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Croatia:Upper Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

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Overview Croatia

Contents

Croatia:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Croatia:Historical Development

Croatia:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Croatia:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Croatia:Political and Economic Situation

Croatia:Organisation and Governance

Croatia:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Croatia:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Croatia:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Croatia:Organisation of Private Education

Croatia:National Qualifications Framework

Croatia:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Croatia:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Croatia:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Croatia:Funding in Education

Croatia:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Croatia:Higher Education Funding

Croatia:Adult Education and Training Funding

Croatia:Early Childhood Education and Care

Croatia:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 3 years

Croatia:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 3 years

Croatia:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 3 years

Croatia:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 3 years

Croatia:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 3 years

Croatia:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 3 years

Croatia:Organisation of the Pre-Primary Class

Croatia:Teaching and Learning in the Pre-Primary Class

Croatia:Assessment in the Pre-Primary Class

Croatia:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Croatia:Single Structure Education (Integrated Primary and Lower Secondary Education)

Croatia:Organisation of Single Structure Education

Croatia:Teaching and Learning in Single Structure Education

Croatia:Assessment in Single Structure Education

Croatia:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Single Structure Education

Croatia:Upper Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Croatia:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Croatia:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Croatia:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Croatia:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Croatia:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Croatia:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Croatia:Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Croatia:Higher Education

Croatia:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Croatia:First Cycle Programmes

Croatia:Bachelor

Croatia:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Croatia:Second Cycle Programmes

Croatia:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Croatia:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Croatia:Adult Education and Training

Croatia:Distribution of Responsibilities

Croatia:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Croatia:Main Providers

Croatia:Main Types of Provision

Croatia:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Croatia:Teachers and Education Staff

Croatia:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Croatia:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Croatia:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Croatia:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Croatia:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Croatia:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Croatia:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Croatia:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Croatia:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Croatia:Management and Other Education Staff

Croatia:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Croatia:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Croatia:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Croatia:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Croatia:Management Staff for Higher Education

Croatia:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Croatia:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Croatia:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Croatia:Quality Assurance

Croatia:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Croatia:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Croatia:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Croatia:Educational Support and Guidance

Croatia:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Croatia:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Croatia:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Croatia:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Croatia:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Croatia:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Croatia:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Croatia:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Croatia:Mobility and Internationalisation

Croatia:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Croatia:Mobility in Higher Education

Croatia:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Croatia:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Croatia:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Croatia:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Croatia:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Croatia:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Croatia:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Croatia:National Reforms in School Education

Croatia:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Croatia:National Reforms in Higher Education

Croatia:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Croatia:European Perspective

Croatia:Legislation

Croatia:Glossary

Secondary education (Upper Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education) in Croatia enables everyone, upon the completion of primary education, under equal terms and based on individual capability, to acquire knowledge and competencies to work or continue their education. Secondary education begins by enrolment into high school.

Secondary education activity is carried out by high-school institutions and other public institutions. It encompasses various types and forms of education, qualification and training realized in accordance with Act on Education in Primary and Secondary School (Official Gazette, No. 87/2008, 86/2009, 92/2010, amen. 105/2010, 90/2011, 16/2012, 86/2012 – consolidated text and 94/2013, 152/2014).

Secondary education institutions are high schools and high-school student dormitories.

Secondary education programs are: grammar school (“gimanzija”), vocational school and art school programs, which can last from one to five years, and qualification and training programs.

The aims of high school education in Croatia are:

  • to ensure a systematic manner of teaching students, to stimulate and improve their intellectual, physical, aesthetic, social, moral and spiritual development in line with their abilities and tendencies,
  • develop students’ awareness of their nationality, of the preservation of historical and cultural heritage and national identity,
  • educate students in line with the general cultural and civilizational values, human rights and the rights of children, enable them to live in a multicultural world, to respect the differences and develop tolerance, and to actively and responsibly participate in the democratic development of the society,
  • enable students to acquire basic (general educational) and professional competencies, enable them to live and work in a changing socio-economic context following the demands of market economy, present information and communication technology, scientific discoveries and achievements,
  • enable students to pursue lifelong learning.

Educational principles at secondary education level in Croatia are:

  • equality of educational opportunities for all students according to individual capabilities,
  • high education and training quality of all direct carriers of educational activity – teachers, expert associates, principals, and other personnel,
  • assessment of all integral parts of educational and school work and self-assessment of direct and indirect carriers of educational activity in school, in order to achieve a national educational and pedagogical standard of highest quality,
  • planning and organization autonomy and freedom of pedagogical and methodological work in line with the national curriculum, teaching plan and program and national pedagogical standards,
  • decentralization – increasing authority and responsibility at local and regional level,
  • partnership of all educational stakeholders at local, regional and national level.

Types of secondary schools, educational programs and professions

High schools in Croatia, depending on the type of educational program, are divided into grammar schools, vocational schools and art schools. Secondary education enables students to acquire knowledge and competencies necessary for labor market, continued education and lifelong learning.

In grammar school programs students develop their personal interests and general knowledge needs, as well as a set of skills (language literacy, mathematic literacy, information technology literacy, communication skills, active social participation skill, independent learning skill, etc.) The general education teaching plan and program in grammar schools (is carried out during four years and finishes with a compulsory State Matura exam. Grammar school programs primarily prepare students for the continuation of education on some of the higher education institutions.

In vocational grammar schools students acquire specific vocational skills and a very good general education knowledge, which forms a basis for the continuation of education on higher education institutions. The vocational grammar school is completed once the State Matura exam is passed.

Education in vocational programs enables the student to acquire the knowledge, skills and competencies necessary to carry out specific expert work and enables them to enter the labor market, following the completion of their education or, under certain conditions, to continue their education on secondary or tertiary level. Vocational programs last between one and five years.

Art programs enable students to acquire the knowledge, develop the skills and competencies in various fields of art, as well as to develop their creative potential: art programs last up to four years. Following the completion of education a student acquires competences necessary for entering the labor market or further education on tertiary level.