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Cyprus:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

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Overview Cyprus

Contents

Cyprus:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Cyprus:Historical Development

Cyprus:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Cyprus:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Cyprus:Political and Economic Situation

Cyprus:Organisation and Governance

Cyprus:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Cyprus:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Cyprus:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Cyprus:Organisation of Private Education

Cyprus:National Qualifications Framework

Cyprus:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Cyprus:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Cyprus:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Cyprus:Funding in Education

Cyprus:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Cyprus:Higher Education Funding

Cyprus:Adult Education and Training Funding

Cyprus:Early Childhood Education and Care

Cyprus:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Cyprus:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Cyprus:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Cyprus:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Cyprus:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Cyprus:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Cyprus:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Cyprus:Primary Education

Cyprus:Organisation of Primary Education

Cyprus:Teaching and Learning in Primary Education

Cyprus:Assessment in Primary Education

Cyprus:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Primary Education

Cyprus:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Cyprus:Organisation of General Lower Secondary Education

Cyprus:Teaching and Learning in General Lower Secondary Education

Cyprus:Assessment in General Lower Secondary Education

Cyprus:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Cyprus:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Cyprus:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Cyprus:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Cyprus:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Cyprus:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Cyprus:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Cyprus:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Cyprus:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Cyprus:Higher Education

Cyprus:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Cyprus:First Cycle Programmes

Cyprus:Bachelor

Cyprus:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Cyprus:Second Cycle Programmes

Cyprus:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Cyprus:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Cyprus:Adult Education and Training

Cyprus:Distribution of Responsibilities

Cyprus:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Cyprus:Main Providers

Cyprus:Main Types of Provision

Cyprus:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Cyprus:Teachers and Education Staff

Cyprus:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Cyprus:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Cyprus:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Cyprus:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Cyprus:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Cyprus:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Cyprus:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Cyprus:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Cyprus:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Cyprus:Management and Other Education Staff

Cyprus:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Cyprus:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Cyprus:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Cyprus:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Cyprus:Management Staff for Higher Education

Cyprus:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Cyprus:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Cyprus:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Cyprus:Quality Assurance

Cyprus:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Cyprus:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Cyprus:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Cyprus:Educational Support and Guidance

Cyprus:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Cyprus:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Cyprus:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Cyprus:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Cyprus:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Cyprus:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Cyprus:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Cyprus:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Cyprus:Mobility and Internationalisation

Cyprus:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Cyprus:Mobility in Higher Education

Cyprus:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Cyprus:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Cyprus:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Cyprus:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Cyprus:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Cyprus:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Cyprus:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Cyprus:National Reforms in School Education

Cyprus:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Cyprus:National Reforms in Higher Education

Cyprus:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Cyprus:European Perspective

Cyprus:Legislation

Cyprus:Institutions

Cyprus:Bibliography

Cyprus:Glossary

Secondary education is offered in two different types in Cyprus, namely secondary general education and secondary technical and vocational education. Each type of education is administered by a different Directorate of the Ministry of Education and Culture - the Directorate of Secondary General Education and the Directorate of Technical and Vocational Education respectively. There are public and private secondary schools in operation.

Public secondary schools are open to children aged 12-18 years, except for the case of the public evening schools which are open to persons who have completed the age of 17, or persons aged 14-17 years, who are working in the labour market or have left uninterrupted education for serious reasons.

Public secondary education comprises a six-year cycle of studies, which is free for all pupils and compulsory up to the age of fifteen or the end of the third year of studies, whichever comes first. Some private schools extend their cycle of studies to seven years in order to prepare pupils for international examinations. All the types of secondary schools are co-educational institutions functioning on a mixed-ability basis.

Post-secondary non-tertiary education is offered at the Post-Secondary Institutes of Vocational Education and Training (Μεταλυκειακά Ινστιτούτα Επαγγελματικής Εκπαίδευσης και Κατάρτισης - ΜΙΕΕΚ), as of November the 8th, 2012. The MIEEK operate as public schools administered by the Directorate of Technical and Vocational Education of the Ministry of Education and Culture. They are open to graduates of secondary education (ages 18+) offering them programmes of further technical and vocational education and training. Attendance is free of charge.


