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Bulgaria:Organisation of Early Childhood Education and Care

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Overview Bulgaria

Contents

Bulgaria:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Bulgaria:Historical Development

Bulgaria:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Bulgaria:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Bulgaria:Political and Economic Situation

Bulgaria:Organisation and Governance

Bulgaria:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Bulgaria:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Bulgaria:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Bulgaria:Organisation of Private Education

Bulgaria:National Qualifications Framework

Bulgaria:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Bulgaria:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Bulgaria:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Bulgaria:Funding in Education

Bulgaria:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Bulgaria:Higher Education Funding

Bulgaria:Adult Education and Training Funding

Bulgaria:Early Childhood Education and Care

Bulgaria:Organisation of Early Childhood Education and Care

Bulgaria:Teaching and Learning in Early Childhood Education and Care

Bulgaria:Assessment in Early Childhood Education and Care

Bulgaria:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Bulgaria:Single Structure Education (Integrated Primary and Lower Secondary Education)

Bulgaria:Organisation of Single Structure Education

Bulgaria:Teaching and Learning in Single Structure Education

Bulgaria:Assessment in Single Structure Education

Bulgaria:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Single Structure Education

Bulgaria:Upper Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Bulgaria:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Organisation of Vocational Lower Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Lower Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Assessment in Vocational Lower Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Bulgaria:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Bulgaria:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Bulgaria:Higher Education

Bulgaria:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Bulgaria:First Cycle Programmes

Bulgaria:Bachelor

Bulgaria:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Bulgaria:Second Cycle Programmes

Bulgaria:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Bulgaria:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Bulgaria:Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Institutions Providing Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Main Programmes and Provision in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Teachers and Education Staff

Bulgaria:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Management and Other Education Staff

Bulgaria:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Bulgaria:Management Staff for Higher Education

Bulgaria:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Quality Assurance

Bulgaria:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Educational Support and Guidance

Bulgaria:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Bulgaria:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Bulgaria:Mobility and Internationalisation

Bulgaria:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Mobility in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Bulgaria:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Bulgaria:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Bulgaria:National Reforms in School Education

Bulgaria:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Bulgaria:National Reforms in Higher Education

Bulgaria:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Bulgaria:European Perspective

Bulgaria:Legislation

Bulgaria:Institutions

Bulgaria:Bibliography

Bulgaria:Glossary

 

Geographical Accessibility

Most kindergartens are separate institutions run by the municipalities. They have a day-care regime and are located in purpose-built premises. If there are only a few children, groups are formed within schools where pre-school groups are also organized. They work on a part-time basis and in shifts. Children in kindergartens are divided into groups according to age – from 3 to 4 years; 4 to 5 years, 5 to 6 years and 6 to 7 years. The preparatory group for the school includes 5 to 7 year old children. The age division is not absolutely obligatory and can in some circumstances vary. The children may be placed into mixed-age groups. There are 12 to 22 children per group. State kindergartens are opened where at least four but no more than eight groups are formed.

In the creche institutions are formed groups for children in age from 3 months to 3 years.

In kindergartens as institution could be formed and creche groups for the children in age from 10 months to 3 years. The kindergarten which unit chreches and kindergarten groups are Obedineni detski zavedenia (ODZ).

The children have the right to leave the creche group on 1st of September in the year when they are up 3 y.o. (i.e. pre-primary age) or could leave earlier by the wish of the parents.

Admission Requirements

The admission of children in kindergartens is managed by special Rules approved by the local authority. The Rules comprise the criteria, conditions and the special procedures governing the acceptance of children in the united full-day-care kindergarten and crèche day-care kindergarten. Parents who want to apply for their children’s admittance in a local municipality kindergarten can do it by using the Internet-Based Registration System (IBRS). Registration can be done by Internet or locally in the kindergarten. Parents choose the kindergartens they want and then place them in an order of preference. Local authorities organize the classification of the parents' choices according to different sets of criteria – common and social. Pedagogical councils may also accept special additional criteria.

Age Levels and Grouping of Children

At kindergartens, children are distributed in 4 groups by age. The first group includes children aged from 3 to 4 years of age, the second group – from 4 or 5 years of age, the third group – from 5 or 6 years of age and the fourth group – from 6 to 7 years of age. As of 2010 the preparatory group begins with children from 5 to 7 years of age. Depending on the age group, an appropriate educational content is acquired, in compliance with the state educational requirements, and relevant methods of instruction are applied. Most of the kindergartens are independent institutions, which are established by the municipalities.

In a group in a kindergarten on full-day regime work 2 teachers on 2 shifts. They began to work in 1st group (3-4 y.o. children) and stay with them during the whole period to 4th group including when the children finish preparatory group on 7 y.o.

Organization of Time

The educational interaction at half-day, full-day and weekly kindergartens, is carried out as a continuous process throughout the whole year. The parents can interrupt at their own discretion their children’s attending the kindergarten for a certain period of time. The school year starts during the second half of September. During the rest of the time the pedagogical interaction continues as a permanent process of upbringing, including in the summer.

Organization of the Day and Week

The time for organized activities for children is about 15-20 minutes for the early childhood from 2 to 3 years of age, 1st and 2nd group (4-5 years old) to 25-30 minutes for the preparatory group from 5 to 6/7 year old children (3rd and 4th group). For the rest of the day, children are involved in games, dances, foreign language learning, swimming, walks and sleep. The forms of organization of the pedagogical process are specific and differ from these at school. They correspond to the age peculiarities and abilities of children. The weekly intensity of the process varies according to age groups.

The programme for the compulsory preparatory group contents matherials as sample for the compulsory forms of organisation in a half-day and full-day preparatory groups. They are distributed in 3 parts – pedagogical situations to the children with Bulgarian as family language, but non-attended kindergarten, the second module is for the children with Bulgarian as family language and attended kindergarten and the third model is for the children to who Bulgarian is not family language and they have not attended kindergarten.
The educational fields Bulgarian language is adopted and for bilingual children who need of developing of the communicative and speaking skills.