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Czech-Republic:Assessment in Upper Secondary Education

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Czech-Republic:Early Childhood Education and Care

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Czech-Republic:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Czech-Republic:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Czech-Republic:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Czech-Republic:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Czech-Republic:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Czech-Republic:Single Structure Education (Integrated Primary and Lower Secondary Education)

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Single Structure Education

Czech-Republic:Teaching and Learning in Single Structure Education

Czech-Republic:Assessment in Single Structure Education

Czech-Republic:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Single Structure Education

Czech-Republic:Upper Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Upper Secondary Education

Czech-Republic:Teaching and Learning in Upper Secondary Education

Czech-Republic:Assessment in Upper Secondary Education

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Conservatoires (Arts Education)

Czech-Republic:Teaching and Learning in Conservatoires (Arts Education)

Czech-Republic:Assessment in Conservatoires (Arts Education)

Czech-Republic:Organisation of Follow-up and Shortened Study

Czech-Republic:Teaching and Learning in Follow-up and Shortened Study

Czech-Republic:Assessment in Follow-up and Shortened Study

Czech-Republic:Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Czech-Republic:First Cycle Programmes

Czech-Republic:Bachelor

Czech-Republic:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Second Cycle Programmes

Czech-Republic:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Czech-Republic:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Czech-Republic:Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Distribution of Responsibilities

Czech-Republic:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Czech-Republic:Main Providers

Czech-Republic:Main Types of Provision

Czech-Republic:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Czech-Republic:Teachers and Education Staff

Czech-Republic:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Management and Other Education Staff

Czech-Republic:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Czech-Republic:Management Staff for Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Quality Assurance

Czech-Republic:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Educational Support and Guidance

Czech-Republic:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Czech-Republic:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Czech-Republic:Mobility and Internationalisation

Czech-Republic:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Mobility in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Czech-Republic:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Czech-Republic:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Czech-Republic:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Czech-Republic:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Czech-Republic:National Reforms in School Education

Czech-Republic:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Czech-Republic:National Reforms in Higher Education

Czech-Republic:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Czech-Republic:European Perspective

Czech-Republic:Legislation

Czech-Republic:Institutions

Czech-Republic:Bibliography

Czech-Republic:Glossary

Pupil/Students Assessment

Upper secondary schools (střední školy) and conservatoires use both continuous assessment and final assessment of pupils in a school report. There are no examinations at the end of the academic year. The school-leaving examination (maturitní zkouška), carried out in spring 2011, was the first nationwide test. Detailed information on the school-leaving examination can be found in the section on certification. For information about the assessment of pupils at the lower level of secondary general schools (gymnázia) and lower classes of conservatoires (pupils fulfilling compulsory school education), see the chapter on Single Structure Education.

The Education Act states that rules of assessment of educational outcomes of pupils are part of a school's School Code (školní řád), issued by the school head. Rules of assessment are approved by the School Council (školská rada). The decree stipulates rules that must be based on requirements of the framework and school education programmes and what they should include. 

When pupils with special educational needs are assessed, their type of disability or disadvantage is taken into consideration.


Assessment of Pupils in a School Report

Pupil’s outcomes are assessed each term and may be expressed by a mark, a verbal assessment, or by a combination of both. If marks are used, pupil's educational results in individual subjects are assessed by the following marks:

  • 1 – excellent;
  • 2 – very good;
  • 3 – good;
  • 4 – satisfactory;
  • 5 – failed. 

If it is not possible to assess a pupil, the expression "not assessed" is used. If he/she was excused from the class (e.g. for health reasons), the expression "excused" is used.

In a day form of education, pupils´ behaviour is also assessed, by means of the following marks:

  • 1 – very good;
  • 2 – satisfactory;
  • 3 – unsatisfactory. 

