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Bulgaria:Assessment in Single Structure Education

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Overview Bulgaria

Contents

Bulgaria:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Bulgaria:Historical Development

Bulgaria:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Bulgaria:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Bulgaria:Political and Economic Situation

Bulgaria:Organisation and Governance

Bulgaria:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Bulgaria:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Bulgaria:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Bulgaria:Organisation of Private Education

Bulgaria:National Qualifications Framework

Bulgaria:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Bulgaria:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Bulgaria:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Bulgaria:Funding in Education

Bulgaria:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Bulgaria:Higher Education Funding

Bulgaria:Adult Education and Training Funding

Bulgaria:Early Childhood Education and Care

Bulgaria:Organisation of Early Childhood Education and Care

Bulgaria:Teaching and Learning in Early Childhood Education and Care

Bulgaria:Assessment in Early Childhood Education and Care

Bulgaria:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Bulgaria:Single Structure Education (Integrated Primary and Lower Secondary Education)

Bulgaria:Organisation of Single Structure Education

Bulgaria:Teaching and Learning in Single Structure Education

Bulgaria:Assessment in Single Structure Education

Bulgaria:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Single Structure Education

Bulgaria:Upper Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Bulgaria:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Organisation of Vocational Lower Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Lower Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Assessment in Vocational Lower Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Bulgaria:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Bulgaria:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Bulgaria:Higher Education

Bulgaria:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Bulgaria:First Cycle Programmes

Bulgaria:Bachelor

Bulgaria:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Bulgaria:Second Cycle Programmes

Bulgaria:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Bulgaria:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Bulgaria:Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Institutions Providing Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Main Programmes and Provision in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Teachers and Education Staff

Bulgaria:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Management and Other Education Staff

Bulgaria:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Bulgaria:Management Staff for Higher Education

Bulgaria:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Quality Assurance

Bulgaria:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Educational Support and Guidance

Bulgaria:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Bulgaria:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Bulgaria:Mobility and Internationalisation

Bulgaria:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Mobility in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Bulgaria:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Bulgaria:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Bulgaria:National Reforms in School Education

Bulgaria:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Bulgaria:National Reforms in Higher Education

Bulgaria:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Bulgaria:European Perspective

Bulgaria:Legislation

Bulgaria:Institutions

Bulgaria:Bibliography

Bulgaria:Glossary

Pupil Assessment

Pupils’ achievements in the primary stage are evaluated according to the expected results outlined in the syllabi for every grade and subject. Children from 1st grade go through an evaluation of their level of readiness for school at the beginning of the school year. The results help teachers differentiate and tailor the study process according to pupils’ individual needs. At the beginning and the end of the academic year, pupils from grades 2 to 8 do written tests, which register their individual progress. Current assessment of 1st grade pupils is done through qualitative indicators only. The results of the current assessment of pupils from 2nd grade on is expressed by both qualitative and quantitative indicators – Excellent (6), Very good (5), Good (4), Fair (3) and Poor (2).

The pupil completes the grade if his/her annual grade is not less than Fair (3). Term and annual grades are formed on the basis of students’ academic performance throughout the year. A Poor (2) grade in a subject for the year means that the student should sit for a correction exam and if he/she fails again, he/she repeats the grade.

All pupils' grades from 2nd grade on are written in their grade books and the class registers.

Primary school pupils (1st to 4th grade), who do not master the study content, do not repeat the grade. Instead, teachers work with them individually.

Assessment in the whole system of education is both internal and external. The teacher is the one who does internal assessment. The school principal and the administrative officers from the Ministry of Education, Youth and Science and the Regional Inspectorates of Education conduct external assessment. Assessment is done through regular checkups, assessments for establishing the level of attainment of the State Educational Requirements (SER) for study content. The different types of regular assessment on every subject are stipulated in SER and in the syllabi. They can include:

  • oral examinations;
  • written examinations;
  • practical examinations.

Examinations are individual, group or including all the students in a class.

Minimum number of examinations is stipulated depending on the number of hours the students has studied a particular subject. For subject studied for only one hour a week or every two weeks there is no term grade but only an annual one.

Assessment in the process of school education aims to determine the results achieved by the pupils in the academic subjects during the school year - the compulsory, core curriculum optional and free-elective subjects.

Final grades for each subject are awarded upon completion of basic education.

Over the last six years tests have become the leading form of internal and external assessment. At the end of 4th and 7th grade all students go through standardised national external assessment tests in all main academic fields they have studied.

External assessment outcomes serve policy makers as an indicatoin about the state of the educational system as a whole. Aiming at encouraging all students to take active part in education, the Ministry of Education, Youth and Science started a programme of financing additional school hours for either talented students or ones who are lagging behind.

Progression of Pupils

At the end of 1st grade all pupils get a certificate for completion where the overall annual grade is only qualitative: Satisfactory, Good, Very good or Excellent. The annual results of pupils from grades 2, 3 and 4 is registered in their grade books, which verifies the completion of the grade. Pupils who complete grade 4, are issued a certificate of completed primary stage with the annual grades in all compulsory and elective subjects studied in that grade.

Admission to the lower secondary stage is free, but pupils are admitted to specialized classes (for example, such with intensive instruction in mathematics, arts, sports) after passing an exam.

The results from lower secondary education – grades 5th to 8th are registered as current, end of term and annual grades in students' grade books. Students' average grade for the year and their progress to the next grade are also registered in pupils’ mark books.

Students who have not attained the educational minimum sit for corrective exams. Those who do not take the corrective exam or receive a Poor (2), repeat the grade. Students from grades 1st to 4th, who do not master the study content in a satisfactory manner, do not repeat the grade. Instead, they receive additional help from their teachers.

A pupil passes from basic school to secondary school without an examination through his/her basic school certificate. Enrolment at profile-oriented schools after completing 7th or 8th grade (language schools, school of mathematics, technical schools, etc.) is on the basis of entrance examinations.

Certification

Completion of basic education is certified with a Certificate of Completed Basic Education, which is final. The certificate of basic education is obtained after the completion of grade 8. It entitles its holder to continue his/her education or vocational qualification or exercise professions requiring completed basic education. The certificate includes the annual grades obtained in the subjects studied in year 8, as well as the grades obtained in the chosen subjects.

The overall score for completed basic education is calculated with an accuracy of up to 0.01. It is an average of the grades in the subjects in the respective fields: Bulgarian Language and Literature, Mathematics, Informatics and Information technologies, Social Sciences and Civic education, Natural Sciences and Ecology, Arts, Sports and Technologies. There are no examinations upon completion of grade 8.