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Czech-Republic:Higher Education Funding

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Czech-Republic:Political and Economic Situation

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Czech-Republic:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Czech-Republic:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Czech-Republic:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Private Education

Czech-Republic:National Qualifications Framework

Czech-Republic:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Czech-Republic:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Czech-Republic:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Czech-Republic:Funding in Education

Czech-Republic:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Czech-Republic:Higher Education Funding

Czech-Republic:Adult Education and Training Funding

Czech-Republic:Early Childhood Education and Care

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Czech-Republic:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Czech-Republic:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Czech-Republic:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Czech-Republic:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Czech-Republic:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Czech-Republic:Single Structure Education (Integrated Primary and Lower Secondary Education)

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Single Structure Education

Czech-Republic:Teaching and Learning in Single Structure Education

Czech-Republic:Assessment in Single Structure Education

Czech-Republic:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Single Structure Education

Czech-Republic:Upper Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Upper Secondary Education

Czech-Republic:Teaching and Learning in Upper Secondary Education

Czech-Republic:Assessment in Upper Secondary Education

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Conservatoires (Arts Education)

Czech-Republic:Teaching and Learning in Conservatoires (Arts Education)

Czech-Republic:Assessment in Conservatoires (Arts Education)

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Follow-up and Shortened Study

Czech-Republic:Teaching and Learning in Follow-up and Shortened Study

Czech-Republic:Assessment in Follow-up and Shortened Study

Czech-Republic:Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Czech-Republic:First Cycle Programmes

Czech-Republic:Bachelor

Czech-Republic:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Second Cycle Programmes

Czech-Republic:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Czech-Republic:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Czech-Republic:Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Distribution of Responsibilities

Czech-Republic:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Czech-Republic:Main Providers

Czech-Republic:Main Types of Provision

Czech-Republic:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Czech-Republic:Teachers and Education Staff

Czech-Republic:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Management and Other Education Staff

Czech-Republic:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Czech-Republic:Management Staff for Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Quality Assurance

Czech-Republic:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Educational Support and Guidance

Czech-Republic:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Czech-Republic:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Czech-Republic:Mobility and Internationalisation

Czech-Republic:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Mobility in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Czech-Republic:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Czech-Republic:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Czech-Republic:National Reforms in School Education

Czech-Republic:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Czech-Republic:National Reforms in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Czech-Republic:European Perspective

Czech-Republic:Legislation

Czech-Republic:Institutions

Czech-Republic:Bibliography

Czech-Republic:Glossary

Funding

Tertiary education is provided by higher education institutions (vysoké školy) and tertiary professional schools (vyšší odborné školy).


Tertiary Professional Schools (vyšší odborné školy)

The tertiary professional schools are funded under the Education Act. The funding principles are explained in the part Early Childhood and School Education Funding. In these schools, students partly make a contribution to the costs (for details, see the section on Fees within Public Higher Education).


Higher Education Institutions (vysoké školy)

The funding of the higher education institutions is set by the Higher Education Act. Within the Act, conditions for public, private and state schools are defined.
State higher education institutions are funded from the state budget i.e. from the budgetary resources of the central bodies which administer the relevant institutions (the Defence University predominantly from the Ministry of Defence, the Police Academy from the Ministry of Interior). These Ministries set the level of fees at their institutions.

For the financing of the private higher education institutions, see the section on Private Higher Education.

The financing of public higher education institutions is described in this section. Public higher education institutions are funded from a number of sources. The main source (more than 70 % of the higher education institutions' annual income) is the state budget. Other resources comprise of fees associated with studies, returns on property, yields of auxiliary activities and gifts and legacies. The means provided from other public resources (from state resources, the National Fund, regional and municipal budgets) are exceptional.

Public higher education institutions must draw up balanced budgets. The final account settlement with the state budget and financial audit is carried out at the end of a calendar year and the results are submitted to the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports (for the monitoring of the management of higher education institutions, see chapter Quality Assurance).

