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Bulgaria:Reforms in Higher Education

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Overview Bulgaria

Contents

Bulgaria:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Bulgaria:Historical Development

Bulgaria:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Bulgaria:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Bulgaria:Political and Economic Situation

Bulgaria:Organisation and Governance

Bulgaria:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Bulgaria:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Bulgaria:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Bulgaria:Organisation of Private Education

Bulgaria:National Qualifications Framework

Bulgaria:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Bulgaria:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Bulgaria:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Bulgaria:Funding in Education

Bulgaria:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Bulgaria:Higher Education Funding

Bulgaria:Adult Education and Training Funding

Bulgaria:Early Childhood Education and Care

Bulgaria:Organisation of Early Childhood Education and Care

Bulgaria:Teaching and Learning in Early Childhood Education and Care

Bulgaria:Assessment in Early Childhood Education and Care

Bulgaria:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Bulgaria:Single Structure Education (Integrated Primary and Lower Secondary Education)

Bulgaria:Organisation of Single Structure Education

Bulgaria:Teaching and Learning in Single Structure Education

Bulgaria:Assessment in Single Structure Education

Bulgaria:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Single Structure Education

Bulgaria:Upper Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Bulgaria:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Organisation of Vocational Lower Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Lower Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Assessment in Vocational Lower Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Bulgaria:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Bulgaria:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Bulgaria:Higher Education

Bulgaria:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Bulgaria:First Cycle Programmes

Bulgaria:Bachelor

Bulgaria:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Bulgaria:Second Cycle Programmes

Bulgaria:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Bulgaria:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Bulgaria:Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Institutions Providing Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Main Programmes and Provision in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Teachers and Education Staff

Bulgaria:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Management and Other Education Staff

Bulgaria:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Bulgaria:Management Staff for Higher Education

Bulgaria:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Quality Assurance

Bulgaria:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Educational Support and Guidance

Bulgaria:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Bulgaria:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Bulgaria:Mobility and Internationalisation

Bulgaria:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Mobility in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Bulgaria:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Bulgaria:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Bulgaria:National Reforms in School Education

Bulgaria:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Bulgaria:National Reforms in Higher Education

Bulgaria:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Bulgaria:European Perspective

Bulgaria:Legislation

Bulgaria:Institutions

Bulgaria:Bibliography

Bulgaria:Glossary

2014

(January - March)

A group of members of parliament has proposed an amendment to the Higher Education Act, aiming to change the number of terms university deans and rectors can serve. Currently they can be in that position for no longer than 2 consecutive years. The amendment proposes to let each unviversity decide the duration and the number of terms in its Rulebook.

The rating system for higher education schools was updated. It aims to attract more foreign students to the Bulgarian system of higher education and contribute to the reversal of the “brain drain” phenomena. Through being transparent and objective and using 77 measures of evaluation, the rating system will increase higher schools’ competitiveness.

The rating system is available on rsvu.mon.bg and it is available in both English and Bulgarian. It will make it easier for high school students to pick the university that best matches their needs and provide them with objective information about the quality of teaching and their prospects after graduation. The system was compiled using information from centralized registries, from the respective schools’ databases, as well as through interviews with students, professors and employers.

The rating system has been updated as part of Operational Programme “Human Resources Development”. 

(March - June)

The Ministry accepted the National strategy for development of the pedagogical staff (2014-2020). The document:
  • defines the strategical borders of the national politics for education, training and career development of pedagogical staff;
  • sets a model for a comprehensive approach and politics for the improvement of educational quality in the country; 
  • creates conditions for the increase of authority and improvement of the social status of teachers.
The strategy implies the creation of a unified system of education and continuing qualification, financial and IT provision for the educational system, equality and competitiveness of the qualification institutions and organizations. It provides a set of measures for the updating of grading and self-grading practices for teachers and their work, along with special measures and politics for young pedagogical staff - for their motivation, recruitment and keeping in the profession, and for providing resources for their career development. 

The strategy envisions the creation of a unified normative legislation for national regulation of initial preparation, continuing qualification and career development of pedagogical staff. It also includes updates to the curriculum and programmes of higher education schools concerning students taught for the professional qualification "teacher"; coordination the continuing qualification of pedagogical staff accroding to the requirements of business; development of a modular system for remote schooling of the pedagogical staff.

The strategy implements a unified system of control of preparation and continuing qualification of pedagogical staff, as well as a system of controlling the quality of work, professional and career development that leads to a differentiated pay of the pedagogical staff and the inclusion of the profession "teacher" in the list of regulated professions in the Republic of Bulgaria.

In order to acheive the strategy's goals there is a plan containing deadlines, responsible institutions, funding sources and expected results for the realization of thå actions. It will be updated every two years marking off the accomplished results and more measures for the improvement of the plan's realization will be added if needed. 

(October - December)

In October the government adopted an updated version of the Strategy for the Development of Higher Education in Bulgaria for the 2014 – 2020 period. The Strategy has taken in consideration Bulgarian and European documents dealing with higher education development, as well as the Operational Programme “Sciences and Education for Intelligent Growth.” 

Among the Strategy’s goals are:

  • increasing access to higher education
  • increasing the number of university graduates between the ages of 30 and 34 to 36% by 2020.
  • creating a lasting and effective relationship between higher schools and the labor market
  • making Bulgarian higher education compatible with European higher education systems
  • stimulating research in higher education institutions, as well as the development of innovations oriented towards the market economy.
  • modernizing the system for managing higher education schools
  • increasing funding of higher education institutions and improving the efficiency of funds
  • expanding and stabilizing the system for lifelong learning. 

The update of the Strategy comes with an Action Plan. The funds needed for its enactment will come from two sources – programme funding from the national budget, as well as funds from European structural and investment funds.

2013

Currently, the Bulgarian Government efforts are focussed on implementing the key objectives set within the National Reform Programme – updated in 2013, in compliance with EU country specific recommendations. Several strategic documents and sets of measures, which are directly corresponding to the Erasmus+ programme, are adopted, under preparation, or expected to be adopted as of January 2014:

The National Strategy for Development of Higher Education (2014 - 2020) – the strategy will lay the foundations for the transformation of the current national system of higher education through consolidation and restructuring of existing HE institutions, to address the real needs of the national and world labour market and economy. Some of the Strategy’s main goals are as follows:

  • Stimulating interest in higher education and granting broader access to it;
  • Increasing the quality of instruction, encouraging student, teacher and researcher mobility;
  • Building a sustainable and effective relationship between higher schools and market institutions;
  • Building an integrated and effective network for scientific research activities and encouraging innovation in higher schools and research centers;
  • Modernization and decentralization of the management and funding system, corresponding to the worldwide tendency of granting higher schools with more autonomy, as well as market demand.
  • Expanding and stabilizing the lifelong learning network; applying forms for electronic distant learning.
The full text of the draft is available here.

The National Strategy for Development of Pedagogical Staff – the document is currently under preparation. However, it is important to acknowledge some of the initial considerations that underpinned the process of initiating this strategy. The focus is put on young inexperienced teachers, who have recently graduated. The main objective for the next few years is to support this particular target group, through different stimulating measures, in order to answer the need for more skilled and motivated teachers and trainers to ensure the provision of high-quality education. Concerning career development and continuous training of teaching staff, the strategy will identify different mechanisms to foster intranational and international working mobility.

The full text of the draft is available here.