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Bulgaria:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

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Overview Bulgaria

Contents

Bulgaria:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Bulgaria:Historical Development

Bulgaria:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Bulgaria:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Bulgaria:Political and Economic Situation

Bulgaria:Organisation and Governance

Bulgaria:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Bulgaria:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Bulgaria:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Bulgaria:Organisation of Private Education

Bulgaria:National Qualifications Framework

Bulgaria:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Bulgaria:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Bulgaria:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Bulgaria:Funding in Education

Bulgaria:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Bulgaria:Higher Education Funding

Bulgaria:Adult Education and Training Funding

Bulgaria:Early Childhood Education and Care

Bulgaria:Organisation of Early Childhood Education and Care

Bulgaria:Teaching and Learning in Early Childhood Education and Care

Bulgaria:Assessment in Early Childhood Education and Care

Bulgaria:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Bulgaria:Single Structure Education (Integrated Primary and Lower Secondary Education)

Bulgaria:Organisation of Single Structure Education

Bulgaria:Teaching and Learning in Single Structure Education

Bulgaria:Assessment in Single Structure Education

Bulgaria:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Single Structure Education

Bulgaria:Upper Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Bulgaria:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Organisation of Vocational Lower Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Lower Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Assessment in Vocational Lower Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Bulgaria:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Bulgaria:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Bulgaria:Higher Education

Bulgaria:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Bulgaria:First Cycle Programmes

Bulgaria:Bachelor

Bulgaria:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Bulgaria:Second Cycle Programmes

Bulgaria:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Bulgaria:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Bulgaria:Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Institutions Providing Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Main Programmes and Provision in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Teachers and Education Staff

Bulgaria:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Management and Other Education Staff

Bulgaria:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Bulgaria:Management Staff for Higher Education

Bulgaria:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Quality Assurance

Bulgaria:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Educational Support and Guidance

Bulgaria:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Bulgaria:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Bulgaria:Mobility and Internationalisation

Bulgaria:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Mobility in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Bulgaria:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Bulgaria:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Bulgaria:National Reforms in School Education

Bulgaria:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Bulgaria:National Reforms in Higher Education

Bulgaria:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Bulgaria:European Perspective

Bulgaria:Legislation

Bulgaria:Institutions

Bulgaria:Bibliography

Bulgaria:Glossary

Pupil and Student Mobility

The sectoral programmes "Comenius" and "Leonardo da Vinci" are one of the main financial sources for students' mobility in school education.

  • The are two main types of mobility: Cultural exchange - usually lasting 2 to 4 weeks and is focused on intercultural communication and language learning;
  • Placement - which is usually from 2 to 6 weeks and is focused on the development of vocational skills.

According to the education programmes' rules the responsible institutions for sending students are the educational institutions themselves (general, secondary and vocational schools or in some cases non-govenmental organisations). The types of hosting institutions vary in type, especially for the "Leonardo da Vinci" sectoral programme.

Due to the short periods of mobility formal recognitions are not necessarily provided. Some of the sending institutions recognize the transnational placements as a formal placement required by the national authorities as a condition for graduation. The placements within "Leonardo da Vinci" are recognized by the sending and hosting institutions through the issuing of an Europass Mobility document.

Erasmus+

Lately, the mobility of students and teachers is conducted primarily through participation in the programme 'Erasmus +'. It includes three main Key actions:

  • Educational mobility for citizens 
  • Cooperation for innovation and exchange of good practices 
  • Support for policy reform 

"Erasmus +" supports activities in the areas of school and vocational education and training.  It helps to improve the quality of Bulgarian education through the exchange of best practices and allows for continuous qualification of Bulgarian teachers to teach interesting and draw away students.

“Erasmus +” shall support the educational mobility for teaching or non-teaching staff that:

  • to be part of the European Development Plan for the sending organization;
  • to be addresses the needs for professional development of staff;
  • to be implemented through the measures for selection of participants, preparation and    monitoring of mobility;
  • to ensure the recognition of learning outcomes of the personnel involved;
  • to be guarantee for dissemination of results to the educational community.

The designs for educational mobility promote transnational mobility of students from vocational schools and teachers. 

Teacher Mobility

The sectoral programmes "Comenius" and "Leonardo da Vinci" are also among the main financial sources for teacher mobility in early childhood and school education.

The programmes do not provide remuneration for teachers. In most cases the mobility is focussed on the exchange of teaching methods and good practices in class work. The recognition of acquired skills is implemented at the discretion of the head of the sending educational institution. 

Erasmus+

Educational mobility for teachers in school education for training purposes supports the professional development of teachers, managerial personnel in the field of school education and other school staff in the form of:

  • participation in structured courses or training abroad;
  • observation period in a partner school or other organization working in the field of school education.

The Programme is based on an integrated approach ensuring effective interaction between all sectors of education and training.
Educational mobility in the school education aimed at the teaching allows principals, teachers or other school staff to teach at the partner schools in other European countries.

She also aims to build the sustainable partnerships between education and business for stimulating innovation and competitiveness while promoting employment, with special emphasis on combating youth unemployment.

Extremely useful to work on the projects through which the by European funds to encouraging mobility of students from vocational schools, teachers, educators and people working in organizations in the field of education and training. And another very important thing giving these projects - create friendships, building leaders, their participants feel part of a team. The students and teachers meet people with ambition to know more, to give more to others.