This page was last modified on 13 September 2012, at 11:23.

Bulgaria:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

From Eurydice

Jump to: navigation, search

Overview Bulgaria

Contents

Bulgaria:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Bulgaria:Historical Development

Bulgaria:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Bulgaria:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Bulgaria:Political and Economic Situation

Bulgaria:Organisation and Governance

Bulgaria:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Bulgaria:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Bulgaria:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Bulgaria:Organisation of Private Education

Bulgaria:National Qualifications Framework

Bulgaria:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Bulgaria:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Bulgaria:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Bulgaria:Funding in Education

Bulgaria:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Bulgaria:Higher Education Funding

Bulgaria:Adult Education and Training Funding

Bulgaria:Early Childhood Education and Care

Bulgaria:Organisation of Early Childhood Education and Care

Bulgaria:Teaching and Learning in Early Childhood Education and Care

Bulgaria:Assessment in Early Childhood Education and Care

Bulgaria:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Bulgaria:Single Structure Education (Integrated Primary and Lower Secondary Education)

Bulgaria:Organisation of Single Structure Education

Bulgaria:Teaching and Learning in Single Structure Education

Bulgaria:Assessment in Single Structure Education

Bulgaria:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Single Structure Education

Bulgaria:Upper Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Bulgaria:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Organisation of Vocational Lower Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Lower Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Assessment in Vocational Lower Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Bulgaria:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Bulgaria:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Bulgaria:Higher Education

Bulgaria:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Bulgaria:First Cycle Programmes

Bulgaria:Bachelor

Bulgaria:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Bulgaria:Second Cycle Programmes

Bulgaria:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Bulgaria:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Bulgaria:Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Institutions Providing Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Main Programmes and Provision in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Teachers and Education Staff

Bulgaria:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Management and Other Education Staff

Bulgaria:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Bulgaria:Management Staff for Higher Education

Bulgaria:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Quality Assurance

Bulgaria:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Educational Support and Guidance

Bulgaria:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Bulgaria:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Bulgaria:Mobility and Internationalisation

Bulgaria:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Mobility in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Bulgaria:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Bulgaria:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Bulgaria:National Reforms in School Education

Bulgaria:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Bulgaria:National Reforms in Higher Education

Bulgaria:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Bulgaria:European Perspective

Bulgaria:Legislation

Bulgaria:Institutions

Bulgaria:Bibliography

Bulgaria:Glossary

Funding

Kindergartens and preparatory groups at schools provide pre-primary education in Bulgaria. Almost all kindergartens and these schools are municipal and they are funded by the municipal budgets. Their annual budget is individual - formed on the basis of the uniform standard and the number of the enrolled children.

The Primary and Basic Schools are mainly municipal – approximately 90%. They are funded individually by uniform standard on the basis of the number of the learners enrolled in the school. The amount of the standard differs in groups depending on the specification of the territorial location of the school and the existing profiles (music, art, choreography, etc.).

The Sport schools are funded also by the number of the enrolled learners but their uniform standard is appointed differently.

The schools providing General education are mainly municipal – 90%. They are also funded by the municipal budgets individually by uniform standard on the basis of the number of the learners enrolled in the school. The amount of the standard differs according to the specification of the location of the school, the existing profiles (music, art, choreography, etc.), forms of education (day, evening, extramural, correspondence, individual, independent, distant), existing dormitories, etc.

The Art and Culture schools are funded by specially formed for them uniform standards. The schools for learners with special needs are funded by standards according to the special needs, health care services and hostel accommodation.

The Vocational schools are mainly state-owned – approximately 90%. They are funded by the state budget through the MEYS. Their budgets are individual according to the amount of the standard and the number of the enrolled learners. The form of education is daily and the amount of the standard differs generally according to the vocational area (transport, agriculture and livestock breeding, forestry, reserve, fish industry, veterinary medicine, architecture, ICT, administration, social services, etc.)

Central and protected schools are funded additionally by the state budget.

All schools can be funded on a competitive principle additionally by the state budget under the National programmes for development of school education.

Financial Autonomy and Control

The financial autonomy is given to the schools by the financial decentralization and the so-called “delegated budgets”. The financial decentralization transfers rights and obligations that are related to the constitution and execution of a budget (delegated budgets). Schools have more operational rights in relation to budget constitution and expenditures, and execute their own impendented policies.

The control over the educational process, budget spending, as well as the outcoming result is carried out by the respective educational authorities at central and regional level. The Minister of Education, Youth and Science (MEYS) exerts control over the spending of the resources for working salaries, maintenance, etc. This control is executed by the experts of the MEYS, municipalities and the Regional inspectorates of education (situated in each of the 28 regions on the Bulgarian territory), to which are delegated such authorities. 

The municipalities provide and control the resources for the maintenance, the construction, the furnishing and the major repair of the schools and kindergartens; the health servicing and the security of the kindergartens and schools; the resources for implementing the state education requirements, as well as the financial provision of all sections of the curriculum for the municipal kindergartens and schools; conditions for canteen catering, dormitories, recreation, sport basis and transport of the children, the learners and the teachers, as well as a free transport and full-day organization of the studies and canteen boarding; scholarships and special supports for learners.

Fees within Public Education

In kindergartens there is a fixed monthly fee. In municipal and public kindergartens the monthly fee is lower in amount than in the private ones.

Education throughout all school levels is free

Financial Support for Learners' Families

Since during their school education, students are still financially dependent on their parents/legal guardians, supporting measures for them and their families are not separately defined (see below).

Starting from 2012/2013 academic year, families with children in the 1st grade will receive a one-time financial help in the ammount of 150 leva, provided the avarage monthly income per family member for the previous year is 350 leva or less.

Financial Support for Learners

There are few types of financial support offered to learners. This support is given to the learners in the state and in the municipal schools after the completion of VIII grade as scholarships /grants for:

  • learners with special educational needs and learners without parents or with one parent;
  • learners with monthly income per family member under the official minimum salary rate and marks at school higher than very good 4.50;
  • learners with results during the last school term not lower than excellent 5.50 (the highest mark is excellent 6.00);

When the learner covers more than one or all of the above mentioned criteria, he/she has to choose only one of the grant options.

There are also scholarships and grants for talented learners:

  • One year scholarships for talented learners, placed on 1st , 2nd or 3rd place on national or international Olympiads and competitions;
  • Single grant with amount threefold the guaranteed minimum monthly salary for the country for talented learners, placed on 1st , 2nd or 3rd place on national or international Olympiads and competitions;

Social benefits (accommodation, meals, transport)

Some school have dormitories. The state budget covers the expenditures concerning the hostels and the learners there pay a minimum fee.

In most of the schools there are canteens. The state budget through the municipalities covers part of the amount concerning these expenditures and the learners pay the rest by buying a coupon. Through the National programmes for development of school education additional budget resources are given for breakfast or lunch in schools for the learners from I to IV grades.

The municipalities provide to learners up to 16 years of age, in a populated area where there is no appropriate school, a free transport and/or boarding-school education in a central school in the closest populated area on the territory of the municipality or of a neighbouring municipality. The learners have the option to travel by railway transport at reduced rates.

Students from grades I to VII are also entitled to free textbooks.

Private Education

Private kindergartens and schools have their autonomy to spend their own budget according to their own policy, but they respect the same national regulations as the public and municipal ones concerning the state education requirements and the organization of the learning process. They use private properties or properties, conceded to them, which are of private, state or municipal ownership.

The private schools on a competitive principal may apply by project for state funding under the various National programmes for development of school education.

The learners up to VII grade in the private schools receive free school books as those in the public and municipal schools.