Legislation and Bibliography:

Education Act

Higher Education Act


Revenue from the State Budget

The higher education institutions (vysoké školy) receive funds from the state budget for both running and capital costs. In 2014, running costs represented approximately 84 % and capital costs 16 % of the overall financial funds for higher education institutions from the Chapter of the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports (assets development programmes are included). The substantial part of funds for activities of higher education institutions is provided in the form of a grant, any balance of which is transferable in the funds created by the higher education institution in compliance with the conditions set by the Higher Education Act to the next year, or in the form of subsidies which are non-transferable into the next years (with certain exceptions set by the Act). Grants are provided for education, research, developmental and innovative, artistic and other creative activities; subsidies are provided for the development of the higher education institutions, and they can also be used for accommodation and boarding. 

The level of funding allocated for higher education is set by the Act on the State Budget every year. The amount of funds granted to every higher education institution according to the Higher Education Act depends primarily on the long-term plan for higher education formulated by the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports (and its annual updating), and on the long-term plans of the higher education institution (also updated annually). Public institutions are mainly financed on the basis of their performance, primarily derived from the number of students. Higher education institutions receive financial contribution according to the economic demands of the relevant study programmes and the number of students included among the performance criteria. 

Details of the calculations are specified in the internal rules of the Ministry of Education ("The Rules for allocating contributions and subventions to the public higher education institutions by the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports in accordance with the Higher Education Act"). The ministry regularly updates the rules so as to be able to influence the activities of the higher education institutions in accordance with the announced developmental priorities. The changes are always discussed with the representatives of the higher education institutions. 

The higher education institutions obtain a substantial part of their endowment from the state budget in the form of a grant for educational activities. It is mainly allocated as per capita amount according to the range and economic demandingness of the educational activities (indicator A), on the basis of the number of students registered in the system – called the Associated Information from the Students' Registry (SIMS) – up to 31 October of the previous calendar year. 

The algorithm for the calculation of the indicator A contains mechanisms enabling the growth in the number of students admitted to higher education to be reduced.

Those students who do not exceed the standard duration of study by more than half a year are fully counted in; those who exceed the standard duration of study by more than a half of a year but less than a year are counted as half. Those who exceeded the standard duration of study by more than a year are not counted at all. The result is the converted number of students. 

Another parameter which is included in the formula for calculating the educational activity of an individual public higher education institution is the limited number of students, by which the Ministry of Education sets the highest possible number of funded studies. For the description of the method, see below. If a public higher education institution does not agree with the limited number of students proposed by the ministry, the limits are discussed within the conciliation proceeding. 

The agreed limited number of students is compared to the real converted number of students from the previous year. For financing, the ministry includes the lower of the values both from the converted and limited number of students (there is a bonus zone of 10 % for the first year of study, for higher years it is not included). 

The converted number of students in every programme, as mentioned in the above paragraph is multiplied by the coefficient of the cost of the relevant study programme. The sum for all study programmes gives the formula number of students of a public higher education institution (or total formula number of all public higher education institutions). 

For setting the budget, study programmes are classified into seven groups by their costs: the first group has a coefficient of 1 equal to the basic per capita amount, while programmes with the highest costs have a coefficient of 5.9. 

The basic per capita amount is a sum of money set by the Ministry of Education per one study in a study programme with an economic coefficient of 1.0. It is expressed as a fraction of the overall funding for educational activities in the indicator A and the total formula number of students.

The amount of contribution to the public higher education institution (indicator A) is calculated as a product of the formula number of students at a public higher education institution (to 31 October of the previous academic year) and the basic per capita amount. 

Since 2010 apart from the indicator A, the budgetary area for the institutional financing of higher education institutions is also represented by the indicator of quality and performance of higher education institutions focused on the creative activities of higher education institutions (scientific, artistic), on the quality of provided education and international activities of higher education institutions (indicator K). According to the results covered by these indicators, funds are allocated to higher education institutions directly, independently of the number of students as is the case of indicator A. Higher education institutions which improve its results year on year and increase its share in overall results of all institutions receive more financial means. The share of funding based on the indicators of quality and performance has increased from the initial 9.4 % to the present 24 %

The evaluation of quality and performance of higher education institutions for budgetary purposes in 2015 was carried out according to the following partial indicators:

