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Czech-Republic:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

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Overview Czech Republic

Contents

Czech-Republic:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Czech-Republic:Historical Development

Czech-Republic:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Czech-Republic:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Czech-Republic:Political and Economic Situation

Czech-Republic:Organisation and Governance

Czech-Republic:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Czech-Republic:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Czech-Republic:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Private Education

Czech-Republic:National Qualifications Framework

Czech-Republic:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Czech-Republic:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Czech-Republic:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Czech-Republic:Funding in Education

Czech-Republic:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Czech-Republic:Higher Education Funding

Czech-Republic:Adult Education and Training Funding

Czech-Republic:Early Childhood Education and Care

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Czech-Republic:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Czech-Republic:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Czech-Republic:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Czech-Republic:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Czech-Republic:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Czech-Republic:Single Structure Education (Integrated Primary and Lower Secondary Education)

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Single Structure Education

Czech-Republic:Teaching and Learning in Single Structure Education

Czech-Republic:Assessment in Single Structure Education

Czech-Republic:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Single Structure Education

Czech-Republic:Upper Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Upper Secondary Education

Czech-Republic:Teaching and Learning in Upper Secondary Education

Czech-Republic:Assessment in Upper Secondary Education

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Conservatoires (Arts Education)

Czech-Republic:Teaching and Learning in Conservatoires (Arts Education)

Czech-Republic:Assessment in Conservatoires (Arts Education)

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Follow-up and Shortened Study

Czech-Republic:Teaching and Learning in Follow-up and Shortened Study

Czech-Republic:Assessment in Follow-up and Shortened Study

Czech-Republic:Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Czech-Republic:First Cycle Programmes

Czech-Republic:Bachelor

Czech-Republic:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Second Cycle Programmes

Czech-Republic:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Czech-Republic:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Czech-Republic:Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Distribution of Responsibilities

Czech-Republic:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Czech-Republic:Main Providers

Czech-Republic:Main Types of Provision

Czech-Republic:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Czech-Republic:Teachers and Education Staff

Czech-Republic:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Management and Other Education Staff

Czech-Republic:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Czech-Republic:Management Staff for Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Quality Assurance

Czech-Republic:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Educational Support and Guidance

Czech-Republic:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Czech-Republic:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Czech-Republic:Mobility and Internationalisation

Czech-Republic:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Mobility in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Czech-Republic:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Czech-Republic:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Czech-Republic:National Reforms in School Education

Czech-Republic:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Czech-Republic:National Reforms in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Czech-Republic:European Perspective

Czech-Republic:Legislation

Czech-Republic:Institutions

Czech-Republic:Bibliography

Czech-Republic:Glossary

Academic Guidance

Higher education and education at tertiary professional schools is regulated by different Acts and regulations. The guidance and counselling for tertiary professional education is organised by the same bodies and institutions and in the same way as at secondary schools (see Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education). Only guidance and counselling at higher education institutions will be mentioned in this chapter.

Study Departments of higher education institutions are the main information source for applicants for study at a higher education institution and provide study support. The study affairs at the higher education institution level are dealt with by a Rector's office (vice-rector for study affairs) and at the faculty level by a Dean’s Office (vice-dean for study affairs). Study Departments are their entity.

In addition, some higher education institutions boast academic guidance service centres. The legislative basis for these was laid down by the Higher Education Act passed in 1998, according to which the public higher education institutions are obliged to offer information and guidance/counselling services connected with the study and future work placement of graduates of study programmes (similar guidance/counselling services are usually also provided by private higher education institutions) to applicants, students and other persons. At that time, there were already 41 guidance and counselling service centres in existence at higher education institutions. In 2009, there were 67 of them at public, state and private higher education institutions. Several guidance and counselling service centres of various specialisations can coexist within one workplace.

They provide both educational guidance, and psychological counselling or vocational / career guidance, possibly legal advice or social counselling. The specialisation of the guidance and counselling centre is based on the specialisation of staff, who work in  the centre, and especially on the status of guidance and counselling in the structure of the higher education institution. Professionally, the most diversified guidance, counsellling and other services are offered by the rector' office guidance centres.

The most frequent is psychological counselling, followed by career and educational guidance and counselling for all students in all forms of study.

Educational guidance is provided to applicants before and during the first months of study at a higher education institution. The guidance and counselling service centres help students to choose or to change their branch of study according to their personal interests and abilities, to work out their study plan, to develop study skills they may lack, etc. The centres can set and evaluate tests of study skills or other tests of special abilities. Under the educational guidance, the priority topics of the higher education institutions such as student mobility (in the form of regular seminars for students about opportunities for studying abroad or the processing of information publications on the subject) are supported.

In addition to guidance centres, there are also other ways to inform students on their educational path.

Higher education institutions organise Open Days during which the prospective students find out about the institutions and the way the studies are organised.

Applicants may also get valuable information from an annual fair of post-secondary education options called GAUDEAMUS.

The Information Portal – www.infoabsolvent.cz – the Information System on School Leavers' Success in the Labour Market (ISA) (see the section Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education, part Career Guidance) contains the information on higher education programmes: information on higher education institutions which offer certain courses, on the types, form and length of studies, on the numbers of students admitted and on the success of the applicants in the previous year. For more comprehensive information about the higher education institutions, see the relevant websites, for example www.vysokeskoly.cz , www.atlasskolstvi.cz  or www.kampomaturite.cz .


Legislation and bibliography:

Higher Education Act


Psychological Counselling

Academic guidance and counselling centres are concerned with various types of support, help, guidance and counselling, provide guidance services to applicants and to students throughout the studies focused on help to solve study related problems (stress because of failure, frustration due to interpersonal conflicts) and personal ones (stemming from drug or other addictions, family disruption, lack of communication skills, etc.). Academic guidance and counselling centres offer social and psychological counselling and vocational/career guidance, as well as specific guidance to students and applicants with special educational needs.

Psychological counselling services and psychotherapy are provided by qualified teachers – psychologists, who are engaged in some of the guidance centres for students usually beyond the scope of their work activities at the higher education institution.


Career Guidance

The importance of career guidance and counselling is increasing due to the rapid growth in the number of graduates of higher education institutions and as a result of the accelerated changes in the labour market. It proceeds through information provision, the searching and maintaining contacts with potential employers of graduates; at some higher education institutions through practical training, which is part of the teaching.

Professional and career guidance and counselling takes various shapes and forms. Some higher education institutions organise job fairs within this activity, some others organise "career management skills" courses.

Academic guidance centres provide students with contacts of future employers, give advice on finding a job, how to plan and shape a professional career, etc. The centres are also often contact points for students and employers while searching for suitable topics, eventually real working environments for realisation of bachelor’s and master’s final theses. Upon the request of the school management, they monitor the participation and success of graduates in the labour market and the employers’ demands.

In order to assure the best prospects of graduates in the labour market, the cooperation of higher education institutions and social partners is supported and is continuously growing.