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Bulgaria:Organisation of Private Education

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Overview Bulgaria

Contents

Bulgaria:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Bulgaria:Historical Development

Bulgaria:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Bulgaria:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Bulgaria:Political and Economic Situation

Bulgaria:Organisation and Governance

Bulgaria:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Bulgaria:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Bulgaria:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Bulgaria:Organisation of Private Education

Bulgaria:National Qualifications Framework

Bulgaria:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Bulgaria:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Bulgaria:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Bulgaria:Funding in Education

Bulgaria:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Bulgaria:Higher Education Funding

Bulgaria:Adult Education and Training Funding

Bulgaria:Early Childhood Education and Care

Bulgaria:Organisation of Early Childhood Education and Care

Bulgaria:Teaching and Learning in Early Childhood Education and Care

Bulgaria:Assessment in Early Childhood Education and Care

Bulgaria:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Bulgaria:Single Structure Education (Integrated Primary and Lower Secondary Education)

Bulgaria:Organisation of Single Structure Education

Bulgaria:Teaching and Learning in Single Structure Education

Bulgaria:Assessment in Single Structure Education

Bulgaria:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Single Structure Education

Bulgaria:Upper Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Bulgaria:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Organisation of Vocational Lower Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Lower Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Assessment in Vocational Lower Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Bulgaria:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Bulgaria:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Bulgaria:Higher Education

Bulgaria:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Bulgaria:First Cycle Programmes

Bulgaria:Bachelor

Bulgaria:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Bulgaria:Second Cycle Programmes

Bulgaria:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Bulgaria:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Bulgaria:Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Institutions Providing Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Main Programmes and Provision in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Teachers and Education Staff

Bulgaria:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Management and Other Education Staff

Bulgaria:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Bulgaria:Management Staff for Higher Education

Bulgaria:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Quality Assurance

Bulgaria:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Educational Support and Guidance

Bulgaria:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Bulgaria:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Bulgaria:Mobility and Internationalisation

Bulgaria:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Mobility in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Bulgaria:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Bulgaria:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Bulgaria:National Reforms in School Education

Bulgaria:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Bulgaria:National Reforms in Higher Education

Bulgaria:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Bulgaria:European Perspective

Bulgaria:Legislation

Bulgaria:Institutions

Bulgaria:Bibliography

Bulgaria:Glossary

The first private schools in Bulgaria were established in 1992. The order and conditions of establishment are defined and amended by the National Education Act, Statute and special regulation of MEYS for private schools. Private schools have a curriculum, whose compulsory part must meet the requirements of the state curriculum. Private schools have the right to supplement this with other curricula e.g. intensive foreign language teaching, music, arts, ecology, management, trade and marketing.

Currently in the country there are 162 private schools (40 professional colleges) and 54 private kindergartens. Over the past few years there has been a tendency to increase the number of newly private kindergartens and vocational colleges. This is a result of market demands and a shortage of municipal kindergartens and pre-primary groups in schools.

Kindergartens are municipal or private. Schools are be state-owned, municipal, private, or spiritual. Private kindergartens and schools are those which are established by natural and/or legal persons as businesses, non-profit legal entities or cooperatives or undertakings under the laws of a Member State. 

Private kindergartens and schools can engage it their activities after their entry into the register of the institutions in the pre-school and school education system under the terms and conditions laid down in Pre-school and School Education Act.

Private kindergartens and schools may conduct instruction and issue documents on the completion of a pre-school education level or a completed grade, stage or degree of school education in accordance with the requirements laid down in Pre-school and School Education Act and the laws of another Member State provided they have been licensed under the laws of that Member State and the teaching may combine the requirements of the education system of the licensing state, as well as the state education standards.

Private kindergartens and private schools shall be established, transformed, reorganized and terminated in accordance with Pre-school and School Education Act and the Commerce Act, the Non-profit Legal Persons Act or the Cooperatives Act or under the laws of a Member State. Private kindergartens and schools may not be established as public companies. Established private kindergartens and private schools may engage in activities only after they are entered into the register of the institutions in the pre-school and school education system and issued a registration certificate by the Minister of Education and Science or an official authorized by the Minister of Education and Science. These legal entities may not have objects of activity other than the activity of a kindergarten or a school and may run only one kindergarten or school.

