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Belgium-French-Community:Distribution of Responsibilities

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Overview Belgium (French Community)

Contents

Belgium-French-Community:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Belgium-French-Community:Historical Development

Belgium-French-Community:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Belgium-French-Community:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Belgium-French-Community:Political and Economic Situation

Belgium-French-Community:Organisation and Governance

Belgium-French-Community:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Belgium-French-Community:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Belgium-French-Community:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Belgium-French-Community:Organisation of Private Education

Belgium-French-Community:National Qualifications Framework

Belgium-French-Community:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Belgium-French-Community:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Belgium-French-Community:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Belgium-French-Community:Funding in Education

Belgium-French-Community:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Belgium-French-Community:Higher Education Funding

Belgium-French-Community:Adult Education and Training Funding

Belgium-French-Community:Early Childhood Education and Care

Belgium-French-Community:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Belgium-French-Community:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Belgium-French-Community:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Belgium-French-Community:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Belgium-French-Community:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Belgium-French-Community:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Belgium-French-Community:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Belgium-French-Community:Primary Education

Belgium-French-Community:Organisation of Primary Education

Belgium-French-Community:Teaching and Learning in Primary Education

Belgium-French-Community:Assessment in Primary Education

Belgium-French-Community:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Primary Education

Belgium-French-Community:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Belgium-French-Community:Organisation of General Lower Secondary Education

Belgium-French-Community:Teaching and Learning in General Lower Secondary Education

Belgium-French-Community:Assessment in General Lower Secondary Education

Belgium-French-Community:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Belgium-French-Community:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Belgium-French-Community:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Belgium-French-Community:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Belgium-French-Community:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Belgium-French-Community:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Belgium-French-Community:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Belgium-French-Community:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Belgium-French-Community:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Belgium-French-Community:Higher Education

Belgium-French-Community:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Belgium-French-Community:First Cycle Programmes

Belgium-French-Community:Bachelor

Belgium-French-Community:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Belgium-French-Community:Second Cycle Programmes

Belgium-French-Community:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Belgium-French-Community:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Belgium-French-Community:Adult Education and Training

Belgium-French-Community:Distribution of Responsibilities

Belgium-French-Community:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Belgium-French-Community:Main Providers

Belgium-French-Community:Main Types of Provision

Belgium-French-Community:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Belgium-French-Community:Teachers and Education Staff

Belgium-French-Community:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-French-Community:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-French-Community:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-French-Community:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Belgium-French-Community:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Belgium-French-Community:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Belgium-French-Community:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-French-Community:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-French-Community:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-French-Community:Management and Other Education Staff

Belgium-French-Community:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-French-Community:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-French-Community:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-French-Community:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Belgium-French-Community:Management Staff for Higher Education

Belgium-French-Community:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Belgium-French-Community:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-French-Community:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-French-Community:Quality Assurance

Belgium-French-Community:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-French-Community:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Belgium-French-Community:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-French-Community:Educational Support and Guidance

Belgium-French-Community:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Belgium-French-Community:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-French-Community:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-French-Community:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-French-Community:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Belgium-French-Community:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Belgium-French-Community:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-French-Community:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Belgium-French-Community:Mobility and Internationalisation

Belgium-French-Community:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-French-Community:Mobility in Higher Education

Belgium-French-Community:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-French-Community:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-French-Community:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Belgium-French-Community:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-French-Community:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Belgium-French-Community:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Belgium-French-Community:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Belgium-French-Community:National Reforms in School Education

Belgium-French-Community:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Belgium-French-Community:National Reforms in Higher Education

Belgium-French-Community:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Belgium-French-Community:European Perspective

Belgium-French-Community:Legislation

Belgium-French-Community:Glossary


The federal State initiates various measures aimed at improving the quality of the labour force, some of which facilitate access to training, and in particular the paid educational leave scheme. The federal State also has competence for matters relating to labour law and social security: for example, one scheme gives employers the right to a reduction in social security contributions if they recruit young job-seekers who combine work and vocational training.

Distance learning, education for social advancement, and part-time arts education fall within the competence of the French Community. The government of the French Community is also responsible for general policy on continuing education for adults: under certain conditions, it allocates grants to continuing education providers and subsidies for permanent staff positions. The French Community also holds legislative power in the following areas: conditions of apprenticeship access, course organisation, continuous assessment and examinations, minimum requirements with which apprenticeship programmes must comply, and the award and statutory recognition of achievement certificates. Certification with associated legal entitlements (granting access to a regulated profession or to a subsidised job; equivalence with other diplomas; determining a given level on a salary scale for civil servants; or conferring a right to redundancy pay or unemployment benefits) is restricted to those bodies that comply with the accreditation procedures stipulated by the Ministry.

