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Czech-Republic:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

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Overview Czech Republic

Contents

Czech-Republic:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Czech-Republic:Historical Development

Czech-Republic:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Czech-Republic:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Czech-Republic:Political and Economic Situation

Czech-Republic:Organisation and Governance

Czech-Republic:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Czech-Republic:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Czech-Republic:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Private Education

Czech-Republic:National Qualifications Framework

Czech-Republic:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Czech-Republic:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Czech-Republic:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Czech-Republic:Funding in Education

Czech-Republic:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Czech-Republic:Higher Education Funding

Czech-Republic:Adult Education and Training Funding

Czech-Republic:Early Childhood Education and Care

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Czech-Republic:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Czech-Republic:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Czech-Republic:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Czech-Republic:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Czech-Republic:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Czech-Republic:Single Structure Education (Integrated Primary and Lower Secondary Education)

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Single Structure Education

Czech-Republic:Teaching and Learning in Single Structure Education

Czech-Republic:Assessment in Single Structure Education

Czech-Republic:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Single Structure Education

Czech-Republic:Upper Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Upper Secondary Education

Czech-Republic:Teaching and Learning in Upper Secondary Education

Czech-Republic:Assessment in Upper Secondary Education

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Conservatoires (Arts Education)

Czech-Republic:Teaching and Learning in Conservatoires (Arts Education)

Czech-Republic:Assessment in Conservatoires (Arts Education)

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Follow-up and Shortened Study

Czech-Republic:Teaching and Learning in Follow-up and Shortened Study

Czech-Republic:Assessment in Follow-up and Shortened Study

Czech-Republic:Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Czech-Republic:First Cycle Programmes

Czech-Republic:Bachelor

Czech-Republic:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Second Cycle Programmes

Czech-Republic:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Czech-Republic:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Czech-Republic:Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Distribution of Responsibilities

Czech-Republic:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Czech-Republic:Main Providers

Czech-Republic:Main Types of Provision

Czech-Republic:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Czech-Republic:Teachers and Education Staff

Czech-Republic:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Management and Other Education Staff

Czech-Republic:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Czech-Republic:Management Staff for Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Quality Assurance

Czech-Republic:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Educational Support and Guidance

Czech-Republic:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Czech-Republic:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Czech-Republic:Mobility and Internationalisation

Czech-Republic:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Mobility in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Czech-Republic:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Czech-Republic:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Czech-Republic:National Reforms in School Education

Czech-Republic:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Czech-Republic:National Reforms in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Czech-Republic:European Perspective

Czech-Republic:Legislation

Czech-Republic:Institutions

Czech-Republic:Bibliography

Czech-Republic:Glossary

Settings for children under 3 years of age and child group

A trader or supervisor is in charge of settings for children under 3 years of age. Its qualification is set by the Trade Licensing Act. Other conditions are regulated by general laws. For details see the section on Requirements for Appointment. Conditions for management staff in child groups are not set. The provider who can be physical or legal person is fully responsible for the services


Schools

The school head (ředitel) is responsible for the administration and management of the school or the school facility. At schools which have the legal status of a subsidised organisation or a school legal entity (i.e. most public and denominational schools), the school head is the authorised body. School heads have full responsibility for the quality and effectiveness of the educational process as well as for the financial management of schools, the recruitment and dismissal of teachers, etc. More details on responsibilities of the school head are described below.

The school head is responsible for the management of the school, this means that he/she:

  • decides on all matters concerning the provision of education
  • is liable for the school's providing of education in accordance with the Education Act and curricular documents, for the professional and pedagogical level of education
  • creates conditions for in-service training of teachers, for inspections to be carried out by the Czech School Inspectorate and adopts measures resulting from such inspections
  • prepares the annual report on the school's performance, submits it to the School Council (školská rada), after its approval, passes it on to the governing body and then publishes it
  • ensures that parents and mature pupils are provided with information on the course and results of education
  • ensures cooperation in implementing programmes for the evaluation of educational achievements required by the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports
  • is responsible for ensuring the supervision of children and minor pupils at schools

The head of a school established by the State, a region, a municipality or a union of municipalities manages the institution he/she is responsible for, and carries out the role of an organisational head with authority in the area of financial management.

In the area of labour-law relations, teachers and school heads are employees of the schools; school heads appoint and dismiss their deputies.

Furthermore, the school head decides on the rights and duties in the following areas:

  • in the matters of compulsory school attendance (see Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure), i.e. admission of pupils, their transfer into another educational programme, permission or cancellation of individual (home) education etc.
  • admission of a child to a nursery school (mateřská škola)
  • admission to an upper secondary school (střední škola), conservatoire (konzervatoř) and a tertiary professional school (vyšší odborná škola)
  • content of admission examination and the final examination (závěrečná zkouška) and the school-leaving examination (maturitní zkouška)
  • recognition of education attainment
  • interruption of education, conditional expulsion and final expulsion from the school and a change of the field of education
  • reducing and waiving fees for the provision of education and school services; awarding or revoking scholarships
  • amount of parents' payment to school meals

The appointment of heads of schools established by the Ministry of Education, by the region, by the municipality or by the union of municipalities depends on the organising body's decision on the basis of a recruitment procedure for the period of 6 years. See below in the section Requirement for Appointment.

