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Belgium-French-Community:National Reforms in Higher Education

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Overview Belgium (French Community)

Contents

Belgium-French-Community:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Belgium-French-Community:Historical Development

Belgium-French-Community:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Belgium-French-Community:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Belgium-French-Community:Political and Economic Situation

Belgium-French-Community:Organisation and Governance

Belgium-French-Community:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Belgium-French-Community:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Belgium-French-Community:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Belgium-French-Community:Organisation of Private Education

Belgium-French-Community:National Qualifications Framework

Belgium-French-Community:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Belgium-French-Community:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Belgium-French-Community:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Belgium-French-Community:Funding in Education

Belgium-French-Community:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Belgium-French-Community:Higher Education Funding

Belgium-French-Community:Adult Education and Training Funding

Belgium-French-Community:Early Childhood Education and Care

Belgium-French-Community:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Belgium-French-Community:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Belgium-French-Community:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Belgium-French-Community:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Belgium-French-Community:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Belgium-French-Community:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Belgium-French-Community:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Belgium-French-Community:Primary Education

Belgium-French-Community:Organisation of Primary Education

Belgium-French-Community:Teaching and Learning in Primary Education

Belgium-French-Community:Assessment in Primary Education

Belgium-French-Community:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Primary Education

Belgium-French-Community:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Belgium-French-Community:Organisation of General Lower Secondary Education

Belgium-French-Community:Teaching and Learning in General Lower Secondary Education

Belgium-French-Community:Assessment in General Lower Secondary Education

Belgium-French-Community:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Belgium-French-Community:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Belgium-French-Community:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Belgium-French-Community:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Belgium-French-Community:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Belgium-French-Community:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Belgium-French-Community:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Belgium-French-Community:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Belgium-French-Community:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Belgium-French-Community:Higher Education

Belgium-French-Community:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Belgium-French-Community:First Cycle Programmes

Belgium-French-Community:Bachelor

Belgium-French-Community:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Belgium-French-Community:Second Cycle Programmes

Belgium-French-Community:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Belgium-French-Community:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Belgium-French-Community:Adult Education and Training

Belgium-French-Community:Distribution of Responsibilities

Belgium-French-Community:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Belgium-French-Community:Main Providers

Belgium-French-Community:Main Types of Provision

Belgium-French-Community:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Belgium-French-Community:Teachers and Education Staff

Belgium-French-Community:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-French-Community:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-French-Community:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-French-Community:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Belgium-French-Community:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Belgium-French-Community:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Belgium-French-Community:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-French-Community:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-French-Community:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-French-Community:Management and Other Education Staff

Belgium-French-Community:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-French-Community:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-French-Community:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-French-Community:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Belgium-French-Community:Management Staff for Higher Education

Belgium-French-Community:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Belgium-French-Community:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-French-Community:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-French-Community:Quality Assurance

Belgium-French-Community:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-French-Community:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Belgium-French-Community:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-French-Community:Educational Support and Guidance

Belgium-French-Community:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Belgium-French-Community:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-French-Community:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-French-Community:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-French-Community:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Belgium-French-Community:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Belgium-French-Community:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-French-Community:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Belgium-French-Community:Mobility and Internationalisation

Belgium-French-Community:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-French-Community:Mobility in Higher Education

Belgium-French-Community:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-French-Community:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-French-Community:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Belgium-French-Community:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-French-Community:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Belgium-French-Community:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Belgium-French-Community:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Belgium-French-Community:National Reforms in School Education

Belgium-French-Community:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Belgium-French-Community:National Reforms in Higher Education

Belgium-French-Community:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Belgium-French-Community:European Perspective

Belgium-French-Community:Legislation

Belgium-French-Community:Glossary

2016

December 2016

30/11/2016

First university training for gender studies

On 30th November 2016, the Government of the French Community of Belgium decided to grant a budget of 150,500 euros to "Contact Gender People" and 65,000 euros for a coordinator of the newest Master in Gender Studies.

For some years, "Contact Gender People" have been designated within each university and more recently at the FNRS to take charge of gender issues. The actions taken by these people in terms of gender equality are numerous and varied. Good practices are being developed at the institutional level as well as in teaching, research or service to society.

Thanks to this new grant for the academic year 2016-2017, Contact Gender People will be able to continue their three main missions, namely information, awareness and networking.


19/10/2016

On 19th October, on the proposal of the Minister of Higher Education, the Government of the French Community approved a decree about the funding of projects to promote success in non-university higher education.

The Government's decision specifically concerns the granting of a grant of € 527,000 to support activities to promote success for first-generation students in the Hautes Écoles.

