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Czech-Republic:Glossary

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Overview Czech Republic

Contents

Czech-Republic:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Czech-Republic:Historical Development

Czech-Republic:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Czech-Republic:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Czech-Republic:Political and Economic Situation

Czech-Republic:Organisation and Governance

Czech-Republic:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Czech-Republic:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Czech-Republic:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Private Education

Czech-Republic:National Qualifications Framework

Czech-Republic:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Czech-Republic:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Czech-Republic:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Czech-Republic:Funding in Education

Czech-Republic:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Czech-Republic:Higher Education Funding

Czech-Republic:Adult Education and Training Funding

Czech-Republic:Early Childhood Education and Care

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Czech-Republic:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Czech-Republic:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Czech-Republic:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Czech-Republic:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Czech-Republic:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Czech-Republic:Single Structure Education (Integrated Primary and Lower Secondary Education)

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Single Structure Education

Czech-Republic:Teaching and Learning in Single Structure Education

Czech-Republic:Assessment in Single Structure Education

Czech-Republic:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Single Structure Education

Czech-Republic:Upper Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Upper Secondary Education

Czech-Republic:Teaching and Learning in Upper Secondary Education

Czech-Republic:Assessment in Upper Secondary Education

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Conservatoires (Arts Education)

Czech-Republic:Teaching and Learning in Conservatoires (Arts Education)

Czech-Republic:Assessment in Conservatoires (Arts Education)

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Follow-up and Shortened Study

Czech-Republic:Teaching and Learning in Follow-up and Shortened Study

Czech-Republic:Assessment in Follow-up and Shortened Study

Czech-Republic:Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Czech-Republic:First Cycle Programmes

Czech-Republic:Bachelor

Czech-Republic:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Second Cycle Programmes

Czech-Republic:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Czech-Republic:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Czech-Republic:Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Distribution of Responsibilities

Czech-Republic:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Czech-Republic:Main Providers

Czech-Republic:Main Types of Provision

Czech-Republic:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Czech-Republic:Teachers and Education Staff

Czech-Republic:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Management and Other Education Staff

Czech-Republic:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Czech-Republic:Management Staff for Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Quality Assurance

Czech-Republic:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Educational Support and Guidance

Czech-Republic:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Czech-Republic:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Czech-Republic:Mobility and Internationalisation

Czech-Republic:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Mobility in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Czech-Republic:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Czech-Republic:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Czech-Republic:National Reforms in School Education

Czech-Republic:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Czech-Republic:National Reforms in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Czech-Republic:European Perspective

Czech-Republic:Legislation

Czech-Republic:Institutions

Czech-Republic:Bibliography

Czech-Republic:Glossary

Contents

Absolutorium

Graduate Examination

1. A type of examination passed at the end of tertiary professional education (vyšší odborné vzdělávání, ISCED 655) consisting of a theoretical examination in special subjects, of an examination in one foreign language, and defence of a graduate thesis.

2. Absolutorium v konzervatoři – graduate examination at the conservatoire. A comprehensive professional examination finalising the tertiary professional education at a conservatoire (ISCED 554) consisting of a theoretical examination composed of vocational subjects specified by the Framework Educational Programme, an examination in a foreign language, a graduate thesis and its defence, and a graduate performance in one or two principal branches, or an examination in artistic and pedagogical training if so stipulated by the Framework Educational Programme. The graduate examination in dance does not include an examination in a foreign language.


Asistent

Assistant

An academic rank of a teacher at a higher education institution. The qualification requirements and responsibilities are set by each higher education institution and recorded in their internal regulations. He/she is usually expected to have a Master’s degree. An academic’s career usually starts with this category.

 

Asistent pedagoga

Teacher's Assistant

A member of education staff, who provides assistance to pupils in the process of adaptation to the school environment, assistance to the members of education staff of the school in their educational activities and assistance in communication with pupils.

 

Děkan

Dean

The top representative of the faculty who decides on its issues. He is promoted to this position by the higher education institution's head on the basis of a proposal by the Academic Senate for a three-year term.


