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Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Overview

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Overview Belgium (German Speaking Community)

Contents

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Historical Development

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Political and Economic Situation

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Organisation and Governance

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Organisation of Private Education

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:National Qualifications Framework

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Funding in Education

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Higher Education Funding

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Adult Education and Training Funding

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Early Childhood Education and Care

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Primary Education

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Organisation of Primary Education

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Teaching and Learning in Primary Education

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Assessment in Primary Education

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Primary Education

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Organisation of General Secondary Education

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Teaching and Learning in General Secondary Education

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Assessment in General Secondary Education

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Organisation of Technical Secondary Education

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Teaching and Learning in Technical Secondary Education

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Assessment in Technical Secondary Education

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Organisation of Vocational Secondary Education

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Secondary Education

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Assessment in Vocational Secondary Education

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Higher Education

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:First Cycle Programmes

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Bachelor

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Second Cycle Programmes

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Adult Education and Training

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Distribution of Responsibilities

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Main Providers

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Main Types of Provision

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Teachers and Education Staff

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Management and Other Education Staff

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Management Staff for Higher Education

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Quality Assurance

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Educational Support and Guidance

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Mobility and Internationalisation

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Mobility in Higher Education

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:National Reforms in School Education

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:National Reforms in Higher Education

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:European Perspective

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Legislation

Belgium-German-Speaking-Community:Glossary

 

News Feed Belgium (German-Speaking Community)

National specificities of the education system

Educational competence

Belgium is a federal state divided in three communities and three regions. Each entity is responsible for various competences.
In Belgium the three Communities are responsible for education, with the exception of three competences, which remained a federal matter:

  • the determination of the end and the beginning of compulsory school attendance,
  • the minimum requirements for the issuing of diplomas,
  • the regularisation of retirement for the employees in the educational system.

Instruction in each community is provided in the language of the community in question.

In the German-speaking Community, the Ministry of Education is responsible for all stages of education starting from pre-primary education. Childcare is a competence of the German-speaking Ministry of Family, Health Care and Social affairs.


Liberty of education and school choice

The liberty of education is determined in the constitution of Belgium. The establishment of schools may not be subject to restrictive measures. Therefore it is possible to establish schools that are not connected to official authorities. Nevertheless, schools that issue recognised diplomas and wish to receive subsidies from the Community have to comply with the legal regulations.

The constitution also guarantees a freedom of school choice for the parents. Parents and children must have access to a school of their choice within reasonable distance of their residence.


Educational networks

Education is either organised by the German-speaking Community or subsidised by it (grant-aided public education and denominational or non-denominational grant-aided independent education).

The education system in the German-speaking Community of Belgium is divided into three school networks:

  • Community education system: is the official education organised and financed by the German-speaking Community.
  • Government-aided public education: which is organised by municipal authorities and subsidised by the German-speaking Community.
  • Government-aided private education: which is organised by grant-aided private bodies and subsidised by

For the last two networks (education only financed by the German-speaking Community), controlling authorities enjoy fairly extensive autonomy, particularly with regard to methods of education and assessment. With the condition that they comply with laws, decrees and orders.


Pupil guidance centres

Pupils, parents, teachers and school boards may address a pupil guidance centre for guidance, information or advice. The services of these Kaleido-centres are free and can be primarily situated within the following four domains:

  • Learning and studying
  • School career
  • Preventive health care
  • Socio-emotional development

Educational stages of the education system

Primary education

In Belgium, pre-secondary education comprises both pre-school education and primary education.

Pre-school education: Most children go to the “Kindergarten” from the age of three onwards, but compulsory school attendance starts only at the age of six with the entry into primary school. Pre-school education supports the versatile formation of children and stimulates their cognitive, motor and affective development.

Primary education: is targeted at children from 6 to 12 years old and comprises six subsequent school years. A child usually starts primary education when it is six years old and thus obliged to engage in education.

When successfully completing primary education children are granted a certificate.


Secondary education

In Belgium, secondary education is organised for youngsters from 12 to 18. Until the age of 15-16 there is full time and until the age of 18 part time compulsory school attendance.

Fulltime secondary education contains three stages and various types of education.

Each stage consists of two grades. In the third stage of vocational secondary education the successful completion of a third grade is necessary in order to obtain the certificate of upper secondary education. In the first stage of secondary education a common curriculum is offered. Pupils make a choice of study only at the start of the second stage.

From the second stage onwards three different types of education are offered.

In the German-speaking Community a pupil chooses a course of study within one of the following types of education:

  • General secondary education (gse), which focuses on broad general education. It does not prepare pupils for a specific profession, but rather lays a firm foundation for higher education.
  • In technical secondary education (tse) attention goes in particular to general and technical-theoretical subjects. After tse a youngster may practice a profession or transfer to higher education. This type of education also contains practical training.
  • Vocational secondary education (vse) is a practically-oriented type of education in which the youngster receives general education but where the focus primarily lies on learning a specific profession.

In Belgium, a certificate of upper secondary education grants unrestricted access to higher education.


Special needs education

In Belgium, besides mainstream education there also exits special needs (pre)primary and secondary education. Special needs education is organized for children who need temporary or permanent specific support because of a physical or mental disability, serious behavioural or emotional problems or severe learning disabilities.


System of alternating learning and working

In Belgium, when a pupil is 15 or 16 years old (s)he may enter a system of alternating learning and working. All youngsters in part-time education are obliged to take part in learning and working for at least 28 hours a week. Part-time learning and working is organized in:
  - an institution for part-time education ;
  - a centre for apprenticeships.


Higher education

Higher vocational education

Only one programme exists in post-secondary non-tertiary education in the German-speaking Community: the supplemental vocational secondary school in medical and health care sciences.

Bachelor

There are only limited possibilities to attend tertiary education in the German-speaking Community. Students are trained to become:

  • teachers in pre-primary or in primary school,
  • nurses,
  • accountants, banker or insurer.

All the organised programmes are bachelor-degrees.  

To attend other courses of studies, students have to go to universities in the Belgian inland or abroad.


Lifelong learning

In Belgium, adult education is unrelated to the initial educational career.

The German-speaking Community offers various formations and further education for adults as well.

Course participants may obtain a recognized diploma, qualification or certificate in adult education.



Structure of the national education system

2016 diagram BE de.pngsource: Eurydice 2016

While the Eurydice Description of National Education Systems provides comprehensive and comparable information, further information may also by found about the structure of the education system in the German-speaking Community on the “Bildungsserver der DG” and statistical data on the website DGstat.


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