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Bulgaria:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

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Overview Bulgaria

Contents

Bulgaria:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Bulgaria:Historical Development

Bulgaria:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Bulgaria:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Bulgaria:Political and Economic Situation

Bulgaria:Organisation and Governance

Bulgaria:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Bulgaria:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Bulgaria:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Bulgaria:Organisation of Private Education

Bulgaria:National Qualifications Framework

Bulgaria:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Bulgaria:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Bulgaria:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Bulgaria:Funding in Education

Bulgaria:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Bulgaria:Higher Education Funding

Bulgaria:Adult Education and Training Funding

Bulgaria:Early Childhood Education and Care

Bulgaria:Organisation of Early Childhood Education and Care

Bulgaria:Teaching and Learning in Early Childhood Education and Care

Bulgaria:Assessment in Early Childhood Education and Care

Bulgaria:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Bulgaria:Single Structure Education (Integrated Primary and Lower Secondary Education)

Bulgaria:Organisation of Single Structure Education

Bulgaria:Teaching and Learning in Single Structure Education

Bulgaria:Assessment in Single Structure Education

Bulgaria:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Single Structure Education

Bulgaria:Upper Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Bulgaria:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Organisation of Vocational Lower Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Lower Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Assessment in Vocational Lower Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Bulgaria:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Bulgaria:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Bulgaria:Higher Education

Bulgaria:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Bulgaria:First Cycle Programmes

Bulgaria:Bachelor

Bulgaria:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Bulgaria:Second Cycle Programmes

Bulgaria:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Bulgaria:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Bulgaria:Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Institutions Providing Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Main Programmes and Provision in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Teachers and Education Staff

Bulgaria:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Management and Other Education Staff

Bulgaria:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Bulgaria:Management Staff for Higher Education

Bulgaria:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Quality Assurance

Bulgaria:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Educational Support and Guidance

Bulgaria:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Bulgaria:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Bulgaria:Mobility and Internationalisation

Bulgaria:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Mobility in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Bulgaria:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Bulgaria:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Bulgaria:National Reforms in School Education

Bulgaria:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Bulgaria:National Reforms in Higher Education

Bulgaria:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Bulgaria:European Perspective

Bulgaria:Legislation

Bulgaria:Institutions

Bulgaria:Bibliography

Bulgaria:Glossary

2017

(January - March)

The Government continues with the reforms aimed at promoting the transferable skills and employment. The Law on State Budget for 2017 for the first time in years, relies significantly increase in funds for education and science. In the Ministry of Education and Science are developed new state educational standards with experts, social partners, representatives of NGOs and other stakeholders.

A draft of the Concept for the development of vocational education, which is currently being discussed and consults with business representatives. After the completion of process will be offered a package of measures to reform the vocational education, including the necessary legislative changes.

Has been founded Educational industrial board via a partnership agreement between the Ministry of Education and Science, the Municipality of Plovdiv, Trakia Economic Zone and Industry Watch. The board will support the partnerships between vocational high schools and employers in order to overcome the skills gaps on at sectoral level.

Gradually is developing a legal framework for duality education and have started thematic projects of national importance. They regulate the functions of all stakeholders - employers, training institutions, mentors, teachers methodologists trained. Increased the number of classes and students involved in this process. Has been prepared an interactive map of vocational schools in Bulgaria, which contains information about the professional fields, the number of students, facilities and schools that offer dual education.

Policies for supporting the career centers in the vocational and higher education financially are supported by launching in this period project of national importance under the "Science and education for smart growth" Operative Programme.

Are conducted targeted activities under the Agreement between the Ministry of Education and Science and organizations in the software industry (BASCOM, BAIT, ICT cluster Bulgarian outsourcing Association) for cooperation in training and education of students for the acquisition of advanced education software including software professional education corresponding to the needs of the Bulgarian economy and the rapidly developing IT industry in the country. In the list of professions was included profession "application programmers." Are develop a project of national program on which it will finance the training of 400 students from schools across the country vocational qualification "Application Programmer".

The Ministry of Education has introduced a regional component in the funding of universities that has a direct connection with employment. From January 1, 2017 entered into force new arrangements for additional financing of education in professional fields and specialties included in the Schedule of priority professional fields and the Schedule of protected state specialties. Identified as a priority 32 professional fields from six areas of higher education. MES will support the necessary for the country professional fields - education, information and communication technology, engineering, mathematics and others. When determining the number of enrolled for training students in state schools, subsidized by the state, must be reported priorities for socio-economic development and career development of graduates.

