Republic:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Czech-Republic:Political and Economic Situation

Czech-Republic:Organisation and Governance

Czech-Republic:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Czech-Republic:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Czech-Republic:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Private Education

Czech-Republic:National Qualifications Framework

Czech-Republic:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Czech-Republic:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Czech-Republic:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Czech-Republic:Funding in Education

Czech-Republic:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Czech-Republic:Higher Education Funding

Czech-Republic:Adult Education and Training Funding

Czech-Republic:Early Childhood Education and Care

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Czech-Republic:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Czech-Republic:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Czech-Republic:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Czech-Republic:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Czech-Republic:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Czech-Republic:Single Structure Education (Integrated Primary and Lower Secondary Education)

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Single Structure Education

Czech-Republic:Teaching and Learning in Single Structure Education

Czech-Republic:Assessment in Single Structure Education

Czech-Republic:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Single Structure Education

Czech-Republic:Upper Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Upper Secondary Education

Czech-Republic:Teaching and Learning in Upper Secondary Education

Czech-Republic:Assessment in Upper Secondary Education

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Conservatoires (Arts Education)

Czech-Republic:Teaching and Learning in Conservatoires (Arts Education)

Czech-Republic:Assessment in Conservatoires (Arts Education)

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Follow-up and Shortened Study

Czech-Republic:Teaching and Learning in Follow-up and Shortened Study

Czech-Republic:Assessment in Follow-up and Shortened Study

Czech-Republic:Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Czech-Republic:First Cycle Programmes

Czech-Republic:Bachelor

Czech-Republic:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Second Cycle Programmes

Czech-Republic:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Czech-Republic:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Czech-Republic:Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Distribution of Responsibilities

Czech-Republic:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Czech-Republic:Main Providers

Czech-Republic:Main Types of Provision

Czech-Republic:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Czech-Republic:Teachers and Education Staff

Czech-Republic:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Management and Other Education Staff

Czech-Republic:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Czech-Republic:Management Staff for Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Quality Assurance

Czech-Republic:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Educational Support and Guidance

Czech-Republic:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Czech-Republic:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Czech-Republic:Mobility and Internationalisation

Czech-Republic:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Mobility in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Czech-Republic:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Czech-Republic:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Czech-Republic:National Reforms in School Education

Czech-Republic:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Czech-Republic:National Reforms in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Czech-Republic:European Perspective

Czech-Republic:Legislation

Czech-Republic:Institutions

Czech-Republic:Bibliography

Czech-Republic:Glossary

2016

OP Employment - calls in the area of employment and adaptability of the workforce

Several calls supporting employment and adaptability of the workforce have been announced in 2016 under the Operational Programme Employment:

  • Specific call for chosen target groups, the aim of which is to increase the employment rate of supported persons, especially of older, low-skilled and disadvantaged;
  • 'Call for 'state 'organisational'units and contributory organisations managed/established by the state organisational units, a call Corporate staff training and a call Education – a common way to development!, the aims of these calls are a) to improve the professional level of knowledge, skills and competencies of workers, b) compliance of the qualification level of the workforce with the requirements of the labour market, c) to increase adaptability of older workers;
  • Support for the establishment and operation of children’s groups for enterprises and the public outside the Capital City, Prague, the aim of which is to reduce the differences in status between women and men on the labour market (for more see the relevant part of the section National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care 2017).

For more information on particular calls see the website of the Operational Programme Employment (in Czech).

Master Craftsman Examination

The Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs, in cooperation with the Ministry of Education, Youth, and Sports, is preparing a project for a master craftsman examination and master craftsman qualifications in the Czech Republic. The aim of the project, which will be funded from the Operational Programme Employment, is to create a structure for the master craftsman exam. The exam should function as a tool for learning and the recognition of craftsmanship in various fields of study, which would contribute to improving the quality of the system of continuing professional development in the field of crafts and to implementing quality in the whole education process.

The aims of the master craftsman examination are the following:


  • create curricula and textbooks for at least 45 training programmes providing preparation for nationally recognised qualifications at level 5 of the European Qualifications Framework (EQF), a level which has not yet been recognised in the Czech Republic;
  • extend the existing system of the recognition of non-formal and informal education by one completely new type of qualification, including at least 45 different nationally recognised qualifications of this type;
  • expand the existing possibilities for career growth in the Czech Republic by one completely new type of career path for graduates of craft fields of study.