The overall assessment of pupils is expressed in their report as follows:

  • passed with distinction if the mark for any compulsory subject or if the verbal assessment translated into a mark is no worse than 2 – very good, the average results in compulsory subjects are at most 1.5, and his or her behaviour is assessed as very good. In Art and Applied Art courses, specialised subjects must also be assessed as: 1 – excellent, 
  • passed if no compulsory subject has been assessed by a mark or a verbal assessment translated into mark 5 – failed, 
  • failed if the mark for any compulsory subject or its verbal assessment translated into a mark is 5 – failed or if a pupil is not assessed in some subject at the end of the second term. 
  • not assessed if it is not possible to assess a pupil in some subject at the end of the first term or on an alternative date. 


Various measures are used to reinforce discipline. A school head, a class teacher or a teacher of practical training can, in certain specified cases, give formal praise or another form of appreciation, a warning or a reprimand in the case of the School Code violation. A school head may decide on exclusion of a pupil from the school or alternatively to give him/her the warning of exclusion.


Legislation and Bibliography:

Education Act

Decree on Secondary Education and Education in Conservatoires

Decree of MEYS on Some Documents on Education

Progression of Pupils/Students

Only those pupils who receive a pass or a pass with distinction in their report at the end of the second term may proceed to the next grade.

Pupils who fail a maximum of two compulsory subjects at the end of the second term, or pupils who fail a maximum of two compulsory subjects at the end of the first term (from subjects taught in the first term only), are assessed in these subjects by a board (komisionální opravná zkouška).

On a written request, the school head may permit a pupil who had completed his/her compulsory school attendance and failed or could not be assessed at the end of the second term, to repeat a grade (for information on pupils still completing their compulsory school attendance – see chapter on Single Structure Education).

Pupils who have completed their compulsory school attendance may also interrupt their education with the prior consent of the school head, for a period of no longer than two years.

In the case of an exceptionally gifted pupil, school heads may, upon the request of his/her legal guardian, transfer the pupil to a higher grade without him/her completing the previous grade. The transfer is conditional on his/her passing examinations relating to the syllabus (or a part of the syllabus) of the grade the pupil has not completed.


Legislation and Bibliography:

Education Act

Decree on Secondary Education and Education in Conservatoires



Certification

Studies in upper secondary schools (střední školy) in the Czech Republic are completed: 

  • by completing a prescribed number of grades  of the educational programme and passing a final examination (závěrečná zkouška)
    • in courses of secondary education; a successful school leaver receives secondary education (střední vzdělání), ISCED 253 or 353
    • in courses of secondary education with the apprenticeship certificate; a successful school leaver receives secondary education with the apprenticeship certificate (střední vzdělání s výučním listem), ISCED 354


  • by completing a prescribed number of grades of the educational programme and by passing a school-leaving examination (maturitní zkouška
    • in courses of upper secondary education completed by the school-leaving examination; a successful school leaver receives secondary education with the school-leaving examination (střední vzdělání s maturitní zkouškou), ISCED 344 in general and 354 in vocational fields


Both examinations, the final examination (závěrečná zkouška) and the school-leaving examination (maturitní zkouška) test if pupils have achieved the educational objectives of their course, especially the level of key knowledge, skills and attitudes of pupils, which are important for their further education or performing an occupation or specialised activities.

After passing the final examination and the school-leaving examination, pupils receive certificates with grades for each examination, an overall evaluation of the examination and a statement of the level of education achieved. In courses leading to an upper secondary education with an apprenticeship certificate, pupils receive also an apprenticeship certificate. These documents are issued by schools. The Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports lays down in the decree the form and the content of valid blanks of school reports, extracts from school reports and apprenticeship certificates. School reports and apprenticeship certificates contain the birth identification number of a pupil or a student if such number has been assigned to him/her. School reports and apprenticeship certificates are stamped with the national coat of arms of the Czech Republic and they are a public instrument.


It is also possible to acquire upper secondary education with the school-leaving examination in conservatoires, by successfully completing the corresponding part of the educational programme for conservatories, however not earlier than after four years of attending a day form of education, within the six-year educational programme (in the fields of Music, Singing and Music and Drama) or after eight years of attending a day form of education within the eight-year educational programme (in the field of Dancing). By successfully completing the educational programme for conservatories (by completing a prescribed number of grades of the educational programme and by passing the graduate examination (absolutorium) at conservatoires) pupils can achieve the tertiary professional education (vyšší odborné vzdělání) (see the section on Arts Education).

