- Belgium (Flemish Community)
- Belgium (French Community)
- Belgium (German-Speaking Community)
- Czech Republic
- former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
- United Kingdom (England)
- United Kingdom (Northern Ireland)
- United Kingdom (Scotland)
- United Kingdom (Wales)
- Belgium-French-Community:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments (16:06, 19 June 2014)
- Belgium-French-Community:Ongoing reforms and policy developments (14:38, 18 June 2014)
- Belgium-French-Community:Index (14:37, 18 June 2014)
- Belgium-French-Community:Introduction (10:57, 11 June 2014)
- Belgium-French-Community:Reforms in Higher Education (17:16, 27 May 2014)
- Belgium-French-Community:Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care (16:15, 27 May 2014)
- Belgium-French-Community:Overview of the education reform process and drivers (16:47, 26 May 2014)
- Belgium-French-Community:European perspective (15:05, 14 May 2014)
- Belgium-French-Community:Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability (11:57, 2 May 2014)
- Belgium-French-Community:Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning (11:55, 2 May 2014)
- Belgium-French-Community:Reforms in School Education (11:54, 2 May 2014)
- Belgium-French-Community:Overall national education strategy and key objectives (15:11, 30 April 2014)
- Belgium-French-Community:Types of Higher Education Institutions (16:59, 11 December 2013)
- Belgium-French-Community:Organisation of General Lower Secondary Education (16:10, 28 November 2013)
- Belgium-French-Community:Organisation of Primary Education (13:00, 28 November 2013)
- Belgium-French-Community:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education (16:58, 27 November 2013)
- Belgium-French-Community:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years (13:01, 27 November 2013)
- Belgium-French-Community:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 2-3 years (16:58, 22 November 2013)
- United-Kingdom-England:Overview (36,102 views)
- Malta:Overview (34,187 views)
- Latvia:Overview (32,957 views)
- Germany:Overview (32,628 views)
- Spain:Overview (31,781 views)
- Italy:Overview (28,947 views)
- France:Overview (28,862 views)
- Finland:Overview (26,534 views)
- España:Panorama general (23,554 views)
- Sweden:Overview (22,132 views)
Competence for education, childcare and continuing education lies with the Communities, whereas training is a Regional responsibility. The Federal State’s powers with respect to education are very limited.
Education is either organised by the French Community or subsidised by it (grant-aided public education and denominational or non-denominational grant-aided independent education). Provided they comply with laws, decrees and orders, controlling authorities enjoy fairly extensive autonomy, particularly with regard to methods of education and assessment.
Pre-school education (nursery schools) is attended by virtually all children; pupils are then subject to compulsory schooling from the age of 6 to 15/16 (full-time) or 18 years (part-time). Continuing the work of primary education, the first stage of secondary education aims to construct and develop basic knowledge and skills in all pupils. From the third year of secondary education onwards, a distinction is made between four forms of education each of which contains options. As well as full-time secondary education, there is qualification-stream dual vocational secondary education and training and, in some institutions, post-secondary non-tertiary education. Specialised education is provided for pupils with special educational needs, but various measures have been taken recently to help ensure the integration of some of these children in ordinary education.
Higher education is organised in different types of institution: the universities (collected together in three academies), the higher education institutions and the arts colleges. Higher education dispensed in universities is long-type (bachelor’s degrees, master’s degrees and postgraduate studies), whereas the higher education institutions and arts colleges offer long-type (bachelor’s and master’s degrees) and/or short-type education (vocational bachelor’s degrees). In each case, education is dispensed in compliance with the principles of the Bologna Process.
Adults can receive education run by the French Community: both training courses and childcare are organised in various types of structure.
Eurypedia describes education and training in the French Community from a comparative viewpoint, whereas the website of the Ministry presents very comprehensive, regularly updated information about the different levels of the education system. Statistical information about the education system may be obtained from the website of Etnic.
Other websites are intended for target groups outside the school system in the strict sense of the term. The website of the Office for Birth and Childhood relates to childcare, while a number of other websites deal with training for adults, in particular vocational training for job-seekers and workers, in the Walloon Region or in the Brussels-Capital Region, dual vocational education and training and training for the self-employed and for small and medium-sized enterprises, in the Walloon Region or in the Brussels-Capital Region.
Structure of the national education system 2014/15
Age of students Programme duration (years)
Common European Reference Tools Provided by the Eurydice Network
- National Student Fee and Support Systems
- Organisation of the Academic Year in Higher Education
- Organisation of School Time in Europe (Primary and general secondary education)
- Recommended Annual Instruction Time in Full-Time Compulsory Education in Europe (Presented by grades/stages for full time compulsory education as well as by subject and country.)
- Teachers and School Heads Salaries and Allowances in Europe (Salaries and allowances of teachers and school heads at pre-primary, primary, lower secondary and upper secondary education levels.)