Finally, competence for training has been entrusted to the Regions: the development of vocational training is intended to give everybody, and in particular the most underprivileged, access to employment, and to allow workers to adapt or to improve their professional qualifications. In this perspective, the regions take measures to support training (for example, the training-cheques system established by the Walloon Region in 1998), and they contribute to the development of dual vocational education and training and to various training/integration initiatives for the benefit of low-skilled groups. The Walloon Region also has responsibility for vocational training of personnel working in the agriculture sector. Various initiatives aim to facilitate access to information and communication technologies (for example the Walloon Region’s Mobilisation Plan for Information and Communication Technologies) or languages (for example cheques issued in Brussels for language training or ICT training when an employee is hired). In the Brussels-Capital Region, the administration of the French Community Commission (Cocof) is responsible for the approval and funding of socio-occupational integration scheme operators and local missions which serve as partners to Bruxelles Formation in the socio-occupational integration scheme.

In each of the Regions, there is an organisation with responsibility for implementing training policies: these are the Walloon Office for Vocational Training and Employment (known as Forem), and in particular its specialised branch Forem Formation, created by a decree of the Walloon Regional Council on 16 December 1988 (https://webgate.ec.europa.eu/fpfis/mwikis/eurydice/index.php/Belgique-Communaute-francaise:L%C3%A9gislation), and the Institute of French-Speaking Brussels for Vocational Training (IBFFP), generally known as Bruxelles Formation, created by the decree of the French Community Commission of 17 March 1994 (https://webgate.ec.europa.eu/fpfis/mwikis/eurydice/index.php/Belgique-Communaute-francaise:L%C3%A9gislation). On 1 April 2004, a Walloon decree provided a legal framework for the ‘integration path’ (decree on the integrated socio-occupational integration scheme or DIISP : https://webgate.ec.europa.eu/fpfis/mwikis/eurydice/index.php/Belgique-Communaute-francaise:L%C3%A9gislation): this organises, between various operators, prequalification, qualification and integration actions which are integrated, coordinated and centred on the beneficiaries, so as to enable those who are the furthest removed from employment to gain access to a lasting, quality job. The decree modified the process of approval and subsidisation for the entire non-profit socio-occupational integration sector, and aims in particular to reinforce access ‘pathways’ between the different operators. The development of these pathways is also one of the challenges facing policy-makers in Brussels.

The non-profit French-Speaking Institute for Continuing Education for the Independent Professions and Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises (IFAPME) used to provide training for adults and teenagers who wished to learn or improve themselves in a profession that they wanted to practise on a self-employed basis or as qualified workers in a small or medium-sized enterprise (SME). In 2003, IFPME was split into two entities (https://webgate.ec.europa.eu/fpfis/mwikis/eurydice/index.php/Belgique-Communaute-francaise:L%C3%A9gislation), one covering the territory of the Brussels-Capital Region (the SFPME – Small and Medium-Sized Companies Training Service of the French Community Commission, which oversees the non-profit organisation EFPME – Training Centre for Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises), and the other that of the Walloon Region (IFAPME – the Walloon Institute of Dual Vocational Education and Training for Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises).

The French Community has powers with regard to several other categories of training.

Social advancement education caters to adults, and represents part of an overall approach of lifelong learning. The French Community decree of 16 April 1991 (https://webgate.ec.europa.eu/fpfis/mwikis/eurydice/index.php/Belgique-Communaute-francaise:L%C3%A9gislation)which organises this form of education describes its main purposes in Article 7. A decree dated 14 November 2008 (https://webgate.ec.europa.eu/fpfis/mwikis/eurydice/index.php/Belgique-Communaute-francaise:L%C3%A9gislation) relates to the integration of social advancement education in the European Area, while another decree dated 30 April 2009 (https://webgate.ec.europa.eu/fpfis/mwikis/eurydice/index.php/Belgique-Communaute-francaise:L%C3%A9gislation) aims to boost the provision of literacy training in social advancement education institutions for the benefit of ‘under-schooled’ groups.

Distance learning is organised by the decree of 18 December 1984 (https://webgate.ec.europa.eu/fpfis/mwikis/eurydice/index.php/Belgique-Communaute-francaise:L%C3%A9gislation), and part-time secondary arts education (ESAHR) by the decree of 2 June 1998 (https://webgate.ec.europa.eu/fpfis/mwikis/eurydice/index.php/Belgique-Communaute-francaise:L%C3%A9gislation).

The decree on support for voluntary action in the field of further education (17th July 2003) (https://webgate.ec.europa.eu/fpfis/mwikis/eurydice/index.php/Belgique-Communaute-francaise:L%C3%A9gislation) sets out the conditions for the granting of recognition and subsidies to providers of further education for adults.