Components of quality and performance indicator K (total)
100 %
In that:

Results of research, development and innovation
34.3 %
Result of artistic activities
3.5 %
Special purpose non-investment support of research, development and innovation
4 %
Income of the higher education institution
4 %
Qualification structure of academic staff
2.6 %
Employability of graduates
16 %
Foreign students
2.6 %
Self-payers
4 %
Students sent out within mobility programmes
14.5 %
Students accepted within mobility programmes
14.5 %


The higher education institutions also obtain subsidies for doctoral study programme scholarships (for those studying on site within the standard duration), in 2015 it was 90 000 CZK per year (EUR 3 330; EUR/CZK 27.021 – 28 January 2016).

The Ministry of Education allocates subsidies to public higher education institutions for their development, especially for programmes for the assets development (i.e. for the construction and reconstruction of buildings, restoration of machinery, instrumentation and other equipment of higher education institutions). The grants are also allocated to those educational projects that are successful in tenders for development programmes announced by the Ministry of Education. 

Higher education institutions also receive subsidies for catering and accommodation scholarships. Furthermore, in 2006, a subsidy for social grants was introduced. For details, see Financial Support for Learners. The private higher education institutions also receive subsidies from the state budget for accommodation and social grants. 

The institutional part of the budget (indicators A and K) represents around 80 % of contributions allocated to higher education institutions (without the programme funding). Approximately 10 % is designed for social issues, such as subsidies for meals and scholarships. The rest of the funds is intended for the development programmes and for international cooperation and other activities of higher education institutions. 

By the state budget, the Ministry of Education not only supports activities focused on education and the investment development of the higher education institutions but also the creative activities in science, research, development and innovation. In 2014, the expenses for research and development (with the exception of financial means from operational programmes) formed around CZK 7 billion (EUR 259 m; EUR/CZK 27.021 – 28 January 2016), equivalent to approximately 14 % of all funds managed by the higher education institutions. The integral part of budget intended for research is also research inseparably connected to the educational activities of higher education institutions (specific research). 

It is possible for the higher education institution to ask for a subsidy to support the increased expenses for the study of students with special education needs. Within the capabilities of its Chapter of the state budget, every year the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports puts aside a certain sum for this purpose. The amount for higher education institution depends on the number of students in individual categories of disabilities and on the demandingness, to ensure their studies take into account the type of disability and study field. However, higher education institutions are not entitled to these financial means.


Calculation of the Limited Number of Students

The limits for the number of students are set separately for the first years of the given types of study programmes (bachelor´s, non-structured “long“ master´s, master´s, and doctoral) and altogether for the second and higher years of all the above mentioned programmes. The basis for the calculation is “the converted number of students”, see above, which the ministry includes in the calculation for higher education institution in the previous year. Limits for students funded from the state budget are partly derived from the results of the higher education institution in qualitative and performance indicators (the results of scientific performance of higher education institution, the qualification structure of academic staff and international mobility are taken into account) and the employability of graduates. According to the results of the quality and performance indicators, a certain number of students (let us say study programmes) that will be included in the funding. The value is the lowest for bachelor´s study programme at 5 %, for non-structured master´s and follow up master´s it is 10 % and for doctoral programmes at 20 %. This parameter has been introduced with the aim of enabling public higher education institutions to achieve the best results in science and research, having a sufficient number of professors and lecturers and to carry out enough international activities to enlarge their study programmes. 

Up to date rules for calculating the students´ limits are included in the “Rules for providing subsidies to higher education institutions by the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports” issued in February 2015, amended in June 2015. 

A proposal to allocate the resources in indicators A and K, according to the ratio used in the budget calculation for 2015, has been discussed for the year 2016 (after compensations to maximum annual decline by 5 %). The reason for this proposal is based on the following facts: the way of allocation of central budget funds to HEIs used in previous years had a significant differentiative effect on their functioning and, as a consequence, financial shortage in some cases. Further differentiation started to be incompatible with the quality assurance of the education provided at some institutions due to the lack of financial means. So, a need for change in this area resulted in the proposal guaranteeing that the 2015 allocation funds model should work as a stabilizing element in economic management in all public HEIs.  