Has been adopted the National Register of Qualifications in Bulgaria. The aim is to achieve greater transparency and comparability of existing qualifications in Bulgaria and the EU member states. Direct benefits of from this register have all stakeholders - jobseekers authorities’ recognition of qualifications, educational institutions, employers, social partners, public and private sector. The National Register of Qualifications in Bulgaria will be associated with the portal "Opportunities for education and training in Europe" ("Learning Opportunities and Qualifications in Europe" - PLOTEUS), and at a later stage to the electronic platform for skills / competencies, qualifications and professions (European Skills, Competences and Occupations - ESCO), supported by the European Commission.

2016

(April - September)

Council of Ministers’ Decision No 572 dated 12 July 2016 amending and supplementing Council of Ministers’ Decision No 619 dated 20 July 2009 adopting the List of Regulatyed Professions in the Republic of Bulgaria (Promulgated, State Gazette issue 61/2009, amended and supplemented issue 30/2012, issue 2/2014, and issue 7/2016) was adopted (promulgated, State Gazette issue 57/2016).

Council of Ministers’ Decision No 572/2016 is aimed to partially introduce the acquis of Directive 2013/55/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 November 2013 amending Directive 2005/36/EC on the recognition of professional qualificationus and Regulation (EU) No 1024/2012 on administrative cooperation through the Internal Market Information System ( ‘the IMI Regulation’ ), which was last amended by Commission’s delegated decision dated 13 January 2016 amending annex V to Directive 2005/36/EC in relation to certificates for professional qualification acquired and the names of training courses and Amendment of Commission’s Delegated Decision dated 13 January 2016 amending annex V to Directive 2005/36/EC in relation to certificates for professional qualification acquired and the names of training courses.

The most recent amendment of Annex I to Directive 2005/36/EC on recognition of professional qualifications was also introduced in the Bulgarian legislation by Council of Ministers’ Decision No 572/2016.

Council of Ministers’ Decision No 572/2016 does not change the List of Regulated Professions in the Republic of Bulgaria itself. The Decision introduce amendments and supplements of the annexes to Council of Ministers’ Decision No 619/2009, which contain information about 1) the professional associations and organizations that are recognized in the EU member states, the EEA states and the Confederation of Switzerland as entities which activity is considered as regulated; 2) the professional qualifications in the other EU member states in the regulated professions at EU level (doctor in Medicine, doctor in Dental Medicine, Veterinary Surgeon, Nurse General Care, Midwife, Pharmacist, and Architect) and 3) the names of specialized training courses in the field of Medicine.
 

Council of Ministers’ Decision No 572/2016 abolishes the List of Training Courses with Special Structure in the EU member states, the EEA states, and Confederation of Switzerland, and the List of the Types of Regulated Education and Training in the EU member states, the EEA states, and Confederation of Switzerland.

2014

(October - December)​

In October the government adopted a Strategy for the Development of Vocational Education and Training in Bulgaria for the period 2015 – 2020.

The main goals of the Strategy are to prepare highly qualified staff to be employed by businesses, to prevent early school leaving among children from economically disadvantaged families, as well as to allow adults to receive professional qualifications in vocational schools and training centers.

The Strategy envisions providing quality training through education and work experience, thanks to a partnership between vocational school or training centers and one or several employers. This will increase employment opportunity after the training is over.

An important measure in the Strategy is the development of a credit system, which will facilitate the acquisition and recognition of professional skills.

An Action Plan will be developed within six months which will point out responsible institutions, funding methods, as well as expected results. The Plan will be updated every 2 years.

The government adopted a National Strategy for Encouraging and Increasing Literacy (2014 – 2020). The document aims to put functional literacy as a national priority and guarantee cooperation between literacy initiatives.

The measures envisioned will try to determine the reasons leading to sufficient literacy with specific attention to groups in which the economic circumstances hinder learning opportunities, as well as ones for which language is a barrier to quality education. The specific goals set are tied to those of “Horizon 2020”.

In addition to combatting illiteracy among students, the Strategy also envisions literacy classes for adults, which will allow them to continue their education.

(March - June)

Through the implementation of the system for validation a chance will be given to the unemployed, non-graduated or busy people to validate their skills and competence in different areas.

The project "New opportunity for my future" is carried by the Ministry of Education with the support of the National Agency for Vocational Education and Training and aims to establish a system of validating the knowledge and skills acquired in life, at work or through the practice of a hobby for which people do not possess a document for professional qualification. 

A focus of the bill for changes in the Law for Professional Development and Training is the development of a System for validation of unformally acquired knowledge, skills and competences through a normative regulation of the opportunity for anyone to receive a document for professional knowledge, skills and competence. The project is funded by OP "Human Resource Development" and co-funded by the European Social Fund and estimates a total of 5 862 200 BGN.

At this moment the results of the project show that since the initiation in 2014 over 7500 bulgarians have been consulted for an opportunity of the validation of their skills acquired in an informal and independent way.