Completion of the upper secondary education with the school-leaving education is a prerequisite for admission to Bachelor's and Master's study programmes at higher education institutions or study programmes at tertiary professional schools.


Legislation and Bibliography:

Education Act

Decree on Completing Education by the School-leaving Examination in Secondary Schools

Decree on Completion of Education in Upper-secondary Schools in the Form of a Final Examination, and on Completion of Education in Conservatoires in the Form of a Graduate Examination

Decree of MEYS on Some Documents on Education



Courses with the School-leaving Examination

The Education Act introduced a new structure of the school-leaving examination (maturitní zkouška). It sets two parts – the common (state) part and the profile (school) part.

By passing the school-leaving examination, pupils attain upper secondary education with the school-leaving examination (střední vzdělání s maturitní zkouškou) (ISCED 344 in general, 354 in vocational fields). The school-leaving examination report (vysvědčení o maturitní zkoušce) is the certificate of acquired education passed on to the pupil by the school head.


Terms

Pupils can take the school-leaving examination as soon as they have successfully completed the last year of studies and no later than 5 years after completing their studies. The student has to register for the school-leaving examination by 1 December at the latest for the spring term and by 25 June at the latest for the autumn examination. The application includes, among others, the names of the selected examination subjects, inclusion of a pupil with special educational needs into a respective category and into a group with the aim to adjust conditions for realization of the common part of the school-leaving examination or the request of a pupil-foreigner for adapting the examination in Czech language and literature. Spring term examinations are held from 2 May to 10 June, the autumn then from 1 September to 20 September. Pupils are entitled to 5 learning days leave intended for preparing for the school-leaving examination. The term of the leave is set by the school head.



School-leaving examination
Common part
Profile part
Compulsory subjects:     max. 2

1. Czech language and literature (didactic test, written test, oral test)

2. Foreign language – English, French, German, Spanish and Russian (didactic test, written test,oral examination) OR Mathematics (didactic test)

Non-compulsory subjects: max. 2

2 to 3 examinations (according to the Framework Education Programme/school head)

non-compulsory subjects: max. 2 (school head's decision)

Terms (spring 2015)
Offer of 60 literary works: 30 September

Application form: 1 December

Submission of list of 20 literary works: 31 March


Oral and practical examinations: 1 April to 10 June
Didactic test a written examinations: 4 May to 3 May
Non-compulsory examination Mathematics+: 4 May to 13 May
Oral examinations: 16 May to 10 June
Other examination: 16 May to 10 June
Deadline for issuing school-leaving examination report: 12 June*

 * The deadline for issuing school-leaving examination report to pupils who successfully pass school-leaving examination. (Provided that school heads pass all results for processing in time.)


Common Part

Since 2013, the school-leaving examination consists in its common part of 2 exams:

  • the compulsory subject Czech language and literature
  • the second compulsory subject is a choice of:
    • a foreign language (the pupil chooses from the offer – English, French, German, Spanish and Russian language – only the foreign language which is being taught at the particular school he/she is attending)
    • ormathematics

It is possible to take voluntarily an examination from another two subjects (non-compulsory). The pupil has the possibility to choose from two subjects, foreign language (he/she once again chooses from the offer set by the implementing regulation only the foreign language which is being taught at the particular school he/she is attending) and mathematics.

The pupil takes the common part of the school-leaving examination successfully in case that he or she passes all compulsory examinations the common part consists of.

The examination in Czech language and literature and a foreign language consists of a written part (didactic test, written test) and an oral part. The examination in mathematics is held only in the form of a didactic test. The written part is not open to the public, however, the oral examination is public and it is taken in front of an examining board. Didactic tests and written essays have unified assignments. Didactic tests and written part of the foreign language examination is evaluated centrally; written essays of the Czech language and literature examinations are evaluated at schools.  