For the year 2017 a new methodology relating to the allocation of central budget funds to public higher education institutions should be prepared. It should link to both legislative documents (amendment to the Higher Education Act, Long-term Policy Objective of the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports for 2016-2020), analyses and other supporting documents available. 

Legislation and Bibliography:

Act on Budgetary Rules and Amending Some Related Acts

Higher Education Act

Rules for Providing Allowances and Subsidies to Public Higher Education Institutions

State Budget Act, 2015


Other Revenue

Other revenues used by the higher education institution (vysoká škola) for its activities are as follows:

  • Yields from property coming from the management of assets, which are directly owned by a public higher education institution and which are necessary to perform the activities for which the higher education institution was established for. Such assets consist of movable and immovable assets, rights and other asset values
  • Yields from the main activity are payments for education provided, in addition to accredited study programmes
  • Yields from complementary activities, which are payments for other than educational activities, i.e. when a public higher education institution uses its expertise to provide paid services, e.g. expert and analytical activities for the clients. At the same time, complementary activities must not endanger the quality, scope and accessibility of the institution's core activities
  • Income from fees associated with studies, see the section on Fees within Public Higher Education

A public higher education institution may also use non-budgetary resources acquired by means of competitions organised by various domestic and foreign grant agencies and funds and sponsorship. 

Profits (after taxation) are used to set up special funds: e.g. a reserve fund, a remuneration fund, a fund for the development of capital assets, an operational fund. The last two are also composed of the balance of the state grant for the institution's operations. The scholarship fund is created from the fees for studies. The usage of the funds is set in the internal regulations of the institutions. Means of purpose-specific funds may be used by the higher education institution only for the purpose for which the funds were allocated to the institution. 

Legislation and Bibliography:

Higher Education Act


Financial Autonomy and Control

Financial autonomy and control of the tertiary profession schools (vyšší odborné školy) is described in the section Financial Autonomy and Control in the sub-section on early childhood and school education.

A public higher education institution (vysoká školy) draws up its budget for the calendar year and manages its finances in compliance with this budget. The budget of a public higher education institution must not be drawn up in such a way that it foresees a deficit. The budget is used exclusively to finance activities for which the higher education institution was established, as well as to finance supplementary activities (for details about supplementary activities funding see the section on Funding – Other Revenue).

According to the Higher Education Act, the following funds are established by the public higher education institution:

  • a reserve fund, whose main purpose is to cover losses during subsequent accounting periods
  • a capital assets regeneration fund
  • a scholarship and bursary fund
  • a fund for bonuses
  • a fund for earmarked financial resources
  • a social fund
  • a fund for operational purposes

The Act also sets the details about the establishment and possibilities of use of these funds (for details about supplementary activities funding see the section on Funding – Other Revenue).

Legislation and Bibliography:

Higher Education Act


Fees within Public Higher Education

Tertiary Professional Schools (vyšší odborné školy)

All tertiary professional schools, including public ones, levy tuition fees, which constitute an income for the legal entity of a school. The level of tuition fees in individual study fields of tertiary professional schools, which are established by the state, a region, a municipality or union of municipalities, is set by the school head. The conditions, due dates of tuition fees, options for reductions or exemptions from such tuition fees and the maximum level of fees to be charged are set by the Decree on tertiary professional education. Currently, the fees for public institutions are between  2 500 CZK and 5 000 CZK a year (between EUR 92 and EUR 185; EUR/CZK 27.021 – 28 January 2016). In exceptional cases, the school head may decrease the charges by up to 50 % for a student. The fees are to be paid in two instalments: one for the winter term (due by 15 October) and one for the summer term (due by 15 February).


Higher Education Institutions (vysoké školy)

A public higher education institution can set

  • fees for the admission procedure
  • fees relating to the studies (applying to students who exceed the standard length of study or move on to study further programmes, and graduates studying in further programmes)
  • fees for study in a foreign language

The basis for setting fees is 5 % of the average formula funding (i.e. of non-capital expenditure funded by the Ministry of Education from the state budget to public higher education institutions in the previous calendar year). For the academic year 2015/16, the Ministry of Education set the base to  2 930 CZK (EUR 108; EUR/CZK 27.021 – 28 January 2016), for 2013/14 the sum was also  2 819 CZK.