Secondary General Education

There are two main, broad aims of secondary general education:

  • the dissemination of knowledge with emphasis on general education and a gradual transition to specialisation in order to prepare students for an academic, professional or business career; and,
  • the development of sound and morally refined personalities in order to provide society with competent, democratic and law-abiding citizens.

It comprises a six-year course of studies, which is divided into two successive cycles, the general lower secondary education (Gymnasium) and the general upper secondary education (Lyceum).

The Gymnasium offers a 3-year cycle of general education with emphasis on humanities, which is expected to prepare pupils for subject selection in the Lyceum. The educational objectives in the Gymnasium include:

  • broadening the value system of pupils (moral, social, personal, aesthetic, technical and economic);
  • providing knowledge that will help pupils meet personal, social and economic challenges;
  • developing skills for critical literacy through the acquisition of the pupils’ first language;
  • leading pupils to acquaint themselves with a range of different art forms, express their artistic talents and progressively form their own sense of connoisseurship;
  • helping pupils become self-aware of their potential in terms of skills, interests and talents, and be able to appreciate the importance of both intellectual and vocational aspects of work in order to select the type of work they aspire; and,
  • developing pupils physically by cultivating their kinaesthetic skills.

The Lyceum offers a 3-year cycle of studies, which includes common core subjects, optional stream subjects and subjects of special interest and/or enrichment. The Lyceum aims at:

  • offering pupils the opportunity to develop all facets of their capabilities through general as well as specific scientific and technological knowledge, so that they can respond to a changing world and adapt to an evolving work environment; and,
  • linking the school with the outside world, thus offering to pupils opportunities to familiarise themselves with the world of work and production, so that they become able to effectively plan their careers, whether they aim to be employed, venture into entrepreneurship or pursue higher education.


Secondary Technical and Vocational Education

Secondary Technical and Vocational Education (STVE) is open to students who have graduated from the Gymnasium. It comprises a 3-year cycle of studies which is offered at the Technical/Vocational Schools. Three types of programmes are offered – formal secondary technical and vocational education; apprenticeship scheme; and, lifelong learning. In the framework of this chapter only formal secondary technical and vocational education will be examined. 
Formal STVE is offered in two main directions, the theoretical and the practical, both of which have duration of three years. Its ultimate aim is to provide students with sound knowledge and skills, which will prepare them to enter the world of work or continue with further studies in higher education. The subjects offered are classified into six categories:

  • common core subjects;
  • related subjects;
  • elective subjects;
  • technological/workshop subjects;
  • optional subjects of special interest; and,
  • industrial training.


Evening schools of secondary education

Secondary education is also offered at evening schools, either Evening Gymnasia/Lyceums or Evening Technical schools. The aim of evening schools is to provide a ‘second chance’ education to persons who have left secondary education without a school leaving certificate.


Private secondary education

Private secondary schools are established by private bodies or individuals and they operate on a for-profit basis. They are registered with the Ministry of Education and Culture which is responsible for their supervision.


Post secondary non-tertiary education

The aim of the Post-Secondary Institutes of Vocational Education and Training is to offer modern and flexible programmes of study that will satisfy the needs of secondary education graduates for further vocational education and training. There are currently eight programmes available. Attendance is of two years duration leading to the qualification of "Higher Technician".


Legislation

Regulations ΚΔΠ 310/1990–ΚΔΠ 130/2011, issued on the basis of Article 11 of Law 6/1961 and its amendments, govern the operation of public secondary schools. The operation of public evening secondary schools is governed by Regulations ΚΔΠ 45/1990–ΚΔΠ 337/2010, issued on the basis of the same Law.

Private secondary education is governed by the Laws on Private Schools and Institutes (Laws 5/1971 – 77(I)/2008), which provide for the establishment and operation of private schools and institutions.

Law 24(I)/1993 provides for compulsory and free education at the elementary and gymnasium level.