Czech-Republic:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

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Czech-Republic:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Czech-Republic:Historical Development

Czech-Republic:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Czech-Republic:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Czech-Republic:Political and Economic Situation

Czech-Republic:Organisation and Governance

Czech-Republic:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Czech-Republic:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Czech-Republic:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Private Education

Czech-Republic:National Qualifications Framework

Czech-Republic:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Czech-Republic:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Czech-Republic:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Czech-Republic:Funding in Education

Czech-Republic:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Czech-Republic:Higher Education Funding

Czech-Republic:Adult Education and Training Funding

Czech-Republic:Early Childhood Education and Care

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Czech-Republic:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Czech-Republic:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Czech-Republic:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Czech-Republic:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Czech-Republic:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Czech-Republic:Single Structure Education (Integrated Primary and Lower Secondary Education)

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Single Structure Education

Czech-Republic:Teaching and Learning in Single Structure Education

Czech-Republic:Assessment in Single Structure Education

Czech-Republic:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Single Structure Education

Czech-Republic:Upper Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Upper Secondary Education

Czech-Republic:Teaching and Learning in Upper Secondary Education

Czech-Republic:Assessment in Upper Secondary Education

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Conservatoires (Arts Education)

Czech-Republic:Teaching and Learning in Conservatoires (Arts Education)

Czech-Republic:Assessment in Conservatoires (Arts Education)

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Follow-up and Shortened Study

Czech-Republic:Teaching and Learning in Follow-up and Shortened Study

Czech-Republic:Assessment in Follow-up and Shortened Study

Czech-Republic:Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Czech-Republic:First Cycle Programmes

Czech-Republic:Bachelor

Czech-Republic:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Second Cycle Programmes

Czech-Republic:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Czech-Republic:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Czech-Republic:Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Distribution of Responsibilities

Czech-Republic:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Czech-Republic:Main Providers

Czech-Republic:Main Types of Provision

Czech-Republic:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Czech-Republic:Teachers and Education Staff

Czech-Republic:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Management and Other Education Staff

Czech-Republic:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Czech-Republic:Management Staff for Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Quality Assurance

Czech-Republic:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Educational Support and Guidance

Czech-Republic:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Czech-Republic:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Czech-Republic:Mobility and Internationalisation

Czech-Republic:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Mobility in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Czech-Republic:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Czech-Republic:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Czech-Republic:National Reforms in School Education

Czech-Republic:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Czech-Republic:National Reforms in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Czech-Republic:European Perspective

Czech-Republic:Legislation

Czech-Republic:Institutions

Czech-Republic:Bibliography

Czech-Republic:Glossary

Tertiary professional schools

Tertiary professional schools (vyšší odborné školy) follow the same rules as for teachers of lower educational levels (see Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education).


Higher education institutions

Conditions of service for academic staff and other staff at higher education institutions (vysoké školy) are set out in the Labour Code and other generally binding national labour regulations. In addition to the Labour Code and other generally binding legal regulations, the current higher education personnel policy is governed by the Higher Education Act.

The self-governing body of a higher educational institution can specify the conditions according to its needs and they are set in internal regulations of individual institutions. According to the Higher Education Act and with respect to the general labour legislative, a higher education institution has to issue an internal pay regulation which is then accredited by the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports.

If there are trade unions at the workplace, the service conditions are subject to negotiation. All these local specifications, however, must still respect the framework set by the generally binding legal regulations.

Compliance with the conditions of service at higher education institutions is the responsibility of the senior academic officials (rector, dean). Regulation provisions are administered by the personnel departments of the rector's and dean's offices, although these do not have any decision-making powers.


Legislation and bibliography:

Labour Code

Higher Education Act



Planning Policy

Tertiary professional schools

For the planning policy of tertiary professional schools (vyšší odborné školy), see the section Planning Policy in Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education.


Higher education institutions

The Higher Education Act lays down the obligation of both the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports and higher education institutions (vysoké školy) to publish long-term objectives for institutions of higher education and keep them up-to-date (see Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level). In the long-term objective published, principal priorities and goals relating to the development of higher education are worked out. Long-term objectives of individual higher education institutions are one of the factors on the basis of which the level of subsidies for the public higher education institutions is determined. (For more information see Higher Education Funding.)


