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Belgium-French-Community:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

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Overview Belgium (French Community)

Contents

Belgium-French-Community:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Belgium-French-Community:Historical Development

Belgium-French-Community:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Belgium-French-Community:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Belgium-French-Community:Political and Economic Situation

Belgium-French-Community:Organisation and Governance

Belgium-French-Community:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Belgium-French-Community:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Belgium-French-Community:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Belgium-French-Community:Organisation of Private Education

Belgium-French-Community:National Qualifications Framework

Belgium-French-Community:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Belgium-French-Community:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Belgium-French-Community:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Belgium-French-Community:Funding in Education

Belgium-French-Community:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Belgium-French-Community:Higher Education Funding

Belgium-French-Community:Adult Education and Training Funding

Belgium-French-Community:Early Childhood Education and Care

Belgium-French-Community:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Belgium-French-Community:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Belgium-French-Community:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Belgium-French-Community:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Belgium-French-Community:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Belgium-French-Community:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Belgium-French-Community:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Belgium-French-Community:Primary Education

Belgium-French-Community:Organisation of Primary Education

Belgium-French-Community:Teaching and Learning in Primary Education

Belgium-French-Community:Assessment in Primary Education

Belgium-French-Community:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Primary Education

Belgium-French-Community:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Belgium-French-Community:Organisation of General Lower Secondary Education

Belgium-French-Community:Teaching and Learning in General Lower Secondary Education

Belgium-French-Community:Assessment in General Lower Secondary Education

Belgium-French-Community:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Belgium-French-Community:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Belgium-French-Community:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Belgium-French-Community:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Belgium-French-Community:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Belgium-French-Community:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Belgium-French-Community:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Belgium-French-Community:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Belgium-French-Community:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Belgium-French-Community:Higher Education

Belgium-French-Community:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Belgium-French-Community:First Cycle Programmes

Belgium-French-Community:Bachelor

Belgium-French-Community:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Belgium-French-Community:Second Cycle Programmes

Belgium-French-Community:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Belgium-French-Community:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Belgium-French-Community:Adult Education and Training

Belgium-French-Community:Distribution of Responsibilities

Belgium-French-Community:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Belgium-French-Community:Main Providers

Belgium-French-Community:Main Types of Provision

Belgium-French-Community:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Belgium-French-Community:Teachers and Education Staff

Belgium-French-Community:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-French-Community:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-French-Community:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-French-Community:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Belgium-French-Community:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Belgium-French-Community:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Belgium-French-Community:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-French-Community:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-French-Community:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-French-Community:Management and Other Education Staff

Belgium-French-Community:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-French-Community:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-French-Community:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-French-Community:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Belgium-French-Community:Management Staff for Higher Education

Belgium-French-Community:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Belgium-French-Community:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-French-Community:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-French-Community:Quality Assurance

Belgium-French-Community:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-French-Community:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Belgium-French-Community:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-French-Community:Educational Support and Guidance

Belgium-French-Community:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Belgium-French-Community:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-French-Community:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-French-Community:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-French-Community:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Belgium-French-Community:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Belgium-French-Community:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-French-Community:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Belgium-French-Community:Mobility and Internationalisation

Belgium-French-Community:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-French-Community:Mobility in Higher Education

Belgium-French-Community:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-French-Community:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-French-Community:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Belgium-French-Community:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-French-Community:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Belgium-French-Community:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Belgium-French-Community:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Belgium-French-Community:National Reforms in School Education

Belgium-French-Community:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Belgium-French-Community:National Reforms in Higher Education

Belgium-French-Community:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Belgium-French-Community:European Perspective

Belgium-French-Community:Legislation

Belgium-French-Community:Glossary

Geographical Accessibility

The 1991 Charter of Infancy recognises that access to a childcare facility is one of children’s rights, independently of the parents’ professional situation. The global coverage rate for childcare under 2,5 years old is 28,2%. The variety among childcare settings (group day care centres or family day care centres) ensures geographical accessibility, even in rural areas.

The French Community has 40 000 childcare places, while the population of children aged 0 to 2,5 years-old is 140 000. Group day care centres constitutes 65% of the childcare provision, while family day care centres constitutes 35%. Subsidised day care (both group and family centres) constitutes 70% of the provision, the remaining 30% being non-subsidised.

In subsidised day care centres, financial accessibility is good as parents pay a day fee based on their income. In  non subsidised centres, the fee are determined by an agreement between the centre and the parents.

Admission Requirements and Choice of ECEC Institution

There are various forms of childcare: collective or at home, subsidised or non-subsidised. Parents have a free choice regarding the childcare facility attended by their child. Nevertheless, provision is not always sufficient to meet demand.

Wallonia and Brussels have an extensive network of quality day care centres (nurseries, kindergartens and childminders), for babies and children aged 3 months to 3 years. All childcare facilities are subject to strict regulations enacted and controlled by the ONE. Nobody is allowed to welcome children without approval of the ONE.

The ONE ensures that those structures operate correctly and provide quality care for children. Some of them are financed by theONE. The "quality code" is for all the structures a compulsory reference. The day care centres have to respect different qualitative conditions: employees’ training, building’s quality, security of the accommodation, social and psychological attention to each child, etc.
There are two kinds of facilities:

  • Collective facilities (i.e. “crèches”, nurseries, kindergartens): the child is welcomed into a group of children supervised by one or several nursery nurses depending on the number of children. At least one adult is required for every 6 or 7 children.
  • Childminders in familial surroundings: your child is welcomed into the home of a childminder in a small group of children (maximum 4 children for one childminder). A childminder is allowed to work with another one, so maximum 8 children can be welcomed.  

Some day care centres, accredited by the ONE, are fully financed by the ONE. Consequently the daily rate is based on the parents' income (under specific conditions). Other day care centres are accredited by the ONE but don’t receive any subsidies. The rate is then determined by the day care centre.

The ONE also supervises:

  • flexible day care centres, called “haltes accueil”, a special formula conceived for parents who just need to leave their child in secure professional care during a few hours.
  • meeting points for parents and children (Dolto model).

Age Levels and Grouping of Children

Most non-school facilities admit children from birth. Only prégardiennats are reserved for a specific age range (18 months to 3 years).


Childcare facility
Accepted ages
Crèches
0 to 3 years
Prégardiennats
18 months to 3 years
Municipal childcare centres
0 to 6 years
Contractually regulated childminders
0 to 6 years
Children’s homes
0 to 6 years
Self-employed childminders
0 to 3 years
Parental crèches
0 to 3 years



Childminders may take care of one to four equivalent full-time children, including the childminder’s own children under three years old, unless the Office of Birth and Childhood (ONE) grants authorisation for one or two additional children. In the absence of any such dispensation, five is the maximum number of children looked after simultaneously.

Traditionally, children are grouped by age in crèches and prégardiennats.

Up to two independent childminders may carry out their activity together, in the same facility. In this case, the total number of registered children cannot exceed 14 and the number of children looked after simultaneously cannot exceed 10; as soon as five children are present simultaneously, the presence of both childminders is required. Play and rest areas must be set up, and the two childminders are bound by a collaboration agreement.

Organisation of Time

Women's work is a reality in Belgium. Parents therefore need childcare facilities. These are therefore generally open all year long, five days a week, during more than 11 hours (for example from 7 a.m. to 6.30 p.m.).

Organisation of the Day and Week

Each facility must draw up its internal rules, defining the rights and obligations of parents, staff and the controlling authority, which in particular defines the timetables. The educational plan usually specifies the conditions of organisation of the day and week.