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Bulgaria:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

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Overview Bulgaria

Contents

Bulgaria:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Bulgaria:Historical Development

Bulgaria:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Bulgaria:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Bulgaria:Political and Economic Situation

Bulgaria:Organisation and Governance

Bulgaria:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Bulgaria:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Bulgaria:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Bulgaria:Organisation of Private Education

Bulgaria:National Qualifications Framework

Bulgaria:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Bulgaria:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Bulgaria:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Bulgaria:Funding in Education

Bulgaria:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Bulgaria:Higher Education Funding

Bulgaria:Adult Education and Training Funding

Bulgaria:Early Childhood Education and Care

Bulgaria:Organisation of Early Childhood Education and Care

Bulgaria:Teaching and Learning in Early Childhood Education and Care

Bulgaria:Assessment in Early Childhood Education and Care

Bulgaria:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Bulgaria:Single Structure Education (Integrated Primary and Lower Secondary Education)

Bulgaria:Organisation of Single Structure Education

Bulgaria:Teaching and Learning in Single Structure Education

Bulgaria:Assessment in Single Structure Education

Bulgaria:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Single Structure Education

Bulgaria:Upper Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Bulgaria:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Organisation of Vocational Lower Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Lower Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Assessment in Vocational Lower Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Bulgaria:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Bulgaria:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Bulgaria:Higher Education

Bulgaria:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Bulgaria:First Cycle Programmes

Bulgaria:Bachelor

Bulgaria:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Bulgaria:Second Cycle Programmes

Bulgaria:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Bulgaria:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Bulgaria:Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Institutions Providing Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Main Programmes and Provision in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Teachers and Education Staff

Bulgaria:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Management and Other Education Staff

Bulgaria:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Bulgaria:Management Staff for Higher Education

Bulgaria:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Quality Assurance

Bulgaria:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Educational Support and Guidance

Bulgaria:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Bulgaria:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Bulgaria:Mobility and Internationalisation

Bulgaria:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Mobility in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Bulgaria:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Bulgaria:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Bulgaria:National Reforms in School Education

Bulgaria:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Bulgaria:National Reforms in Higher Education

Bulgaria:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Bulgaria:European Perspective

Bulgaria:Legislation

Bulgaria:Institutions

Bulgaria:Bibliography

Bulgaria:Glossary

The Law on Academic Staff Development in the Republic of Bulgaria regulates academic staff members’ continuing professional development. It results in rise to a higher academic position, leading to higher salary and professional reward.

According to the Higher Education Act the following positions shall exist for the higher-schools faculty:

  1.  for habilitated persons - associate professors and professors.
  2.  for non-habilitated persons - assistant professors and chief assistant professors.

The positions occupied by non-habilitated persons assigned solely to instruction of non-specialists in languages, sports, arts and suchlike shall be those of lecturers and senior lecturers. The faculty positions shall include also the positions of habilitated and non-habilitated faculty working at university hospitals.

Organisational Aspects

The academic posts of "assistant", "senior assistant", "associate professor" and "professor" shall be held under the terms and conditions laid down in the Development of Academic Staff in the Republic of Bulgaria Act and the statutes of the institutions of higher education and except for the position of "assistant", shall be occupied under contracts of employment for an indefinite term.

Higher schools shall be entitled to set additional conditions and requirements in regard to faculty members in the higher school's Rules of Operation or in their employment contracts. The higher school's Rules of Operation (Rulebooks) shall prescribe faculty members' working hours, the type and volume of their teaching and other assignments, and the conditions for their performance.

Higher schools shall evaluate each faculty member's contribution to the instructional, research, artistic and creative, administrative and other activities and shall make performance assessment of non-habilitated faculty members once in three (3) years, and of habilitated instructors - once every five (5) years. The evaluation and performance assessment shall be conducted in accordance with pre-announced standards and criteria laid down in the higher school's Rules of Operation, which must invariably comprise:

  1.  adherence to the teaching-workload norms as approved by the Academic Board;
  2.  development of new seminar and/or laboratory exercises, textbooks and teaching-aid literature;
  3.  scientific (artistic and creative) production, involvement in contracts for scientific research and international scientific co-operation;
  4.  supervision of graduating seniors, doctoral candidates and trainees engaged in specialised studies;
  5.  student-opinion polls.

The Academic Staff Development in the Republic of Bulgaria Act regulates academic staff members’ continuing professional development. It results in rise to a higher academic position, leading to higher salary and professional reward.
The research activities at higher schools are directed at obtaining of new knowledge and products with scientific applicability, as well as at curriculum development. 


Research organization and management is set by the higher school’s Rules of Operation. Each higher school encourages mostly priorities related research and project activities. The higher schools have the right to plan and conduct research together with other higher schools, science and research organizations and institutions in the fields of common interest. Researches are an inseparable part of the academic staff activities. 

The research activities are funded by the state budget and other sources, collected according to the rules for financing, in compliance with the Higher Education Act.

Higher schools have the right to use funds for research to pay teachers’ and researchers’ activities on term labor agreements as well as research involved students and doctoral students when they are engaged in research task for which the funds are set out.

Incentives for Participation in Continuing Professional Development (CPD) Activities

According to the Higher Education Act the habilitated faculty members entitled to sabbatical leave of one academic year for their academic development. No teaching workload shall be assigned to them during this year. The time for academic development comprises also any specialised studies outside the higher school lasting more than three (3) months. The decision shall be taken by the Faculty Board. Each higher school decides on any additional benefits it wishes to grant to staff participating in CPD activities.  


At national level in terms of training and retraining of academic staff in the period 2008 - 2011 was implemented a project "Increasing the qualification of university lecturers", financed within the operational Programme "Human Resources Development" of the European Social Fund. For the first time the Ministry of Education and Science has taken targeted steps to improve the qualification of university lecturers. The overall aim was to improve the quality of educational services provided by the Bulgarian universities by establishing an effective system for training and career development of teachers. As a result of the project more than 1,500 teachers from across the country passed courses for training in key areas such as foreign language, use of information and communication technologies (ICT) in the learning process and acquired specific professional knowledge and competence associated with modern training programs; introduction of mechanisms for monitoring, assessment, forecasting and planning trainings to improve the qualifications of teachers in higher education institutions to improve the quality of educational services.

In 2013 started the implementation of projects in the framework of "System for training and career development of university lecturers" also funded within the Operational Programme "Human Resources Development". The aim was by 2015 1,300 university professors to be included in programs for training and career development.

In November 2016 the European Commission approved the project of the Ministry of Education and Science called "BG TEACHING INOVATION TOOLS IN HIGER EDUCATION" which will be run until the end of October 2018.The project is aimed to support the implementation of the first two main objectives of the Bologna report as outlined in the Yerevan Communiqué, i. e. 1) raising quality and relevance of learning and teaching and 2) promoting better employability of higher education (HE) graduates during their active work life.

The project is focused on the following important issues: 1) Improving teaching skills aimed to make teaching and learning more innovative and raised quality of HE; 2) using HEInnovate tool that was tested first time in BG in 2013 to support entrepreneurship in HE institutions (HEIs). By this way students and teachers could express their creativity and entrepreneurship spirit in education and research and in the same time create products with added value through open cooperation with various stakeholders.