Profile Part

In the profile part of the school-leaving examination, a pupil takes 2 to 3 compulsory examinations (the number of examinations is set by the framework education programme (FEP) for the particular field of education) and a maximum of two non-compulsory examinations offered by the school head. The school head can include in the profile part of the school-leaving examination only such subjects whose total time, according to the school education programme (SEP) is at least 144 teaching hours during the education (student's entire educational cycle). Exams are taken in the form of:

  • the graduation thesis and its defence in front of the examining board;
  • the oral examination;
  • the written test;
  • the practical examination or;
  • the combination of two or more listed forms.

The pupil takes the profile part of the school-leaving examination successfully in case that he or she passes all compulsory examinations the profile part consists of.

Examinations are – with the exception of written tests – public, taken in front of the board. Examinations taken in the practical form are non-public in cases where it is necessary to protect health and safety and in health educational fields in order to protect privacy of the patient.

For general upper secondary education (obtained at gymnázia), the profile part consists of 2 to 3 compulsory examinations, for a sports secondary general school (sportovní gymnázium), of two mandatory examinations. The school head selects the offer of the subjects, whose contents are in compliance with the curriculum of compulsory subjects and optional learning activities defined in the school education programme.

For upper secondary vocational education and for education in conservatoires, the school head sets the offer of compulsory subjects in the profile part of the school-leaving examination to enable pupils to take at least 2 out of 3 examinations in the area of vocational education. One of the required examinations must be organised in the form of a practical examination or as a graduation thesis and its defence in front of the board. Practical examination in vocational subjects can take the form of a public performance (at a conservatoire). In courses of lyceum, the profile part of the school-leaving examination consists of two or three compulsory examinations, of which the pupil takes at least one in the area of vocational education.

The offer of the non-compulsory examinations is set by the school head. The centrally set non-compulsory examination Mathematics+ can be also included for those interested in studying mathematics, economics, technology or natural sciences at higher education institutions.


Content of Examinations

A didactic test for the examination in Czech language and literature of the common part of the school-leaving examination lasts 60 minutes. The written part of the examination in Czech language and literature lasts 90 minutes. The oral part of the examination in Czech language and literature lasts no more than 15 minutes, plus 20 minutes of preparation. The conditions of the school-leaving examination in Czech language can be adjusted for foreigners studying at an upper secondary school (see Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education, the section on Specific Support Measures).

The didactic test in a foreign language lasts 95 minutes, from which 35 minutes are reserved for the listening part of the test and 60 minutes are assigned to the testing of reading and language skills and knowledge. The written examination in foreign language lasts 60 minutes. The oral part of the examination in foreign language lasts no more than 15 minutes, plus 20 minutes of preparation. The oral part of the examination in a foreign language lasts no more than 15 minutes, plus 20 minutes of preparation.

A didactic test in mathematics lasts 90 minutes. Before the start of the test, pupils have 15 minutes for choosing the solution process.

In case of the profile part of the school-leaving examination, 15 minutes plus 15 minutes of preparation are reserved for the oral part. The duration of the written test is set by the school head but it can last 300 minutes at maximum. Three days in maximum are set for the practical examination, two to four weeks in art fields (except for conservatoires). At least one month is reserved for preparing the thesis. Preparation for the thesis defence lasts at least five minutes and the defence itself no more than 30 minutes.

For schools and classes where the language of instruction is the national minority language, the examination in the national minority language has to be part of the profile part of the compulsory subjects (see the part on Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education, the section on Specific Support Measures). The conditions of the school-leaving examination can be adapted for pupils with special educational needs (see Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education, the section on Certification).


Organisation of Examinations

The Ministry of Education Youth and Sports is the responsible body for preparing the examination, its methodical guidance, record of registration applications and of test results of common part of the school-leaving examination. At the same time, the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports determines the content of the common part of the school-leaving examination and at the same time publishes catalogues.

The common part of the graduation examination is prepared, assigned, organised, processed and evaluated by the Centre for Evaluation of Education – the Centre (Centrum pro zjišťování výsledků vzdělávání – Centrum) established for this purpose by the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports.

