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Czech-Republic:National Reforms in Higher Education

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Overview Czech Republic

Contents

Czech-Republic:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Czech-Republic:Historical Development

Czech-Republic:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Czech-Republic:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Czech-Republic:Political and Economic Situation

Czech-Republic:Organisation and Governance

Czech-Republic:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Czech-Republic:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Czech-Republic:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Private Education

Czech-Republic:National Qualifications Framework

Czech-Republic:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Czech-Republic:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Czech-Republic:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Czech-Republic:Funding in Education

Czech-Republic:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Czech-Republic:Higher Education Funding

Czech-Republic:Adult Education and Training Funding

Czech-Republic:Early Childhood Education and Care

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Czech-Republic:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Czech-Republic:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Czech-Republic:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Czech-Republic:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Czech-Republic:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Czech-Republic:Single Structure Education (Integrated Primary and Lower Secondary Education)

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Single Structure Education

Czech-Republic:Teaching and Learning in Single Structure Education

Czech-Republic:Assessment in Single Structure Education

Czech-Republic:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Single Structure Education

Czech-Republic:Upper Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Upper Secondary Education

Czech-Republic:Teaching and Learning in Upper Secondary Education

Czech-Republic:Assessment in Upper Secondary Education

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Conservatoires (Arts Education)

Czech-Republic:Teaching and Learning in Conservatoires (Arts Education)

Czech-Republic:Assessment in Conservatoires (Arts Education)

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Follow-up and Shortened Study

Czech-Republic:Teaching and Learning in Follow-up and Shortened Study

Czech-Republic:Assessment in Follow-up and Shortened Study

Czech-Republic:Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Czech-Republic:First Cycle Programmes

Czech-Republic:Bachelor

Czech-Republic:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Second Cycle Programmes

Czech-Republic:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Czech-Republic:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Czech-Republic:Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Distribution of Responsibilities

Czech-Republic:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Czech-Republic:Main Providers

Czech-Republic:Main Types of Provision

Czech-Republic:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Czech-Republic:Teachers and Education Staff

Czech-Republic:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Management and Other Education Staff

Czech-Republic:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Czech-Republic:Management Staff for Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Quality Assurance

Czech-Republic:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Educational Support and Guidance

Czech-Republic:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Czech-Republic:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Czech-Republic:Mobility and Internationalisation

Czech-Republic:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Mobility in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Czech-Republic:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Czech-Republic:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Czech-Republic:National Reforms in School Education

Czech-Republic:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Czech-Republic:National Reforms in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Czech-Republic:European Perspective

Czech-Republic:Legislation

Czech-Republic:Institutions

Czech-Republic:Bibliography

Czech-Republic:Glossary

2017

Survey on attitudes and living conditions of higher education students EUROSTUDENT VI

In the spring 2016, the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports supported by the programme of the European Commission Erasmus + carried out the sixth round of international survey EUROSTUDENT VI. This survey on attitudes and living conditions of higher education students takes place in many European countries. As in the previous rounds, one of the countries was also the Czech Republic. The aim of the survey is to determine the current attitudes and living conditions of students studying at higher education institutions in the Czech Republic in Bachelor's and Master's degree programmes. The final report (in Czech) of the survey in the Czech Republic is now available on the website of the Ministry of Education. More information on the project Eurostudent is available on its website.


2016

A proposal for a change of the institutional financing of higher education institutions prepared

The proposal for 2017 presumes the diversification of the budget heading I into fixed and performance parts. Provided the volume of financial resources is sufficient, the fixed part will represent 90% of the resources and it will be distributed among the HEIs by an established fixed percentage. The allocation will depend on the fulfilment of performance of the HEI, measured by the numbers of students admitted to the first year of all types of study programmes, and by the maintenance of the average ratio of the economic requirements of the study programmes. To set the allocations for the HEIs, the limits on the number of students being financed will no longer be used. The remaining 10% of the performance part will be allocated on the basis of the results of individual HEIs achieved according to the quality and performance indicators.


In connection with the amendment to the Higher Education Act, as well as the long-term plan of the Ministry of Education for 2016-2020, and based on the outputs of all the analyses realised so far and the supporting efforts, a new methodology for the institutional financing of higher education institutions for the 2018-2020 period, newly using the principle of multi-year financing, is being prepared for testing and full implementation in the following years.



Updated Strategic Plan for Higher Education Institutions – 2017

The priorities of theUpdated Strategic Plan for Higher Education Institutions for 2017 are based on an amendment to the Higher Education Act. The updates follow the structure of the Strategic Plan for the Scholarly, Scientific, Research, Development, Innovation, Artistic, and Other Creative Activities of Higher Education Institutions for the period 2016-2020 and complement its individual priority objectives by planned measures.

Considering the impact of the amendment and its scope on the entire higher education system, the Ministry of Education, Youth, and Sports will focus mainly on the coordination of, and methodological support for, the measures introduced by the amendment, and on the issues related to the establishment of the National Accreditation Office for Higher Education. The updating is also based on the need to revise the current system of the financing of public higher education institutions. The long-term funding and its stabilisation are the main objectives with an effect on the quality achieved in the activities of higher education institutions and their further enhancement.