Fees for the admission procedure are not more than 20 % of the base (usually CZK 500 (EUR 18; EUR/CZK 27.021 – 28 January 2016)).

Fees relating to the studies: If a student takes more than one year over the standard time to complete a Bachelor's or Master's course, they pay at least 1.5 times the base for every further six months of study in which they attend the institution. The standard duration of study includes any time studying on previous uncompleted programmes. If a graduate of a Bachelor's or Master's programme studies on a further Bachelor's or Master's programme, the public higher education institution sets a fee equal to the maximum of the base for every further year in which the student attends the institution. The fees are not levied if a graduate of a Bachelor's study programme studies in a follow up Master's programme, or in the case of parallel study programmes that do not exceed the standard length of a one year programme. When the total period of time taken by the further study exceeds the standard period required, the fees are set to at least 1.5 times the base for every further six months of study in which a student attends the institution. The actual amount of fees (or exemption from them – see Financial Support for Learners) is set by the higher education institutions. The head of higher education institution (rektor) may reduce the fees, waive or defer the date of payment of the fees, taking into account the study results and the social circumstances of a student.

If students are taught in languages other than Czech, the higher education institution sets study fees. The law does not set any limits on these fees. 

The courses within the life-long learning can be provided either for free or fee-based. "Zeroth years" are fee-based. 

The fees for studies at state higher education institutions are set by the Ministry of Defence and by the Ministry of the Interior. 

The income from fees (with the exception of fees for a study in foreign language) constitutes a scholarship fund, which may not be used for any other purposes. 

Legislation and Bibliography:

Basis for setting of fees for study under the Article 58 Paragraph 2 of the Act on Higher Education Institutions


Education Act

Higher Education Act


Financial Support for Learners' Families

One parent can make a claim for the tax benefit (a tax relief or a tax bonus) for each "dependent child“, up to the age of 26. In the case of a disabled child, the tax benefit increases to twice the amount.

Since the legal age (18 years) child allowance is allocated to students directly (for details see the section Financial Support for Learners' Families in early childhood and school education).

Legislation and bibliography:

Basis for setting of fees for study under the article 58 paragraph 2 of the Act on higher education institutions

Education Act

Higher Education Act


Financial Support for Learners

Students (and where relevant, their families) can receive financial support from the budget of the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs and from the budget of Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports.

Pupils and students can receive child allowance until the age of 26 depending on the financial situation of the family and regardless of the type of school (for details see section Financial Support for Learners' Families in early childhood and school education).

Health care is free of charge under the general health insurance system. Health insurance for pupils and students is paid by the state till the age of 26.

A student who is working can reduce the tax up to the age of 26 (respectively 28 in the case of a student of an on-site doctoral study programme).


Tertiary Professional Schools (vyšší odborné školy)

School may provide school meals or accommodation if necessary. The charges for school meals are set by financial regulatory standards, which set financial limits (i.e. for the purchase of food this is 20 to 37 for lunch (EUR 0.7 to 1.4; EUR/CZK 27.021 – 28 January 2016) and CZK 62 to 11 for the whole day (EUR 2 to 4)). The charges for accommodation are regulated by law, the level depends on whether a room is classified as the category I or II. For category I, the charges can be at maximum of CZK 1 600 for every calendar month (EUR 59); for category II, CZK 900 per bed for every calendar month (EUR 33). Further special assistance is available for students in the form of educational and psychological services.

The head of a tertiary professional school may, with the consent of the founder, issue Scholarship Rules according to which pupils and students may be granted scholarships for excellent results.


Higher Education Institution (vysoké školy)

Students receive direct financial support in the form of grants (for accommodation) and indirect support (for food) from the budgets of the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports via the relevant higher education institutions. Meals are provided to students of higher education institutions in student canteens at subsidised prices. It is possible to take meals in student canteens throughout the day.

