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Bulgaria:Adult Education and Training Funding

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Overview Bulgaria

Contents

Bulgaria:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Bulgaria:Historical Development

Bulgaria:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Bulgaria:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Bulgaria:Political and Economic Situation

Bulgaria:Organisation and Governance

Bulgaria:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Bulgaria:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Bulgaria:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Bulgaria:Organisation of Private Education

Bulgaria:National Qualifications Framework

Bulgaria:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Bulgaria:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Bulgaria:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Bulgaria:Funding in Education

Bulgaria:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Bulgaria:Higher Education Funding

Bulgaria:Adult Education and Training Funding

Bulgaria:Early Childhood Education and Care

Bulgaria:Organisation of Early Childhood Education and Care

Bulgaria:Teaching and Learning in Early Childhood Education and Care

Bulgaria:Assessment in Early Childhood Education and Care

Bulgaria:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Bulgaria:Single Structure Education (Integrated Primary and Lower Secondary Education)

Bulgaria:Organisation of Single Structure Education

Bulgaria:Teaching and Learning in Single Structure Education

Bulgaria:Assessment in Single Structure Education

Bulgaria:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Single Structure Education

Bulgaria:Upper Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Bulgaria:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Organisation of Vocational Lower Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Lower Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Assessment in Vocational Lower Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Bulgaria:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Bulgaria:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Bulgaria:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Bulgaria:Higher Education

Bulgaria:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Bulgaria:First Cycle Programmes

Bulgaria:Bachelor

Bulgaria:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Bulgaria:Second Cycle Programmes

Bulgaria:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Bulgaria:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Bulgaria:Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Institutions Providing Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Main Programmes and Provision in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Teachers and Education Staff

Bulgaria:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Management and Other Education Staff

Bulgaria:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Bulgaria:Management Staff for Higher Education

Bulgaria:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Quality Assurance

Bulgaria:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Educational Support and Guidance

Bulgaria:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Bulgaria:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Bulgaria:Mobility and Internationalisation

Bulgaria:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Mobility in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Bulgaria:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Bulgaria:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Bulgaria:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Bulgaria:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Bulgaria:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Bulgaria:National Reforms in School Education

Bulgaria:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Bulgaria:National Reforms in Higher Education

Bulgaria:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Bulgaria:European Perspective

Bulgaria:Legislation

Bulgaria:Institutions

Bulgaria:Bibliography

Bulgaria:Glossary

Funding

The main policy goals for funding Adult Education are outlined in the National Lifelong Learning Strategy and can be summarized as follows:

  • improvement of the legal framework in Adult Education in order to ensure and facilitate the implementation of the LLL concept and encourage participation of larger groups of the society in LLL activities (better access to Adult Education);
  • set up of better structures for coordination with clear division of responsibilities on national, regional and local level;
  • create various opportunities for formal, non-formal and informal learning according to the labour market needs;
  • establish a comprehensive and transparent system for validation of all types of learning outcomes – knowledge, skills and competences, including acquired in non-formal educational setting;
  • strengthen decentralization process in Adult Education management - in terms of organization of the learning, quality assurance, validation agreements, lifelong guidance, information provision etc.

The main sources for investments in Adult Education are:

  • Public funding from the State budget. This is valid for the school system (esp. vocational schools), the cultural centers, a lot of the current programmes to retrain unemployed people, etc. One of the largest shares of the public budget for ALE is via the National Employment Action Plan which every year allocates are millions of leva for various educational programmes.
  • Funding by European programmes and the ongoing European structural funds. Concerning LLL and human resources, the European social fund is of special interesт;
  • Private funding trough fees paid enter by training participants themselves, or by the employers who want to invest in the qualification of their employees.

One of the main aims of educational policies is to improve literacy among adults. For those purposes the following activities are receiving funding:

  • Developing programmes and organizing education for improving adult literacy;
  • Developing programmes with courses which offer educational support for adults in order for them to complete basic education;
  • Developing instruments for validation and certification of primary stage of the basic education and of grades from basic education;
  • Organising explanatory activities for adult education;
  • Qualification of teachers for adult education;

These activities are outlined in the budget of the Ministry of Education, Youth and Science under Policies and Programmes for 2012.

Specificly funded goals:

  • Ensuring organized and methodical training of illiterate and poorly literate people over 16 years old;
  • Involving illiterate and poorly literate persons over 16 years old, who have no graduation of primary stage or grade of the basic education, in educational activities;
  • Certifying people completing such programmes in order to facilitate their access to the labor market.

Concerning improving adult literacy, there is also available funding for working up programmes for:

  • Literacy training;
  • Developing instruments for validation and certification;
  • Additional qualification of teachers for adult education;
  • In 2012 there is additional funding for renumerating teachers withing adult education as well as for providing stipends for the learners - one for class attendance and another one for successful graduation.

Adult education/training can be provided by schools, universities (providing education for raising the qualification, which does not lead to acquiring educational degree or speciality) and Centres for vocational training. When these institutions provide training for individual or group learners, who are not involved in organised training funded by MEYS or MLSP, they have to supply themselves the budget necessary for carrying out the training (by fees mainly).

Fees Paid by Learners

Learners who are educated/trained through MEYS or MLSP programmes for making adults literate do not any pay fees. When education/training is not under activity funded by MEYS or MLSP, it is presumed that learners pay fees. Fee is payable to the institution or organisation providing the education/training and it determines the exact amount of the fee.
According the Public Education Law, activities out of the state educational requirements in state or municipal schools and service units, as well as for vocational education after graduated secondary education, fees are payable under conditions and order, determined by ordinance of the Minister of Education, Youth and Science.
According to the Vocational Education and Training Law, vocational schools and centres for vocational education gather fees for training indvidual learners and corporate bodies.

Financial Support for Adult Learners

The main source of support to adult learners are the European funds such as Lifelong Learning Programme and the National Operative Programme Human Resources Development.

As of 2012, there is funding for providing stipends for adutl learners - one for class attendance and another one for successful graduation. Under certain conditions travelling expenses are also covered in order to facilitate class attendance.

Private Education

Adult educational private institutions are centres for vocational education, which are independent and attract funding themselves. That is why they are financially autonomous to make and spend their budgets. Education and training can be provided by private schools and universities too. They are also financially independent concerning their budgets. Despite that they are obliged to follow the obligatory programmes and requirements set by MEYS concerning the content of education and training.
Centres for vocational education determine learners’ fees themselves, depending on the professional field of the training and the necessary budget for providing good quality education/training.