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Bulgaria:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

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Overview Bulgaria

Contents

Bulgaria:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Bulgaria:Historical Development

Bulgaria:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Bulgaria:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Bulgaria:Political and Economic Situation

Bulgaria:Organisation and Governance

Bulgaria:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Bulgaria:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Bulgaria:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Bulgaria:Organisation of Private Education

Bulgaria:National Qualifications Framework

Bulgaria:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Bulgaria:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Bulgaria:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Bulgaria:Funding in Education

Bulgaria:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Bulgaria:Higher Education Funding

Bulgaria:Adult Education and Training Funding

Bulgaria:Early Childhood Education and Care

Bulgaria:Organisation of Early Childhood Education and Care

Bulgaria:Teaching and Learning in Early Childhood Education and Care

Bulgaria:Assessment in Early Childhood Education and Care

Bulgaria:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Bulgaria:Single Structure Education (Integrated Primary and Lower Secondary Education)

Bulgaria:Organisation of Single Structure Education

Bulgaria:Teaching and Learning in Single Structure Education

Bulgaria:Assessment in Single Structure Education

Bulgaria:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Single Structure Education

Bulgaria:Upper Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Bulgaria:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Organisation of Vocational Lower Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Lower Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Assessment in Vocational Lower Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Bulgaria:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Bulgaria:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Bulgaria:Higher Education

Bulgaria:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Bulgaria:First Cycle Programmes

Bulgaria:Bachelor

Bulgaria:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Bulgaria:Second Cycle Programmes

Bulgaria:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Bulgaria:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Bulgaria:Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Institutions Providing Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Main Programmes and Provision in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Teachers and Education Staff

Bulgaria:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Management and Other Education Staff

Bulgaria:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Bulgaria:Management Staff for Higher Education

Bulgaria:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Quality Assurance

Bulgaria:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Educational Support and Guidance

Bulgaria:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Bulgaria:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Bulgaria:Mobility and Internationalisation

Bulgaria:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Mobility in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Bulgaria:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Bulgaria:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Bulgaria:National Reforms in School Education

Bulgaria:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Bulgaria:National Reforms in Higher Education

Bulgaria:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Bulgaria:European Perspective

Bulgaria:Legislation

Bulgaria:Institutions

Bulgaria:Bibliography

Bulgaria:Glossary

'9.4 –'Initial qualification of the academic staff in higher education

The establishment of a dynamic model for career development and social status improvement of the academic staff is a true challenge in this sphere and aims to turn HEIs into true scientific centers.

The competitive examination procedures regarding the admission of full- and part-time Doctoral students as well as the occupation of academic positions in professional fields and specialties accredited by the National Evaluation and Accreditation Agency (NEAA) take place after an official decision by the HEI or the scientific organization to conduct a competition. The competition is announced by a publication in the “National Newspaper” and on the web page of the respective HEI or scientific organization.

The academic staff includes the people occupying academic positions in HEIs and scientific organizations as well as others under the Higher Education Act and the Law on the Development of Academic Staff in the Republic of Bulgaria.

І. Academic degrees are as follows:

  • "Doctor" (academic and scientific);
  • "Doctor of Sciences".

Academic and scientific "Doctor" degrees, as well as the "Doctor of Sciences" ones, are acquired only in HEIs and scientific organizations that have received accreditation to provide education towards a “Doctor” academic and scientific degree by the NEAA, under the conditions and in the order decided by the Law on Higher Education and the Law on the Development of Academic Staff in the Republic of Bulgaria.

Academic and scientific "Doctor" degrees and the "Doctor of Sciences" ones have an indefinite duration and apply in all the country's territory.

Scientific degrees acquired abroad are recognized by HEIs or scientific organizations in the Republic of Bulgaria in terms and order defined by their statutes and according to normative acts and international contracts in which the Republic of Bulgaria is a side.

The academic and scientific "Doctor" can be acquired by a person with the educational qualification degree “master”. To acquire the academic and scientific "Doctor" the candidate needs to defend a dissertation  under conditions and in an order according to  the Law on the Development of Academic Staff in the Republic of Bulgaria.

The dissertation is prepared through full- or part-time education or by individual training in a HEI's or scientific organization's Doctorate programme, accredited by NEAA. The preparation is possible in remote form as well. Full-time and individual forms of education last up to three years, while part-time and remote ones up to four. With certain exceptions stated in the regulation of the respective HEI or scientific organization this term can be extended, but by no more than one year.

A “Doctor of Sciences” scientific degree can be acquired by a person with the academic and scientific degreeDoctor”.

Persons with either academic and scientific "Doctor" degree or a scientific "Doctor of Sciences" one, related to the performed job receive an extra monthly payment of an amount decided by the Council of Ministers.

ІІ. The academic positions are:

  • "Assistant";
  • "Head Assistant";
  • "Associate Professor";
  • "Professor".

