This page was last modified on 16 November 2016, at 17:27.

Bosnia and Herzegovina:Overview

From Eurydice

Jump to: navigation, search

Overview Bosnia and Herzegovina

Contents

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:Historical Development

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:Political and Economic Situation

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:Organisation and Governance

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:Organisation of Private Education

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:National Qualifications Framework

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:Funding in Education

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:Higher Education Funding

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:Adult Education and Training Funding

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:Early Childhood Education and Care

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:Primary Education

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:Organisation of Primary Education

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:Teaching and Learning in Primary Education

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:Assessment in Primary Education

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Primary Education

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:Organisation of General Lower Secondary Education

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:Teaching and Learning in General Lower Secondary Education

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:Assessment in General Lower Secondary Education

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:Higher Education

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:First Cycle Programmes

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:Bachelor

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:Second Cycle Programmes

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:Adult Education and Training

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:Distribution of Responsibilities

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:Main Providers

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:Main Types of Provision

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:Teachers and Education Staff

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:Management and Other Education Staff

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:Management Staff for Higher Education

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:Quality Assurance

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:Educational Support and Guidance

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:Mobility and Internationalisation

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:Mobility in Higher Education

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:National Reforms in School Education

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:National Reforms in Higher Education

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:European Perspective

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:Legislation

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina:Glossary

 

Key Features of the Education System

The education sector in Bosnia and Herzegovina reflects the state constitution. It is defined by the BiH Constitution, the constitutions of the entities, cantons, and the Statute of Brčko District of BiH, which govern legal competencies in education.BiH consists of two entities (The Republic of Srpska and Federation of BiH) and Brcko district of BiH.The Republic of Srpska has a centralized government and one ministry of education. Federation of BiH has a decentralized government and consists of ten cantons where each canton has their own ministry of education. There is also Federal ministry of education, but this ministry has only coordinative role. And Brcko district of BiH has a government with departments. One of those department is The Department for Education.In accordance with that there are twelve responsable institutions of education in BiH. The Ministry of Education and Culture of the Republic of Srpska, ten cantonal ministries of education in the Federation of BiH and the Department for Education of the Brčko District of BiH Government. There are also two others ministries with coordinating role. The Federal Ministry of Education and Science coordinates, among other things, activities within the Federation of BiH, between ten cantons. The Ministry of Civil Affairs of BiH (MoCA), established on a state level and coordinates activities within all education institutions in BiH. In accordance to the law, MoCA is responsible for carrying out activities and tasks within the jurisdiction of BiH related to defining basic principles of coordination of activities, harmonization of plans of entity bodies and defining strategy at the international level, including, among others, education. The Agency for Higher Education and Quality Assurance, Center for Information and Recognition of Qualifications in Higher Education and the Agency for Preschool, Primary and Secondary Education have been established at the BiH level. The bodies for the coordination of the education sector have also been formed including the Conference of Ministers of Education in BiH and the Council for General Education in BiH. The Rectors' Conference of Bosnia and Herzegovina has also been established and it defines and represents the common interests of universities in Bosnia and Herzegovina, cooperates with education institutions in Bosnia and Herzegovina and acts as an advisory body for the implementation of the reform of higher education. In BiH, there are three constituent peoples and three official languages: Bosnian, Croatian and Serbian. They are tought in a school as a mother tongue.

Stages of the Education system

Preschool education and care is intended for children from 6 months old until they start with primary education. It comprises three levels: nursery (for children from 6 months to 3 years old), kindergarten (for children from 3 years to 6 years old) and preschool preparatory programme. in the year before starting school the preschool preparatory programme has implemented and it's first part of compulsory education. This programm attend children between 5 ½ and 6 ½ years old.Primary education is compulsory and it lasts 9 years, divided into three cycles/triad  (Triad 1: 1st to 3rd grade; Triad 2: 4th to 6th grade and Triad 3: 7th to 9th grade). Public primary education is free and the only admission criterion is the age – all children have to be enrolled in primary school between 5 ½ and 6 ½ years old. Secondary education is available in forms of general secondary education schools (grammar schools), vocational secondary education schools, art schools and other, less frequent types. General secondary education lasts 4 years and vocational secondary education lasts 3 or 4 years. Students are usually 15 years old when they enter secondary education and they are admitted to schools on the basis of primary school achievements and final exam results.Higher education in BiH is organized in three cycles.The first cycle leads to the academic title of completed undergraduate studies [the degree of Bachelor] or equivalent, obtained after a minimum of three and a maximum of four years of full time study. Precondition sor enter is certificate of completion of secondary education, and it is evaluated with at least 180 or 240 ECTS credits. Exceptions are integrated studies of medical science group in the first cycle, which are valued up to 360 ECTS credits.The second cycle leads to the academic title of Master or equivalent, obtained after completing undergraduate studies, lasting one or two years, and it is evaluated with 60 or 120 credits, and the sum with the first cycle is 300 ECTS credits, andThe third cycle leading to a doctoral degree or equivalent, last three years and it is valued at 180 credits.
One semester is evaluated with 30 credits in each cycle.Youth and adult education can be formal, non-formal and informal learning. Legal provisions that entitle to continuing adult education define this area as part of a unified education system.
For further information, please consult the introduction articles on mentioned topics.</p>

Structure of the national education system

2016 diagram BA.pngsource: Eurydice 2016

Common European Reference Tools Provided by the Eurydice Network