Dětská skupina

Child Group

A legal form of services intended for children from 1 year of age until the commencement of compulsory schooling (6/7 years). It provides regular care for a child outside his or her home in a group of children. Child groups can be established by employers for their employees and by various non-profit entities.

 

Dětský domov

Children’s Home

An institution for the provision of institutional care for children and youths; it ensures social, material and educational care of those who from serious reasons cannot be brought up within the family and cannot be adopted or placed in another form of surrogated family care. The institution usually cares for children from 3 to 18 years and can also be of a family type. Dětský domov se školou is an institution for the provision of institutional care for children and youths with a school included. It is intended for pupils 6-15 who have serious behavioural difficulties or intellectual disorders, and for children in mandatory protective care.


Diagnostický ústav

Diagnostic Institute

A school facility for institutional education and protective care. It is focused on the support of education, learning, and the career decisions of children, pupils and students. The services are provided to pupils, their legal guardians, schools and school facilities.


Diplomovaný specialista

Diploma Specialist

A title of a graduate who successfully completed the tertiary professional school or conservatoire. The study is finished by an graduate examination (absolutorium) after 3 years at tertiary professional school, or after the relevant number of years at the conservatoire.


Docent

Associate Professor

A member of academic staff whose position is acquired through habilitation (the procedure for the appointment of a docent) and he/she is appointed by a rector on the basis of a recommendation by the faculty Scientific Council.


Domov mládeže

A school lodging and boarding facility providing care (accommodation, meals and leisure time activities) for pupils of upper secondary school (střední škola) and students of tertiary professional school (vyšší odborná škola), living at a distance from the school they attend


Gymnázium

Upper Secondary General School

A school providing general secondary education with a school-leaving examination (střední vzdělání s maturitní zkouškou) – ISCED 344. A school-leaving examination report (vysvědčení o maturitní zkoušce) entitles pupils to seek admission to tertiary education. The studies may last four years (only upper secondary level), or six or eight years (including lower and upper secondary education).


Internát

A school lodging and boarding facility providing accommodation, education and care and meals for children and pupils of schools, set up especially for persons with disability.


Jazyková škola

Language School

Full term: jazyková škola s právem státní jazykové zkoušky (language school authorised to organise state language examinations). A school providing language education (further education). The schools are subject to the Education Act. These schools are also allowed to provide one-year post-secondary foreign language courses (ISCED 454) following a school-leaving examination.


Jesle

Crèche

A former child health facility established by the municipality taking care of the all-around development of children, usually up to 3 years of age. The facility was under the responsibility of the Ministry of Health, it was not part of the education system. The operation of crèches under the Act on Public Health Care was discontinued at the end of 2013. However, the former facilities are still running under the Act on Business Trade but as part of other institutions (e.g. health facilities, social service facilities or nursery schools – mateřské školy). They can also operate under the child group (dětská skupina).

 

Kvestor

Bursar

A senior higher education institution employee who has the administrative responsibility and no teaching obligations.

 

Lektor

Lecturer

An academic rank of a teacher at a higher education institution. Qualification requirements and responsibilities are set by each higher education institution and recorded in their internal regulations. He/she is usually expected to have a Bachelor’s or Master’s degree and to mainly ensure the instruction of students.

 

Lyceum

An upper secondary school providing secondary education with a school-leaving examination (střední vzdělání s maturitní zkouškou) offering courses which provide vocational/technical education with a higher proportion of general education (ISCED 344), and to primarily prepare for tertiary education in the given specialisation, e.g. Technical Lyceum, Economics Lyceum and Pedagogical Lyceum.

 

Málotřídní škola

The common name for a basic school (základní škola) in which it is possible to teach pupils of several grades together in one class. At the primary level depending on local condition, the school can have from one to four classes. It is not possible to merge several grades together at the second level. The schools usually only include the primary level, but they can also have both levels (fully organised).

 

Mateřská škola

Nursery School

A school ensuring pre-school education for children from the age 3 until 6 when they start compulsory education. It is part of the education system. Its organising body is usually a municipality, possibly a private founder or church.