Project Development of Further Education

In April 2016 a call was announced by the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs – The Development of Further Education, within the Operational Programme Employment. The aim was to increase the quality of the further education system. The following activities will be supported:


  • systemic measures in the field of further education (the lack of systemic support for further education and the promotion of the cooperation of relevant actors in the field of further education);
  • linking the systems for the recognition of non-formal education and informal learning, financial support for participation in further professional education, and introducing quality elements into education;
  • the creation and continuous implementation of short-, medium-, and long-term systems for analyses and forecasting skills needs on the labour market and the offer of specific information products;
  • the implementation of a system of career counselling from a lifelong perspective, including e.g. information and guidance systems supporting career choice or the search for employment in order to comply with the requirements of the labour market and skills offered by the labour force;
  • promoting technical and science education in the terms of employability on the labour market with regard to the trend Industry 4.0.

Applications are accepted from May 2016 to March 2021. The only eligible applicants are the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs, Further Education Fund (Fond dalšího vzdělávání), and National Institute for Education (Národní ústav pro vzdělávání). The maximum duration of the project is four years. The ultimate completion date is June 2023. The funds reserved for the call were CZK 198.6 million (EUR 7.3 m, 27.025 CZK/EUR – 27 May 2016) from EU sources and the state budget.



2016 Action plan to support economic growth and employment

The update of the annual amendment of the government Action plan to support economic growth and employment for 2016 has been prepared. It should help the government coordinate the implementation of tasks arising from the coalition agreement and the programme statement. The Action plan has been developed in cooperation with social partners. The document reinforces social partnership and encompasses measures, indicators, and terms for fulfilling the measures. Included in the first part are government proceedings to support economic growth and employability, while the second part contains measures to strengthen the government revenue.

The major government priorities include support for employability, where the governmentʼs intention is to strengthen the support systems for lifelong learning. Within the support provided to employability and the labour market, the action plan also directs its attention to e.g. the future of the programme Youth guarantee (objective – support of employment, administered by the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs, funding – Operational Programme Employment and state budget) and improving the conditions of teachers of vocational subjects for learning new trends and technologies (objective – enhancing the qualifications of teachers of vocational subjects, administered by the Ministry of Education, Youth, and Sports, funding – ESF and state budget).




2015

New Operational Programme Employment (2014–2020)

In 2015, the Operational Programme Employment was launched after being approved by the European Commission in May 2015. Till 2020, it will be possible to use resources from the EU structural funds within this programme. Individual projects, administered by the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs, are co-financed from the state budget. The Operational Programme Employment 2014-2020 has five main axes:  

  • promoting employment and the adaptability of the workforce
  • social inclusion and the fight against poverty
  • social innovation and international cooperation
  • effective public administration
  • technical assistance 

These priority axes are broken down into individual specific goals. The expenditures for their fulfilment from the EU funds should be EUR 2.15 billion (CZK 58.2 billion; CZK/EUR 27.065 – 24 March 2016) for the whole programme period. For more details on the programme and particular calls, see the website of ESF CR.



Programme International mobility for disadvantaged youth

In August 2015,within theOperational Programme Employment, the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs announced a call for International mobility for disadvantaged youth, with the aim being to increase the quality and quantity of the use of social innovations and international cooperation in the thematic areas of the programme. The call supports international mobility and motivation activities, stays abroad, guidance and counselling, and intensive follow-up support for entry to the labour market or to further education or vocational training after returning to the Czech Republic. The latest date for the physical implementation of the project is 31 December 2018. The estimated level of the means provided for the project from EU sources, the state budget of the Czech Republic, or the budget of state funds is CZK 73 million (EUR 2.7 million, 27.20 CZK/EUR – 31 December 2018).


Competence-based education

In accordance with the curriculum reform launched in 2004 and in response to the 2006 Council Recommendation on key competences for lifelong learning and the 2009 Council conclusions on a strategic framework for European cooperation in education for 2020 (ET 2020), a gradual change in the content of education continues. It aims at strengthening the focus on transversal skills, or rather the acquisition of an optimal mix of job-specific skills and cross-curricular competencies required for the employability of young people and to support further learning and the development of active citizenship. This process was put under the systemic framework when the new Strategy for Education Policy of the Czech Republic until 2020 was adopted in mid-2014, with its primary inspiration coming from the concept of key competences for lifelong learning. More in the part on school education, section on Current state of the curricular reform (2015).



Youth Guarantee

In 2013 the Government adopted an implementation scheme for the Youth Guarantee initiative, which has been carried out continuously since then. It is a set of measures supporting the transition from school to work of graduates or re-entry of youth onto the labour market after dropping out, i.e. measures aimed at boosting employment. The programme should contribute to fulfilling the national objectives set within the Europe 2020 Strategy framework (to reduce the rate of unemployment of young people in the 15-24 age group to 12.3% and to reduce the rate of unemployment of persons with low qualifications – ISCED 0-2 – to 18.8%). The aim of the programme is to ensure that a young person aged 15-24 is offered a high-quality employment proposal, further education, vocational education, or an internship within four months after becoming unemployed, finishing formal education, or leaving formal education early. The prerequisite for a young person being included into the programme is his/her registration at the respective Labour Office. The programme is financed from both national resources and (after the new Operational Programmes for the period 2014-2020 were approved) the Operational Programme Employment.