Legislation and bibliography:

The Strategic Plan for Higher Education Institutions for 2011–2015

Updated Strategic Plan for Higher Education Institutions for 2013



Entry to the Profession

Tertiary professional schools

For recruitment of tertiary professional school teachers (vyšší odborné školy), see the section Entry to the Profession in Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education.


Higher education institutions

Under the Higher Education Act, the positions of members of academic staff at public higher education institutions (vysoké školy) are filled through application procedures which are detailed in each institution's internal regulations. Such a procedure is not required in the case of the re-employment of an academic employee in his/her current post.

The announcement that applications are being received for an academic post must be made public on the official notice board of the higher education institution or one of its constituent parts as well as in public mass media covering the whole of the Czech Republic at least 30 days prior to the deadline for the submission of applications.

The details on application procedures are laid out in the internal regulations of a higher education institution. 


Legislation and bibliography:

Higher Education Act



Professional Status

Tertiary professional schools

For professional status of tertiary professional school teachers (vyšší odborné školy), see the section Professional Status in Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education.


Higher education institutions

Academic staff are subject to general labour legislation (only the employees of the state schools with the status of civil servants are governed by specific legislation). The status of academic staff is set by the Higher Education Act and in detail by the internal regulations of an institution. The types of contracts available to academic staff at higher education institutions (vysoké školy) are the same as in the case of teachers of lower educational levels (see the section on Professional Status in Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education). Other specialists may take part in teaching on the basis of contracts for work done outside the employment relationship. The internal regulations of a higher education institution specify the status of the visiting professor.

The Higher Education Act recognises the following academic rights and freedoms of academic staff:

  • the freedom of scientific, research and artistic work and to publish its results;
  • the freedom to teach in a spirit of openness towards various scientific opinions, scientific and research methods and artistic styles;
  • the right to a free choice of study area within the study programmes offered and the freedom to express one's own opinions in teaching;
  • the right to elect representative academic bodies;
  • the right to use academic insignia and to perform academic ceremonies.

A member of the academic staff is a member of the academic community and as such has the right to be nominated and elected by academic bodies, including the academic senate, the rector, the dean, a scientific, artistic or academic council or a disciplinary commission. As a member of the academic community, a member of the academic staff can be charged with the function of the vice-rector, deputy dean, director of a research institute or manager of other parts of higher education institutions (e.g. the head of the department). As a representative of the academic community, he/she can be a delegate to the national higher education bodies (e.g. the Czech Rectors' Conference or the Higher Education Council).

Only the professor or the associate professor as a member of the academic staff can guarantee the quality and development of the study programme provided by a higher education institution (or by its part).

In 2007, the Higher Education Council issued the Model Code of Ethics for the Academic Staff of Higher Education Institutions on the basis of the European codes and the Code of Ethics for Researchers in the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic and recommended to institutions to accept it or to develop their own code. Many higher education institutions have just issued their codes of ethics.


Legislation and bibliography:

Higher Education Act



Salaries

Tertiary professional schools

For pay terms of teachers at tertiary professional schools (vyšší odborné školy), see the section on Salaries in Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education.


Higher education institutions

The pay terms for academic staff at public and private higher education institutions (vysoké školy) are governed by the Labour Code and internal pay regulations of the relevant higher education institution.

The pay scale, placing of academic staff into pay categories and the amount paid to individual staff members is the responsibility of each public or private institution. However, if the pay is not set by a collective agreement, it has to be at least at the minimum rate of the guaranteed pay set by the government regulation. According to this regulation, the academic staff at higher education institutions are placed in the two highest categories where the minimum pay is CZK 15 400 (EUR 562; EUR/CZK 27.407 - 26 May 2015) (in 7th category) and the maximum pay is CZK 17 000 (EUR 620) (in the 8th category). The pay must always be higher than the minimum wage (CZK 8 500 (EUR 310)).

Within the frame of the internal regulation, the academic staff may also enjoy various benefits over and above the basic pay in the form of special allowances (e.g. for the performance of an academic function), individual allowances (usually up to 100 % of the basic rate of pay), or in the form of an agreed sum.


