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Bulgaria:Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

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Overview Bulgaria

Contents

Bulgaria:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Bulgaria:Historical Development

Bulgaria:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Bulgaria:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Bulgaria:Political and Economic Situation

Bulgaria:Organisation and Governance

Bulgaria:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Bulgaria:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Bulgaria:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Bulgaria:Organisation of Private Education

Bulgaria:National Qualifications Framework

Bulgaria:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Bulgaria:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Bulgaria:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Bulgaria:Funding in Education

Bulgaria:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Bulgaria:Higher Education Funding

Bulgaria:Adult Education and Training Funding

Bulgaria:Early Childhood Education and Care

Bulgaria:Organisation of Early Childhood Education and Care

Bulgaria:Teaching and Learning in Early Childhood Education and Care

Bulgaria:Assessment in Early Childhood Education and Care

Bulgaria:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Bulgaria:Single Structure Education (Integrated Primary and Lower Secondary Education)

Bulgaria:Organisation of Single Structure Education

Bulgaria:Teaching and Learning in Single Structure Education

Bulgaria:Assessment in Single Structure Education

Bulgaria:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Single Structure Education

Bulgaria:Upper Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Bulgaria:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Organisation of Vocational Lower Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Lower Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Assessment in Vocational Lower Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Bulgaria:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Bulgaria:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Bulgaria:Higher Education

Bulgaria:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Bulgaria:First Cycle Programmes

Bulgaria:Bachelor

Bulgaria:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Bulgaria:Second Cycle Programmes

Bulgaria:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Bulgaria:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Bulgaria:Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Institutions Providing Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Main Programmes and Provision in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Teachers and Education Staff

Bulgaria:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Management and Other Education Staff

Bulgaria:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Bulgaria:Management Staff for Higher Education

Bulgaria:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Quality Assurance

Bulgaria:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Educational Support and Guidance

Bulgaria:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Bulgaria:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Bulgaria:Mobility and Internationalisation

Bulgaria:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Mobility in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Bulgaria:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Bulgaria:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Bulgaria:National Reforms in School Education

Bulgaria:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Bulgaria:National Reforms in Higher Education

Bulgaria:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Bulgaria:European Perspective

Bulgaria:Legislation

Bulgaria:Institutions

Bulgaria:Bibliography

Bulgaria:Glossary

2014

(October - December)

In October the government approved the updated National Strategy for the Development of Scientific Research in Bulgaria, as well as the Action Plan covering the period 2015 – 2020.

The update is based on the results of the realization of Operational Programme „Development of the Competitiveness of the Bulgarian Economy” (2007 – 2013), as well as a public discussion in the scientific community.

Some of the main barriers to the development of scientific research were identified as follows:

  • The lack of sustainability and ability to forecast investments in scientific research;
  • The lack of adequate policies of financing scientific research and directing scientific potential towards priority fields;
  • Low financing rate of scientific research via dedicated programs.

In October the government adopted a Strategy for the Development of Vocational Education and Training in Bulgaria for the period 2015 – 2020.

The main goals of the Strategy are to prepare highly qualified staff to be employed by businesses, to prevent early school leaving among children from economically disadvantaged families, as well as to allow adults to receive professional qualifications in vocational schools and training centers.

The Strategy envisions providing quality training through education and work experience, thanks to a partnership between vocational school or training centers and one or several employers. This will increase employment opportunity after the training is over.

An important measure in the Strategy is the development of a credit system, which will facilitate the acquisition and recognition of professional skills.

An Action Plan will be developed within six months which will point out responsible institutions, funding methods, as well as expected results. The Plan will be updated every 2 years.

(June - October)

The Project of National Strategy for Promoting and Improving Literacy (2014-2020) was published for a discussion. The Strategy will be involved in the new Govenment agenda.

Literacy is a fundamental human right and an essential factor for personal and public prosperity. It is critical to the ability of people to develop as a person to learn through whole life and to participate fully in society.

The Strategy introduces the concept of "literacy", which means language literacy, namely on the base of reading literacy (skills for reading and writing), but with the other two skills – for listening and speaking.

The components of initial literacy is the ability to read, ability to write and the ability to understand the sense of reading and writing - skills that should be acquired in the first grade in accordance with the planned national curriculum requirements.

The dropout and early leaving school as a processes are in direct correlation with the acquisition of functional literacy, and as a consequence - to improve the socio-economic factors and ultimately - economic growth. The base is in the kindergarten. 

