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Cyprus:Higher Education

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Overview Cyprus

Contents

Cyprus:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Cyprus:Historical Development

Cyprus:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Cyprus:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Cyprus:Political and Economic Situation

Cyprus:Organisation and Governance

Cyprus:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Cyprus:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Cyprus:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Cyprus:Organisation of Private Education

Cyprus:National Qualifications Framework

Cyprus:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Cyprus:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Cyprus:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Cyprus:Funding in Education

Cyprus:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Cyprus:Higher Education Funding

Cyprus:Adult Education and Training Funding

Cyprus:Early Childhood Education and Care

Cyprus:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Cyprus:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Cyprus:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Cyprus:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Cyprus:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Cyprus:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Cyprus:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Cyprus:Primary Education

Cyprus:Organisation of Primary Education

Cyprus:Teaching and Learning in Primary Education

Cyprus:Assessment in Primary Education

Cyprus:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Primary Education

Cyprus:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Cyprus:Organisation of General Lower Secondary Education

Cyprus:Teaching and Learning in General Lower Secondary Education

Cyprus:Assessment in General Lower Secondary Education

Cyprus:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Cyprus:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Cyprus:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Cyprus:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Cyprus:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Cyprus:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Cyprus:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Cyprus:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Cyprus:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Cyprus:Higher Education

Cyprus:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Cyprus:First Cycle Programmes

Cyprus:Bachelor

Cyprus:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Cyprus:Second Cycle Programmes

Cyprus:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Cyprus:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Cyprus:Adult Education and Training

Cyprus:Distribution of Responsibilities

Cyprus:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Cyprus:Main Providers

Cyprus:Main Types of Provision

Cyprus:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Cyprus:Teachers and Education Staff

Cyprus:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Cyprus:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Cyprus:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Cyprus:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Cyprus:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Cyprus:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Cyprus:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Cyprus:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Cyprus:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Cyprus:Management and Other Education Staff

Cyprus:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Cyprus:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Cyprus:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Cyprus:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Cyprus:Management Staff for Higher Education

Cyprus:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Cyprus:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Cyprus:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Cyprus:Quality Assurance

Cyprus:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Cyprus:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Cyprus:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Cyprus:Educational Support and Guidance

Cyprus:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Cyprus:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Cyprus:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Cyprus:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Cyprus:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Cyprus:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Cyprus:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Cyprus:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Cyprus:Mobility and Internationalisation

Cyprus:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Cyprus:Mobility in Higher Education

Cyprus:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Cyprus:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Cyprus:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Cyprus:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Cyprus:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Cyprus:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Cyprus:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Cyprus:National Reforms in School Education

Cyprus:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Cyprus:National Reforms in Higher Education

Cyprus:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Cyprus:European Perspective

Cyprus:Legislation

Cyprus:Institutions

Cyprus:Bibliography

Cyprus:Glossary

The vast majority of graduates of upper secondary education continue their studies at tertiary level of education, either in Cyprus or abroad. According to official data of the Statistical Service of Cyprus (CYSTAT), the total percentage in 2009/10 was 76%, of which 38% in Cyprus and 38% abroad.

Higher education in Cyprus is provided at university and non-university level, in public and private institutions of higher education. In the academic year 2012/13, there are three state and five private universities in operation, while at the non-university level there are five public and twenty-five private institutions in operation. Overall responsibility for the higher education sector lies with the Ministry of Education and Culture, except for the public non-university level institutions which come under the remit of other ministries. 

Public universities include the University of Cyprus, established in 1989 by Law 144/1989; the Open University of Cyprus, established in 2002 by Law 234(I)/2002; and, the Cyprus University of Technology, established in 2003 by Law 198(I)/2003. The official languages of the universities are Greek and Turkish, the official languages of the Republic of Cyprus. Public universities offer programmes at Batchelor, Master and Doctoral level. The Open University offers short courses in the lifelong learning sector as well.   

Private universities include the Frederick University, the European University-Cyprus, and the University of Nicosia-Cyprus, which commenced operating in October 2007, the Neapolis University, which commenced operating in October 2010 and the University of Central Lancashire, Cyprus (UCLan Cyprus), a British university operating in Cyprus since October 2012. Law 109(I)/2005 is the governing legislation for private universities, providing for their establishment, operation and control. Private universities offer programmes at Bachelor, Master and, from 2010, PhD level. The language of instruction is Greek or English.

Non-university level public institutions include the Forestry College, the Mediterranean Institute of Management, the Higher Hotel Institute of Cyprus, the Tourist Guides School and the Police Academy. They are operating under different ministries, which are fully responsible for the organisation and the regulation of each institution. The general aim of each institution is to train professionals in its respective field, in order to satisfy the needs of local industry in Cyprus. The language of instruction is Greek or English.

Non-university level private institutions are registered with the Ministry of Education and Culture which is responsible for their supervision. The establishment, operation and control of private institutions is governed by Law 67(I)/1996. Private institutions offer vocational and academic programmes at various levels of study, such as the Certificate level (one-year duration), the Diploma level (two-year duration), the Higher Diploma level (three-year duration), the Bachelor level (four-year duration) and the Master level (one-year or two-year duration). Fields of study cover Secretarial Studies, Business Administration, Banking, Accountancy, Hotel Management, Computers and Engineering. The language of instruction is Greek or English.

The organisation of the academic year for each institution of higher education is provided in the respective governing Law. In the case of public universities it is decided by the University Council. The schedule of classes of the programmes of study of each public non-university level institution is determined by the Minister responsible, based on the recommendation of the Council of the institution. As for private institutions, either of a university or non-university level, the organisation of the academic year is governed by internal regulations set by the Council of the institution. In most of the cases the academic year begins on 1st September and ends on 15th July. It is normally structured in two semesters, the first starting in September and ending with exams in January, and the second starting in January/February with exams in May. 

Higher education policy objectives, as expressed in official documents of the Ministry of Education and Culture are mainly two: To fulfill the local needs for higher education and to establish Cyprus as a regional centre for education and research.  The Government’s research expenditure target, as expressed in the Strategic Development Plan 2007-2013, was to reach 1% of GDP by 2010 with the ultimate goal of achieving the Lisbon Strategy goal of 3% at a later stage with the contribution of the private sector.  

The higher education system in Cyprus is shaped by the European Higher Education Area as outlined by the Bologna Process. In line with the Bologna main objectives, the European Credit Transfer System (ECTS) and the Diploma Supplement are used by all public universities and most of other institutions. Two independent bodies are responsible for quality assurance – the Council for Educational Evaluation and Accreditation (SEKAP), which is responsible for the evaluation and accreditation of programmes of study of non-university level private institutions in Cyprus, and the Cyprus Council for the Recognition of Higher Education Qualifications (KYSATS), which is responsible for the recognition of qualifications awarded by institutions of higher education in Cyprus and abroad.