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Czech-Republic:Distribution of Responsibilities

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Overview Czech Republic

Contents

Czech-Republic:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Czech-Republic:Historical Development

Czech-Republic:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Czech-Republic:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Czech-Republic:Political and Economic Situation

Czech-Republic:Organisation and Governance

Czech-Republic:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Czech-Republic:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Czech-Republic:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Private Education

Czech-Republic:National Qualifications Framework

Czech-Republic:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Czech-Republic:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Czech-Republic:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Czech-Republic:Funding in Education

Czech-Republic:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Czech-Republic:Higher Education Funding

Czech-Republic:Adult Education and Training Funding

Czech-Republic:Early Childhood Education and Care

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Czech-Republic:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Czech-Republic:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Czech-Republic:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Czech-Republic:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Czech-Republic:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Czech-Republic:Single Structure Education (Integrated Primary and Lower Secondary Education)

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Single Structure Education

Czech-Republic:Teaching and Learning in Single Structure Education

Czech-Republic:Assessment in Single Structure Education

Czech-Republic:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Single Structure Education

Czech-Republic:Upper Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Upper Secondary Education

Czech-Republic:Teaching and Learning in Upper Secondary Education

Czech-Republic:Assessment in Upper Secondary Education

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Conservatoires (Arts Education)

Czech-Republic:Teaching and Learning in Conservatoires (Arts Education)

Czech-Republic:Assessment in Conservatoires (Arts Education)

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Follow-up and Shortened Study

Czech-Republic:Teaching and Learning in Follow-up and Shortened Study

Czech-Republic:Assessment in Follow-up and Shortened Study

Czech-Republic:Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Czech-Republic:First Cycle Programmes

Czech-Republic:Bachelor

Czech-Republic:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Second Cycle Programmes

Czech-Republic:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Czech-Republic:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Czech-Republic:Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Distribution of Responsibilities

Czech-Republic:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Czech-Republic:Main Providers

Czech-Republic:Main Types of Provision

Czech-Republic:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Czech-Republic:Teachers and Education Staff

Czech-Republic:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Management and Other Education Staff

Czech-Republic:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Czech-Republic:Management Staff for Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Quality Assurance

Czech-Republic:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Educational Support and Guidance

Czech-Republic:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Czech-Republic:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Czech-Republic:Mobility and Internationalisation

Czech-Republic:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Mobility in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Czech-Republic:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Czech-Republic:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Czech-Republic:National Reforms in School Education

Czech-Republic:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Czech-Republic:National Reforms in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Czech-Republic:European Perspective

Czech-Republic:Legislation

Czech-Republic:Institutions

Czech-Republic:Bibliography

Czech-Republic:Glossary

The fundamental role in the field of development and support of adult education is played by the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports (MEYS) and the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs (MLSA).

The main powers of the Ministry of Education in the area of adult education at national level are to make legislation for the whole field of further (continuing) education, prepare policies and strategies, set out the system for recognition of professional qualifications according to the Act on the Recognition of Further Education Results and develop and implement the National Qualification System, to interconnect the initial and further education, to inform on educational offer in the field of further education, to support learners and providers of education or to support the promotion of adult education system.

The Ministry of Education is granted special power in the field of retraining (see the section on Provision Targeting the Transition to the Labour Market) where it acts as an accreditation body for retraining programmes. It also coordinates activities of other ministries, other central state administration bodies and professional chambers in relevant areas according to the Act on Recognition of Professional Qualifications and the Act on the Recognition of Further Education Results (see the article on Developments and Current Policy Priorities).

The Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs guarantees above all the state employment policy. In the field of adult education it is in charge mainly of:

  • monitoring and assessing current and future demands for qualifications on the labour market, continuous dialogue with social partners;
  • developing and updating the description of occupations (in co-operation with employers) as a necessary prerequisite needed for specifying qualification requirements for their performance and their recognition (National Occupations System);
  • defining requirements for further education in compliance with demands of the labour market with the aim to achieve a maximum possible accord between the human resources and demands;
  • retraining in conformity with the demands of the labour market including its funding and educating of applicants and interested persons for employment with the aim to increase their employability on the labour market;
  • supporting education of adults who have a difficult access to the labour market;
  • supporting the human resources development on the labour market, supporting education of employers and employees, implementing systems of human resources development in companies with special attention to the support of small and medium-size enterprises (SME);
  • system assuring of career guidance and counselling for applicants and interested persons for employment and persons entering the labour market.


In May 2010, the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs and the Ministry of Education established the National Guidance Forum as a mutual advisory body in the field of career guidance in a lifelong perspective. It unites subjects providing and developing services of career guidance and counselling in the Czech Republic, including state administration institutions.

The Ministry of Industry and Trade also plays an important role in the adult education field. It devotes special attention to competitiveness enhancement through implementing national programmes within the Sectoral Operational Programme Enterprise and Innovation (2007–2013), which is part of the Competitiveness and Innovation Framework Programme. Its main goals include, among others, supporting introduction of and access to new information and communication technologies including retraining of staff.

The Ministry of Culture as a central state administration body for the media, libraries and cultural and educational activities provides for a substantial part of interest based learning.

All ministries are responsible for vocational training in regulated professions within their sectors. They are authorizing bodies according to the Act on the Recognition of Further Education Results, grant authorization to verify and recognize further education results (see the article on Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning) and participate in preparation of qualification and assessments standards in their sectors.

Regions, due to division of powers among respective levels of public administration, play a decisive role in education and training including adult education, mainly because they are authorized to establish secondary and tertiary professional schools.

Municipalities play an important role in education and training since they are entitled not only to establish basic schools which provide spaces, means of instruction or staff for educational courses but also establish most museums, galleries, libraries and cultural community centres which are traditional venues for adult education and learning and cultural activities.

In addition to the above mentioned administrative bodies the adult education field is significantly influenced by advisory bodies of the government, especially by the Council of Economic and Social Agreement, and social partners. Individual regions set up councils for the development of human resources (with advisory function). Chambers of commerce also act as providers of vocational training at national and regional level.