Academic positions are opened in HEIs and scientific organizations according to the conditions and in the order defined in the Law on Development of the Academic Staff in the Republic of Bulgaria, the regulations of its implementation and the regulations of the respective institution. Additional requirements about the occupation of the academic positions “Associate Professor” and “Professor” and the specifications about their separate professional directions can be defined through the regulations of HEIs or scientific organizations.

An academic position is taken according to an occupational legal relationship. The transition from an academic position to the same one or a corresponding one in another HEI or scientific organization, including ones abroad, can be also completed without a competition exam, and by decision of the admitting HEI or scientific organization under conditions and in order according to their regulations. If the contract of employment is suspended not by fault of the habilitated person all personal rights derived from the respective academic position are kept.

Candidates for academic positions in HEIs and faculties of arts and sports can apply with artistic or sports related accomplishments specific to the respective field.

Persons occupying the academic positions can be subjects to performance evaluation no less than once per five years.

 

Conditions and order for the occupation of the academic positions “Assistant” and “Head Assistant”

HEIs and scientific organizations hire persons for the “assistant” position with a fixed-term employment contract. The academic position “head assistant” is taken only by a person who has acquired academic and scientific ”Doctor“ degree in the corresponding scientific field. In medical universities and faculties and university clinics, in HEIs and faculties of arts and sports, in military high schools as well as high schools of the Ministry of Interior, the “Head Assistant” position can be taken by persons without an acquired “Doctor” degree when this is stated in the regulation of the respective institution.

Conditions and order for the occupation of the academic position “Associate Professor”

Candidates for the academic position “Associate Professor” have to comply to the following conditions:

1. To possess the academic and scientific degree „Doctor“;

2. And for no less than two years they must:

a) have occupied the academic position “assistant”, “head assistant”, or

b) have been lecturers, including part-time, or members of the scientific and research team in the same or another HEI or scientific organization, or

c) have been exercising artistic practices, or

d) have been specialists in their practice and possess proven accomplishments in their respective field;

3. To have presented a published monographic work or other equivalent publications in specialized scientific issues, or the proof of corresponding artistic accomplishments which do not repeat the ones presented for the acquisition of either academic and scientific degree "Doctor" or the scientific degree "Doctor of Sciences".

The academic position “Associate Professor” is taken via competition and selection. A competition for the academic position “Associate Professor” is ran if the respective educational or research workload can be provided according to the regulations of the HEI or scientific organization.

 

Conditions and order for the occupation of the academic position “Professor”

Candidates for the academic position “Professor” have to comply to the following conditions:

1. To possess the academic and scientific degree „Doctor“;

2. To have occupied the academic position “Associate Professor” in the same or another HEI or scientific organization no less than two academic years or for no less than five years to:

a) have been lecturers, including part-time, or members of a science and research team in the same or another HEI or scientific organization, or

b) to have exerted artistic activities, or

c) have been specialists in their practice and possess proven accomplishments in their respective field;

3. To have presented a published monographic work or other equivalent publications in specialized scientific issues, or the proof of corresponding artistic accomplishments which do not repeat the ones presented for the acquisition of either academic and scientific degree "Doctor" or the scientific degree "Doctor of Sciences" or the academic position "Associate Professor";

4. To have presented other original research, publications, inventions or other scientific or applied science developments or artistic accomplishments, which are evaluated in their aggregation.

If the candidates haven't been occupying the academic position “Associate Professor”, they need to present another published monographic work or other equivalent publications in specialized scientific issues, or the proof of corresponding artistic accomplishments which do not repeat the ones presented for the acquisition of either academic and scientific degree "Doctor" or the scientific degree "Doctor of Sciences".

The academic position “Professor” is taken via competition and selection. A competition for the academic position “Professor” is ran if the respective educational or research workload can be provided according to the regulations of the HEI or scientific organization.

Regarding the education and retraining of the academic staff it must be noted that in the year 2011 the 3-year-long project “Improvement of High School Teachers’ Qualification”, financed by OP “Human Resource Development” of the European Social Fund has finished successfully.

For the first time the Ministry of Education and Science took purposeful steps towards the increase of qualification of high school teachers. The common goal was to improve the quality of educational services provided by Bulgarian schools through the establishment of an effective system for the teachers' qualification and career development. As a result from the completion of the programme over 1000 teachers from all over the country passed courses for the increase of their qualification in key areas such as foreign language skills, skills of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) implementation in the educational process and acquisition of specific professional knowledge and competences about modern education systems; as well as the  introduction of mechanisms for supervision, evaluation, prognosis and planning of trainings for the increase of high school teachers' qualification with the goal of improving the quality of education services.

In 2013 the execution of projects in the realm of operation “System of qualification and career development of high school teachers” once again financed by OP “Human Resource Development”, have started. 1300 high school teachers are expected to be included in programmes for the increase of qualification and career development.