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Belgium-French-Community:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

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Overview Belgium (French Community)

Contents

Belgium-French-Community:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Belgium-French-Community:Historical Development

Belgium-French-Community:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Belgium-French-Community:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Belgium-French-Community:Political and Economic Situation

Belgium-French-Community:Organisation and Governance

Belgium-French-Community:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Belgium-French-Community:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Belgium-French-Community:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Belgium-French-Community:Organisation of Private Education

Belgium-French-Community:National Qualifications Framework

Belgium-French-Community:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Belgium-French-Community:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Belgium-French-Community:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Belgium-French-Community:Funding in Education

Belgium-French-Community:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Belgium-French-Community:Higher Education Funding

Belgium-French-Community:Adult Education and Training Funding

Belgium-French-Community:Early Childhood Education and Care

Belgium-French-Community:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Belgium-French-Community:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Belgium-French-Community:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Belgium-French-Community:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Belgium-French-Community:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Belgium-French-Community:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Belgium-French-Community:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Belgium-French-Community:Primary Education

Belgium-French-Community:Organisation of Primary Education

Belgium-French-Community:Teaching and Learning in Primary Education

Belgium-French-Community:Assessment in Primary Education

Belgium-French-Community:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Primary Education

Belgium-French-Community:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Belgium-French-Community:Organisation of General Lower Secondary Education

Belgium-French-Community:Teaching and Learning in General Lower Secondary Education

Belgium-French-Community:Assessment in General Lower Secondary Education

Belgium-French-Community:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Belgium-French-Community:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Belgium-French-Community:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Belgium-French-Community:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Belgium-French-Community:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Belgium-French-Community:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Belgium-French-Community:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Belgium-French-Community:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Belgium-French-Community:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Belgium-French-Community:Higher Education

Belgium-French-Community:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Belgium-French-Community:First Cycle Programmes

Belgium-French-Community:Bachelor

Belgium-French-Community:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Belgium-French-Community:Second Cycle Programmes

Belgium-French-Community:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Belgium-French-Community:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Belgium-French-Community:Adult Education and Training

Belgium-French-Community:Distribution of Responsibilities

Belgium-French-Community:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Belgium-French-Community:Main Providers

Belgium-French-Community:Main Types of Provision

Belgium-French-Community:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Belgium-French-Community:Teachers and Education Staff

Belgium-French-Community:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-French-Community:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-French-Community:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-French-Community:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Belgium-French-Community:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Belgium-French-Community:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Belgium-French-Community:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-French-Community:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-French-Community:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-French-Community:Management and Other Education Staff

Belgium-French-Community:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-French-Community:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-French-Community:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-French-Community:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Belgium-French-Community:Management Staff for Higher Education

Belgium-French-Community:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Belgium-French-Community:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-French-Community:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-French-Community:Quality Assurance

Belgium-French-Community:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-French-Community:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Belgium-French-Community:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-French-Community:Educational Support and Guidance

Belgium-French-Community:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Belgium-French-Community:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-French-Community:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-French-Community:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-French-Community:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Belgium-French-Community:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Belgium-French-Community:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-French-Community:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Belgium-French-Community:Mobility and Internationalisation

Belgium-French-Community:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-French-Community:Mobility in Higher Education

Belgium-French-Community:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-French-Community:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-French-Community:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Belgium-French-Community:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-French-Community:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Belgium-French-Community:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Belgium-French-Community:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Belgium-French-Community:National Reforms in School Education

Belgium-French-Community:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Belgium-French-Community:National Reforms in Higher Education

Belgium-French-Community:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Belgium-French-Community:European Perspective

Belgium-French-Community:Legislation

Belgium-French-Community:Glossary

Pupil and Student Mobility

There are several programmes which enable pupils in compulsory education to experience stays in a different linguistic community in Belgium or in another country, within the framework of their studies: EXPEDIS (EXPérience Educative d’Immersion Scolaire – ‘Educational Experience of School Immersion’), COMENIUS and LEONARDO DA VINCI.

