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Bulgaria:Educational Support and Guidance

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Overview Bulgaria

Contents

Bulgaria:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Bulgaria:Historical Development

Bulgaria:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Bulgaria:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Bulgaria:Political and Economic Situation

Bulgaria:Organisation and Governance

Bulgaria:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Bulgaria:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Bulgaria:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Bulgaria:Organisation of Private Education

Bulgaria:National Qualifications Framework

Bulgaria:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Bulgaria:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Bulgaria:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Bulgaria:Funding in Education

Bulgaria:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Bulgaria:Higher Education Funding

Bulgaria:Adult Education and Training Funding

Bulgaria:Early Childhood Education and Care

Bulgaria:Organisation of Early Childhood Education and Care

Bulgaria:Teaching and Learning in Early Childhood Education and Care

Bulgaria:Assessment in Early Childhood Education and Care

Bulgaria:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Bulgaria:Single Structure Education (Integrated Primary and Lower Secondary Education)

Bulgaria:Organisation of Single Structure Education

Bulgaria:Teaching and Learning in Single Structure Education

Bulgaria:Assessment in Single Structure Education

Bulgaria:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Single Structure Education

Bulgaria:Upper Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Bulgaria:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Organisation of Vocational Lower Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Lower Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Assessment in Vocational Lower Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Bulgaria:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Bulgaria:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Bulgaria:Higher Education

Bulgaria:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Bulgaria:First Cycle Programmes

Bulgaria:Bachelor

Bulgaria:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Bulgaria:Second Cycle Programmes

Bulgaria:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Bulgaria:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Bulgaria:Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Institutions Providing Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Main Programmes and Provision in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Teachers and Education Staff

Bulgaria:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Management and Other Education Staff

Bulgaria:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Bulgaria:Management Staff for Higher Education

Bulgaria:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Quality Assurance

Bulgaria:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Educational Support and Guidance

Bulgaria:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Bulgaria:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Bulgaria:Mobility and Internationalisation

Bulgaria:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Mobility in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Bulgaria:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Bulgaria:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Bulgaria:National Reforms in School Education

Bulgaria:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Bulgaria:National Reforms in Higher Education

Bulgaria:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Bulgaria:European Perspective

Bulgaria:Legislation

Bulgaria:Institutions

Bulgaria:Bibliography

Bulgaria:Glossary

 

One of the core national priorities requiring unified efforts of the Bulgarian society is concerned with the transition of Bulgarian education into an efficient system which makes an integral part of pan-European educational space. Therefore the state policy in the field of education is directed towards acceleration of its modernization and development and at the same time keeping the traditional values of the Bulgarian educational system. In the last couple of years a number of concrete steps have been made for the harmonization of Bulgarian legislation with the European one in view of the opening of the Bulgarian educational system and assuring equal access to quality education for every child, pupil and student. Along with the legislative changes in the sphere of pre-school education and training, school and higher education certain conditions and basic principles were regulated to provide a supportive environment for children and pupils with different kind of disabilities and of disadvantaged position which can allow their equal and full participation in the educational process, in external evaluation of pupils of IV, VII and VIII class and at state matriculation examinations. Measures for building a supportive environment are related both to the provision of architectural, information and communication access at schools and universities, and to the development of special syllabuses and educational programs, printing adapted textbooks and teaching adds, teachers training, etc.
These principles are regulated in a number of laws and normative acts and in various national strategy plans and programs.

Public Education Act
Changes in the Law in 2002 have regulated integrated training of the children and pupils with special education needs at the kindergartens, schools of general education and vocational schools.

Rules for the Public Education Act Enforcement
Changes in the rules in 2003 regulated practical enforcement of integrated training by defining children and pupils with special education needs, by formation of teams for complex pedagogical evaluation in regional inspectorates on education, by creation of a supportive environment for kindergartens and schools where these children and pupils are trained, by composition of teams of experts at the kindergartens and schools where children and pupils with special educational needs are trained on an integrated basis.

Law on the Integration of People with Disabilities
It regulates the commitments of the Ministry of Education, Youth and Science (MEYS) for providing integrated training of the children and pupils with special education needs of pre-school and school age, as well as arrangements of high schools related to the admission and training of pupils with disabilities.

Ordinance No 1 of 23.01.2009 for training of children and pupils with special education needs and/or with chronic diseases
It defines fundamental principles and objectives of complex pedagogical evaluation, imposed by practice additional functions of expert teams, coordination of activities of resource support in the process of education and training, cooperation with parents of disabled children, new functions of specialized schools in compliance with the new priorities in the activities of the Ministry of education youth and science, related to the development of integrated education.

National plan for integration of children with special education needs and/or with chronic diseases in the system of national education, adopted by Council of Ministers’ Decision in 2003
The document defines for the first time certain specific activities, time frames, and responsibilities of various institutions and organizations for implementation of integrated training.

Program for development of education, science and youth policies in Republic of Bulgaria (2009-2013)
Strategic priority directions of the MEYS are defined, one of which is equal access assurance to education.

Ordinance No 3/2004 for organization and conduct of state matriculation exams, Ordinance No 3/2003 for evaluation system, Ordinance for textbooks and teaching aids of 2003, Ordinance on the terms and conditions for protection of gifted children of 2003, Strategy for Educational Integration of Children and Pupils from Ethnic Minorities, National Strategy for Children 2008-2018, National Program for Child Protection, National program for safeguarding the rights of children with disabilities 2010 – 2013, Ordinance No 3/2009 on the terms and conditions for providing free education in Bulgarian language as well as for learning the mother tongue and culture of students at compulsory school age – children of citizens of member-states of the European union, European economic space and Switzerland, etc., – all of these documents regulate specific educational, social and other measures in order to ensure conditions and opportunities for all children to learn and develop their potential, to live and participate as full citizens in a modern society, regardless of their origin, health condition, abilities and special needs.