The common part of the school-leaving examination is held at school, 17 pupils is the maximum class size. Well-ordered running of the written part of the common examination in school is ensured by the school commissioner, in the classroom by the submitter who assigns the tests, the written work is assessed by the teacher-evaluator. Commissioners are proposed by the school head and appointed by the Centre. The fact that the commissioner has not been employed or otherwise related to the school for a period of two previous years is a prerequisite for his / her appointment. The teacher-evaluator of the written essay in a foreign language is proposed by the school head and appointed by the Centre. Teachers-evaluators of the written essay in Czech language and literature, teachers-evaluators of the oral examinations and a teacher who assigns the examination are appointed by the school head. The training of pedagogical staff engaged in the preparation and realisation of the school-leaving examination is ensured by the Centre.

Oral examinations of the common part and oral examinations and a thesis defence in the profile part of the school-leaving examination are taken in front of the same examining boards (zkušební maturitní komise). A chairman, a deputy chairman and a class teacher (or a head of a department in a conservatoire) are standing members of the school-leaving examination board. Other members are as follows: an examiner (teacher of the examined subject), a teacher-assessor, and in the case of art subjects a leading art teacher of the particular branch of the pupil’s art specialisation. An expert from the practice, a higher education institution or a tertiary professional school may also be appointed as a member of the board. In case the examination or its part is taken in a form of a thesis and its defence, also a supervisor of the thesis and an opponent are other members of the board. For oral examinations of the common part of the school-leaving examination, one teacher-evaluator acts as an examiner and the other one as a teacher-assessor. Upon a proposal of the school head, the chairman is appointed by the regional office and the other members of the board by the school head.


Evaluation of Examinations

Didactic tests and a written examination in a foreign language of the common part are evaluated centrally by the Centre. Written essays in Czech Language and Literature of the common part of the school-leaving examination are evaluated at schools. The assessment of oral examination of the common part of the school-leaving examination in Czech language and literature and foreign language is proposed to the board by teacher-evaluators. Final results of the oral examination are based on the mutual agreement of both the evaluators and are approved by the board. The school head passes on these results to the Centre. 

The evaluation of the common part based on the accomplished results is converted by the Centre to the five-point grading scale of performance.

In the profile part of the school-leaving examination, each examination is assessed separately. The method of the assessment of each examination or its part and the method of setting the final evaluation of the examinations of the profile part is proposed by the school head and in the case of examinations in front of the board by the board itself. In the profile part of the school-leaving examination, the five-point grading scale is also used.

The overall evaluation of the examination is carried out on the basis of the results from both the common and the profile parts of the school-leaving examination and is based on the following scale:

  • passed with distinction if the pupil was not assessed in any compulsory subject by mark  worse than 2 – very good, and  the simple arithmetic average results in all compulsory subjects were at most 1.5;
  • passed if no mark in any compulsory part of the school-leaving examination was 5 – failed;
  • failed if the pupil was assessed in any compulsory part of the school-leaving examination by mark 5 – failed or if the pupil did not pass the examination for any other reason.  

A pupil can repeat an examination in each compulsory subject only twice. In the case the examination consists of multiple parts held in various forms and the pupil failed in any part of the examination, he/she repeats the part of the examination which he/she failed. 


Detailed and practical information is available at the websites www.novamaturita.cz.




Vocational Education – Courses with the Apprenticeship Certificate

To acquire upper secondary education with the apprenticeship certificate (střední vzdělání s výučním listem) (ISCED 353) it is necessary to pass the final examination (závěrečná zkouška). The report on the final examination (vysvědčení o závěrečné zkoušce) and the apprenticeship certificate (výuční list) are certificates on the education acquired. A pupil may take a final examination if he/she has successfully completed the last grade of secondary education, but no later than five years after completing the last grade of secondary education.

Terms

The final examination is held in June in dates set by the school head. In the fields of education, where a practical examination lasts 2-4 weeks, the school head may fix the date of the final examination from 20 May. The school head can stipulate the term for the practical examination before 20 May after an agreement with the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports. The school head may set different dates for the final examination in the case of completing education within retraining under a special legal regulation. Prior to the commencement of an oral examination or a practical examination, pupils do not attend lessons for a period of four days.