Modification in accreditation procedure

The new government regulation on standards for accreditation in higher education, which is expected to be passed in July 2016, is being finalised by the Ministry of Education, Youth, and Sports. The regulation sets standards for institutional accreditation, standards for the accreditation of study programmes, and standards for the accreditation of the habilitation procedure and the procedure for the appointment of professors. The regulation has been created in parallel with an amendment to the Higher Education Act which defines the system of institutional accreditation and the conditions for the constitution of the board for accreditation.



An amendment to the Higher Education Act approved (2016)

A draft of the act which changes the Higher Education Act and some other laws was debated in and approved by the Parliament of the Czech Republic and signed by the President in March 2016 and will come into force in September 2016. The amendment follows up on a long-term public discussion on the state of the art of higher education in the Czech Republic and the need for systemic changes that should assure the confidence of the public in higher education, individual higher education institutions, and the results of their activities, and support the competitiveness and performance of higher education corresponding to different types of higher education institutions according to international standards.


The most important goals of the Act are:


  • to introduce a new system of quality evaluation for higher education institutions and to interlink it with the activity of the National Accreditation Office for Higher Education (hereinafter the Accreditation Office);
  • to modify the rules for the accreditation of study programmes, to introduce a system of “institution accreditation” that will make accreditation mechanisms more effective, and to enable higher education institutions to fulfil academic freedoms more efficiently while maintaining the relevant level of State supervision of the quality of higher education;
  • to create conditions for independent special decisions on accreditations – to define the status and competences of the Accreditation Office and to specify its relations with the Government and the Ministry of Education, Youth, and Sports;
  • to regulate systematically the conditions for the performance of activities of foreign higher education institutions and their branches in the Czech Republic and to interlink them with the conditions for awarding student status from the point of view of legislation in the area of social security;
  • to regulate the conditions of review procedures on the expression of the invalidity of a state examination or part thereof or the defence of a thesis or invalidity of a habilitation procedure by positive legislation modification, with regard to the protection of good faith and the right to a fair trial;
  • to correct some partial deficiencies of the legislation or to complement the legislation on the basis of practical experience, among others: 
    • to introduce a register of art performances;
    • to impose a charge for an application for the recognition of a foreign certificate in higher education.

The costs connected with introducing the new institutes and administration will be covered from the budget of the particular sector. The approved amendment is available on the website of the Ministry of Education, Youth, and Sports.



Calls of New Operational Programme for Research, Development, and Education to support tertiary education

The following calls for universities were introduced until June 2016:


  • ESF (European Social Fund) Call for universities the call is intended for universities which are focused on achieving higher quality and specifying education activities and increasing their relevance to the labour market, including support for entrepreneurship and support for other required student skills; increasing the participation of special needs students and socioeconomically disadvantaged and ethnic minority students in higher education; reducing the dropout rate of students; creating a transparent and specified system for evaluation of the quality of universities, and for improving the quality of strategic management in universities. The total allocation is CZK 3,500 million (EUR 129.5 m, 27.025 CZK/EUR – 27 May 2016);
  • ERDF (European Regional Development Fund) call for universities the purpose of the call is investment support for ESF interventions implemented within the Operational Programme for Research, Development, and Education for thematic objectives 1, 2, and 4 under priority axis 2. It may also support and continue projects financed during the previous programming period by investing in infrastructure and investing in equipment. The total allocation is CZK 10,000 million (EUR 370 m)
  • Development of research-oriented study programmes call – The aim of the call is to develop the area of human resources in research and development through research-oriented study programmes in accordance with the Strategy for Higher Education and with the priorities of the Strategies for Smart Specialisation (RIS3). The research-oriented study programmes are doctoral study programmes. The total allocation is CZK 550 million (EUR 20.4 m).

2015

New Operational Programme Research, Development, and Education (2014–2020)

The new Operational Programme Research, Development, and Education, covering, among other things, higher education, was launched in May 2015. For details see School Education, section New Operational Programme Research, Development, and Education (2014-2020).



Amendment to the Higher Education Act (2015)

The Government passed an amendment to the Higher Education Act on 30 March 2015 and in March 2016 it was approved by the Parliament and signed by the President. See the section on Amendment to the Higher Education Act approved (2016).

It introduces changes, especially in the area of the assessment of the quality of higher education institutions, in the accreditation of study programmes (including the establishment of a new, expert and independent Accreditation Body), and in operating provisions for foreign higher education institutions and their franchises. It proposes that the President shall continue to appoint university professors. Rectors of public universities should be empowered to decide on the invalidity of the state final exams or dissertation defence, which would lead to the removal of an academic degree.

For the draft amendment, see the website of the Parliament (in Czech).