The projects will meet a series of prerequisites such as interinstitutional collaborations. Moreover, special attention will be paid to categories of socio-economically disadvantaged students.


12/10/2016

Under the impetus of the Vice-President of the Government, Minister of Higher Education, Research and Media, the Government of the French Community approved on 12th October the draft decree at last reading creating a Institute for the Development of Training on Islam in the French Community, which is a central initiative for the emergence of an Islam from Belgium.

By "Islam of Belgium", the Commission understands an Islam "adapted to the Belgian and European democratic context, respectful of its laws and values and in particular the separation of Church and State, equality between men and women, freedom of expression, and the rejection of any form of violent radicalism."

The aim of the Institute is to develop, coordinate, complement and promote research and training in the field of Islam, aimed at different target audiences: imams, Islamic teachers, moral counselors, social and cultural workers, as well as anyone interested in Islam. It has a budget of 400,000 euros. It will work in particular on the creation of a bachelor's degree in religious and social sciences and a master's degree in Muslim theology. Other budgets have already been set aside by the Minister to support inter-university training mainly aimed at social and cultural workers in contact with Muslims. Three trainings brought by the French-speaking universities of the country have already been available since this academic year.

The Institute is also in charge of increasing the organization of French lessons for the imams recognized by the Muslim executive and of participating in dissemination to the public concerned. More broadly, and as part of its budgets, the Institute will support existing and future training, for example, training in law and communication for moral counselors in penitentiary settings who work directly with inmates.


21/09/2016 : Reform of grants.

Since 2009, the budget allocated to grants has increased from € 45 million to € 60 million.

On 21st September 2016, the Council of Ministers of the French Community endorsed the reform of grants carried out by the Vice-President of the Government and Minister of Higher Education. This reform follows the decree "Landscape" which modified the students’ pathways. The Minister ensured that the reform takes more account of the socio-economic reality of students.

The reform takes into account all the means of the household in which the student is living. It is an adaptation to the sociological realities of today's families. It is now the total income of the household that will be taken into account. In parallel, income ceilings have been revised upwards. Moreover, the reform also responds to the situation of young people, who are increasingly excluded from all aid and benefiting only from the support of the CPAS (Public Center for Social Aid), in order to give them appropriate support.

In addition, the consideration of the student’s housing and public transportation is the subject of a special package, reinforced in the new device.


September 2016

29/06/2016 : The French Community approved a decree which generalizes dual vocational education in higher education. Dual vocational education in higher education allows the acquisition of the skills needed to obtain a degree from a higher education institution, partly in the workplace and partly within the establishment. The decree aims at allowing dual vocational education not only in masters but also in short-cycle graduates or vocational certificates, both in full-time education and in social advancement education. Programs of study include, for each study cycle, a minimum of 40% of days or periods of activity in business and 40% of days or periods of activity within the higher education institution, the distribution of the 20% left is used to the discretion of the institution. The company participates in the evaluation of the mastery of skills, as specified in the dual vocational agreement. However, the higher education institution assigns ratings to educational units and the jury or the academic council deliberates. This decree aims at sustaining dual vocational education in higher education, in the fields of study that are appropriate. Dual vocational education in higher education can be organized in fields of study that lead to job shortage, new professions, evolving professions, in professions related to sustainable development or to professions in connection with the economic recovery in :

- Information and communication ;

- Political and social sciences ;

- Economics and management ;

- Biomedical and pharmaceutical sciences ;

- Sciences ;

- Agricultural sciences and biological engineering ;

- Engineering sciences and technology ;

- Art of building and urban planning.

The courses organized in dual vocational education provide access to higher education degrees that are of the same level and value of those issued in the context of courses organized in full-time education and social advancement education.


16/06/2016: The Government of the French Community passed a decree on the refinancing of higher education. This decree provides a refinancing of € 107.5 million over four years, from 2016 to 2019. In 2016, ten million euros will thus be injected into the funding of universities and “hautes écoles”, 75% for the former and 25% for the seconds. Higher Schools of Arts will have to wait until 2017 to benefit from the refinancing-related measures. The draft decree also provides several mechanisms to fight against competition between universities for students.


April 2016

In addition to masters in the dual system already in place, the Government of the French Community approved on February 24, 2016 a draft decree which generalizes a dual teaching system at high schools and universities. Dual higher education is until now only the object of pilot projects (2011) in universities that, the main companies’ federations support. This support is essential for this type of training which takes place partly in a partner company.