Content of Examinations

Subjects or other integral parts of the curriculum which are tested during the final examination are set in the Framework and the school educational programmes.

The examination consists of individual separately assessed examinations, which take place in the following order:

  • written examination
  • practical examination in practical training
  • oral examination

During final examination the school uses unified assignments and related documentation which are prepared for individual fields and made available for schools by the National Institute for Education, the organisation established by the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports. The Institute administers the database of topics and tasks, updates obsolete topics and continuously prepares new topics which reflect the development in the field. Vocational school teachers prepare topics of the unified assignment putting stress on the application of technical theory into practical tasks and questions. Specialists from practice participate in preparation; a qualification standard of qualification to which the training in the field leads. In relation to the use of framework and school educational programmes, the schools are given the opportunity to supplement (according to the defined rules) the unified assignment with their specificities stated in their school educational programmes.

The obligation for schools to use unified assignments was introduced by the amendment of the Education Act in 2015. For more details on the gradual development and objectives of the initiative, see the section on New Final Examination, chapter on Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments.

Information on conditions for course of final examinations proceeding for pupils with special education needs see in the section on Certification, part Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education.


Organisation of Examinations

The final examination is taken in front of the examining board (zkušební komise). The examining board consists of the chairman, the vice-chairman, and the class teacher of the examined pupils (permanent members) and the teacher of practical training, the teacher of vocational subjects, and an expert practitioner.
The chairman of the board is appointed by the appropriate Regional Office until the end of February of the particular school year. The chairman of the examining board 
  • has a vocational qualification in the relevant or related field and has carried out a direct pedagogical activity for at least five years;
  • can not be in an employment relationship or any similar relation with the school at which he/she will carry out the function;
  • has not been a teacher of the pupils who are taking the final examination during their upper secondary education. 

The other members are appointed by the school head of the upper secondary school (střední škola).


Evaluation of Examinations

The examining board decides on the assessment of pupils in individual subjects by voting on the proposals of the board members. Marks are given on a five-point scale.

The overall assessment of a pupil at the final examination is carried out by the examining board on the following scale:

  • passed with distinction if the average of the marks at the final examination is not higher than 1.5 and if any of his/her marks is no worse than 2;
  • passed if the pupil does not receive a mark worse than 4 in any part of the final examination;
  • failed if the pupil's performance in any part of the final examination is assessed by mark 5 – failed.

If a pupil fails a part of the final examination, he/she may resit that part, although not more than twice in the case of each examination.


Vocational Education – Other Courses

To acquire upper secondary education (střední vzdělání) (ISCED 353 or 253), it is necessary to pass a final examination (závěrečná zkouška). The report on the final examination (vysvědčení o závěrečné zkoušce is the certificate of the education acquired. A pupil may take a final examination if he/she has successfully completed the last grade of secondary education, but not later than five years after completing the last grade of education.

Topics, content, form, concept and dates of examinations in courses of upper secondary education are laid down by the school head in compliance with curricular documents. The examination consists of:

  • practical examinations in vocational subjects
  • theoretical examinations in vocational subjects.

The practical examination takes place before the theoretical examination. For the practical examination, the school head sets 3–5 topics, from which one is drawn for a group of pupils chosen by the school head. The practical examination lasts no more than 240 minutes.

The theoretical examination in vocational subjects is oral. The school head sets 20–30 topics, from which the pupil draws one. If specified in curricular documents, the examination can be divided into two separately assessed examinations. An oral examination lasts no more than 15 minutes, with additional 15 minutes for preparation. The examination can also include a written or a graphic solution. The chairman of the examining board can prolong the time for preparation by additional 15 minutes if a graphic or a written solution is part of the topic.

The way of assessment and the terms of the final examination to acquire upper secondary education (ISCED 353 or 253) are the same as for completing education for acquiring secondary education leading to an apprenticeship certificate (ISCED 353).


Legislation and Bibliography:

Education Act

Decree on Completion of Education in Upper-secondary Schools in the Form of a Final Examination, and on Completion of Education in Conservatoires in the Form of a Graduate Examination

Framework educational programmes for upper secondary education courses