 

Maturitní zkouška

School-leaving Examination

An examination completing study in educational programmes where the pupil acquires secondary education completed by a school-leaving examination (střední vzdělání s maturitní zkouškou) – ISCED 344 or 354. From 2010/2011, the examination has included common (state) and profile (school) parts of the examination. It is a prerequisite for entry to higher and tertiary professional education.

 

Metodik prevence v pedagogicko-psychologické poradně

Prevention Specialists in Pedagogical and Psychological Counselling Centre.

A member of specialist team of pedagogical and psychological counselling centre (pedagogicko-psychologická poradna).


Nástavbové studium

Follow-up Study

This type of education is organised by upper secondary schools (střední školy) for graduates who have completed their secondary education by attaining an apprenticeship certificate (střední vzdělání s výučním listem) in related courses of the 3-year daily form of attendance. The daily form of follow-up study lasts 2 years. It is finished with the school-leaving examination (maturitní zkouška) – ISCED 354.

 

Odborné učiliště

A type of upper secondary school (střední škola) which provides courses of upper secondary education completed with the apprenticeship certificate (střední vzdělání s výučním listem) for pupils who are successfully acquiring the last year of nine-years základní škola praktická (formerzvláštní škola – remedial school). It is focused on pupils with mild mental disabilities. The programmes usually last 2 years.

 

Odborný asistent

Senior Assistant

A member of the academic staff with varying levels of research experience. The requirements are set by the higher education institutions. He/she is usually expected to have the title Ph.D. His/her teaching obligation is usually greater than that of the associated professor (docent) or professor (profesor). His/her main concern is tutorials and seminars.


Pedagog volného času

Teacher Responsible for Leisure Activities

A member of education staff working in facilities for developing personal interests (in leisure centres – středisko volného času).

 

Pedagog v zařízení pro další vzdělávání pedagogických pracovníků

Teacher in CPD Programmes for Education Staff

A member of education staff responsible for the further education of education staff in a school facility for the further education of educational staff (zařízení pro další vzdělávání pedagogických pracovníků).

 

Pedagogicko-psychologická poradna

Pedagogical and Psychological Counselling Centre

Type of school guidance and counselling facility offering professional pedagogical psychological and special pedagogical service to children and pupils aged from 3 to 19. Individual or group work of the experts with pupils, their legal guardians and teachers includes diagnostic, interventional, methodical and information activities. It is provided on a non-residential basis at the centre premises and through visits of counsellors to schools and school facilities.

 

Praktická škola

Practical School

Type of upper secondary school (střední škola) offering education to pupils with severe mental disability. The education programme lasts 1 or 2 years, school leavers acquire the level of secondary education (ISCED 253).

 

Profesor

Professor

A member of the academic staff, distinguished and respected scientific or artistic personality in his/her field appointed by the President of the Republic on the recommendation of the higher education institution’s scientific council, submitted through the Minister of Education, Youth and Sports.


Psycholog

Psychologist

A member of a specialist team of school guidance and counselling facilities and centre of educational care. Within these institutions, psychologists are considered as education staff performing a direct pedagogical-psychological activity. There are school psychologists working at some schools. Whether the school employs such staff is the school head's decision. Psychologists working at schools and school facilities are included within the education staff.


Rigorózní zkouška

1. A state examination (oral and defence of thesis) which a graduate of Master's studies in law, humanities, social sciences, natural sciences can pass. After having passed the exam the titles JUDr., PhDr., RNDr., PharmDr., ThLic. and ThDr. are awarded.

2. The final examination of Master's studies in medicine, veterinary medicine and hygiene and dentistry studies, lasting 5–6 years. The graduates are awarded titles MUDr. and MVDr. and MDDr.

 

Speciálně pedagogické centrum

Special Educational Centre

A type of school guidance and counselling facility provides guidance services to pupils with disabilities, pupils with a health disadvantage integrated into schools and school facilities, pupils with these difficulties in schools, classes, sections or study groups with specially modified educational programmes, pupils with disabilities in special basic schools (základní škola speciální) and to children with severe mental disability.

 

Speciální pedagog

Special Educational Needs Specialist

A member of the team at pedagogical and psychological counselling centre (pedagogicko-psychologická poradna) or special pedagogical centre (speciálně pedagogické centrum). Education staff of schools and schools facilities also include the SEN specialists. The decision on whether the school SEN specialists will work at school is up to a school head.