In the international study PIRLS carried out in 2011 the reading literacy is considered the dependence of the achievements of children and duration of visits to pre-primary school (ISCED Level 0). The results show that there is a clear correlation between the achievments of children and their participation in pre-primary school education, which is very typical for Bulgaria.

(March - June)


Through the implementation of the system for validation a chance will be given to the unemployed, non-graduated or busy people to validate their skills and competence in different areas.

The project "New opportunity for my future" is carried by the Ministry of Education with the support of the National Agency for Vocational Education and Training and aims to establish a system of validating the knowledge and skills acquired in life, at work or through the practice of a hobby for which people do not possess a document for professional qualification. 

A focus of the bill for changes in the Law for Professional Development and Training is the development of a System for validation of unformally acquired knowledge, skills and competences through a normative regulation of the opportunity for anyone to receive a document for professional knowledge, skills and competence. The project is funded by OP "Human Resource Development" and co-funded by the European Social Fund and estimates a total of 5 862 200 BGN.

At this moment the results of the project show that since the initiation in 2014 over 7500 bulgarians have been consulted for an opportunity of the validation of their skills acquired in an informal and independent way. 

2013

The National Youth Strategy (2014-2020) – the strategy calls for:

  • promoting economic activity and career development of young people;
  • improving the access to information and quality services, promoting healthy way of living;
  • preventing social exclusion of young people with fewer opportunities;
  • development of youth volunteering;
  • raising citizens’ proactivity, providing opportunities for personal development of young people in small towns and rural areas;
  • development of international and intercultural dialogue and raising the role of young people in preventing crime.

The full text of the Strategy is available here

The National Strategy on Lifelong Learning (2014 – 2020) – one of the main priorities of the strategy are:

  • development of integrated system, encompassing all stages (preschool, school, higher education and adult leaning) and forms (formal, non-formal and informal) of education and training, allowing for applying flexible learning pathways. 
  • improving quality of teaching through ensuring efficient initial qualification and continuous training of teachers;
  • acquisition of key competences such as “learn to learn”, entrepreneurship, initiative, teamwork, conflict resolution, decision taking. 

The full text of the Strategy is available here

2012

Reform on Reducing Poverty and Promoting Social Inclusion In the context of the Europe 2020 strategy and taking into account the registered higher levels of poverty among certain groups of the population, the Bulgarian government adopted a National Objective to reduce the number of those living in poverty by 260 000 persons by 2020. Four specific sub-objectives are formulated under the National Objective:

  • Reduction of the number of children in the age range 0-18 living in poverty by 78 000 persons (30% of the total national target and 25% of the number of poor children in 2008); 
  • Reduction of the number of persons 65 year old and over living in poverty by 52 000 (20% of the total national target and 10% of the number of poor elderly people in 2008); 
  • Reduction of the number of unemployed in the age range 18-64, living in poverty, by 78 persons (30% of the total national target and 25% of the number of poor and unemployed in the age range 18-64 in 2008); 
  • Reduction of the number of employed persons in the age range 18-64, living in poverty, by 52000 persons (20% of the total national target and 22% of the number of working poor in the age range 18-64 in 2008).

The realization of the Priority will contribute to increasing the efficiency and sustainability of the policy in the field of social inclusion. Priority activities are aimed at carrying out reforms and the implementation of innovative measures through which to develop new approaches and models for dealing with poverty and social exclusion and/or to supplement ongoing policies in these areas. 

The priority target groups are the children, the unemployed and the working poor, people above retirement age and vulnerable groups as a whole. The listed groups fall within the scope of the target of the National Reform Programme of the Bulgarian Republic in implementation of the Europe 2020 strategy National Objective to reduce the number of those living in poverty by 260 000 by 2020 and the four specific sub-objectives thereto. The implementation of this objective is closely related to the policy in the field of employment, which is a key instrument for reducing poverty and promoting social inclusion. 

The policies included in the priority are directed towards the permanent overcoming of the social exclusion of the most vulnerable groups in society and to the interruption of the transmission of poverty from one generation to the next. In this connection, the key policy approach to reducing poverty and promoting social inclusion will be prevention. The other approach is associated with mitigating and overcoming the consequences of poverty and social exclusion. 

The policies of the priority are focused on: 

  • Providing opportunities for employment and increase of income from work; 
  • Provision of sustainable, high quality and affordable cross-sectoral services with a view to the prevention of social exclusion; Ensuring sustainability and adequacy of social payments.