The founder can dismiss the school head only in certain cases set down by law. See below in the section Conditions of Service.

The appointment and dismissal of heads of schools of other founders (i.e. of denominational or private schools) is not regulated by school directives but by general laws.

The school head can have one or several deputies depending on the size of the school, but the extent of their responsibilities is decided by the head.


Legislation and bibliography:

Education Act

Trade Licensing Act



Requirements for Appointment

Settings for children under 3 years of age and child group

A trader or supervisor who is in charge of a setting for children under 3 years of age must fulfil qualification requirements given by the Trade Licensing Act. The requirements are identical to those which apply to professionals working in these centres (with the exception of the qualification for hospital assistant – sanitář). For more information see the section on initial education for staff. Conditions for management staff in child groups are not set.


Legislation and bibliography:

Trade Licensing Act



Schools

Requirements for performance

a) A school head can only be a person who meets the necessary requirements for exercising the function of education staff (see Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education).

b) A school head can only be a person who has obtained experience while performing direct educational activity, or activities for which the same or similar specialized knowledge is necessary, or while performing managerial activities, or activities in research and development. The number of years of practice in education depends on the educational level at which the school head has been working.

Length of required practice for school heads:

  • the head of a nursery school (mateřská škola): 3 years
  • the head of a basic school (základní škola), the head of a basic art school (základní umělecká škola) and the head of school facilities, except for school provisions of institutional and protective education and preventive education care: 4 years
  • the head of a upper secondary school (střední škola), the head of a language school authorised to organise the state examination (jazyková škola s právem státní jazykové zkoušky), the head of a conservatoire (konzervatoř), the head of tertiary professional school (vyšší odborná škola) and school provisions of institutional and protective education and preventive education care: 5 years

c) Heads of public schools must fulfil yet another obligation: Except for the above mentioned requirements, a school head may only be a person who has gained  a qualification in the field of school management by completing a study programme designed for school heads within the in-service training of education staff (see Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education). Such knowledge has to be gained within 2 years from the day on which the person started performing the function of a school head. The obligation to complete a study programme does not apply to the school heads that have studied school management in an accredited higher education course in School Management, or completed a life-long learning programme on the organisation and management of education run by a higher education institution (vysoká škola).


Appointment

The appointment of heads of public and state schools (heads of schools established by the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports, by the region, by the municipality or by the union of municipalities, the head of the subsidised organisation or the head of the state structural unit) depends on the founder's decision on the basis of a competitive recruitment procedure for the period of 6 years. If the founder, before termination of the period, does not announce another competitive recruitment procedure for the position of the head, the current head's employment relationship is extended by another 6 years. The founder can announce the competitive recruitment procedure according to its own decision. It must announce the competitive recruitment procedure, provided the Czech School Inspectorate or the School Council suggests a particular date. With implementing regulation, the Ministry defines the requirements of the announcement of the selection process, the structure of the assessment board, and the rules for the formation, activities and decision-making of such boards. Although the board's opinion is recommended, the founder may not follow the advice.

Therefore, the office of a head of a private or a denominational school is performed by an authorised body, by a member of the authorised body or another person employed by the school who fulfils conditions (a) and (b) or a different entity or a person in a labour-law relationship to the school fulfilling these condition. The appointment of school heads of private and denominational schools is not applicable; employment is always established on an employment contract.


Legislation and bibliography:

Act on Education Staff

Decree on appropriateness of competition procedure and competition commissions

Education Act

Conditions of Service

Settings for children under 3 years of age and child groups

There are no specific conditions of service for the management staff of settings for children under 3 years of age and child groups; they are the same as for all other employees. See the sections on Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education and Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education.



Schools

The remuneration of school heads of schools and school facilities follows, in general, the same rules as the remuneration of teaching and other staff of schools and school facilities. Particular salary conditions for heads of public/state schools (among others, the amount of allowances and bonuses) are set by the body which appointed them to the position. The basic salary and allowances are regulated by the rules set for teachers (see the section on Salaries in Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education). The range of allowances for leadership in schools and school facilities is stipulated by the Labour Code according to the level of leadership, it is 15–60 % of the highest step in the salary category in which the school head is placed.

Working hours and holidays of school heads are the same as those of other education staff (see the section on Working Hours and Holidays in Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education). Heads of public, private and denominational schools also have teaching duties. Teaching duties do not necessarily have to mean the performing of only direct teaching. It can also include working, for example, in a position of educational childcare staff (vychovatel), psychologist or SEN specialist. For the extent of the direct teaching activity of a school head, see the section on Working Hours and Holidays.

The pension conditions are the same as for other employees (see the section on Retirement and Pensions in Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education).

School heads can be dismissed by the founder of a public or State school but only in accordance with certain legal reasons, such as:

  • loss of prerequisites or disposal of non-compliance to performance;
  • organizational changes, which result in the cessation of the head job;
  • serious breach or non-compliance with the obligations arising from its activities, roles and responsibilities;
  • based on the proposal of the School Board, or the Czech School Inspectorate.

Except for in-service management training, which is a legal requirement for school heads of public schools, there are no other requirements relating to the training of school heads. However, like other teaching staff the school head is obliged to educate himself/herself further (see Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education).


Legislation and bibliography:

Act on Education Staff

Education Act

Labour Code