 

Speciální škola

Legislative abbreviation for a type of school established specifically for children with disabilities. Schools are specified according to the kind of disability (for the physically disabled, visually impaired, etc.) and to the kind of school (nursery schools, basic schools, upper secondary schools).

 

Středisko praktického vyučování

Centre of Practical Education

A school special purpose facility which provides practical training for pupils of upper secondary schools (střední školy) according to the educational documents of particular schools.

 

Středisko volného času

Leisure Time Centre

Type of school facility with various activities for children and youths of all ages. The centres are divided into children and youth houses (domy dětí a mládeže) with a wide variety of activities in many areas, and a special activity centre (stanice zájmových činností), focusing on specific areas of interest. They can offer services for fees. The centres can prepare courses, participate in organising various competitions, camps, clubs, educational programmes for schools etc.

 

Středisko výchovné péče

Centre of Educational Care

A school facility, which provides general preventive educational care for the youths at risk or juveniles with behavioural difficulties (e.g. minors from 3 to 18, or possibly majors of 19) in cases where institutional or protective care is not justified. In addition to their basic non-residential activity, some of them provide clients with residential care and some centres have crisis beds.

 

Střední odborná škola

A common term for technical/vocational upper secondary school mainly providing four-year secondary education completed with a school-leaving examination – střední vzdělání s maturitní zkouškou (ISCED 354), but also other types of upper secondary vocational education. It usually prepares pupils both for an occupation and for the studies at the higher education institutions. The schools have an institutional specialisation, such as industrial, agricultural, health-related, commercial etc.


Střední odborné učiliště

A common term for vocational upper secondary school providing mainly secondary education completed with an apprenticeship certificate – střední vzdělání s výučním listem (ISCED 353) attained after 2-3 years of study. Pupils are qualified for manual and technical work and similar professions.


Střední škola

Upper Secondary School

A school which provides its pupils with the upper secondary education, in case of general courses (gymnzázium) also lower secondary education.


Střední vzdělání

A level of education (ISCED 253/353) attained by the successful completion of an educational programme of upper secondary school (střední škola) lasting 1 or 2 years in a daily form of attendance. It provides certain vocational education. It is completed by the final examination (závěrečná zkouška), the graduates obtain the report on the final examination (vysvědčení o závěrečné zkoušce). This level of education does not allow graduates to enter a tertiary level of education.

 

Střední vzdělání s maturitní zkouškou

Secondary Education Completed by a School-leaving Examination

A level of education (ISCED 344/354)  attained by the successful completion of general four-, six- or eight-year educational programmes (gymnázium), four-year vocational/technical secondary educational programme, the 2-year follow-up study (nástavbové studium) or 1-2-year shortened study. Pupils acquire this educational level,also,after at least four years study of a six-year programme at the conservatoire or eight years of study of an eight-year programme at the conservatoire. After passing the school leaving examination, the graduates obtain the school-leaving examination report (vysvědčení o maturitní zkoušce) which enables the graduates to enter the tertiary level of education.

 

Střední vzdělání s výučním listem

Secondary Education with Apprenticeship Certificate

A level of education (ISCED 353) attained by the successful completion of an educational programme lasting 2 or 3 years in a daily form of attendance or educational programme of shortened study . Pupils are qualified for performing particular professions. The programmes are completed by the final examination (závěrečná zkouška), the graduates obtain a report on the final examination (vysvědčení o závěrečné zkoušce) and the apprenticeship certificate (výuční list). This level of education does not allow graduates to enter the tertiary level of education.

 

Škola v přírodě

School in the Countryside

A school facility which enables the short stay of children from nursery schools and pupils who fulfil the compulsory school attendance in the countryside without interrupting education and thus to compensate for the negative influence of the environment.

 

Školní družina

After-school Centre

A school facility providing special interest education mostly for the pupils of the first stage of basic school (ISCED 1). It usually works at school.


