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Czech-Republic:Mobility and Internationalisation

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Overview Czech Republic

Contents

Czech-Republic:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Czech-Republic:Historical Development

Czech-Republic:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Czech-Republic:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Czech-Republic:Political and Economic Situation

Czech-Republic:Organisation and Governance

Czech-Republic:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Czech-Republic:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Czech-Republic:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Private Education

Czech-Republic:National Qualifications Framework

Czech-Republic:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Czech-Republic:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Czech-Republic:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Czech-Republic:Funding in Education

Czech-Republic:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Czech-Republic:Higher Education Funding

Czech-Republic:Adult Education and Training Funding

Czech-Republic:Early Childhood Education and Care

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Czech-Republic:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Czech-Republic:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Czech-Republic:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Czech-Republic:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Czech-Republic:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Czech-Republic:Single Structure Education (Integrated Primary and Lower Secondary Education)

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Single Structure Education

Czech-Republic:Teaching and Learning in Single Structure Education

Czech-Republic:Assessment in Single Structure Education

Czech-Republic:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Single Structure Education

Czech-Republic:Upper Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Upper Secondary Education

Czech-Republic:Teaching and Learning in Upper Secondary Education

Czech-Republic:Assessment in Upper Secondary Education

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Conservatoires (Arts Education)

Czech-Republic:Teaching and Learning in Conservatoires (Arts Education)

Czech-Republic:Assessment in Conservatoires (Arts Education)

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Follow-up and Shortened Study

Czech-Republic:Teaching and Learning in Follow-up and Shortened Study

Czech-Republic:Assessment in Follow-up and Shortened Study

Czech-Republic:Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Czech-Republic:First Cycle Programmes

Czech-Republic:Bachelor

Czech-Republic:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Second Cycle Programmes

Czech-Republic:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Czech-Republic:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Czech-Republic:Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Distribution of Responsibilities

Czech-Republic:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Czech-Republic:Main Providers

Czech-Republic:Main Types of Provision

Czech-Republic:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Czech-Republic:Teachers and Education Staff

Czech-Republic:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Management and Other Education Staff

Czech-Republic:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Czech-Republic:Management Staff for Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Quality Assurance

Czech-Republic:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Educational Support and Guidance

Czech-Republic:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Czech-Republic:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Czech-Republic:Mobility and Internationalisation

Czech-Republic:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Mobility in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Czech-Republic:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Czech-Republic:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Czech-Republic:National Reforms in School Education

Czech-Republic:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Czech-Republic:National Reforms in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Czech-Republic:European Perspective

Czech-Republic:Legislation

Czech-Republic:Institutions

Czech-Republic:Bibliography

Czech-Republic:Glossary


Overview – Mobility and Internationalisation

Co-operation within Europe and the European dimension have been gaining ground in Czech society and particularly in Czech schools since 1989, when fundamental socio-political changes took place. In 2004 the Czech Republic joined the European Union, it is further a member of UNESCO, the Council of Europe, OECD and  the Visegrad Group. In the education field it is a member of the European networks  ReferNet, NARIC Network, Eurydice, Euroguidance or EuropeanSchoolnet.

Already in 1995 the Czech Republic participated in EU educational programmes. At present pupils from pre-primary to tertiary professional level of education can join a number of international programmes. Nursery, basic and upper secondary schools can participate in the international European programmes Comenius and eTwinning, tertiary professional schools in programmes under the EEA and Norway Grants and schools providing professional education and training in the Leonardo da Vinci programme. All institutions providing language courses can apply for an ECTS Label. Schools often organise short-term exchange stays on their own initiative.

Foreign language teachers take advantage of the possibilities offered by Comenius programme and participate in short-term field trips and seminars organised by the Council of Europe member states. Within the framework of further education teachers are offered courses on how the European Union works and on education systems in its Member States.

EU citizens are entitled to access to education and school services at all levels up to the tertiary professional education level under the same conditions as citizens of the Czech Republic. All foreigners are entitled to free basic education.