Project IPN Metodika – Effective Evaluation and Financing System for Research, Development, and Innovation

In the period from 1 February 2012 till 31 October 2015 an individual national project for the area of tertiary education, research, and innovation, the Individual National Project Metodika – Effective Evaluation and Financing System for Research, Development and Innovation – took place. The project was running under the auspices of the Ministry of Education, Youth, and Sports. It was co-financed from the European Social Fund (Operational Programme Education for Competitiveness).

The aims wereto boost the attractiveness of the research, development, and innovation environment for research staff, to make research work more prestigious, to motivate young people to enter the research, development, and innovation field, to support excellence in the area, and to find mechanisms for financing according to the quality of work. To reach these goals a draft of a new methodology for the evaluation of research and development based on the recommendation of the International evaluation of research infrastructures in the Czech Republic and new principles for financing the research and development system in the Czech Republic were introduced.

The outcomes should affect all research organisations and their employees. They are supplemented by recommendations for measures and actions which should further be implemented in order to ensure the efficient functioning of the new methodology for the evaluation and financing of research, development, and innovation. For the outcomes of the project, see the website of the project.



The Strategic Plan for the Scholarly, Scientific, Research, Development, Innovation, Artistic and Other Creative Activities of Higher Education Institutions (2016–2020)

This long-term plan is a basic strategic document outlining the priorities and principal intended measures for policy in the area of higher education for 2016-2020. It is also one of the implementation documents of the Education Policy Strategy for 2020. The priority areas of this long-term plan for higher education are as follows:


  • Quality assurance – higher education institutions shall play a crucial role in assuring quality in their own fields of operation; 
  • Diversity and accessibility – HEIs shall offer a broad and diversified approach to quality education;
  • Internationalisation – the teaching and creative activities of HEIs shall acquire an international nature;
  • Relevance – HEIs shall reflect the developments in society, up-to-date scientific knowledge, and needs of their social partners;
  • Quality and relevant research, development and innovations – the R&D outcomes and achievements of HEIs shall be relevant internationally and effectively transferrable into a sphere of application;
  • Data-based decision making – the governing and steering of higher education policy and HEIs as such shall be transparent, strategic, and evidence-based;
  • Effective and efficient funding – the funding of HEIs shall be transparent, effective, and stable.

The document is available on the website of the Ministry of Education, Youth, and Sports (in Czech).



Higher Education Development Framework for 2020

This Higher Education Development Framework for 2020 is an analytical and strategic basis for the higher education segment of the new Operational Programme Research, Development, and Education (2014-2020). Therefore its implementation will be executed through OP interventions. Its guidelines were also to be incorporated into the Strategic Plan for the Scholarly, Scientific, Research, Development, Innovation, Artistic, and Other Creative Activities of Higher Education Institutions (2016-2020). The document primarily covers the educational dimension of higher education institutions, as the research and innovation dimension is covered by a different document (Smart Specialisation Strategy – RIS3). If the implementation is successful, by 2020 the higher education institutions should offer a wide range of high-quality study programmes, reflecting the needs and interests of both a diverse student population and the knowledge-based, innovative economy. Socially disadvantaged students or students with special educational needs will by no means be excluded from higher education. The university environment shall be creative, innovative, and open to new inputs and the number of students and academic staff from foreign countries shall be boosted. See www.vzdelavani2020.cz/images_obsah/dokumenty/ramec_vs.pdf (in Czech).




2014

Erasmus+ (2014–2020)

The Czech Republic has long been involved in a number of programmes to support mobility. In 2014 theErasmus+ programme was launched; it is the EU programme for education, training, youth, and sport for the period 2014-2020. It follows the Lifelong Learning Programme, Youth in Action, and other individual mobility programmes promoting international cooperation (Erasmus Mundus, Tempus, Alfa, Edulink, and the programme for cooperation with industrialised countries). Erasmus+ is divided into Key Actions (KA):


  • KA1 – learning mobility of individuals
  • KA2 – cooperation for innovation and exchange of good practices
  • KA3 – support for policy reform

The programme brings a range of innovations, such as support in the field of sport, a loan guarantee scheme for Master’s students (in the Czech Republic this is being discussed), etc. Its main aim is enriching the participants with new skills and increasing their chances on the labour market. Furthermore, it contributes to increasing the quality and modernisation of education systems in participating countries. The European Union expects a budget of EUR 14.7 billion (CZK 404.6 billion; CZK/EUR 27.523 – 27 March 2015) for its implementation. In comparison with previous programmes, this represents a 40% increase. In the Czech Republic the programme is coordinated by the Centre for International Cooperation; for more information see the website www.naerasmusplus.cz (in Czech).



Draft amendment to the Higher Education Act (2014)

A fundamental step in the area of higher education is an amendment to the Higher Education Act, the form of which was agreed by the Ministry of Education, Youth, and Sports with the representatives of higher education institutions at the beginning of September 2014. It was approved by the Government on 30 March 2015, passed by the Parliament, and signed by the President in March 2016. It will enter into force in July 2016. For information on the approved version see the section on 2016.