Školní jídelna

School Canteen

A school facility for school catering providing food for children, pupils and students while at school or a school facility


 

Školní klub

School Club

A school facility providing special interest education for pupils of the lower secondary stage of basic schools (ISCED 2). It usually works at school.

 

Školní metodik prevence

School Prevention Specialist

A qualified teacher with special training and a minimum of 2 years previous teaching experience. His/her teaching duty is reduced. His/her work includes e.g. activities aimed at the prevention of truancy, addiction, violence, vandalism, molestation, sect abuse, pre-criminal and criminal behaviour, manifestation of self-destruction etc. These specialists generally operate at all basic, upper secondary and tertiary professional schools.

 

Školní poradenské pracoviště

School Guidance and Counselling Workplace

A common term for guidance and counselling services provided by individual schools by a team of teachers and specialists. At most schools the guidance is ensured only by teachers with special training – school advisors (výchovný poradce) and school prevention specialists (školní metodik prevence). At some schools the team also includes a school psychologist (psycholog) and special educational needs specialists (speciální pedagog).

 

Školní poradenské zařízení

School Guidance and Counselling Facility

A school facility providing information and diagnostic, guidance and methodological services for children, pupils, and students and their statutory representatives, and for schools and school facilities, providing pedagogical and specialised pedagogical and psychological services and preventative educational care, and assisting in selecting suitable future education and training. There are two types of facilities: special educational centre (speciálně pedagogické centrum) and pedagogical and psychological counselling centre (pedagogicko-psychologická poradna).

 

Školská rada

School Council

A body enabling statutory representatives of minor pupils, pupils and students of legal age, pedagogical staff, the founder, and other persons to participate in the management of basic, upper secondary and tertiary professional schools (základní školy, střední školy, vyšší odborné školy). It is established by a founder who at the same time specifies the number of its members and issues rules for its election. The founder appoints one third of the members; one third is elected by the statutory representatives of minor pupils along with the other pupils and students, and one third is elected by the pedagogical staff of the relevant school. The school head cannot be a member of the School Council.

 

Školské účelové zařízení

School Facility Established for Special Purposes

School facilities assisting schools and other school facilities in their activities. They include the following facilities: service centre for schools (středisko služeb školám), school farming facility (školní hospodářství), centre for vocational training (středisko praktického vyučování), school library (školní knihovna) and swimming school (plavecká škola).

 

Školské zařízení

School Facility

A facility providing services and education supplementing and supporting education at schools or relating directly to it, or providing institutional and protective education or preventive educational care (“school services”). The execution of activities carried out at school facilities is conditional upon their inclusion in the School Registry. The types of facilities are as follows: school facilities for further education of educational staff (zařízení pro další vzdělávání pedagogických pracovníků), school guidance and counselling facilities (školská poradenská zařízení), school educational and boarding facilities (školská výchovná a ubytovací zařízení), school facilities for personal interests education (školská zařízení pro zájmové vzdělávání), school canteens (zařízení školního stravování / školní jídelna), school facilities for special purposes (školská účelová zařízení) and school facilities for providing institutional education or protective education and preventative educational care (školská zařízení pro výkon ústavní výchovy, ochranné výchovy a pro preventivně výchovnou péči).

Trenér

Coach

A member of the education staff.

 

Vychovatel

Educational Care Staff with Educational Qualification

A member of the education staff who performs educational tasks at school facilities: ( after-school centre (školní družina), school club (školní klub), school lodging and boarding facilities (domov mládeže and internát), school facilities for institutional education or protective education (e.g. children's home – dětský domov) or school facility for preventive educational care (e.g. the centre of educational care – středisko výchovné péče) and who has acquired the required educational qualifications.

 

Výchovný poradce

School Advisor

A member of the education staff at any basic and upper secondary school providing guidance and counselling. He/she is a qualified teacher with special training, their teaching duty is reduced.

 

Výchovný ústav

Preventive Care Institute (Detention Home)

An educational facility for youths from 15 to 18 with serious behavioural difficulties who were ordered institutional or protective education. Towards children it carries out mainly educational and social tasks.