Within the higher education system stays of Czech students abroad take place through:

  • Direct cooperation of universities or faculties,
  • International programmes (the European educational programme Erasmus Mundus, programmes under the EEA and Norway Grants,  the Swiss programme SCIEX-NMSch, the programme Aktion Czech Republic – Austria, the central European exchange programme CEEPUS, the Tempus IV (2007-2013) programme promoting institutional cooperation between the EU and Partner Countries and focusing on  modernization of higher education in these countries, etc),
  • through intergovernmental treaties.

Academic staff travel abroad mainly through partnership agreements between universities and faculties but also through international programmes.

Foreign nationals are admitted to higher education institutions under the same conditions as their Czech counterparts. The Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports offers scholarships to them and supports the schools in creating their own scholarship programmes. Higher education institutions offer English-taught study programmes and introduce joint degree programmes.

Within the European programme Jean Monnet, higher education institutions opened departments and permanent courses on issues related to European integration. At some higher education institutions European documentation centres were founded enabling access to EU documents and at others research focused on the European dimension is conducted.

When adult education is provided in courses ensuring a recognized level of education or in higher education study programmes the above mentioned information applies. The European programme Grundtwig is designed to promote adult education and lifelong learning. Those who are involved in vocational education and training at other levels than the higher education one can take advantage of the Leonardo da Vinci programme.

Education and information on current affairs in Europe and the European Union is provided through 13 regional Eurocentres, the free telephone line Eurofon and the Euroskop website that operate in the Czech Republic within the integrated information system and through the grant system. There is also a European information network in the Czech Republic known as EUROPEDIRECT with 11 regional centres.

Czech language courses are organised for Czech compatriots living abroad and Czech teachers are also sent to Czech communities abroad. Every year, several public higher education institutions organise the so-called Summer School of Slavic Studies.


Legislation and National Policy Documents

The Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports carries responsibility for foreign relations in the field of education which is based on a resolution of the Czech government, principles of its foreign policy, international agreements and contacts with partner ministries and other foreign entities.  The National programme of the development of education in the Czech Republic – the White Paper is a significant document that was drafted on the basis of analyses and evaluation of the Czech education system in the years 1995-2000 and issued in 2001. It pays special attention to the theme of European and international cooperation in education. The goals contained in the White Paper are specified in the Long-term Objectives for Educational and Scholarly, Research, Development, Artistic and Other Creative Activities in Higher Education (see Administration and governance at central and/or regional level).

The European and international dimension can be found in all educational programmes from  pre-primary  to  upper secondary level. Framework education programmes for basic and general secondary education cover a cross-sectional theme Education to Thinking within European and Global Contexts and Multicultural Education, the given issues can be also found in individual areas of education. In upper secondary vocational education this topic is part of a social sciences programme. In tertiary professional schools and higher education institutions European and international topics are included in accredited educational/study programmes.

In cooperation with the Office of the Government of the Czech Republic and the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports programmes designed to facilitate and enhance education in European affairs are implemented. They focus on preparation of specific methodologies, instructions and procedures enabling teachers to effectively translate EU issues from framework education programmes into school education programmes. Attention is also paid to in-service education of teachers in European affairs.

Principles for education of foreign nationals and for recognition of education attained abroad at the levels from pre-primary to tertiary professional education are contained in the Education Act, for higher education level in the Higher Education Act.

Since 1997, on the basis of several government resolutions, the Czech Republic has been developing a communication and information strategy for European affairs. Every year a Concept of Information on European Affairs is approved.

The Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports had drawn up the National Plan for Foreign Language Instruction to create conditions for improving foreign language competencies among the Czech population, which was approved by the Czech government in December 2005. It aims to ensure a sufficient number of qualified language teachers, prepare high-quality instruction materials, make use of information and communication technologies (ICT) etc. The National Plan is harmonized with recommendations, documents and projects in the field of language policy of the Council of Europe and the European Commission. It strongly emphasizes pupils’ and students’ mobility at all educational levels, especially through European educational programmes.