The accommodation costs for on-site students of higher education institutions, who do not exceed the standard duration of study and do not have permanent residence in the district where they study (in the case of study in the territory of the Capital city of Prague, the student cannot have the place of residence in Prague), are partially covered by support in cash. The funding is given to the higher education institution, which distributes it to students in the form of grants according to the rules set in its internal regulation. The grants are allocated to the higher education institution for students, who fulfil certain conditions to be awarded this support (see Funding), but the higher education institutions are then free to use it for their students in line with their internal regulations as they wish. Students are traditionally accommodated in dormitories of higher education institutions. Students also often rent apartments.

These grants are granted to students by their institution or faculty, from a scholarship fund and in compliance with the scholarship regulations, which are included in the internal regulations of the institution, in the following circumstances:

  • excellent academic achievement
  • excellent achievement in science, research, development, arts and in other creative activities contributing to the deepening of knowledge
  • for research, development and innovation activities
  • for a student in a difficult social situation
  • other situations deserving attention (usually support for accommodation)
  • to support studying abroad
  • to support studying in the Czech Republic

Grants are also available for students of doctoral programmes, of on-site study, in accordance with the scholarship rules of a higher education institution. Grants are usually smaller in the first year of study and higher in the years to follow.

Students of all higher education institutions entitled to the child allowance, according to special legislation and whose relevant family income, ascertained for child allowance purposes, does not exceed 1.5 times the amount of the family subsistence minimum, are also entitled to a "social grant" (a grant strictly defined by a law for students in difficult situations). The amount is set by a government regulation and currently amounts to CZK 1 620 (EUR 60; EUR/CZK 27.021 – 28 January 2016) per month for 10 months in an academic year.

Scholarships funded by the Ministry of Education are also granted, depending on the programmes announced by the Ministry and with respect to commitments arising from international treaties which the Czech Republic has signed up to.

Students benefit from favourable conditions for sport, physical fitness and a healthy life style in public and state institutions, and sport clubs and other facilities are free at most higher education institutions. The same is expected of private higher education institutions.

The rector may also, on the basis of the Act, choose to reduce fees, exempt a student from paying them (see Fees within Public Higher Education) or defer payment with regard to a student's achievements or social situation.

Reduced fares are described in the section on Financial Support for Learners in early childhood and school education.

Legislation and Bibliography:

Education Act

Higher Education Act


Private Education

Tertiary Professional Schools (vyšší odborné školy)

Private tertiary professional schools follow the rules set for private regional education. Tertiary professional schools can be established by e.g. a physical entity, joint stock company, limited company, civic association and foundation. See more about principles of their funding in section on Funding of Private Early Childhood and School Education.

Private tertiary professional schools set their tuition fees themselves, according to the material and technical complexity of a given study field. The fees usually range from CZK 10 000 to 30 000 (EUR from 370 to 1110; EUR/CZK 27.021 – 28 January 2016).

Fees at denominational tertiary professional schools are usually similar to those of the public ones (see section on Fees in Public Higher Education).


Higher Education Institution (vysoké školy)

Under the terms of the Higher Education Act, a legal entity authorised to operate as a private institution of higher learning is obliged to secure funds for its educational and scientific, research, developmental, artistic or other creative activities. 

If a private higher education institution has charity status, it may receive a state subsidy from the Ministry of Education to support the development of the accredited study programmes and lifelong learning programmes together with the related scientific, research, development, artistic or other creative activities. However, the private institution does not have a legal claim on the subsidy. Currently, only one higher education institution receives the balance subsidy (the subsidy is provided for services of general economic interest and for fulfilment of commitment by the public service – shortage of graduates of study programmes of healthcare and midwife at public higher education sector).

Private higher education institutions receive a subsidy to cover social grants in the amount set by law. A subsidy allocated to a private higher education institution for accommodation scholarship is the same as for a public higher education institution. 

Private higher education institutions set study fees in their internal regulation, even for the standard length of study. These fees are not regulated by any legislation. 

Legislation and Bibliography:

Education Act

Rules for Providing Subsidies to Private Higher Education Institutions