Recently, a number of projects aimed at tackling youth unemployment (e.g. Internship in Companies – work-based learning 2, New final examination 2, etc.) have been carried out. Those projects are newly integrated into the Youth Guarantee Programme.

For more details, see the website of the project (in Czech).



Initiative for youth employment in the region NUTS2 northwest

Youth unemployment in the regions on the level of NUTS 2 – in the Ústí Region and Karlovy Vary Region – will be dealt with within the Youth Employment Initiative adopted by the European Council in 2013; it is intended for regions where the unemployment rate exceeds 25%. The Czech Republic will use the opportunity stated in the proposal of the ESF regulation and commits itself to enlarging the 15-24 target group to young people up to the age of 30. The same approach, offer of services, and commitments of the Youth Guarantee are also applicable for the implementation of the Initiative for youth employment in the region NUTS 2 northwest. It is crucial that there is cooperation between the regional branches of the Labour Office of the Czech Republic and the Training, Education, and Employment Committees of the local authorities. Financial resources appointed for this initiative should be available by the end of 2014, after the approval of the Operational programme Employment 2014-2020. For the period 2014 and 2015, the agreed amount of financial resources is around EUR 13.6 million (CZK 374 m; CZK/EUR 27.523 – 27 March 2015). During 2015 the existing projects, financed mainly from the operational programmes from the previous programming period, especially from the Operational programme Human Resources and Employment, were still running. See thewebsite of the project (in Czech).



The National Qualifications System (2015)

In the Czech Republic aNational Qualifications System (Národní soustava kvalifikací – NSK) is being developed. It is being created in connection with the National Occupations System – a catalogue of occupations which is continuously updated and reflects the situation on the national labour market. For details, see the section on the National Qualification Framework.

The NSK was linked with two projects of the Ministry of Education, Youth, and Sports – NSK 1 and NSK 2. The project NSK1, carried out from 2005 to 2008, was focused on the lower-level professional qualifications, mainly crafts and services. The NSK2, an individual national project of the Ministry of Education – Development and Implementation of the National Qualification System – covered by the Operational Programme Education for Competitiveness, started in 2009 and ended in 2015. It concentrated mainly on educational qualifications completed with the school-leaving examination (maturitní zkouška). See the website of the project (in Czech). The Ministry of Education, Youth, and Sports continues to use the NSK as a tool for the recognition of professional qualifications.




2014

The project Internship in companies – work-based learning 2

The project Internship in companies – work-based learning 2 was a follow-up to the successful Internship in companies project running from 2012 to 2014. The administrator of the new project was again the Fund for Further Education and the project ran under the auspices of the Ministry of Education, Youth, and Sports from August 2014 to September 2015. New components of the system were to have been included within the project (i.e. education of internship mentors, activities supporting individual learning, and developing a new approach to candidates for internships). It was expected that through the project the position of internships as one of the ways in which an individual could continue their education would be strengthened. The length of the internships was from one to six months. It was designed for persons older than 40 (those at risk of unemployment), persons older than 50, parents on or after parental leave, persons employed through an agreement on work activity or agreement on job completion, and education staff at upper secondary schools teaching vocational subjects. The project was 85% co-financed from the European Social Fund under the Operational Programme Education for Competitiveness and 15% from the state budget of the Czech Republic. The total budget of the project was approximately CZK 145 million (EUR 5.3 m; CZK/EUR 27.523 – 27 March 2015). For more see the website of the project; the outputs of the projects can be seen on narodnikatalogstazi.cz (in Czech).



The project Internships for young job seekers 2 (Internship for Youth 2)

From April 2014 to November 2015 the project Internship for Youth 2 proceeded within the Operational Programme Human Resources and Employment. It was a follow-up to a project that carried the same name, Internship for Youth 1. The Further Education Fund, the contributory organisation of the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs, was its implementer. The project was designed for pupils in the last year of upper-secondary schools and students in the last two terms of tertiary professional schools and higher education institutions and to students on one-year post-secondary foreign language courses. The project contributed to an increase in employment and the competitiveness of future graduates on the labour market. The participants in the project were intended to develop work habits and practical experience in their profession. The Internships project lasted from one to three months and the participants received payment. Employers obtained subsidies which covered a part of the mentor’s pay and were for the salaries of the participants. The budget of the project: about CZK 71 million (EUR 2.6 m; CZK/EUR 27.523 – 27 March 2015). For more see the website of the project (in Czech).