Private institutions in the pre-school and school education system shall be financed under the terms and conditions laid down in the law applicable to their incorporation. The state budget subsidy to private kindergartens and private schools entered into the register of the institutions in the pre-school and school education system in accordance with Pre-school and School Education Act shall be provided as from the fiscal year of 2018.

The state budget resources to finance activities in relation to the instruction and upbringing of children and pupils at private kindergartens and schools shall be established in the budgets of the municipalities in which their seats are located in accordance with the spending standards per child and pupil and the number of children and pupils.

The resources received by the municipality in accordance with the spending standards shall be distributed among the private schools and kindergartens involved in the state financing system on the basis of the number of children and pupils.
Private kindergartens and private schools shall use the state budget resources they receive only for financing the activities in relation to the instruction, upbringing and socialization of children and pupils. 

The law says that when private kindergartens and private schools receive state subsidy, they can be collected fees for activities performed by them outside state-funded.

Private kindergartens and private schools shall draw up and submit regular cash-based expenditure reports under terms and conditions set out by the Minister of Finance and the Minister of Education and Science.

The unspent resources from the subsidy to private kindergartens and private schools in the course of the current year may be used only for financing the same activities in the following year.

In the event of termination of the participation of private kindergartens or private schools in the state financing system or termination of their activities, the unspent state budget resources shall be subject to recovery under the terms and conditions laid down in the state education standard for the financing of institutions.

Municipalities and regional divisions of education shall exercise control over the spending of state budget resources by private kindergartens and schools.

The number of groups and the number of children per group at the private kindergartens shall be laid down in the state education standard for the physical environment and the information and library services at kindergartens, schools, and personality development support centres. The number of forms at private schools and the number of pupils per form shall be established by the school in accordance with the state education standard for the physical environment and the information and library services at kindergartens, schools, and personality development support centres.

Pupils shall be enrolled at private schools under the terms and conditions laid down in the school rules and under in the state education standard for the financing of institutions.

The managing and control bodies of private kindergartens and schools shall be set out in the law under which they have been established. Educational activities at private kindergartens and schools shall be managed by the director or headmaster. Directors of private kindergartens and headmasters of private schools shall be appointed by the company or not-for-profit legal entity or cooperative. In the case of absence of the director of a private kindergarten or a private school, the acting director shall be appointed by the relevant bodies of the company, not-for-profit legal entity, or cooperative.

Labour contracts with educationalists at private kindergartens and schools shall be signed and terminated by the body which manages them and represents the relevant company, not-for-profit legal entity, or cooperative.

Private schools have a curriculum, whose compulsory part must meet the requirements of the state curriculum. Private schools have the right to supplement this with other curricula e.g. intensive foreign language teaching, music, arts, ecology, management, trade and marketing. They have initiated important innovations in content and organization in school: early language learning, use of computers in teaching, full day organization, transport, and school uniforms etc. 

The number of accredited private higher schools in Bulgaria is 14. 

Private higher schools shall be established at the request of individual citizens and/or legal entities. The founders shall hold title to the real estate, movable property and buildings needed for the performance of the activities, and they shall have a financial project for the support of the operations of the higher school.

The founders shall grant the higher school the right to use the real estate for the term of existence of the higher school or may transfer the title to the properties upon the promulgation of the decision of the National Assembly on its establishment in the State Gazette. 

The founders shall be responsible for the overall activities, management and financial condition of the higher school opened at their request in the cases, where they take part in the management.

Private higher schools shall enjoy academic autonomy. It shall be such autonomy where the intellectual freedom of the academic community and the creative nature of academic instruction, research and artistic creation shall find expression as supreme values. The academic community comprises of all faculty, students, doctoral candidates, and specializing trainees. Academic autonomy shall include academic freedoms, academic self-government and inviolability of the territory of the higher schools. The academic freedom finds expression in the freedom of teaching, freedom of research, freedom of acts of creativity, and freedom of learning. The academic self-government finds expression in: 

  • the electiveness of all bodies with a fixed term of office; 
  • the right of any private higher school to regulate its constitution and activities in its own Rules of Operation (Rulebook) in keeping with the Higher Education Act; 
  • the independent choice of faculty, admission requirements and forms of training students and postgraduates; 
  • the independent development and implementation of curricula and research projects; 
  • the choice of majors and minors to be taught. 

For more information on private education in Bulgaria, visit its portal.