The average pay of academic staff of public higher education institutions funded from the state budget (2013):

position
CZK/month
EUR/month
professor (profesor)
69 548 CZK
2 573 EUR
associate professor (docent)
52 706 CZK
1 950 EUR
senior assistant (odborný asistent)
34 936 CZK
1 293 EUR
assistant (asistent)
26 970 CZK
998 EUR
lecturer (lektor)
30 268 CZK
1 120 EUR
educational staff in research and development
47 154 CZK
1 745 EUR
average pay of academic staff (in total)
42 223 CZK
1 562 EUR

Note: EUR/CZK 27.025 - 31 December 2015 (European Central Bank)

Source: Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports


The pay rates of the academic staff of state higher institutions are subject to pay regulations that apply to budgetary and contributory organisations. Academic employees who are employed in service are subject to the appropriate service regulations


Legislation and bibliography:

Government regulation on the minimum wage, on the minimum levels of guaranteed wage

Higher Education Act

Labour Code

Statistical Yearbook – Education 2013. Employees and Wages Funds



Working Time and Holidays

Tertiary professional schools

Working hours and holidays for employees of tertiary professional schools (vyšší odborné školy) are organised in the same way as for employees of upper secondary school (see the section on Working hours and Holidays in Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education).  


Higher education institutions

Working Time

The working hours of academic staff are set down in the most general terms in the Labour Code (40 hours per week). Depending on the level of their qualifications, academics participate in creation and implementation of study programmes, in decision-making and creative research, development, art and others activities. There is no general legislation relating to the actual workload and the extent of the teaching activity.

Specific duties of academic staff are formulated in the internal regulations of an institution and in their employment contract. They are implemented in accordance with the schedule of the academic year, according to the requirements of study programmes or within the duties assigned to the teacher by his/her employer. In addition to teaching and creative activities they can include e.g. consultation to students, assessment of students, participation in enrolment proceedings and state final examinations, supervision of students' final theses, etc.



Holidays

Academic staff are entitled to 8 weeks of leave as set by the Labour Code. According to the Higher Education Act they can request a 6-month period of leave once in 7 years if there are no serious educational factors to prevent this. The full pay is paid through the period of sabbatical leave.


Legislation and bibliography:

Higher Education Act

Labour Code



Promotion, Advancement

Tertiary professional schools

For the advancement of teachers of tertiary professional schools, see the section on Promotion, Advancement in Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education.


Higher education institutions

An academic's career usually moves through the categories of assistant (asistent), senior assistant (odborný asistent), associate professor (docent) and professor (profesor) and he/she may theoretically begin their career at any level. The conditions of placing academic staff into individual categories are set by the higher education institution.

Most often, the professional career of academics begins at the assistant or senior assistant level after they have completed their Master's studies and a period of practice or after doctoral studies.

Academic staff in the position of the associate professor and professor have the relevant academic degree in general. The conditions of appointment are set by the Higher Education Act:

The position of an associate professor is acquired through habilitation (the procedure for the appointment of a docent) and he/she is appointed by a rector on the basis of a recommendation of the faculty Scientific Council. In a habilitation procedure, the scientific and artistic qualification is examined mainly on the basis of a habilitation thesis and its defence and on other scientific, professional or artistic works, and educational qualifications are examined on the basis of the assessment of the habilitation lecture and previous teaching experience. The minimum requirement is a higher education qualification (with the possibility of an exemption in artistic fields) and candidates usually have the title of a doctor (Ph.D.).

A professor is appointed by the President of the Republic on the recommendation of the higher education institution's scientific council, submitted through the Minister of Education. In the process of appointing a professor, the educational, scientific or artistic qualifications of the candidate are assessed. The candidate will already be a distinguished and respected scientific or artistic personality in his/her field. He/she will give a lecture in which he/she will present a concept of scientific or artistic work and teaching in the field. A condition for launching the procedure is the prior appointment as an associate professor.

In order to enhance their qualifications, academic staff primarily focus on improving their professional knowledge (scientific work, post-doctoral studies, foreign internships). The teaching qualifications of academic staff may be improved through in-service training, or through taking various courses in higher education pedagogy. See more in Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education.


Legislation and bibliography:

Higher Education Act



Retirement and Pensions

Retirement for the population in general is governed by the law on pension insurance (in force since January the 1st 1996). Details are described in the section Retirement and Pensions in the section on Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education.