 

Vysoká škola

Higher Education Institution

It is the general term for a higher education institution. There are two types – universities, providing Bachelor's, Master's as well as Doctoral study programmes (ISCED 6, 7 and 8), and non-university institutions, providing mainly Bachelor’s programmes. They are public (established by the law), state and private. They achieve their aim by close relations of teaching with scholarly, academic, research, developmental, innovative, artistic or other creative activities.

 

Vyšší odborná škola

Tertiary Professional Schools

Schools providing tertiary professional education (ISCED 655). They are public (established by Regions), private or denominational. The study is finished by the graduate examination (absolutorium). Tertiary professional school graduates are awarded a degree diplomovaný specialista (a qualified specialist) written after his/her name and abbreviated as DiS.

 

Vyšší odborné vzdělání

1. Tertiary professional education is a level of education (ISCED 655) achieved after the successful graduation at a tertiary professional school (vyšší odborná škola). The length of tertiary professional education in the daily form of attendance is three years including vocational training; with regard to medical branches, it lasts up to three and half years and is finished with the graduation examination (absolutorium).

2. Tertiary professional education at conservatoire (ISCED 554). An art education which lasts either six years in a daily form of attendance (first four years correspond to ISCED level 3) or eight years (first six years correspond to ISCED level 2 and 3).

 

Výuční list

Apprenticeship Certificate

A certificate obtained on completion of the vocational upper secondary education with an apprenticeship certificate (střední vzdělání s výučním listem) in 2- and 3-year programmes. It is gained after passing the final examination (zavěrečná zkouška) together with the report on the final examination (vysvědčení o závěrečné zkoušce). The apprenticeship certificate includes a clause on graduation from practical education.

 

Základní škola

Bsic School

A school where a pupil fulfils his/her compulsory school attendance. It is divided into two stages, first (1-5 grades) corresponding to the primary level (ISCED 100), and second stage (6-9 grades) corresponding to the lower secondary level (ISCED 244). On completion of school, pupils acquire a level of basic education. The organising body of public schools is usually a municipality.

 

Základní škola praktická

Practical Basic School

A basic school (základní škola) providing compulsory education to pupils with a mild intellectual disabilities.

 

Základní škola speciální

Special Basic School

A basic school (základní škola) targeted at pupils with moderate and severe mental disabilities which awards “basics of education” (základy vzdělání).

 

Základní umělecká škola

Basic Art School

A school providing basic education in individual fields of art and preparing pupils for studying courses and branches taught at the upper secondary schools of artistic nature and conservatoires. It can organise adult education. Compared with the basic school (základní školy), they do not provide defined level of education.

 

Základní vzdělání

Basic Education

A level of education (ISCED 244) acquired by a pupil through the successful completion of the educational programme of basic education at a basic school, at the lower secondary level of six- or eight-year general secondary school (gymnázium), or in the corresponding level of the eight-year educational programme at a conservatoire. The level of basic education can also be acquired after completing compulsory school education through successfully completing the course for acquiring basic education organised at basic or secondary schools.

 

Základy vzdělání

Basics of Education

A level of education acquired by a pupil through the completion of the educational programme of basic education at a special basic school.

 

Zařízení pro další vzdělávání pedagogických pracovníků

School Facility for Further Education of Educational Staff

A school facility providing in-service training, advisory services in methodical issues and management of schools and school facilities.


Zařízení pro péči o děti do 3 let

Setting for Children under 3 Years of Age

A shortened term for facility established within the trade (profession) Daily care for children under 3 years of age. The facilities are primarily intended for private natural persons or legal entities; however, some public subjects have it registered as well. They fall under the responsibility of the Ministry of Industry and Trade and operate under the Trade Licensing Act and general legal regulations.


Závěrečná zkouška

Final Examination

An examination in the fields of study providing secondary education (střední vzdělání, ISCED 253/353) and secondary education with an apprenticeship certificate (střední vzdělání s výučním listem, ISCED 353). It consists of a practical and theoretical examination from vocational subjects in the case of the secondary education.  In courses for attaining an apprenticeship certificate, it consists of a written and oral examination as well as a practical examination and the schools are obliged to use unified assignments for the final examinations and related documentation (from the school year 2014/15).