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Cyprus:Early Childhood Education and Care

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Overview Cyprus

Contents

Cyprus:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Cyprus:Historical Development

Cyprus:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Cyprus:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Cyprus:Political and Economic Situation

Cyprus:Organisation and Governance

Cyprus:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Cyprus:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Cyprus:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Cyprus:Organisation of Private Education

Cyprus:National Qualifications Framework

Cyprus:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Cyprus:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Cyprus:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Cyprus:Funding in Education

Cyprus:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Cyprus:Higher Education Funding

Cyprus:Adult Education and Training Funding

Cyprus:Early Childhood Education and Care

Cyprus:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Cyprus:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Cyprus:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Cyprus:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Cyprus:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Cyprus:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Cyprus:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Cyprus:Primary Education

Cyprus:Organisation of Primary Education

Cyprus:Teaching and Learning in Primary Education

Cyprus:Assessment in Primary Education

Cyprus:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Primary Education

Cyprus:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Cyprus:Organisation of General Lower Secondary Education

Cyprus:Teaching and Learning in General Lower Secondary Education

Cyprus:Assessment in General Lower Secondary Education

Cyprus:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Cyprus:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Cyprus:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Cyprus:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Cyprus:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Cyprus:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Cyprus:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Cyprus:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Cyprus:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Cyprus:Higher Education

Cyprus:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Cyprus:First Cycle Programmes

Cyprus:Bachelor

Cyprus:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Cyprus:Second Cycle Programmes

Cyprus:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Cyprus:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Cyprus:Adult Education and Training

Cyprus:Distribution of Responsibilities

Cyprus:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Cyprus:Main Providers

Cyprus:Main Types of Provision

Cyprus:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Cyprus:Teachers and Education Staff

Cyprus:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Cyprus:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Cyprus:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Cyprus:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Cyprus:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Cyprus:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Cyprus:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Cyprus:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Cyprus:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Cyprus:Management and Other Education Staff

Cyprus:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Cyprus:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Cyprus:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Cyprus:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Cyprus:Management Staff for Higher Education

Cyprus:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Cyprus:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Cyprus:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Cyprus:Quality Assurance

Cyprus:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Cyprus:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Cyprus:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Cyprus:Educational Support and Guidance

Cyprus:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Cyprus:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Cyprus:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Cyprus:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Cyprus:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Cyprus:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Cyprus:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Cyprus:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Cyprus:Mobility and Internationalisation

Cyprus:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Cyprus:Mobility in Higher Education

Cyprus:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Cyprus:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Cyprus:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Cyprus:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Cyprus:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Cyprus:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Cyprus:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Cyprus:National Reforms in School Education

Cyprus:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Cyprus:National Reforms in Higher Education

Cyprus:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Cyprus:European Perspective

Cyprus:Legislation

Cyprus:Institutions

Cyprus:Bibliography

Cyprus:Glossary

Early Childhood Education and Care (ECEC) is organised in two discrete systems based on the children’s age, namely the pre-school and the pre-primary system. The pre-school system involves day nurseries, childminders and after school day centres, all of them operating under the remit of the Ministry of Labour and Social Insurance. The pre-primary system involves kindergartens operating under the remit of the Ministry of Education and Culture. All the types of institutions are co-educational.

 

The pre-school system

Day nurseries (παιδο/βρεφοκομικοί σταθμοί) are open to children under the age of three. There are public, community and private day nurseries.

Public day nurseries are established by the Ministry of Labour and Social Insurance in cooperation with the parents’ association and the local authority for the area where the institution is located.

Community day nurseries are established and run by local authorities on a non-for-profit basis.

Private day nurseries are established and supported by individuals, usually on a for-profit basis.

After school day centres provide protection and social activities to school age children after the end of each school day and during the school holidays. They are normally attached to schools or kindergartens.

Childminders are persons entitled to look after a number of young children at home.

Day nurseries, after school day centres and childminders are subject to inspection by the Social Welfare Services of the Ministry of Labour and Social Insurance.  

 

The pre-primary system

Kindergartens (νηπιαγωγεία) are open to children in the age range of 3 – 5 8/12 years. As of September 2004 attendance for children 4 8/12 – 5 8/12 years old is free and obligatory.  There are public, community and private kindergartens.

Public kindergartens are established by the Ministry of Education and Culture in cooperation with the parents’ association and the local authority for the area where the institution is located. Public kindergartens may operate with one teacher (μονοδιδάσκαλα), with two teachers (διδιδάσκαλα) or with three or more teachers (πολυδιδάσκαλα).

Community kindergartens are established either by a parents’ association, a local authority, a municipality, a welfare community council, a trade union or a charitable organisation, following an approval by the Ministry of Education and Culture. They operate on a non-for-profit basis, usually in areas where the number of public kindergartens is insufficient to meet the needs of the community. In many cases, they are co-located with public kindergartens and they serve children in the age range of 3 – 4 8/12 years. Community kindergartens are subsidised by government with an annual grant of €6,834 - €11,960. 

Private kindergartens are established and operated by private individuals with the approval of the Ministry of Education and Culture and they run on a for-profit basis. There are three types of private kindergartens, as follows:

Same type: They follow, without any exception, the curricula and the timetables of the public kindergartens;

Similar type: At least two-thirds of their curricula and timetables are those of the public kindergartens;

Other type: They are neither of the same, nor of the similar type. They follow their own curricula and timetables provided that they have been approved by the Ministry of Education and Culture.  
 
All of the different types of kindergartens are registered with the Ministry of Education and Culture and they are subject to inspection by the Department of Primary Education of the Ministry. 

Note: A day nursery may be integrated with a kindergarten. As such, it is open to children up to the age of 5 8/12. Integrated day nurseries are registered both with the Ministry of Labour and Social Insurance and the Ministry of Education and Culture, each Ministry being responsible for the respective age group of children.  

The primary role of kindergarten education in Cyprus is to satisfy the basic needs of the child. Pre-primary education is considered fundamental to the development of human nature, contributing to the child’s cognitive, emotional, social, moral, aesthetic and psychomotor development; the acquisition of useful life skills; and, the development of right attitudes and values. The general objectives for kindergartens include the following:
Development of creative expression and thinking;
Pupils’ preparation for the primary school, including for maximizing their potential for school success; and,
Development of personality attributes, such as self-confidence, initiative taking, optimism and persistence.

 

Legislation

The day nurseries are regulated by The Children Law, Chap. 352 (Περί Παιδίων Νόμος, Κεφ. 352) and its amendments, and the Children Regulations of 2011 (Περί Παιδίων -Παιδοκομικοί Σταθμοί – Διάταγμα του 2011, Κ.Δ.Π. 262/2011).

The after school day centres are regulated by the After School Day Centres Law of 1996 (Περί Κέντρων Προστασίας και Απασχόλησης Παιδιών Νόμος του 1996, N. 2(I)/96) and the Regulations of 1997 (Περί Κέντρων Προστασίας και Απασχόλησης Παιδιών Τροποποιητικοί Κανονισμοί του 1997, Κ.Δ.Π. 157/97).   

The public kindergartens are regulated by Regulations Κ.Δ.Π. 225/2008 - Κ.Δ.Π. 253/2012, based on the Elementary Education Law, which provides for the operation of public primary education.

The community and the private kindergartens are regulated by the Laws on Private Schools and Institutes (Laws 5/1971 – 18(I)/2012).