February 17, 2016

Reform of nursing education: new curriculum organization in the French Community

As part of the commitments made on February 3 about the future of nursing education, the Vice-President of the Government and Minister of Higher Education introduced and passed a preliminary draft decree by the Government of the French Community. This preliminary draft decree adapts the curriculum of Bachelor in nursing and in midwifery with the European Directive 2013/55 / EU, and thus ensures European mobility for graduates. For both courses, the project integrates the competency framework and the minimum educational program as proposed by the Academy of Research and Higher Education.


Decree "landscape" adaptation

On February 17, 2016, the Government of the French Community also adopted on first reading a draft decree which aims at optimizing the functioning of the new organization of the education system. It adapts the decree "landscape" by identifying common interpretations in the interest of institutions and students. The proposed technical corrections and solutions were agreed with all stakeholders in higher education. 1st February 2016

To cope with the increased number of students, the French Community adopted on 1 February 2016, a draft decree providing for a refinancing of higher education for the years 2016-2019, for a total approximately 107.5 million euros to be distributed among institutions and released as follows : 10 million in 2016, 17.5 million in 2017 and 39 million in 2018 and 41 million from 2019 on.


January 27, 2016

Harmonization of diplomas in the French Community

The Government of the French Community adopted, on first reading, the draft decree determining the models of diplomas and supplements to diplomas issued by higher education institutions and higher education boards of the French Community. Simplification and cost reduction for the equivalence of higher education diplomas.

The Government of the French Community adopted on first reading the draft decree determining the conditions and procedure for granting equivalence of foreign higher education qualifications.

The objective is the improvement of the existing system of equivalences. The order includes, on the one hand, the Benelux decision of 18 May 2015 that the level of any bachelor or master issued in the French Community is automatically recognized, without any formality, in Flanders, the Netherlands or Luxembourg, and vice versa.

On the other hand, it creates an equivalence process which is limited to recognize the level - bachelor or master – of the foreign degree. This simplified procedure will also be faster for a series of European higher education degrees.

2015

May 8, 2015: the Government of the French Community approved a draft decree establishing and organizing the filter to the studies of Medicine and Dentistry. Concretely this draft reflects a pragmatic attitude, concerned about the current situation of hundreds of students already engaged in these difficult courses but also future students. In this context, the Government decided to set up a contest at the end of the first year, which will focus solely on medical subjects taught in the second semester. This choice was made in particular on the basis of the opinion of the deans who have demonstrated it’s better operate the selection by end of the first year rather than at the end of the first term not to discriminate against first-time students registered. In addition, the ratings will be split into two parts, one on the success of matter, the other constituting the contest. At the end of February 2015, the Government approved a draft decree amending the decree "Landscape" upon request of the sector. The aim was notably to simplify and harmonise the appeal procedures and to adjust the structure of academic studies. Students who have successfully completed 30 credits of their study programme can from now on complement their curriculum without repeating a year. Moreover, reorienting mechanisms are proposed as from the January exam session. The structure of the Agency for the Evaluation and the Quality of Higher Education has also been adapted to meet European standards.


About higher education, the Government plans to refinance and reform the higher education funding in order to take into account the changes in the number of students. The reform of the landscape will be implemented and assessed.

Improving access to higher education will be pursued, especially regarding the cost of education, social support for students, and guidance.

It will also be focused on the role of higher education with a view to training lifelong by promoting access of people returning back to education through valuating acquired experience, extending pilot alternance experiments, strengthening the connections with employment and training operators.


2014

The Government of the French Community adopted in October 2014 a draft decree approving the statutes of 5 academic clusters. These new structures have a central role in the new higher education landscape, particularly in terms of collaborations and synergies between all types of higher education institutions.


The Government of the French Community, adopted in September 2014 on first reading the draft decree of the Government determining the mode of operation of the Commission responsible for receiving complaints from students on a refusal of registration. This will be welcomed into the Academy of Research and Higher Education (ARES), which provides secretarial and logistical support. In the following of the landscape decree, this commission harmonizes the different procedures of registration and simplifies administrative procedures which the students concerned must follow.


Decree (30.01.2014) on inclusive higher education.

This decree plans to implement mechanisms to remove or reduce physical, educational, cultural, social and psychological barriers encountered in access to education, during the studies and professional integration by recipient students, and thereby it aims at fighting against certain forms of discrimination.

It also aims at promoting the establishment of measures and resources to meet the needs of these students by providing physical, social, cultural, methodological and pedagogical structures designed to meet the challenges related to their situation, they experience in their lives of students and their socio-professional integration efforts during and after their studies.