The EXPEDIS Programme

The organisational details and the various possibilities for mobility between different educational institutions were set out in a circular dated 24 August 2011 which was sent to all secondary schools in the French Community. The purpose of this experience is not just to initiate the pupil into the language of the host community, but also to stimulate the discovery of a different culture and an encounter with different social and family situations. The mobility programme may be organised either on a private basis or through a coordinatory body.

On a private basis

A stay at a host school and with a host family may be arranged for pupils in the third, fourth, fifth or sixth year of ordinary or specialised (form 4) secondary education, during the first or second term of the school year, for a period of one to three months.

Such a trip must be authorised in advance by the administration in all cases. Applications must be submitted to the General Department of Compulsory Education by the head of school at least four months before the departure.

The school which supports a pupil’s participation undertakes to ensure that he/she may take his/her examinations and provides support before and during the trip and after the pupil’s return. Regular contact is established between the school of origin (a contact person is designated) and the host school. The host school proposes a lesson programme which should be as close as possible to that followed in the school of origin, and draws up a minimum timetable of 28 hours of classes.

Through a coordinatory body

Stays at a host school and with a host family lasting between three and ten months (i.e. a complete school year) may be arranged for pupils in the third, fourth or fifth year of ordinary or specialised (form 4) secondary education.

The preparations, out-of-school supervision, smooth progress and administrative coordination of the stay are undertaken by an approved coordinatory body which has been chosen by the parents.

The recognised coordinatory body which is responsible for the organisational and monitoring details, will arrange preparatory sessions organised in the country of origin out of school hours, and an out-of-school evaluation session after the pupil’s return, and will serve as the intermediary for contacts between the school of origin and the host school. The coordinatory body will also ensure that the host school proposes a study programme and timetable which are equivalent to those of the school of origin, subject to possible adjustments to be agreed with the Study Penalisation Service of the General Department of Compulsory Education (DGEO).

The COMENIUS Programme

French-speaking pupils may take part in the European individual mobility programme COMENIUS, run by the French-Speaking Agency for Lifelong Education and Training (‘Agence Education Formation-Europe’ or ‘AEF-Europe’). The programme offers pupils the possibility of staying in different European countries and brings teachers into association with an international educational experience. The Comenius individual mobility programme is the equivalent for secondary education of the Erasmus programme for students in higher education. It is intended for pupils who are at least 14 years old, for stays lasting three to ten months, in a host school and with a host family, in partnership with the school of origin. Participating pupils receive a scholarship that covers their travel costs, a monthly allowance and European group insurance. Participating schools also receive European financial support. During the school year 2011-2012, pupils from two schools based in the French Community will depart for individual school stays via the Comenius programme.

The LEONARDO DA VINCI Programme

This European programme is intended for pupils and apprentices attending qualification-stream education. It enables them to improve their vocational skills and increase their chances of finding a job at the end of their training. Pupils in technical and vocational education – either full-time or dual vocational education and training – as well as those in specialised education, may receive specific scholarships to enable them to complete a practical internship in a European company or training centre. The Leonardo da Vinci programme is run on the initiative and under the supervision of the schools, for a duration of two to thirty-nine weeks (a period recognised as an integral part of the training process and entitling the participant to a Europass). Participating pupils and schools benefit from financial support.

Teacher Mobility

To promote exchanges between schools from the three Communities, on 18 September 2007 the respective ministers of education signed a declaration of intent regarding exchanges between pupils, teachers and management personnel.

It is now possible to arrange exchanges of native speakers in ordinary primary education. This involves enabling a teacher from one Community to teach at least two periods a week in another Community, for at least half a year. The ministers wish to go much further than this, and to make it possible for teachers who so wish to obtain a form of ‘leave of absence for a special task’ in another Community, without any timetable limits. The idea is to be as flexible as possible: the teacher maintains full relations with the Community of origin (for example at the administrative and financial levels), and is simply made available to the other Community. The host Community will offer the Community of origin financial compensation if an imbalance appears in the pattern of exchanges. The purpose of this project is to make it easier to recruit teachers in the context of immersion, as well as to make greater flexibility possible in teacher mobility, including outside immersion projects.